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INDONESIA
ARBITRER
Published by Universitas Andalas
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Core Subject : Education,
ARBITRER Jurnal Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia, merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang menyajikan artikel orisinil tentang pengetahuan dan informasi penelitian atau aplikasi penelitian dan pengembangan terkini dalam bidang ilmu bahasa (linguistik). Jurnal ini merupakan sarana publikasi dan ajang berbagi informasi keilmuan terkait dan pengembangannya di bidang humaniora khususnya linguistic, yang diterbitkan oleh program studi Linguistik Unand. Pemuatan artikel di jurnal ini dialamatkan ke alamat editor. Informasi lengkap untuk pemuatan artikel dan petunjuk penulisan artikel tersedia di dalam setiap terbitan. Artikel yang diterbitkan telah melalui proses seleksi oleh editior dan reviewer. Jurnal ini terbit secara berkala sebanyak dua kali dalam setahun (April dan Oktober). Artikel yang lolos seleksi akan dipungut biaya guna keberlanjutan jurnal, sedangkan pengiriman naskah tidak dipungut biaya. Diharapkan ARBITRER Jurnal Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia cabang Universitas Andalas dengan tampilan baru ini akan terbit berkelanjutan dan terakreditasi.
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Articles 96 Documents
Peranan Bahasa Dalam Berkesenian: Pemberdayaan Lirik Lagu sebagai Sarana Pembentukan Karakter Bangsa Nuri, Nurhaida
ARBITRER Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
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Abstract

Language has important role in supporting the activities of art of music.This support can be seen from the lyrics composing the song.Language is used as the media to express the artisticness of the music.The harmonious esthetical lyrics with the rhyme give certain meaning to the music lovers. Without proper lyrics, the music composed will lose their soul, except instrumentalities which have no lyrics. The language in this lyric  is categorized as literary words because it is ambiguous and full of expression. This kind of language may be used for several purposes, like persuading, to unite, to separate, and to provoke. Though the language is guaranteed by poetical license, as the literary work,  such language is supposed to fulfill the esthetical aspects reflected in the intrinsic and extrinsic ones. As the lyric composer, a musician is bound the values and the social- ideology in society. No matter how, the lyric composer is part of the society. So, what happens in the society is part of his experience.  The Indonesian proficiency as the media to express lyrics in Indonesian popular songs is undoubted. However, the quality is questioned. This worry comes up due to many lyrics-vulgarly expressed impacts negatively to the developing of national character. The success on building the character can be used through the role of Indonesian language, the model, especially the artists and musicians. They are forced to use the distinctive language bearing the character of honesty, politeness, and responsibility.
Factors of Success and Failure in Second Language Learning (Faktor Sesuksesan dan Kegagalan Dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Kedua) Anita, Anita
ARBITRER Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
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Kajian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti dan menguraikan faktor yang mempunyai kontribusi terhadap kesuksesan dan kegagalan penutur bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa kedua dalam mengusai bahasa ini di tiga aspek bahasa: kelancaran, struktur bahasa dan pengucapan. Data untuk kajian ini diperoleh dengan melaksanakan wawancara semi terstruktur terhadap dua mahasiswa di universitas Victoria di Wellington, New Zealand. Analisa data secara kualitatif menunjukkan bahwa faktor seperti pembelajaran bahasa kedua pada periode prapuber, berada di lingkungan bahasa kedua, ekspos terhadap bahasa kedua, kemampuan berakulturasi, motivasi dan strategi pembelajaran  berdampak terhadap penguasaan bahasa di tiga area tersebut di atas. Analisa data juga menunjukkan bahwa keberadaan dan ketidakberadaan faktor tersebut dalam periode pembelajaran bahasa kedua berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap penguasaan bahasa di tiga area tersebut.
Bahasa yang Membentuk Jati Diri dan Karakter Bangsa Oktavianus, Oktavianus
ARBITRER Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
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This short article is an attempt to identify and discuss the types of language that can shape the identity and character of the nation.  The analysis is done by looking at the relationship between language and culture. The result of the analysis indicates that language, both proverbs and nonproverbs, contains values. The values are transferred into attitude, behavior and habit to shape the identity and character of the nation.
Wujud Kesantunan Berbahasa Mahasiswa Terhadap Dosen di STAIN Kendari: Kajian Sosiopragmatik Gunawan, Fahmi
ARBITRER Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
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This article aims at describing the forms of politeness of the STAIN Kendari’s students and their lecturers in interaction. The data are any utterances uttered in campus  By using descriptive-qulaitative approach, it is afound that the students use some kinds of modes in implmenting politeness. They are declarative and interogative sentence to express the politeness and impretive for impoliteness. Besides, the use of complete sentence with commonly chronological order is indicating the politeness. The less complete sentence with inverisive order reflects the impoliteness.
Strategi Menyampaikan Keinginan Kalam Bahasa Jepang: Kajian Hairyo Hyougen Elita, Radhia
ARBITRER Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
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In interaction, there must be some variations occur due to the variation of social status or age. This might be brought about by situation and condition in communication process. For example is when delivering the desires to ask for time or to ask for dating. Offering tea is one strategy to exprees the desire in Japanesse culture. Indirect speech act commonly well-known as indirect culture (kansetsusei) is a kind of distinctive way of Japanesee people. This indirect speech act is also called  kansetsuteki hatsuwa koui. The indirect speach act in airyo hyougen  is a  strategy used to save interlocutors face.
Pemakaian Bahasa Dalam Karya Ilmiah Populer Wijana, I Dewa Putu
ARBITRER Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
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This article is intended to describe the characteristics of  language used in popular scientific discourse, and its differences from  ones usually found in pure scientific articles. A close and careful examination through some amount of data extracted from Intisari, one of the most popular scientific  megazines in Indonesia, shows that the use of language in the popular megazine is considerably different from those generally exploited in more serious scientific articles. The differences include the use of  long and short sentence combinations,  reported speech, pronouns, simele and metaphor, diction, conjuction and other syntactic constituent ellipsis, and anecdotes and play on word. The popular style is important to master, especially by anyone who are involved and interested in popular writing activities. Accordingly, the standard variation is not the only style to teach in langage learning.   
Mengapa Mesin Pencari Suara Gagal Mengenali Bahasa Indonesia? Sebuah Kajian Awal Tentang Asr (automatic speech recognition) Bahasa Indonesia Suhardiyanto, Totok
ARBITRER Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
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This paper is about the study of Indonesian Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) designed by Informational- Technological Computer ( TIK).Specifically, this paper is aimed at describing how this tool operates in recognizing some in-puts in Indonesian language. TIK industry has something to do with Indonesian PWO  where the use of the smart phones developes massively in Indonesia. This study processes around 10.774 data in Indonesian language in form of sentence, phrase, and word. From this number, less than 20% can be categorized perfect. The others have an error in format and recognition. This is due to some factors bringing about the failure of ASR in recognising the in put in Indonesian language.
Bahasa dan Kekuasaan: Suatu Tinjauan Interaksi Antara Dosen Dan Mahasiswa Sastra Inggris di Dalam Kelas Revita, Ike
ARBITRER Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
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Dalam artikel ini dibicarakan tentang hubungna antara bahasa dan kekuasaan yang terefleksi dari interaksi antara mahasiswa dan dosen Jurusan Sastra Inggris Universitas Andalas. Tujuan penulisan ini adalah untuk menggambarkan aspek linguistic dalam hubungannya dengan bahasa dan kekuasaan di kelas. Data merupakan semua tuturan baik dalam bahasa Inggris, Indonesia, atau Minangkabau yang menunjukkan adanya kekuasaan. Untuk menganalisis data digunakan metode padan referesnian dan pragmatic dengan mengaitkan pada konsep yang dikemukakan Mesthrie (2000) dan Revita (2008). Dari hasil analisis ditemukan bahwa ada empat linguistic aspek yang menunjukkan hubungan bahasa dan kekuasaa,n yakni (1) penggunaan pronomina (2) penggunaan sapaan, (3) kelengkapan tuturan, dan (4) penggunaan bahasa kias
Language Empowering in Character Building (Pemberdayaan Bahasa dalam Pembentukan Karakter) Kamsinah, Kamsinah
ARBITRER Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
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Character building is the most important thing to do as it is a striving system which underly behavior (Freud).  Even more, good character is more to be praised than outstanding talent. Most talents are to some extent a gift. Good character, however, is not given to us. we have to build it peace by peace by thought, choice, courage, and determination.  So important it is that it is said that  if there is no more character every thing is lost (Mahatma Gandhi). The best way to build it is  to develop   the function of all  individual potential,  including cognitive, affective,  and psychomotoric aspects simultanously in the context of socio-cultural interaction (in family, in  school, and in society). Character  is gained by nature and nurture. It can be done begin from the golden age to the old one through the three character building components: moral knowing, moral feeling, and moral action as suggested by Lickona. They make it possible since human beings, as  the best-formed creature of all, are the ones and the only creature posessing culture, and that,  they can educate and be educated in terms of   the model of  person of character.  Everybody must have character. Therefore,  to apply Lickona’s,  one must  empower her/his language, in which  she/he/ perform her/his competence in using language creativity (Chomsky) in   both ordinary  and literary language. In this case, Buginese language is used as the sample.
SINGKATAN DAN AKRONIM DALAM SURAT KABAR: KAJIAN BENTUK DAN PROSES Noviatri, Noviatri
ARBITRER Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Arbitrer
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The reason for choosing abbreviation as the object of research is motivated by the phenomenon of widespread and high usage of abbreviation in the community, especially in the newspaper. In addition, based on the process of formation, the abbreviation used in many newspapers are not consistent with the general process of abraviation. In terms formation the abreviation in newspaper are not follow the rules of abreviation formation which violated the grammar of Bahasa Indonesia. The theory used in this research is the theory of abbreviation and formation process proposed by Kridalaksana (2010) which divides abreviation into five types, 1) abreviation, 2) acronym, 3) beheading, 4) contraction, and 5) symbol of letter. Results of the data analysis whows there are 1562 (one thousand five hundred and sixty-two) abbreviation in the newspaper with 9 (nine) processes, including three of them are new process (research findings) and 896 (eight hundred and ninety-six) acronymy used in newspapers with 31 (thirty-one) process and 19 pieces are employed new process. Thus, based on formation process of abbreviations and acronyms there are 22 (twenty-two) new processes. Keyword: Language, form, abbreviation, acronymy, process

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