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INDONESIA
ODONTO Dental Journal
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Articles 151 Documents
INFEKSI PERIODONTAL SEBAGAI FAKTORRISIKO KONDISI SISTEMIK Santoso, Oedijani
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.2.141-152

Abstract

According to Riskesdas 2018 the prevalence of dental and oral diseases in Indonesia is still high (57.6%) and the most cases are caries and periodontal disease. Periodontal tissue infection is a local oral infection that can be a focal oral infection, and has a risk of affecting systemic conditions. Microorganisms, toxins and inflammatory reactions in infected periodontal tissues can spread systemically to other parts of the body, thatcan cause infections in the area or worsen existing conditions. Systemic conditions that can be affected by periodontal tissue infections including coronary heart disease / arterosclerosis, stroke, diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, chronic pulmonary obstruction, acute respiratory infections. The purpose of this literature review is to refresh about oral focal infection, as well as more convincing that periodontal infection was a risk factor for systemic conditions, in terms of inflammatory reactions.Influencing inflammatory reactions are inflammatory mediators, including interleukin (IL-1?, IL-?, IL-6, IL-8), tumor necotic factors (TNF?) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Biological mechanisms support the role of periodontal infection as a potential risk factor for a number of systemic conditions.Future multidisciplinary research should better illustrate the role of periodontal infections in systemic health, so that the influence between periodontal infections and systemic conditions such as premature LBW, diabetes, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and respiratory diseases will be increasingly proven
EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN BELUNTAS PLUCHEA INDICA (L.) LESS TERHADAP BAKTERI SALIVA SECARA IN VITRO Syafira, Annisa Fairus; Masyhudi, Masyhudi; Yani, Sinar
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.2.68-75

Abstract

Background: Pluchea indica (L.) Less leaf contains antibacteria substances that can inhibit the growth of bacteria that cause dental and oral diseases. Previous research shows that Pluchea indica (L.) Less leaf extract can inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria. This research aimed to find out effectiveness of Pluchea indica (L.) Less leaves to decrease in the number of salivary bacteria colony.Method: This research used a sample of saliva obtained from a person who has dental caries. The saliva had been treated with Pluchea indica (L.) Less leaves ethanol extract with concentration 2,5%, 3,5%, 4,5%, 5,5%, and 6,5%. Bacterial colonies were calculated using a colony counter and no identification was performed.Result: The mean of bacteria colony number in Plate Count Agar media without Pluchea indica (L.) Less leaves ethanol extract is 142,67. After being given Pluchea indica (L.) Less leaves ethanol extract with concentration of 2,5%, 3,5%, and 4,5%, the mean of bacteria colony number sequentially are 15,67, 10,67, 4, and at a concentration of 5.5% and 6.5% no more bacterial colonies were found.Conclusion: Pluchea indica (L.) Less leaves ethanol extract effective to inhibit and eliminate oral bacteria.
TATALAKSANA STOMATITIS ALERGICA PADA PENDERITA YANG MENGALAMI STRESS (MANAGEMENT OF ALLERGIC STOMATITISIN PATIENT WITH STRESS) Ganesha, Raziv; E, Diah Savitri; Hendarti, Hening Tuti
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.2.134-140

Abstract

Introduction: Allergic stomatitisis ahypersensitivity reaction caused by allergens, such as drugs, food, and dental materials. Manifestation allergic reaction to food in oral cavity can be recurrent ulcer. Purpose: This case report pupose to report management allergic stomatitis in Stress condition.Case: female was a 44-year-old with complaintmany stomatitis in oral cavity. Patients say often since ± 6 years ago without knowing the cause. Stomatitis often moving location but also in the same site. On intra oral examination found ulcer multiple, variant size, irregular shape, paintfull.Management: the patient performed examination of total IgE with a result of 642.98 (normal<150), skin prick test in patients results positive on dust house, dog hair, cotton, beef, cow's milk, chicken egg yolk, shrimp, milkfish, pindang, chocolate, and peanuts.Patients given aloe vera extract oral rinse at the first visit, then after skin prick test was given methylprednisolone, hepaprotector caplet, multivitamin B-Complex plus Zinc. Patients are also given education and instruction to avoid a food become allergic. Conclusion: Allergic Stomatitis diagnosis requires a complete history and supportive examination. In this case, the treatment requires good cooperation between the patient and the dentist so that treatment can be done thoroughly.
PERBANDINGAN LAJU ALIR SALIVA LANSIA PENDERITA DIABETES MILETUS PENGGUNA DAN BUKAN PENGGUNA GIGI TIRUAN LEPASAN Puspa Dewi, Siti Rusdiana; Rais, Sri Wahyuningsih; Sari, Mayang Pramudya
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.2.88-94

Abstract

Introduction: Older people are often proportional to the loss of teeth and reduced some body functions, such as decreased salivary flow rate. Systemic diseases such as diabetes that are common in the elderly lead to the decrease of salivary production. The use of denture is reported to increase the salivary flow rate.Methods: This study was an analytic survey with purposive sampling design involving 40 elderly people with diabetes mellitus with age range 45-59 years. Samples divided into two groups, group 1 was using removable denture, while group 2 was not using removable denture. Unstimulated saliva was collected by spitting method for 5 min. Salivary flow rate is obtained by measuring saliva volume in ml/min. Data were analyzed using unpaired t-test with significance level p<0.05.Results: The results showed that elderly people with diabetes mellitus using removable denture had higher salivary flow rate than not using removable denture significantly.Conclusion: the use of removable denture in elderly diabetic people is able to increase the salivary flow rate.
PERBEDAAN EFEKTIFITAS RETENSI DAN PREVENTIF KARIES BAHAN PIT DAN FISSURE SEALANT Jos Erry, Hesti Witasari; Ardinansyah, Agus
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.2.125-133

Abstract

Introduction: Dental caries is a fairly high dental disease that occurs in most countries, which is approximately 60-90% occur in children. Pit and Fissure sealants are materials that are placed on pits and dental fissures that aim to prevent dental caries. There are several types of materials which often used as pit and sealant fissures, including Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) and Resin-based Sealant/Composite Resin (RK). The purpose of this study is analising the differences in the effectiveness of retention and prevention of caries in GIC and RK pit and fissure sealants in elementary school children. Method: The subjects are 76 permanent teeth of 7-8 years old children with a grouping of 38 teeth each based on the material tested of GIC and RK. Results: There is a significant differences between the pit and fissure sealant material of GIC and RK in the effectiveness of retention and prevention of caries. Conclusion: In the statistical calculation, the comparative effectiveness of retention and caries prevention pit and fissure sealant RK and GIC materials is significant difference. The RK material is more effective in retention and prevention of caries compared with GIC.
THE INFLAMMATORY REACTION OF PULP TISSUE WITH CALCIUM HYDROXIDE, MTA AND PORTLAND CEMENT (IN VIVO) Witasari, Jos Erry Hesti; Munyati, Usman; Dewi, Anggraini
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.4.2.114-121

Abstract

Background : Perforation in normal pulp could be happened anytime. In sterile condition, direct pulp capping was the right therapy to maintain the vitality and pulp function. Direct pulp capping agent must contact with the pulp tissue. Generally, body had an immunologic respond with foreign body that contact with tissue. The respond could be inflammatory reaction. The used direct pulp capping agents were calcium hydroxide, and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) which known as better agent but relatively expensive and difficult to obtain. So that, the alternative of MTA, Portland cement which was the same essential of MTA, was being developed. The aim of this study, to analized inflammatory reaction of the pulp tissue with direct pulpcapping agents calcium hydroxide, MTA, and Portland cement.Methods: Free caries M. Nemestrina?s posterior teeth were prepared to formpin point perforations on buccal surface of the crowns. The teeth were appliedwith one of the three capping agents. Teeth were filled and extracted. Theextracted teeth were proceed into histopatological preparation slides to evaluatethe inflammatic reaction.Results: The result showed no statistically significant differences of pulp inflammatory reaction between calcium hydroxide, MTA and Portland cement in7, 14, 42, and 90 days.Conclusion: The inflammatory reaction of pulp tissue of the three pulp cappingagent (calcium hydroxide, MTA, and PC) were insignificant different.
CORRELATION OF KI67 EXPRESSION TO DEGREE OF DYSPLASIA IN LINGUAL EPITHELIAL DYSPLASIA IN RATTUS NORVEGICUS EXPOSURED BY CIGARETTE SMOKE (HUBUNGAN EKSPRESI KI67 TERHADAP DERAJAT DISPLASIA PADA EPITEL MUKOSA LIDAH RATTUS NORVEGICUS YANG DIPAPAR ASAP ROKOK) Sari, Rina Kartika; Hendarti, Hening Tuti; Soebadi, Bagus; Hadi, Priyo; Radithia, Desiana; P, Adiastuti Endah
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.2.76-87

Abstract

Background: Dysplasia is malignant transformation of stratified squamous epithelium characterized by cellular atypia and loss of stratification and maturation. It can caused by cigarette smoke. Measuring the activity of cell proliferation as the beginning of dysplasia is very useful to know the development of malignancy. One of proliferation marker is Ki67 that expressed in all cell cycle phase except G0.Methods: 30 male wistar rats divided into: control grup (n=10), exposed to cigarette smoke for 4 weeks (n=10), 8 weeks (n=10) as much as 20 cigarettes/group/day/exposure used smoking pump. Specimen were stained HE to see dysplasia and Ki67 expression seen immunohistochemically. Statistical analyzed by Spearman correlation.Result: There was an increase in mean of Ki67 expression and significant differences between groups (p=0,000) and also significant difference of degree of dysplasia between groups (p=0,000). There was a strong correlation between Ki67 score to degree of dysplasia (p=0.001).Conclusion: Increased of Ki67 expression proportional to the Increase in degrees of dysplasia
ANTIBACTERIAL POTENTIAL OF KAPUL FRUIT SKIN (BACCAUREA MACROCARPA) ON STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUIS Norhayati, Norhayati; Ujrumiah, Siti; Noviany, Annisa; Carabelly, Amy Nindia
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/odj.6.2.118-124

Abstract

Introduction: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (SAR) is a recurrent ulceration lesion where many Streptococcus sanguis bacteria are found. Streptococcus sanguis bacteria can be killed by compounds that contain antibacterial. Kapul fruit (Baccaurea macrocarpa) is a typical Kalimantan fruit, has antioxidant and antibacterial activity which serves to kill Streptococcus sanguis. Method: Performed a quantitative phytochemical test on the kapul fruit peel and continued with the antibacterial activity test using the disc diffusion method of kapul fruit peel extract at the concentrations 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, 100%,Chlorhexidine as a positive control and aquades as a negative (n=4/group). Result: From the phytochemical test, Kapul fruit peel extracts contain 35,851% of alkaloid, 23,225% of saponin, 2,395mg of tannin and 21,000mg of flavonoids. Kapul fruit peel extracts has the potential as an antibacterial against Streptococcus sanguis at concentration of 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%. The concentration at 100% has an equivalent to chlorhexidine as an antibacterial potential.Conclusion: The potential of Kapul peel Extract as antibacterial to Streptococcus sanguis bacteria on 40%, 60%, 80%, 100% concentration. The concentration at 100% has an equivalent to chlorhexidine as an antibacterial potential.
EFEKTIVITAS MENYIKAT GIGI DENGAN METODE BASS DAN HORIZONTAL TERHADAP PERUBAHAN INDEKS PLAK PADA ANAK TUNAGRAHITA Rizkika, Nabila; Baehaqi, Moh.; Putranto, R. Rama
ODONTO Dental Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2014): ODONTO Dental Journal
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.036 KB)

Abstract

Background: The important aspect for child especially children with mental retardation is oral health. Children with mental retardation have limitations in motoric activities that relate to the actions of dental hygiene in normally, that activities is toothbrushing and it can do by bass and horizontal method. The aim of this study is to know the difference effectiveness toothbrushing with bass and horizontal method on the changed of plaque index in children with mental retardation. Method: The quasi experimental methods with non-equivalent group design with post test design was used in this research and have done on 24 children with mild mental retardation at SDLB Purwosari Kudus which divided two groups, 12 students brushing with bass method and 12 students brushing with horizontal method. Result: The data were tested with paired t-test to compare plaque index before and after toothbrushing with bass and horizontal method, showed that there were meaningful differences (p<0,05). Independent t-test to compare the changed of plaque index between both methods, showed that there were no meaningful differences (p>0,05). Conclusion: It concluded that both bass and horizontal method effectively on the changed of plaque index in children with mental retardation. There was no difference effectiveness between both methods.Keywords: bass method, horizontal method, plaque index, children with mental retardation
TEKNIK BEDAH DENGAN SKALPEL PADA HIPERPIGMENTASI GINGIVA Abdul Kodir, Ade Ismail
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.036 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.1.2.40-45

Abstract

Background: Gingival pigmentation is the coloring/staining of the gingiva in the form of a dark purplish color or irregular light brown spots. This staining is derived from melanin granules produced by cells melanoblas. Gingival hyperpigmentation caused by excessive melanin deposition . The cause of this gingival hyperpigmentation is multifactorial : genetic factors , local and systemic . The aims of this article is to overbear the gingival hyperpigmentation with simple techniques , does not require several equipments , but gives contentment results to the patient . Discussion : The gingival melanin hyperpigmentation is not cause medical problems , usually to the point the appearance especially when talking and smiling . Depigmentation is periodontal plastic surgery to remove or reduce gingival hyperpigmentation . There are many ways to eliminate gingival hyperpigmentation , one of them is a surgical using scalpel . Depigmentation surgery does not require any special tools but gives satisfactory results for the patient. Conclusion : Hyperpigmentation gingival surgery techniques can be overcome by using scalpel surgery.

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