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INDONESIA
AGROLAND
Published by Universitas Tadulako
ISSN : 0854641X     EISSN : 24077607     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Agroland : jurnal Ilmu-ilmu pertanian diterbitkan 3 kali dalam satu tahun. Jurnal ini diterbitkan oleh Fakultas pertanian Universitas Tadulako dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kapasitas Dosen diLingkup Fakultas Pertanian dalam Bidang Penelitian dan sebagai penunjang dalam Tri Dharma Perguruan tinggi.
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Articles 398 Documents
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN USAHATANI KOPI DI DESA TOMBIANO KECAMATAN TOJO BARAT KABUPATEN TOJO UNA UNA Subekti, Ambar; Abd. Rauf, Rustam; Damayanti, Lien
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 26, No 3 (2019)
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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui faktor-faktor internal (kekuatan dan kelemahan), faktor-faktor eksternal (peluang dan ancaman) dan mengetahui formulasi strategi dalam pengembangan usahatani kopi. Penentuan daerah penelitian  dilakukan secara sengaja (purposive) menggunakan metode slovin dengan jumlah sampel 28 orang. Data dianalisis menggunakan metode  deskriptif dan formulasi strategi dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT.Hasil penelitian dari data analisis Internal Strategic Faktor Analysis Summary (IFAS) faktor kekuatan (strengths) mempunyai nilai sebesar 2,08 dan kelemahan (weaknesses) mempunyai nilai sebesar 1,24.  Nilai ini dapat diartikan bahwa usaha pengembangan usahatani kopi di lokasi penelitian memiliki kekuatan yang lebih besar, yaitu sekitar 62,73%  dibandingkan dengan kelemahannya sebesar 37,27%. Sedangkan berdasarkan hasil analisis Eksternal Strategic Faktor Analysis Summary (EFAS), bahwa faktor peluang (opportunities) mempunyai nilai sebesar 1,63 dan ancaman (threats) mempunyai nilai sebesar 0,88. Nilai ini dapat diartikan bahwa peluang yang dimiliki masih lebih besar dibandingkan dengan ancaman yang ada, yaitu 64,81% peluang dibandingkan dengan 35,19% ancaman. Sehingga formulasi strategi inti (Core Strategy) yang dijadikan strategi pengembangan usahatani kopi yang terdiri dari 3 program yaitu :1)    Mengoptimalkan lahan usahatani melalui bibit berkualitas untuk mengimbangi permintaan kopi yang tinggi;2)    Penyediaan suplai produksi kopi mengembangkan sumberdaya lokal, yang dilakukan melalui pengembangan lahan usaha tani akibat tingginya harga kopi;3)    Meningkatkan produksi kopi melalui perkembangan teknologi, sehingga dapat meningkatkan pendapatan petani. Kata kunci : Usahatani Kopi, Analisis SWOT, Strategi Pengembangan.
PENGARUH EKSTRAK KOMPOS LIMBAH BUAH KAKAO DAN PEMUPUKAN P TERHADAP AL MONOMERIK DALAM TANAH DAN SERAPAN P OLEH JAGUNG PADA OXIC DYSTRUDEPT Amelia, Rezi
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 20, No 2 (2013)
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Abstract

The study was conducted to determine the effect of extract of cacao fruit waste compost at various levels of P fertilizer application on monomeric Al in the soil and acidity characteristics of Palolo Oxic Dystrudepts. In addition, this study was aimed to determine the effect of extract of cacao fruit waste compost at various levels of P fertilizer application on P uptake, P fertilization efficiency and maize growth in the Oxic Dystrudepts. The experiment was carried out in two phases. Phase I wasa soil experiment without plant, while in phase II, the experiment was conducted in a greenhouse using maize as an indicator plant. The experimental design used wasatwo-factorial randomized complete design, where the first factor was rate of cacao fruit waste compost extract produced from 8-day fermentation process(D) consisting of D0 = 0?.ha-1 (control), D1 = 500?.ha-1, D2 = 1000?.ha-1, and D3 = 2000?.ha-1. The second factor was rate of SP-27 (P) fertilizer consisting of P0 = 0 kg.ha-1, P1 = 50 kg.ha-1, P2 = 100 kg.ha-1, and P3 = 200 kg.ha-1. Each treatment was replicated three times, hence, there were 4 x 4 x 3 = 48 experimental plots. The results showed that increasing rates of cacao fruit waste compost extract application at all rates of P fertilizer significantly decreased monomeric Alconcentration in the soil solution, and thismonomeric Al concentration also decreased with increasing rates of P fertilizer at all rates of cacao fruit waste compost extract application. The application of compost extract at2000?ha-1 combined with P fertilizer at200 kgha-1represented the best combination since it decreased the concentration of monomeric Al in the soil solution from 650.8?M to 339.7?M. The results alsoshowed that application of cacao fruit waste compost extract with increasing rates significantly decreased soil exchangeable Al and  increased soil pH, P uptake efficiency of maize, soil available P, soil organic C level, soil CEC, plant dry weight, and P concentration and uptake of maize. In the experiment with maize as an indicator plant, P concentration and P uptake in maize tissue also increased with increasing in P fertilizerrate. Application of P fertilizer at the rate of 200 kg Pha-1 produced the highest P concentration (0.50%) and P uptake (238.61 mg P plant-1) in the plant at 38 days after planting (DAP). P uptake efficiency increased with increasing rates of cacao fruit waste compost extract, while the efficiency of P uptake decreased with increasing rates of P fertilizer application. Key Words : Cacao fruit waste, compost extract, monomericAl, Oxic Dystrudepts, and P fertilizer.
PENINGKATAN PEMANFAATAN LAHAN DAN MODAL PADA USAHATANI KELAPA DI DESA PANII KECAMATAN DAMSOL KABUPATEN DONGGALA Effendy, Effendy
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 18, No 2 (2011)
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Abstract

This research aim was to identify (1) The income level of monoculture and intercropping coconut farms and (2) the relationship of increasing capital and income in farm coconut. The research location was purposively chosen at Panii Village, Damsol Subdistrict of Donggala Regency. Respondents were randomly determined the toss system based on the assumption that the coconut farm condition was homogeny including: (1) land area size, and (2) self own farm. The number of population was 101 households within which 51 household samples were chosen (19 households for monoculture coconut farm and 31 households for intercropping coconut farm). The product moment correlation was used to analyze the relationship of increasing capital and income while descriptive analysis was used to identify the income level. Results of research indicated that (1) the average income of the monoculture and intercropping coconut farms were IDR 2,266,881.53 and IDR 4,859,982.97 ha-1 harvesting-1, respectively, and (2) the correlation of capital and income in coconut farm at Panii village was positive and significant.
PENGGUNAAN TEPUNG DUCKWEED (LEMNACEAE SPP) DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP BERAT RELATIF HATI DAN PANKREAS AYAM PEDAGING Hatta, Ummiani; Rusdi, Rusdi; Arief, Rosmiaty
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 16, No 1 (2009)
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Abstract

The research aimed to study the effect of adding duckweed smash to broiler chicken feed on relative weight of its liver and pancreas. The number of chicken used was 100 broilers. The study employed a Completely Randomized design with five replicates in which five broilers were used for each replicate.  The treatments included basal feed (R0), 97% basal feed with 3% duckweed smash (R1), 94% basal feed with 6% duckweed smash (R2), 91% basal feed with 9% duckweed smash (R3), and 88% basal feed with 12% smash duckweed (R5). The addition of the duckweed smash on broiler feed significantly increased both the relative weight of the broiler liver and pancreas.  
ANALISIS KOMODITAS BASIS SUB SEKTOR TANAMAN PANGAN DI KECAMATAN BUKO SELATAN KABUPATEN BANGGAI KEPULAUAN Hamsir, Hardin; Hadayani, Hadayani; Lamusa, Arifuddin
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 26, No 1 (2019)
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The purposes of this study were to identifying basis and non basis commodities in food crop sub-sectors in South Buko sub-district; to identifying changes in the role of basis and non basis commodities in food crop sub-sectors in South Buko sub-district; and to identifying the growth and competitiveness of commodities in food crop sub-sector in South Buko District. Data were analyzed using Location Quotient, Dynamic Location Quotient and Shift Share analysis. There were two types of basis commodities i.e. peanuts and sweet potatoes with an average LQ values of 2.64 and 1.01, respectively. Similarly, the two commodities were also expected to be the basis commodities for the future with the average values of DLQ were 4.59 and 1.40, respectively.  The combined analysis of Location Quotient and Dynamic Location Quotient shows that both commodities will remain the basis crops for the present and the future whereas corn and cassava will remain non-basis commodities. The proportional growth of all food crops sub-sector commodities are positive as well as the regional share growth of corn. On the contrary peanuts, cassava and sweet potatoes are negative.
PENGARUH PEMUPUKAN FOSFOR DAN KALSIUM TERHADAP SERAPAN HARA DAN PRODUKTIVITAS DUA GENOTIPE KEDELAI PADA BUDIDAYA JENUH AIR Toyip, Toyip
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 20, No 1 (2013)
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Abstract

The objective of this research was to study the effect of phosphorus (P) and calcium (Ca) fertilizers on productivity and nutrient uptake of two soybean genotypes under saturated soil culture.          The experimental design was a Split Split plot with three factors i.e. P fertilizer, Ca fertilizer and genotype planted under saturated soil culture. Saturated soil culture with P fertilizer (72 kg P­2O5 ha-1) and lime (1 ton ha-1) increased the number of pods and grain weight plot-1. Tanggamus variety had higher number of pods and grain weight per plot than Anjasmoro variety. Interaction of phosphorus fertilizer 72 kg P­2O5 ha-1 with lime 1 ton ha-1 increased grain weight plot-1. Largest direct effect on increasing grain weight is plant height and the number of branches. The application of P fertilizer (72 kg P­2O5 ha-1) and liming (1 ton ha-1) also gave highest uptake of P and Ca.  Saturated soil culture technology can be applied to increase soybean nutrient uptake and productivity. Key Words : Productivity, Soybean, saturated soil culture.
KOALESEN AGREGAT TANAH DALAM HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN LAJU PEMBASAHAN DAN POLIVINIL ALKOHOL Hasanah, Uswah
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 17, No 3 (2010)
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Laju pembasahan dan tingkat pembasahan disamping bahan organik dipercaya mempengaruhi proses awal terjadinya koalesen agregat tanah yang dapat meningkatkan kekuatan tanah.  Penelitian ini dirancang untuk memisahkan kedua pengaruh itu sehingga dapat dilakukan perbaikan pengelolaan yang dapat dievaluasi dalam rangka meningkatkan efisiensinya yaitu apakah pengelolaan harus berfokus pada perbaikan teknik irigasi atau meningkatkan bahan organik, atau keduanya.  Polivinil alkohol (PVA) yang merupakan salah satu senyawa kimia yang dapat meningkatkan stabilitas agregat  diberikan secara terkontrol dengan menggunakan sprayer terhadap agregat tanah berdiameter 0,5-2 mm.  Sampel tanah bertekstur kasar dan halus ditempatkan dalam ring dan laju pembasahan air (1, 10 dan 100 mm/jam) menggunakan sistem tetesan yang dikontrol oleh pompa peristaltik.  Sampel tanah kemudian dibasahi hingga mendekati jenuh atau hisapan               10 kPa selama 24 jam, kemudian didrainase dengan menggunakan plat tekanan pada hisapan                100 kPa.  Pengukuran tahanan penetrometer diukur dengan menggunakan penetrometer kerucut berdiameter 2 mm, sedangkan kekuatan tarik diukur dengan alat uji tidak langsung Brazilian. Tahanan penetrometer lebih rendah pada sampel tanah yang mendapat perlakuan PVA sebelum pembasahan dan pada sampel tanah yang yang mendapat hisapan lebih tinggi (10 kPa) setelah pembasahan awal.  Pengaruh tersebut semakin menonjol pada tanah bertekstur kasar.  Pada kedua jenis tekstur tanah, kekuatan tarik meningkat dengan semakin tingginya laju pembasahan dan tingkat pembasahan (lebih besar pada kondisi hampir jenuh).  Laju pembasahan cenderung lebih penting dalam mendorong proses terjadinya koalesen agregat dari pada tingkat pembasahan
APLIKASI INDEKS BIOKIMIA DALAM PENENTUAN KARAKTERISTIK DAN KESUBURAN TANAH YANG DIBERI BAHAN ORGANIK TERINKUBASI Basir-cyio, Muhammad
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 11, No 1 (2004)
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The research aims to know the effectiveness of organic matter to soil chemistry and fertility, based on the Biochemical Index value. Two factors tested, were Organic Matter consisted of five levels, that is Bo = without organic matter, B1 = 5 t, B2 = 10 t, B3 = 15 t, and B4 = 20 t ha-1, and time incubation period consisted of two treatments (I-1 = 2 week and I-2 = 4 week). This research used the Completely Random Design (CRD) and the collected data were analysed using analysis of variance and Duncan?s Multiple Range Test at a significant level of 0.05. The results indicated that the organic matter improved some chemistry characteristics of Entisol of Palu Valey. Organic Matter Dose 20 t ha-1 was very effective to neutralize the degree of acidity with the improvement of pH-H2O till 7,45 and pH-KCl 6,57, include P-total and P-available of 32,97 me/100g and 23,91 ppm respectively. Organic matter 20 t ha-1 was effective to improve both the C-Organik till 4,0 g kg-1 (0,40%), and N-Total equal to 0,72 g kg-1 (0,072%), but the dose 20 t ha-1 was unable to improve the values of Biochemical Soil Fertility Index.Key words : Biochemical index, soil characteristics, and organic matter.
TOKSISITAS SENYAWA BIOAKTIF TUMBUHAN “SIDONDO” (VITEX NEGUNDO L.) PADA SPODOPTERA EXIGUA HUBNER DAN PLUTELLA XYLOSTELLA LINNAEUS Nasir, Burhanuddin; Lasmini, Sri Anjar
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 15, No 4 (2008)
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The objectives of this study were to evaluate bioactive compound contents of the ?Sidondo? plant (Vitex negundo L.) especially those compound that are potentially used as botanical pesticide and to test the plant extract influence on tested Spodoptera exigua and Plutella xylostella larvae mortality and toxicity. This study was conducted in Plant Protection and Biotecnology Laboratories, Faculty of Agriculture, Tadulako University from March to October 2008. Results of the study indicated that     crude extract of the V. negundo could kill both S. exigua and P. xylostella larvae. The highest mortality rate for S. exigua (32%) was found when the plant was extracted with ethanol and for P. xylostella (27%) was seen with methanol extraction. The effective extract concentration was 0.3% for S. exigua and 0.2% for                               P. xylostella.  The extract sub-lethal concentration (LC50) was 0.49% for S. exigua and 0.42% for P. xylostella.  The extract of V.  negundo contained Saponin which could be used as a botanical insecticide active ingredient
ANALISIS PENDAPATAN DAN STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN CABAI MERAH DI DESA TIBO KECAMATAN SINDUE KABUPATEN DONGGALA Arsyd, Muhammad; Darman, Saiful; Damayanti, Lien
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 25, No 3 (2018)
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ABSTRACT The objectives of the research was to discover the income of farmers and to determine the development strategy of red chili farming system in Tibo village of Donggala district, Central Sulawesi.   Respondents of twenty three family heads who have been cultivating red chilli were selected from farmer population along with five stakeholders, three local extension workers, and the head of the village. Data collected was gathered through observation, interview and Focus Group Discussion (FGD).  The average income of the red chili farming system was found to be IDR 19,471,130/ha/planting season, while the R/C ratio was 3.90.  These results suggested that the red chilli farming is very profitable to be developed. The Strength Weakness Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) analysis showed that the strategy of developing the red chilli farming in Tibo village was positioned in the quadrant II indicating Strength-Threats strategy to support diversification strategy.  These strategies include:  (1) to increase the availability of potential land and to make the most of the manpower availability for the development of this potential commodity (red chilli), and (2) to take advantage of the experience and high motivation of the farmers as well as to improve the farmer knowledge.  The Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) analysis indicated that the second strategy is the most feasible program that could be implemented with the total value of attractiveness (TAS) was highest (6.624) Keywords: Development Strategy, Income Analysis, Red Chili.

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