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Kab. jember,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 24609048     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Agromedicine and Medical Sciences (AMS) adalah jurnal berkala empat bulan (Februari, Juni dan Oktober) yang berisi berbagai artikel dalam bentuk penelitian, tinjauan sistematis dan laporan kasus dalam bidang kedokteran dengan fokus pada ilmu-ilmu kedokteran dasar, kedokteran klinis dan agromedis.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 140 Documents
HEPATOPROTECTOR EFFECT OF COCONUT WATER (COCOS NUCIFERA L.) AND FOLIC ACID TO THE LIVER HISTOPATHOLOGICAL DESCCRIPTION OF PREGNANT WISTAR FEMALE RATS (RATTUS NORVEGICUS) INDUCED BY CARBAMATE Ridho, Muhammad Rosyid; Prasetyo, Aris; Hairrudin, Hairrudin
JOURNAL AMS Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i1.10758

Abstract

Abstract Carbamate is an insecticide with a working mechanism that inhibits the enzyme acetylcholineestrase (AChE). Obstacles to AChE will cause the formation of excessive free radicals in the body causing oxidative stress and causing lipid peroxidation in body cells, including hepatocyte cells in the liver. Pregnant women have a change in detoxification activity in the liver due to exposure to xenobiotic substances during pregnancy causing a decrease in cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) which will cause an increase in free radicals and can damage liver cells. Coconut water contains antioxidants that can neutralize free radicals in the body. While folic acid can encourage improvement in morphology of liver cells. The purpose of this study was to determine the hepatoprotector effect of coconut water and folic acid on the histopathology of the liver of pregnant female wistar rats induced by carbamate. The design of this study is true experimental with a post test only control group design. The sampling method used is simple random sampling. The number of samples in this study were 28 rats divided into 4 groups K (aquades), P1 (carbamate), P2 (carbamate and coconut water), and P3 (carbamate and folic acid). At the end of the study rat liver was taken to then become histological preparations. The One Way ANOVA test results showed a significant difference between groups compared (p <0.05). Post hoc LSD test results showed that group P1 had damaged liver histopathology, there were significant differences with group K and P3 (p <0.05), but there were no significant differences when compared with group P2 (p = 0.826). Meanwhile, the P3 group had significant differences when compared with all groups (p <0.05). The conclusion of this study is that giving coconut water cannot prevent liver damage due to carbamate induction, while folic acid has been shown to prevent liver damage due to carbamate induction, from liver histopathology. Keywords: carbamate, coconut water, folic acid, liver histopathology
RISK FACTOR ANALYSIS OF RECURRENT DIARRHEA ON TODDLERS IN SUMBERJAMBE HEALTH CENTER JEMBER REGENCY Wibisono, Anita Margaret; Marchianti, Ancah Caesarina Novi; Dharmawan, Dion Krismashogi
JOURNAL AMS Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i1.9657

Abstract

Recurrent diarrhea is diarrhea that occurs repeatedly within one to three months. Toddler is the highest group suffering of diarrhea. Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death on toddler. This research aims to analyze the effect of risk factors of recurrent diarrhea on toddler in Sumberjambe Health Center Jember Regency. This type of research is observational analytic with case control design. The sample is 50 cases and 50 controls. The sampling technique used consecutive sampling method. The research was conducted in December 2018 to January 2019 using a questionnaire. Data analysis using Chi Square test and Logistic Regression test. Chi Square analysis results are child?s age (p= 0.003), gender (p= 1,000), exclusive breastfeeding (p= 0.044), measles immunization (p= 0.387), nutritional status (p= 0.840), hand nail hygiene (p= 0.395), mother?s age (p= 0.435), mother?s education level (p= 0.263), mother?s knowledge (p= 0.494), hand washing habit (p= 0.684), and family income (p= 0.773). Logistic Regression analysis results are child?s age (p= 0.002) and exclusive breastfeeding (p= 0.499). The conclusions of this study are child?s age and exclusive breastfeeding have influence of recurrent diarrhea on toddler and child's age is the most influential risk factor of recurrent diarrhea on toddler. The suggestion of this research is that it needs to research other risk factors and mothers are required to give exclusive breastfeeding.  Keywords: risk factors, recurrent diarrhea, toddler
LEPROSY PATIENTS BEHAVIOR IN THE WORKING AREA OF PUSKESMAS UMBULSARI, JEMBER REGENCY Nabilla, Nabilla; Nurmaida, Eny; Utami, Sri
JOURNAL AMS Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i1.14950

Abstract

East Java is the province with the highest prevalence of leprosy in Indonesia in 2018. Jember Regency has the third highest prevalence of leprosy and Umbulsari sub-district is the district with the highest cases. Knowledge, attitudes and practices are the three domains that determine human behavior. This study aims to understand the knowledge, attitudes and practice of patients of leprosy. This research is a descriptive study conducted at Puskesmas Umbulsari in November 2019. The population and sample of this study were all leprosy patients who lived in the working area of ??Puskesmas Umbulsari from January 2018-October 2019 and who were still in treatment with a total of 14 people. The data obtained are primary data from interview using a door to door questionnaire and secondary data from the Puskesmas register book. The analyzed data are displayed in tables and narrative form. Based on the results of research on 14 respondents, it was found that the distribution of diseases by sex was the same, mostly occur to people aged 41-50 years, 79% of patients? education was elementary school, and 50% occurred in patients who work as farmers. The results and conclusions of the behavior of leprosy patients in this study from the aspect of respondents' knowledge about leprosy are mostly good (64.3%), the respondents' attitude towards leprosy are also good (100%), and the respondents' practice towards leprosy are mostly good (50%). Keyword : attitude, knowledge, leprosy, practice.
DESCRIPTION OF LEUKOCYTES DIFFERENTIAL COUNT IN COFFEE PLANTATION WORKERS SILO SUBDISTRICT THAT INFECTED BY SOIL-TRANSMITTED HELMINTHS Cahyani, Desi Dwi; Armiyanti, Yunita; Komariyah, Cicih; Hermansyah, Bagus; Nurdian, Yudha
JOURNAL AMS Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i1.9620

Abstract

Helminthiasis caused by soil transmitted helminths (STH) are still a serious health problem in the world and in Indonesia. Indonesia has a prevalence that varies between 2.5%-62%. This infection can cause blood disorders such as leukocytosis, eosinophilia, and changes in hemoglobin levels. The purpose of this study was to describe the leukocyte count of coffee plantation workers that infected by STH. This research was an observational descriptive study, using a cross sectional design and was conducted at the coffee plantation in Silo subdistrict. Stool examination was conducted by the concentration method (sedimentation and flotation) to determine the presence of STH infection, while for leukocyte count, we used the differential count method. The results of examination on 101 feces samples showed 26.7% (27/101) of workers were positively infected with STH, with details of the STH type of hookworm by 92.6% (25/27), and the remaining were double infections by Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm as much as 7.4 % (2/27). Examination of leukocyte count showed, 17 workers with hookworm infection had abnormal leukocyte count i.e eosinophilia and neutrophilia, while 8 workers were normal. All workers with double infection (2 workers) had abnormal leukocyte count i.e eosinophilia and neutrophilia. These results can be influenced by the chronicity of the infection or the intensity of the infection. Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease, sodium, re-use hemodialyzer
COMPARISON OF SODIUM LEVELS IN PATIENTS WITH STAGE V CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE WHOSE USING NEW AND RE-USE HEMODIALYZER IN HEMODIALYSIS INSTALLATION RSD DR. SOEBANDI JEMBER Hermansyah, Yuli; Novidyawati, Firda; Azis, Ayu Munawaroh
JOURNAL AMS Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i1.9612

Abstract

Stage V Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is one of the most common medical case in the world. Stage V CKD defined as a condition where the renal function decrease progressively, marked by the GFR  <15/ml/minute/1,73 m2, with or without kidney damage history for three months. Patients diagnosed with Stage V CKD often needs kidney replacement therapy, one of which is hemodialysis. The cost needed for hemodialysis was considered as too expensive, forcing lots of medical staff in most countries using the method known as re-use hemodialyzer. Re-use hemodialyzer is a term for using the same hemodialyzer (or hemodialysis machine) for the same patient but on a different therapy session. The main purpose for this research is to investigate the sodium level in patients with Stage V CKD whose using new and re-use hemodialyzer in Hemodialysis Installation of RSD dr. Soebandi Jember. Analytic Observational Study is used for this research combined with Cross Sectional Study in December 2018. Total of 19 samples chosen with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Collected data is analyzed using paired t-test. The conclusion that can be obtained from this research is that there is no significant difference between sodium level in patients with Stage V CKD whose using new and re-use hemodialyzer (p=0,904). The effectivity and quality of the hemodialyzer is thought to be the main factor for this result. Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease, sodium, re-use hemodialyzer
AN ANALYSIS OF FEEDING PATTERN FACTORS IN INFANTS AT KENCONG PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER Noviyanti, Laila Auliya; Rachmawati, Dwita Aryadina; Sutejo, Ika Rahmawati
JOURNAL AMS Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i1.9597

Abstract

The feeding pattern in toddler is an effort and a way for mothers to provide food to toddler with the aim that the toddler eating needs are sufficient, both in quantity and nutritional value. There are factors that influence the feeding pattern in toddler, namely the level of maternal knowledge about toddler nutrition, maternal education level, household income, mother's occupation, and the number of family members. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors that influence the feeding pattern in toddler at ??Kencong Public Health Center. The type of research that will be conducted is analytical survey research with a cross sectional approach. The sample of this study is mothers who have children aged 12 months to 59 months in the working area of ??Kencong Public Health Center. The sample size in this study is 70 samples using stratified random sampling. The majority of the sex of the toddler in this study were male and aged 12-36 months. The majority of mothers in this study are aged 26-35 years, graduated from high school, did not work, have sufficient knowledge of toddler nutrition, and included to have sufficient toddler feeding patterns. The majority has small family and the household income of the respondents was mostly below the regional minimum wage. The results of this study there are factors that influence the feeding pattern in toddler in the work area of ??Kencong Public Health Center; there are the mother's education level (p= 0,000 dan r= 0,824), the level of maternal knowledge about toddler nutrition (p= 0,000 dan r= 0,895) and household income (p= 0,000) which means the degree of correlation in the category is very strong. Keywords: The feeding pattern in toddler, the factors that influence the feeding pattern in toddler
POTENTIALS OF GRINTING GRASS (CYNODON DACTYLON L.) FOR BIOPESTICIDES ON SITOPHYLUS ZEAMAIS MOTSCH MORTALITY Yasi, Ratna Mustika; Lestari, Riska Fita
JOURNAL AMS Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jams.v6i1.15618

Abstract

Corn is one of the cereals that has strategic and economic value and has the opportunity to be developed. The attack of the Sitophilus Zeamais Motsch species becomes one of the obstacles in the process of storing corn. This study aims to develop the potential of plant biopesticides from grinting grass to control the warehouse pests of Sitophilus Zeamais Motsch. This research is a laboratory based experimental study. The independent variables in this study were the gram weight of grinting grass extract and the number of Sitophilus Zeamais Motsch pests. The dependent variable in this study was the mortality of Sitophilus Zeamais Motsch. Grinting grass extract is obtained using maceration method. Qualitative and quantitative tests were carried out to test the active compound content of grinting grass. Vegetable biopesticide toxicity tests were carried out using a completely randomized design. The results showed that variations in the weight of grinting grass affect the content of chemical compounds present in the grass. Based on UV-Vis and FTIR spectra, the content of polyphenols, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, steroids, and saponins contains 20 gr / 100 mL, there are flavonoids as much, 2.38 mg / mL, saponins as 2.04 mg / mL, alkaloids as much as 1.79 mg / mL, polyphenols 3.15 mg / mL, steroids as much as 2.24 mg / mL and terpenoids as much as 3.15 mg / mL. Based on qualitative tests the active compound is evidenced by changes in color and deposition. While based on pest mortality tests, it was found that almost 50 percent of grinting grass extract can kill corn pests within a period of 7 days of observation with an extract concentration of 800 ppm. Key words: Biopesticides, Grinting Grass, Uv-Vis
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PERSONAL HYGIENE AND INCIDENCE OF SOIL-TRANSMITTED HELMINTHIASIS AMONG WORKERS AT WIDODAREN PLANTATION IN JEMBER REGENCY Rahmawati, Zulaikha Rizqina; Hermansyah, Bagus; Efendi, Erfan; Armiyanti, Yunita; Nurdian, Yudha; Utami, Wiwien Sugih
JOURNAL AMS Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i1.9593

Abstract

Soil-Transmitted Helmithiasis is an infection caused by intestinal nematode worms which in the process of transmission requires soil as media to fullfil its life cycle from non-infective forms to infective forms. The number of infections is influenced by personal hygiene. Personal hygiene consists of the habit of washing hands, cutting nails, eating, defecating and ownership of latrines, and the use of personal protective equipment. This study used a cross sectional research design conducted at Widodaren Plantation with 68 people of samples. Stool examination was determined by kato-katz method, sedimentation, and floatation to detect the presence of Soil-Transmitted Helminth (STH) eggs, while personal hygiene was assessed using questionnaires. Questionnaire and stool examination datas were processed using SPSS data analysis with chi-square method. The results of this study found 26 respondents who were positive for soil-trasmitted helminthiasis infection. The most frequent worm species obtained in this study were Ascaris lumbricoides (57.7%), followed by multiple infections between Hookworm and A. lumbricoides (21.3%), and Hookworm (19.2%). In the chi-square analysis the results were significant between personal hygiene and soil-transmitted helminthiasis with p value of 0,000 (p <0.05). So, it can be concluded that a bad personal hygiene factor has a significant relationship to the incidence of Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis at Widodaren Plantation. Keywords: Personal hygiene, STH, plantation
THE POTENSION OF ADITORY NERVE DAMAGE ON MILLING INDUSTRY WORKERS IN JEMBER REGENCY Firdaus, Jauhar
JOURNAL AMS Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jams.v6i1.16717

Abstract

Jember Regency is one of the agro-industrial areas in Indonesia with a variety of activities that can produce noise including milling industry. Exposure to noise that is too strong or too long will damage the auditory nerve. The type of material being grounded determines the amount of noise produced so that the potential for hearing nerve damage also varies. This study aims to determine the level of noise produced by the milling industry and analyze the potential for hearing nerve damage in milling workers in Jember Regency. This type of research is observational analytic with cross-sectional approach. This research was conducted by measuring noise in several grinding locations in Jember that were randomly determined. Types of careful milling is grinding meat, coffee, rice, sticky rice and coconut. In addition to measuring the noise level, a short interview was also conducted with the mill workers regarding how long they worked at the mill every day. The measurement results are then analyzed descriptively and compared with standards set by the government and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). In this study it was found that the grinding of meat raw materials produced an average noise level of 88.5 db, coffee of 88.5 db, rice of 88.9 db, sticky rice of 87.3 db and coconut of 80.7 db. The duration of exposure to noise in milling meat, coffee, rice and sticky rice ranges from 9-12 hours a day. While the duration of noise exposure to coconut milling workers ranged from 6-9 hours. Therefore it can be concluded that milling meat, coffee, rice and sticky rice has the potential to cause hearing loss for workers. Keywords: agroindustry, hearing loss, noisy, milling
THE CORRELATION OF FAMILY AND HOUSEHOLD FACTORS ON THE INCIDENCE OF STUNTING ON TODDLERS IN THREE VILLAGES SUMBERBARU HEALTH CENTER WORK AREA OF JEMBER Rufaida, Farmarida Dika; Raharjo, Angga Mardro; Handoko, Adelia
JOURNAL AMS Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i1.9541

Abstract

Stunting is a condition of the child's length or height according to his age compared to the WHO standard, the z-score is less than -2SD. Stunting is caused by multifactorial which can affect directly or indirectly and causes various adverse effects. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation of family and household factors on the incidence of stunting (especially sex of toddler, age of toddler, father's education, mother's education, mother's employment status, number of children, birth distance, family income, and mother's height) in three villages Sumberbaru Health Center Work Area of Jember. This type of research is observational analytic research with cross-sectional research design. A sample of 130 people who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The sampling technique uses purposive sampling technique. Bivariate analysis using chi-square test and multivariate analysis using binary logistic regression. The results of the bivariate analysis of this study showed p <0.05 on sex of toddler, number of children, family income, mother?s height, and p > 0.05 on age of toddler, father's education, mother's education, mother's employment status, birth distance. Multivariate analysis showed mother's height <147cm (p = 0,007; OR = 3,345), family income below UMK Jember (p = 0,045; OR = 2,344), and male sex (p = 0,044; OR = 0,456 ). Based on these results it can be concluded that the incidence of stunting is directly affected by mother's height <147cm, family income below UMK Jember, and male sex of boys. While indirectly affected by the number of children >2. Factors that did not affect the incidence of stunting were the age of the toddler, father's education, mother's education, mother's employment status, and birth distance. Mother's height <147cm is the most influencing factor.

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