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INDONESIA
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business
ISSN : 20858272     EISSN : 23385847     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy,
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business (JIEB) is open access, peer-reviewed journal whose objectives is to publish original research papers related to the Indonesian economy and business issues. This journal is also dedicated to disseminating the published articles freely for international academicians, researchers, practitioners, regulators, and public societies. The journal welcomes author from any institutional backgrounds and accepts rigorous empirical or theoretical research paper with any methods or approach that is relevant to the Indonesian economy and business content, as long as the research fits one of three salient disciplines: economics, business, or accounting.
Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January" : 11 Documents clear
HOW DO MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS COPE WITH RISK AND UNCERTAINTY? A Literature Survey Arsyad, Lincolin
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Salah satu karakteristik penting dari pasar kredit mikro di negara sedang berkembang (NSB)adalah tingginya derajat ketidaksempurnaan informasi yang pada gilirannya menyebabkantingginya derajat risiko dan ketidakpastian. Tulisan ini mengungkapkan bahwa lembaga keuanganmikro di NSB telah menerapkan praktik-praktik pengelolaan yang unik dan beraneka ragam yangberbasiskan pada institusi-institusi informal seperti norma dan sanksi sosial dalam upayanyauntuk memecahkan masalah risiko dalam memberikan kredit pada pasar kredit mikro. Praktikpraktikpengelolaan tersebut — yang berakarkan pada institusi informal yang ada — telah berhasilmengurangi risiko kredit yang dicerminkan oleh kemampuan dari praktik pengelolaan tersebutdalam menurunkan kredit macet, khususnya dalam sebuah masyarakat yang homogen dengan nilaitransaksi ekonomi yang relatif kecil. Namun demikian, ketika suatu masyarakat berkembangmenjadi relatif heterogen dan transaksi ekonominya semakin besar, efektivitas institusi informaltersebut menurun. Dalam kondisi seperti ini, kehadiran institusi formal menjadi suatu keharusan.Key words: microfinance institutions, risk, uncertainty, and informal institutions
A Causal Relationship between Quality Management Practices, Supply-Chain Practices, Demand-Chain Practices, and Company Performance: Evidence from the Indonesia’s Oil and Gas Industry Ciptono, Wakhid Slamet
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Studi ini mengembangkan suatu hubungan kausal antara lima konstruk penelitian QualityManagement Practices (QMP), Supply-Chain Practices (SCP), Demand-Chain Practices (DCP), CompanyPerformance (Value-Gain Performance atau VGP dan Monetary-Gain Performance atau MGP) denganmenggunakan Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)—studi kasus pada industri migas di Indonesia. Modelkonseptual penelitian ini merupakan kolaborasi dari berbagai penelitian sebelumnya yang terkait denganenam dimensi praktik manajemen kualitas berbasis Deming’s 14 points sebagai variabel independen,manajemen rantai pasokan yang terintegrasi (sektor hulu dan sektor hilir migas) sebagai variabel mediator,dan kinerja perusahaan (non keuangan dan keuangan) sebagai variabel dependen.Berdasarkan model struktural akhir menunjukkan paraktik manajemen kualitas (QMP) memilikipengaruh positif lebih besar ke praktik rantai pasokan (SCP) daripada ke praktik rantai permintaan (DCP).QMP berpengaruh langsung ke kinerja non keuangan perusahaan (VGP) dan tidak berpengaruh langsungke kinerja keuangan perusahaan (MGP). QMP juga berpengaruh tidak langsung ke MGP melalui SCP,DCP, dan VGP. DCP berpengaruh langsung lebih besar ke VGP daripada ke MGP, sedangkan SCP hanyaberpengaruh langsung ke VGP. Hasil hubungan kausal antar lima konstruk penelitian memberikangambaran bahwa perusahaan migas di Indonesia perlu mempertimbangkan kinerja non keuangan (VGP)untuk meningkatkan kinerja keuangan perusahaan (MGP). Sebagai contoh kaitannya dengan ketepatanwaktu pasokan dan dsitribusi merupakan faktor kunci untuk perbaikan secara sistemik.Hasil model struktural akhir didukung oleh nilai X2/df, GFI, AGFI, CFI, RMR, RMSEA, P, ECVIyang secara simultan menunjukkan the best fit to the data. Hasil ini memberikan kontribusi bahwa modelpenelitian ini sangat berpotensi untuk dilakukan studi replikasi baik untuk industri manufaktur maupunjasa. Penelitian berikutnya perlu membuktikan persamaan dan perbedaan antara industri manufaktur danjasa melalui model struktual dari industri migas di Indonesia. Bagi pihak manajemen perusahaan migas diIndonesia, hasil penelitian ini bisa digunakan untuk membuat skala prioritas perbaikan terpadu. Sebagaicontoh dengan penerapan UU Migas yang baru UU (Nomor 22/2001), bagaimana suatu perusahaan migasmampu mengoptimalkan perannya (sektor hulu atau sektor hilir atau kombinasi keduanya) denganmenyeimbangkan orientasi kebijakan peningkatan kinerja berbasis non keuangan (VGP) dan keuangan(MGP) secara simultan.Keywords: Quality Management Practices, Supply-Chain Practices, Demand-Chain Practices, Value Gain Performance, and Monetary Gain Performance
ANALISIS ARAH KAUSALITAS (CAUSAL ORDERING) Gudono, Gudono
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

When researchers test a model that represents the effect an independent variable onanother—dependent-- variable, many researchers commonly do not further investigateabout the correctness of the causal direction of the model. Hypothesis testing of suchmodel is generally done by assuring that the model coefficients are statisticallysignificant assuming that the direction of the causality is indeed correct. Hence, thedirection of the causality of these models is simply ex ante assumed, which means that thedirection could be incorrectly stated. The effect of this mistake could be enormous,particularly if findings of the study, which adopt an incorrect causal order, are used forpolicy makingt. This study discusses two approaches in testing the causal ordering of amodel, i.e., the Granger and Sim’s tests as well as SCDTs test of causality, which couldbe either used in an experimental or nonexperimental setting. Findings of two empiricalresearches written by Gudono (2006) and Chong and Chong (2002) are discussed andused as an illustration.(Keywords: causal ordering, lagged- regression, the sequential Chi-Square Differences tests (SCDTs), Type I, Type II, and Type III errors).
ANALISIS FAKTOR PENENTU KINERJA EKSPOR MANUFAKTUR: SUATU STUDI DI TIGA NEGARA BERKEMBANG Saputra, Putu Mahardika A.
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The objective of this research is to analyze the influence of some determinant variables,such as external market conditions (world demand), the competitiveness, exportdiversification and the level of technology on three developing countries’ exportperformance. Each country was analyzed in both terms, as an individual country and acountry group. The analysis will take period during 1997-2001. This research examinesalso the differences among three countries in the light of changes in both externaldemand and domestic supply factors over the period by using sector-level data. Theresults show that export performance in most countries is relatively more sensitive todomestic factors, particularly the ability to compete in world markets (competitiveness)than to other factors. This research support also the emphasis placed by the opponents oftrade pessimism on the importance of policies designed to improve domestic supplycondition for exportables.Keywords: export, export promotion strategy, import substitution strategy, external demand and domestic supply factors.
Analisis Korelasi Kanonikal Komponen Aktiva dan Pasiva Siregar, M.B.A., Ak., Drs. Baldric
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

The independence of asset and liability composition is obvious in Modigliani andMiller’s capital structure proposition. While, independence of investing and financingdecisions is a very useful assumption to simplify corporate financial decisions, the actualbalance sheets of corporations do not reveal independence between the two sides of thebalance sheet. The purposes of this paper are to empirically identify relationship betweenthe structures of left side and right side of balance sheet and to explain the nature of theserelationships by using canonical correlation analysis. Canonical correlation analysis showsthat firms match the maturity structure of their assets and liabilities, short-term (long-term)assets tend to be financed with short-term (long-term) liabilities, accounts receivable areused as collateral for short-term loan, and fixed assets are use as collateral for long-termloan.Keywords: asset composition, liability composition, hedging, collateral, financing, canonical variate, canonical loading, canonical correlation, canonical root, redundancy index.
HOW DO MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS COPE WITH RISK AND UNCERTAINTY? A LITERATURE SURVEY Arsyad, Lincolin
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.426 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.6498

Abstract

Salah satu karakteristik penting dari pasar kredit mikro di negara sedang berkembang (NSB)adalah tingginya derajat ketidaksempurnaan informasi yang pada gilirannya menyebabkantingginya derajat risiko dan ketidakpastian. Tulisan ini mengungkapkan bahwa lembaga keuanganmikro di NSB telah menerapkan praktik-praktik pengelolaan yang unik dan beraneka ragam yangberbasiskan pada institusi-institusi informal seperti norma dan sanksi sosial dalam upayanyauntuk memecahkan masalah risiko dalam memberikan kredit pada pasar kredit mikro. Praktikpraktikpengelolaan tersebut ? yang berakarkan pada institusi informal yang ada ? telah berhasilmengurangi risiko kredit yang dicerminkan oleh kemampuan dari praktik pengelolaan tersebutdalam menurunkan kredit macet, khususnya dalam sebuah masyarakat yang homogen dengan nilaitransaksi ekonomi yang relatif kecil. Namun demikian, ketika suatu masyarakat berkembangmenjadi relatif heterogen dan transaksi ekonominya semakin besar, efektivitas institusi informaltersebut menurun. Dalam kondisi seperti ini, kehadiran institusi formal menjadi suatu keharusan.Key words: microfinance institutions, risk, uncertainty, and informal institutions
A CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN QUALITY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES, SUPPLY-CHAIN PRACTICES, DEMAND-CHAIN PRACTICES, AND COMPANY PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM THE INDONESIA’S OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY Ciptono, Wakhid Slamet
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (935.635 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.6494

Abstract

Studi ini mengembangkan suatu hubungan kausal antara lima konstruk penelitian QualityManagement Practices (QMP), Supply-Chain Practices (SCP), Demand-Chain Practices (DCP), CompanyPerformance (Value-Gain Performance atau VGP dan Monetary-Gain Performance atau MGP) denganmenggunakan Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)?studi kasus pada industri migas di Indonesia. Modelkonseptual penelitian ini merupakan kolaborasi dari berbagai penelitian sebelumnya yang terkait denganenam dimensi praktik manajemen kualitas berbasis Deming?s 14 points sebagai variabel independen,manajemen rantai pasokan yang terintegrasi (sektor hulu dan sektor hilir migas) sebagai variabel mediator,dan kinerja perusahaan (non keuangan dan keuangan) sebagai variabel dependen.Berdasarkan model struktural akhir menunjukkan paraktik manajemen kualitas (QMP) memilikipengaruh positif lebih besar ke praktik rantai pasokan (SCP) daripada ke praktik rantai permintaan (DCP).QMP berpengaruh langsung ke kinerja non keuangan perusahaan (VGP) dan tidak berpengaruh langsungke kinerja keuangan perusahaan (MGP). QMP juga berpengaruh tidak langsung ke MGP melalui SCP,DCP, dan VGP. DCP berpengaruh langsung lebih besar ke VGP daripada ke MGP, sedangkan SCP hanyaberpengaruh langsung ke VGP. Hasil hubungan kausal antar lima konstruk penelitian memberikangambaran bahwa perusahaan migas di Indonesia perlu mempertimbangkan kinerja non keuangan (VGP)untuk meningkatkan kinerja keuangan perusahaan (MGP). Sebagai contoh kaitannya dengan ketepatanwaktu pasokan dan dsitribusi merupakan faktor kunci untuk perbaikan secara sistemik.Hasil model struktural akhir didukung oleh nilai X2/df, GFI, AGFI, CFI, RMR, RMSEA, P, ECVIyang secara simultan menunjukkan the best fit to the data. Hasil ini memberikan kontribusi bahwa modelpenelitian ini sangat berpotensi untuk dilakukan studi replikasi baik untuk industri manufaktur maupunjasa. Penelitian berikutnya perlu membuktikan persamaan dan perbedaan antara industri manufaktur danjasa melalui model struktual dari industri migas di Indonesia. Bagi pihak manajemen perusahaan migas diIndonesia, hasil penelitian ini bisa digunakan untuk membuat skala prioritas perbaikan terpadu. Sebagaicontoh dengan penerapan UU Migas yang baru UU (Nomor 22/2001), bagaimana suatu perusahaan migasmampu mengoptimalkan perannya (sektor hulu atau sektor hilir atau kombinasi keduanya) denganmenyeimbangkan orientasi kebijakan peningkatan kinerja berbasis non keuangan (VGP) dan keuangan(MGP) secara simultan.Keywords: Quality Management Practices, Supply-Chain Practices, Demand-Chain Practices, Value Gain Performance, and Monetary Gain Performance
ANALISIS ARAH KAUSALITAS (CAUSAL ORDERING) Gudono, Gudono
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.227 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.6495

Abstract

When researchers test a model that represents the effect an independent variable onanother?dependent-- variable, many researchers commonly do not further investigateabout the correctness of the causal direction of the model. Hypothesis testing of suchmodel is generally done by assuring that the model coefficients are statisticallysignificant assuming that the direction of the causality is indeed correct. Hence, thedirection of the causality of these models is simply ex ante assumed, which means that thedirection could be incorrectly stated. The effect of this mistake could be enormous,particularly if findings of the study, which adopt an incorrect causal order, are used forpolicy makingt. This study discusses two approaches in testing the causal ordering of amodel, i.e., the Granger and Sim?s tests as well as SCDTs test of causality, which couldbe either used in an experimental or nonexperimental setting. Findings of two empiricalresearches written by Gudono (2006) and Chong and Chong (2002) are discussed andused as an illustration.(Keywords: causal ordering, lagged- regression, the sequential Chi-Square Differences tests (SCDTs), Type I, Type II, and Type III errors).
ANALISIS FAKTOR PENENTU KINERJA EKSPOR MANUFAKTUR: SUATU STUDI DI TIGA NEGARA BERKEMBANG Saputra, Putu Mahardika A.
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (514.875 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.6496

Abstract

The objective of this research is to analyze the influence of some determinant variables,such as external market conditions (world demand), the competitiveness, exportdiversification and the level of technology on three developing countries? exportperformance. Each country was analyzed in both terms, as an individual country and acountry group. The analysis will take period during 1997-2001. This research examinesalso the differences among three countries in the light of changes in both externaldemand and domestic supply factors over the period by using sector-level data. Theresults show that export performance in most countries is relatively more sensitive todomestic factors, particularly the ability to compete in world markets (competitiveness)than to other factors. This research support also the emphasis placed by the opponents oftrade pessimism on the importance of policies designed to improve domestic supplycondition for exportables.Keywords: export, export promotion strategy, import substitution strategy, external demand and domestic supply factors.
PENGARUH USIA, KEINGINAN SOSIAL, KECUKUPAN ANGGARAN, DAN PARTISIPASI PENGANGGARAN TERHADAP KINERJA MANAJER DI INDONESIA Supriyono, R.A.
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 21, No 1 (2006): January
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (275.416 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.37113

Abstract

This study investigates the influence of age to manager performance in Indonesia. In the theoretical model, age affects totally to manager performance and this affects can directly or indirectly via three intervening variable: social desirability, budget adequacy, and budgeting participation. To test the relationship, a survey questionnaire was administered to managers of public corporation in Jakarta Stocks Exchange (JSX). Results of regression and path analysis support the hypothesized relationship

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