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Mozaik Humaniora
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 24428469     EISSN : 2442935X     DOI : -
Mozaik Humaniora is a journal that focuses on the scope of humanities and accepts articles on cultural studies, linguistic and literary studies, as well as philology and historical studies.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 105 Documents
NARASI SUBJEK PEREMPUAN DALAM GADIS KOLOT (1939) KARYA SOE LIE PIET Susanto, Dwi
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): MOZAIK HUMANIORA VOL. 19 NO. 2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v19i2.13890

Abstract

Karya sastra di era kolonial yang ditulis laki-laki menunjukkan sebuah gagasan tentang narasi subjek perempuan. Hal itu salah satunya muncul dalam teks Gadis Kolot (1939) karya Soe Lie Piet. Tujuan atau permasalahan dalam tulisan ini adalah (1) seperti apa teks Gadis Kolot (1939) menarasikan konstruksi identitas perempuan dan (2) mengapa pengarang sebagai wakil kelompok menghadirkan konstruksi perempuan. Sudut pandang yang digunakan adalah feminis pascakolonial, terutama konsep pembentukan identitas perempuan. Data penelitian ini diantaranya adalah isi karya, gagasan, konteks wacana kolonial dan perempuan, sosiologis pengarang, konteks sosial, dan lain-lain. Teknik interpretasi data dilakukan dengan pembongkaran gagasan teks dan menghubungakn pembacaan tekstual dengan wacana kolonial. Hasil penelitian adalah, pertama, konstruksi subjek perempuan diwujudkan dengan identitas perempuan yang resisten terhadap wacana kolonial, terutama gagasan dan pemikiran materialisme (liberalisme) Barat atas kelompok terjajah. Perempuan menjadi citra, simbol, sarana, dan tempat persembunyian laki-laki terjajah. Kedua, konstruski subjek perempuan merupakan konstruksi kelompok etnis dan golongan moderat dalam mempromosikan nilai tradisi atau leluhur. Dengan demuikian, perempuan tidak mampu dan tidak diberi kesemptaan untuk menyuarakan narasinyakata kunci: wacana kolonial, peranakan Tionghoa, subjek perempuan.
SEMANTIC ADAPTATIONS OF THE ARABIC LOANWORDS IN THE INDONESIAN LANGUAGE Julul, Ali Ahmed; Rahmawati, Nabilah Myrrha; Kwary, Deny Arnos; Sartini, Ni Wayan
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): MOZAIK HUMANIORA VOL. 19 NO. 2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v19i2.14584

Abstract

This paper investigates the adaptation of Arabic loanwords in the Indonesian language semantically. The data were taken from Kamus Basar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) fifth edition. 1,870 words are listed in the KBBI as Arabic loan words. The definitions of these words were compared with their original Arabic definitions found in Almaany Arabic dictionary (2019) to determine the semantic adaptations. The analysis shows that most of the Arabic loanwords in the Indonesian language have retained the same meanings as their originals in the Arabic language. However, there have been semantic adaptations in which eighteen words have been narrowed, nine words have been extended, and seven words have gone through the shifting process. The narrowing was due to absorbing of only one meaning of a word that had many meanings in Arabic ,  borrowing the old meanings of the words that have been extended recently due to the advent of technology, filling any existing gap or borrowing of new words along with cultural concepts. The extending was due to overgeneralizing some Arabic affixes and forms ,leaving one form of a word to represent the meanings of the others or assigning names to things by the way people perceive them by their five senses . The shifting occurred mainly because of borrowing of new words along with cultural concepts, assigning names to things by the way they are perceived by the five senses or overgeneralizing of forms that occurred in Arabic loanwords.It is hoped that the findings of this study will be useful to researchers interested in semantic adaptation of loanwords.
KEKUATAN DAN KEKUASAAN (DALAM) BAHASA: POTRET TRADISI RITUAL ETNIK RONGGA, DI MANGGARAI TIMUR Sumitri, Ni Wayan; Arka, I Wayan
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): MOZAIK HUMANIORA VOL. 19 NO. 2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v19i2.12369

Abstract

Kekuatan dan Kekuasaan (dalam) Bahasa:Potret Tradisi Ritual EtnikRongga, di ManggaraiTimur Ni Wayan SumitriFPBS IKIP PGRI BaliJalanSeroja, Tonja, Denpasar Utara, Telepon 081916744675wsmitri66@gmail.comI Wayan ArkaAustralian National University/ FIB Universitas UdayanaJalanNias No 13, Denpasar 80114wayan.arka@anu.edu.au AbstrakPenelitian ini mengkaji kekuatan dan kekuasaan dalam bahasa pada etnikRongga dalam konteks kehidupan kontemporer di Manggarai Timur. Fokus kajiannya pada aspek sosio-etnolinguistik terkait dengan bentuk-bentuk linguistik dan non linguistik, sistem nilai budaya yang terkait dengan nilai-nilai kekuasaan, proses pemerolehan, pewarisan, pemertahanannya di masa lampau dan kini, serta prospeknya di masa mendatang. Penelitian deskriptif-kualitatif ini menggunakan pendekatan etnografi, ditopang data  wawancara, studi dokumentasi, rekam dan catat, memaparkan inovasi kajian kapital lingusitik sebagai bagian dari kapital lainnya (sisiokultural dan ekonomis).Hasil temuan menunjukkan bahwa secara linguistik, terdapat kekhasan satuan bentuk ujaran bahasa ritual bersifat puitis arkais dalam pola-pola bersajak dengan tingkat kesulitan bentuk dan irama yang tinggi. Secara etnolinguistik, ada pesan/makna yang sarat nilai sosial budaya dan pengetahuan etnik Rongga terutama terkait dengan kekuasaan. Relasi kekuasaan dan bahasa ritual terbangun secara alamiah melalui  sejumlah kualitas persona dengan mendapatkan pengakuan/ligitimasi atas posisi hirarki sosial seperti kemampuan, keterampilan, dan kepekaan dalam penguasaan pengetahuan adat. Semua itu, sebagai bentuk kapital linguistik dan kultural bagi seseorang, dan juga otoritas rohaniah yang bersifat genealogis menjadi sumber daya potensial pada pengaruh dan kekuasaan menggerakkan kepatuhan dan penghormatan warga lain.Walaupun mengalami penyusutan, danl egitimasinya tergerus karena kehadiran sistem kekuasaan pemerintahan/birokrasi modern Indonesia, namun sistem pewarisan kekuasaan tradisional masih mengikuti garis kekuasaan kepada orang yang memiliki kapital linguistik-budaya, umumnya tokoh adat yang berpengaruh, yang mampu menguasai bahasa ritual dan memanfaatkan pengetahuan adat dan energi lembaga adat untuk berbagai kepentingan, baik ritual/tradisi maupun kontemporer. Kata kunci: kekuatan, kekuasaan,bahasa, tradisi ritual, capital linguistic/budaya AbsractThis study examines power within and behind language with reference to the Rongga people in the contemporary East Manggarai context. The focus is on socio-ethnolinguistic aspects as seen in linguistic and non-linguistic forms and cultural value systems reflecting power, the process of acquiring and preserving it in the past and present, and its prospect in the future. This is a qualitative-descriptive study, using an ethnographic approach, supported with data collected by means of interview and documentation. It provides a description and offers a fresh analysis of linguistic capital as part of other kinds of capital (cultural and economic).  The findings show that ritual language linguistically has peculiarities with a high degree of difficulty in terms of poetic and archaic expressions and patterns of rhyme and rhythm.Ethnolinguistically, the ritual language carries messages reflecting socio-cultural values and knowledge, especially in relation to traditional power.  Power within and behind ritual language is acquired and developed naturally through personal qualities (such as ability, skill, and sensitivity in mastering indigenousand linguistic knowledge), with legitimation and recognition of the authority gained by inhereted positions in the traditional social hierarchies. All these form a socio-cultural capital by which one can earn power and respect, driving influence and compliance by fellow members of the community.  While shrinking with eroding legitimacy due to modern Indonesian bureaucratic system, the acquisition of traditional power still relies on heredity, combined with ability in mastering ritual language and indigenous knowledge as part of linguistic-cultural capital for various purposes in both traditional and contemporary contexts.Keywords: power, language, ritual tradition, linguistic/cultural capital
PENELUSURAN NASKAH-NASKAH ULU-ISLAM PUSAKA KELUARGA/DESA DI PROVINSI BENGKULU TRACING THE ULU-ISLAMIC MANUSCRIPTS OF FAMILY/VILLAGE HEIRLOOMS IN BENGKULU PROVINCE Sarwono, Sarwit
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): MOZAIK HUMANIORA VOL. 19 NO. 2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v19i2.13231

Abstract

Abstract            This study was intended to identify and describe the ulu-Islamic texts stored as village or family heirlooms in the Bengkulu Province. Research based on philology by utilizing the principles of text analysis. The collection of research materials was carried out through surveys in 19 villages, spread in Kaur Regency (2 villages), South Bengkulu Regency (3 villages), Seluma District (10 villages), Lebong District (1 village), Rejang Lebong District (1 village) , North Bengkulu Regency (1 village), and Bengkulu City (1 village). The survey found 74 ulu texts. Of that number, seven texts were identified as ulu-Islam texts, namely 1 manuscript belonging to the Bahud family (BAH-01), 2 manuscripts belonging to the Jalil family (JAL-01 and JAL-02), and 4 manuscripts belonging to the Asrip family (ASR-01 , ASR-02, ASR-03, and ASR-04). The manuscripts are made entirely of striped paper and books. Based on the text content, as well as the codex aspects, it can be stated that in its development, the ulu writing tradition in Bengkulu had taken part in the in the process of production and distribution of Sufism and tarekat texts, until about the end of the first half of the twentieth century. Furthermore, the absence of the phenomenon of text transmission shows that Islamic knowledge in the ulu manuscripts was taken place through the transformation of texts. The text is written based on the author;s knowledge and experience of Sufism and the practice of the tarekat. This phenomenon also shows that the spread of Islam in Bengkulu enters and integrates with local traditions and culture.
EKSPRESI SEMANTIS VERBA DAN PELIBATAN ARGUMEN DALAM KLAUSA BAHASA BIMA Satyawati, Made Sri; Purnawati, Ketut Widya; Kardana, I Nyoman
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): MOZAIK HUMANIORA VOL. 19 NO. 2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v19i2.14918

Abstract

Bimanese language is an Austronesian, Malayo Polinesian Language (Arafik 2005). In 1986, Jonker conducted a research on this language. His reseach focused on sintactic structure of the language. Jonker?s analisis (1896) looked similar with Owens? analisis (2000) that stated there are two common features of the Bimanese as one of the Austronesian language, they are affixing and compounding. With the base features, Owens considered that Bimanese at least has one of the features or even both features as well. His work focused on verb expression and bound arguments in Bimanese clauses. The two problems were analyzed based on Functional Lexical Grammar theory proposed by Kroeger (2005). The theory contains three sintactic aspects, such as functional structure, constituent structure, and argument structure. Data were collected through elicitation and observation method. Elicitation was applied to obtain spoken data while observation method was used to collect written data from texts. Both methods were supported by note taking technique and recording. The collected data were analyzed by substitution and immediate constituent technique. The result shows that Bimanese verbs can express their arguments syntactically by using verb semantic meaning and preposition like labo, kai, wea, and ba-. It was also found that the obligatory arguments in a clause are generally marked with the four markers. 
SURVIVING MODERNITY THROUGH MAGIC: A PARTICIPATORY STUDY ON PEKALONGAN SINTREN PERFORMANCE Asmarani, Ratna
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): MOZAIK HUMANIORA VOL. 19 NO. 2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v19i2.12267

Abstract

This study aims to analyze how magic is performed in Sintren and what survival strategies are applied by its performers in the modern era. Sintren is a unique folk art of Pekalongan performed by a regional arts group called Kudo Bekso Utomo from Pringsurat village, Kajen sub-district, Pekalongan on June 23rd, 2018 during the Syawalan festivals in Linggo Asri village, Pekalongan, Central Java, Indonesia. To achieve this goal, the researcher uses qualitative method. Data are collected by participatory observation and interview with the Sintren dancers, the Sintren shamans, and the Sintren audiences. Furthermore, the data are analyzed by the concept of performance by Goffman together with the concept of ?magic? and ?trick? by O?Connor. This study finds that Sintren folk art is a unique performance which is not a trick, but full of magic. Besides, this study also reveals that Kudo Bekso Utomo survives to maintain this traditional performance by applying economic strategies, such as using simpler costumes/performance tools, always conducting performance in every event whether formally invited or not, as well as trying to present non-virgin dancer. These strategies even can be adopted or adapted by other regional arts groups to cope modernity
STYLE’ BAHASA DALAM TEKS IKLAN PRODUK BERMAKNA ASOSIATIF PORNOGRAFI Wiryanti, Sri
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): MOZAIK HUMANIORA VOL. 19 NO. 2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v19i2.13513

Abstract

Muatan makna asosiatif pornografi merupakan salah satu cara iklan produk menarik perhatian khalayak konsumen.  Untuk mengungkapkan  isi, fungsi dan asosiasi-asosiasi produk memerlukan  style bahasa yang mampu menginformasikan dan mempersuasi agar mendapat respon yang memadai.  Metode kualitatif dengan teknik framing digunakan untuk memahami  style bahasa iklan bermakna asosiatif pornografi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan fitur makna porno  iklan produk mengacu seputar organ intim dan hubungan intim  yang direpresentasikan dalam bentuk figuratif baik dalam elemen verbal dan nonverbal. Bentuk figuratif mewakili kelenturan tanda bahasa, selain tidak ?vulgar?, dapat mengurangi beban muatan makna porno. Muatan porno dikemas dengan style bahasa asosiatif dengan makna konotatif, stilistik, avektif, reflektif, dan kolokatif   yang deskriptif untuk melengkapi produk daripada menawarkan produk, dan  difungsikan untuk  menunjukkan,  menceritakan dan merangkum makna yang ingin disampaikan dalam iklan produk sebagai hal yang khusus.
TRANSLATION ANALYSIS OF SEXIST ATTITUDES IN RONGGENG DUKUH PARUK NOVEL Manggarrani, Maria Dita
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): MOZAIK HUMANIORA VOL. 19 NO. 2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v19i2.13230

Abstract

This research is a descriptive-qualitative research. It aims to determine the translation techniques used to convey the sexist attitudes to the target language and its impact for the translation quality in terms of accuracy, acceptability, and readability. The data of this research are 141 utterances that are obtained from both male and female characters. Those data were collected through content analysis and Focus Group Discussion. They were analyzed by using taxonomy, and componential analysis to see the cultural value. The result shows that there are 14 techniques which are applied in translating, those are; established equivalence, explicitation, modulation, pure borrowing, implicitation, paraphrase, generalitation, transposition, reduction, addition, discursive creation, particularization, compensation, and deletion. Furthermore, it reveals that the translation techniques determine the translation quality. Established equivalence results in the good quality of the translation. Meanwhile, the use of paraphrase produced a low quality translation in the target language. Moreover, the application of discursive creation results in non-sexist translation for two utterances.
NOVEL THE DA VINCI CODE: PERTARUNGAN SIMBOLIK DAN BROWN DALAM ARENA SASTRA AMERIKA Wiasdianti, Anastasia Rina
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): MOZAIK HUMANIORA VOL. 19 NO. 2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v19i2.14642

Abstract

AbstrakArtikel berjudul Novel The Da Vinci Code: Pertarungan Simbolik Dan Brown dalam Arena Sastra Amerika membahas praktik bersastra Dan Brown dalam arena sastra Amerika. Penulis ini telah banyak menghasilkan karya, tetapi yang fenomenal adalah The Da Vinci Code (2003). Dia mulai bersastra sejak tahun 1997 sampai 2017. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah memaparkan pandangan-pandangan dan pertarungan simbolik Dan Brown untuk mendapat legitimasi dari pertarungan sastra Amerika. Adapun teori yang digunakan adalah teori Arena Produksi Kultural Pierre Bourdieu. Penelitian ini menggunakan permasalahan strategi yang harus dilakukan Dan Brown untuk mencapai keinginannya. Sebagai pengarang, penghargaan yang bergensi tetap menjadi idaman bagi mereka.  Kata kunci: Novel, pertarungan simbolik, arena AbstractThe article is titled The Da Vinci Code Novel: Dan Brown's Symbolic Fight in the American Literature Arena discusses Dan Brown's literary practice in the arena of American literature. This author has produced many works, but the phenomenal one is The Da Vinci Code (2003). He began literature from 1997 to 2017. The purpose of this study was to describe Dan Brown's symbolic views and battles to gain legitimacy from the fight for American literature. The theory used is the theory of Pierre Bourdieu's Cultural Production Arena. This research uses the problem of strategy that must be done by Dan Brown to achieve his desires. As an author, prestigious awards remain a dream for them. Keywords: Novels, symbolic battles, arena 
THE MOUSEDEER: THE SIMBOL OF LOWER CLASS’ RESISTANCE AGAINTS THE RULING GROUP -, LABANIA -
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 19, No 2 (2019): MOZAIK HUMANIORA VOL. 19 NO. 2
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v19i2.12488

Abstract

This studi aims to reveal the constructed values in the story of the mousedeer through a social class approach. This study analyzes three types of the mousedeer stories considered to contain any social symbols that could lead to the representation of certain social groups. This study is based on Stuart Hall?s theory of Representation and Karl Marx?s theory of Social Class. The result of the analysis shows that the mousedeer stories contain the representation of class structures as there occured in people?s social relations. The stories contain conflict between social classes or class struggle caused by inequality in the ownership of power, where there are the opposing parties acting as the owner of this power and the mousedeer as the representation of parties without power. Here, the mousedeer who always be able to get away by tricking his strong opponents is a symbol of resistance against them, the onces who owns the power, the authority. These mousedeer stories also has a potential to indicate the psychological turmoil or expression of the lower society who tries to oppose the ruling repression in their era.

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