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Tesa Arsitektur
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Articles 108 Documents
The Ka’Bani – Mawinne Concept in Sumba’s Traditional Architectural Residence atKampung Tarung, Sumba Barat Reny, Eka Kusuma; Wahyu, T. Yoyok; Saifullah, Ahmad
Tesa Arsitektur, Journal of Architectural Discourses Vol 16, No 2: 2018
Publisher : Unika Soegijapranata Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24167/tes.v16i2.1143

Abstract

The Sumbanese traditional house is one of the traditional architecture in Indonesia which is derived from Austronesian culture and have several characteristics such as stage house, wooden or bamboo house, and high-pitched roof. The Sumbanese traditional house is indeed inevitable from globalization and the impact of it has been seen as the phenomenon ofvisual or physical changes of the house and non-physical changes. Based on these issues, the aims are to acquire the representation and the concept of Sumbanesetraditional house (case study in KampungTarung, Waikabubak, West Sumba). The research method of this study is qualitative descriptive with phenomenology paradigm and naturalistic approach. To results has obtainedthe concept of Ka'bani - Mawinne that clarifying the essence of Sumbanese traditional house in Tarung village as the ‘pemali’ house or sacred house. It is inseparable from the ancestral spirits or Meraputo conduct the spatial pattern in the housewhich ishorizontally divided into male area (right) and female area (left). Meanwhile verticallydivided into male area on the upper part (Uma Dana) and female area on the middle and lower part (Taronga Uma and SalaKabounga).
Study of Tradition Process of Constructing Gorontalo House for Gorontalo Culture Trumansyahjaya, Kalih; Tatura, Lydia S.
Tesa Arsitektur, Journal of Architectural Discourses Vol 16, No 2: 2018
Publisher : Unika Soegijapranata Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24167/tes.v16i2.1126

Abstract

The cultural form in architecture is an indication that the closer the work of architecture to the process of cultural creation. The work of architecture as an artifact is the final form arising from the existence of ideas and actions within a culture. The people of Gorontalo generally still hold the customary tradition in the process of building a house in Gorontalo which is a cultural idea and action that can reflect the traditional and cultural strength of Gorontalo people so that it can be used as a trace of Gorontalo architectural culture. This study aims to discuss the details of the implementation and understand how the process of building tradition in Gorontalo society based on technical, cultural and environmental aspects. The research method uses a qualitative approach as a process of collecting a number of actual and contextual field data to get a detailed picture. The process for analyzing the problem then uses descriptive and inductive research methods to focus its attention on actual phenomena and depicts in depth the conditions in the field. The result of this research is a thorough knowledge of traditional structural system of cultural process of building a house in Gorontalo society.
PERUBAHAN POLA TATANAN RUANG TANEAN LANJANG DI KAMPUNG BATIK TANJUNG BUMI (The Changes of the Spatial Pattern of Tanean Lanjang in Kampung Batik Tanjung Bumi) Safeyah, Muchlisiniyati; Elviana, Eva; Takarini, Nurjanti; Sutejo, Aris
Tesa Arsitektur, Journal of Architectural Discourses Vol 16, No 2: 2018
Publisher : Unika Soegijapranata Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24167/tes.v16i2.1123

Abstract

Kampung batik Tanjung Bumi mempunyai keunikan dari kerajinan batik gentongan dan pemukiman tradisional tanean lanjang. Kegiatan membatik yang semula sebagai pengisi waktu luang, saat ini dilakukan untuk mendapatkan penghasilan. Perubahan paradigma tersebut diduga membawa dampak pada perubahan pola tatanan ruang tanean lanjang. Penelitian bersifat deskriptif dengan metode kualitatif yang dilakukan terhadap 6 kelompok tanean lanjang. Perubahan paradigma masyarakat tidak banyak membawa perubahan pada pola tatanan ruang tanean lanjang di kampung batik Tanjung Bumi. Tanean lanjang (halaman panjang); pagar; letak, orientasi, hierarki, dan bentuk Langgar; serambi hunian merupakan unsur-unsur yang dipertahankan. Fungsi Langgar menjadi lebih sedikit. Ruang-ruang didalam hunian masih bersifat privat, sedangkan serambi pada hunian mengalami perubahan sifat dari semi privat menjadi semi publik. Perubahan terjadi pada susunan, jumlah, dan fungsi ruang hunian yang lebih kompleks. Perubahan pola tatanan lebih banyak dipengaruhi oleh perkembangan kehidupan sosial masyarakat, daripada perkembangan kegiatan membatik. Pola tatanan tanean lanjang mampu mewadahi perkembangan kegiatan usaha batik. Permukiman tradisional tanean lanjang masih sesuai dengan makna dan tata cara kehidupan masyarakat saat ini.
The House Types of Settlements in The RiverBank Wetland; The Factual Conditions and The Recommendations Oktarini, Maya Fitri
Tesa Arsitektur, Journal of Architectural Discourses Vol 16, No 2: 2018
Publisher : Unika Soegijapranata Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24167/tes.v16i2.1373

Abstract

A riverbank wetland has an important ecosystem service, so that should be a city conservation area. The settlements on wetland riverbanks would decrease the ecosystem services. But for some cities, it is difficult to avoid. To reduce the damage to the ecosystem services, it is necessary to identify the ideal development according to the ecosystem approach. This study identifies the gap between the factual house type and the ideal type according to the ecosystem approach. The factual home types were identified through field observations, whereas the types of recommendations were identified based on an assessment of the experts. The results indicated that there was a gap of the house types between the factual and the recommendations. Therefore, the planning should adjust the house types between the factual and the recommendation of the ecosystem approach. The settlement planning that equilibrates the community needs and the sustainability of ecosystem services.
Bagenen-Botolan as Basic Concepts Formation of Settlement in Dieng Mountains Hermanto, Heri; Hendriani, Adinda Septi
Tesa Arsitektur, Journal of Architectural Discourses Vol 16, No 2: 2018
Publisher : Unika Soegijapranata Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24167/tes.v16i2.1413

Abstract

Settlements in the Dieng Mountains is a manifestation of the culture of Dieng society. On a micro scale, bagenen connected by botolan is a settlement element that is always present in the Dieng community house. Bagenen-botolan becomes the main container of social, cultural and economic activity. When the settlements develop, the community then uses latar ombo for social, cultural, economic and sport activities that cannot be done in Bagenen-botolan. Between latar ombo one with the other is always connected by jalan latar and jalan tritian. This phenomenon raises the notion that, in the village scale, latar ombo that connected jalan latar and jalan tritian became a kind of bagenen-botolan. The notion is further strengthened by the existence of a village field that is always connected by jalan terabasan. Research questions that are then proposed are; what is the concept underlies the formation of settlements in the Dieng Mountains.The results of grandtour and minitour found 8 (eight) themes, namely, 1) The kinship system as a village builders, 2) Bagenen as a multifunctional space, 3) Latar ombo as bagenen in village scale, 4) Field as multifunctional space on the scale between villages, 5) Bagenen connected botolan 6) Latar ombo connected by jalan latar and jalan tritian, 7) The mosque connected by jalan latar and jalan tritian, 8) The field connected by jalan terabasan on the scale between villages.Inductive analysis of the eight themes found three concepts underlying the formation of settlements in the Dieng Mountains, namely: 1) Connected concepts, 2) Nyepetno concept, and 3) Brayan concept.The concept is empirically seen on all space scales. Layout arrangement of physical elements of settlement in Dieng Mountains always refers to this concept. These findings are a significant contribution for the science of architecture especially related to the spatial and values that form the Mountains settlements.
PEMENUHAN AIR BERSIH METODA RAIN WATER HARVESTING SKALA RUMAH TINGGAL SEBAGAI SOLUSI TEKNOLOGI YANG EKOLOGIS (Meeting the Clean Water Sufficiency by Implementing Residential-Scaled Rain Water Harvesting Method as a Ecologically Technological Solution) Suskiyatno, F .X. Bambang
Tesa Arsitektur Vol 11, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Unika Soegijapranata Semarang

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Abstract

ABSTRAC.T Lack of clean water supply is one of the serious societal problems, especially in big cities in Indonesia. Water is usually got from groundwater and shallow groundwater resources. They having low income can only get surface water sources (rivers) that is very low qualified and to bring assorted illness. Actually there is another source spending abundant of clean water that can be utilized besides reducing the environmental destruction impacts. It is rain water. As it is known that rain, for the time being, tend to puddle and to lead to flooding, especially in downtowns. Rain also causes land- sliding because there is no open land remaining to absorb the rainwater. All ground surfaces are coated with a water-resistant pavement, including watelWays. Rain water utilization as clean water will minimize the possibility of these effects. Such rainwater utilization is known as Rain water Harvesting System for getting clean water. By having certain technologies rain water utilization can be easily done at a residential scale, both simple to advanced technologies. Keywords: clean water, environment, rain water. ABSTRAK Kurangnya pemenuhan kebutuhan air bersih bagi masyarakat merupakan persoalan yang cukup besar. Terutama di kota-kota besar di Indonesia. Sumber air bersih tersebut adalah dari air tanah dangkal maupun air tanah dangkal. Sementara bagi masyarakat dengan tingkat ekonomi rendah hanya dapat memanfaatkan sumber air permukaan (sungai) dengan kualitas sangat rendah dan berindikasi menyebabkan penyakit. Sebenarnya terdapat sumber air bersih lain yang tidak kurang dalam jumlah yang dapat dimanfaatkan dan justru dapat mengurangi dampak perusakan lingkungan adalah air hujan. Seperti diketahui bahwa pada masa sekarang, hujan lebih mengakibatkan genangangenangan air bahkan banjir di daerah bawah dan juga kelongsoran tanah, karena hampir tidak tersisanya tanah terbuka di derah perkotaan yang mampu menyerap air hujan. Semua permukaan tanah dilapis dengan perkerasan yang kedap air, termasuk juga saluran air. Pemanfaatan air hujan sebagai air bersih justru dapat meminimalisir kemungkinan dampakdampak tersebut. Bentuk dari pemanfaatan air hujan sebagai air bersih dikenal dengan Sistem Pemanenan Air Hujan (Rain Water Harvesting) untuk air bersih. Dengan teknologi tertentu pemanfaatan air hujan dapat dilakukan dengan mudah pada skala rumah tingga/ baik dengan teknologi yang sederhana sampai tinggi.
POTENSI KONSERVASI ENERGI RUMAH T1NGGAL 01 PERMUKIMAN PERKOTAAN BERBASIS BUOAYA MASYARAKAT SUNOA Studi kasus: Rumah Tinggal di Pulau Geulis, Bogor (Energy Conservation Potencies of Houses in Urban Settlement based on Sundanese Social Culture, Case Study: Nurwidyaningrum, Dyah
Tesa Arsitektur Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Unika Soegijapranata Semarang

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Abstract

Pulau Geulis adalah tempat bermukim yang sangat padat, dihuni lebih dari 2500 jiwa dengan luas hanya1,57 hektar. Kehidupan penduduk yang padat perlu didukung dengan konservasi energi supaya kehidupan di pulau ini lebih sehat dan terpenuhi. Konservasi energi adalah usaha untuk menghasilkan sistem energi yang murah dan bermanfaat untuk kehidupan manusia. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengkaji aktifias-aktifnas yang terjadi di pemukiman dan ruang komunal yang mempunyai potensi untuk konservasi energi. Metode yang digunakan adalah menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan melakukan pengamatan lang sung di lapangah, studi tipologi unit rumah tinggal dan ruang komunal, melakukan wawancara langsung dan studi literatur tentang falsafah hidup masyarakat Sunda di Pulau Geulis. Penelitian awal ini menitikberatkan disain jaringan potensi energi unit rumah tinggal yang terintegrasi dengan potensi energi ruang komunal di Pulau Geulis. Hasil penelitian adalah usulan disain jaringan energi unit rumah tinggal dan energi komunal dengan menerapkan instalasi biogas sebagai alat utama untuk penyelesaian masalah. Konsep keberlanjutan energi didukung oleh potensi budaya sosial masyarakat pulau Geulis yang menunjukkan kemampuan untuk hidup dan bergotong royong. Kata Kunci: potensienergi, budaya sosial masyarakat, keberlanjutan
TlPOLOGI BANGUNAN RUMAH TINGGAL ADAT SUNDA DI KAMPUNG NAGA JAWA BARAT (Building Typology of Sundanese Traditional Houses at Kampung Naga, West Java) Ilham, Anggie Nur; SB, Afriyanto Sotyan
Tesa Arsitektur Vol 10, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Unika Soegijapranata Semarang

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Abstract

A traditional house has specific characteristics that differ from one place to another. The house is treated as one of cultural heritages that should be protected and conserved. Thats why it is vety important to study traditional houses and one of such houses is Sundanese traditional houses at Kampung Naga, West Java. Kampung Nagas houses are characterized by poled or staged houses that are built in a group so that it makes a traditional kampong or village that is in habited by a group of people that strongly keep customs inherited by their ancestors. The specific characteristics of these traditional houses are of their building typology and interior design pattern. This writing will expose the building typology of Sundanese traditional houses at Kampung Nagas settlement. Typology here means the characteristics of the shape of Sundanese traditional house in a whole. The data gathering method covers field survey, libraty study, and internet browsing.
WISATA ZIARAH PERMUKIMAN DESA GUNUNG PRING MUNTILAN (“Wayfinding” as a solution for the Direction Sign in the Pilgrimage Village Tourism Zone in the Gunung Pring Muntilan) Prastomo, Agustinus Dicky
Tesa Arsitektur Vol 13, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Unika Soegijapranata Semarang

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Abstract

Rural areas generally offer a natural beautiful green atmosphere both social, economic, cultural, religious, traditions, architecture of the building as well as the arrangement of the different neighborhoods of the city. The existence of a religious pilgrimage site based in the village of Gunung Pring Muntilan, Central Java raises the potential for rural development. But the arrival of pilgrims in the village of Gunung Pring especially in the summer season approaching month of Ramadan or other pilgrimages often affect the circulation path that led to the problems of congestion. Although the environment has been reorganized, still appears the issue of seasonal population density and traffic congestion. Structuring the housing environment (zoning) that has been done has not been followed by the provision of design information such as the identity of the name and directions for pedestrians and vehicles passing around the tourist zone of pilgrimage village of Gunung Pring. This paper aims to identify and describe the design needs wayfinding information such as driving directions in the solution (zone) pilgrimage Mount Pring. The study was conducted by using descriptiveanalytical analysis. The findings of the study revealed, it takes adequate directions so that the circulation path to be smooth
POLA PEMBAGIAN LAHAN PEKARANGAN DI RUMAH TRADISIONAL JAWA BERDASAR SISTEM PEMBAGIAN WARISAN, STUDI KASUS: JERON BETENG, KRATON,YOGYAKARTA (House Yard Distribution Pattern in Javanese Traditional Houses Based on the Inheritance Distribution System Case Stu Tarigan, Riandy
Tesa Arsitektur Vol 11, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Unika Soegijapranata Semarang

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Culture always changes and evolves in accordance with the changing nature of human thought of the area. The change embodies the nature of the contradictory people s thought between how to defend the heritage of the past and the changes caused by the increase of the peoples needs. One of the aspects of traditional house change is about the change of the ownership caused by the division of inheritance. The ownership change is to be one of the significant problems in structuring the traditional settlement. The ownership change will indirectly lead to the changes of the spatial structure and traditional building mass caused by the increasing needs of each residence. In the end, the distribution of land ownership is possibly to lead to decreased quality of traditional neighborhood as a cultural heritage that should factually be preseNed. The study was conducted at JI. Siliran, Jeron Beteng, Kraton Yogyakarta by applying qualitative-empirical method. The data were obtained through in-depth inteNiew techniques. This study focused on traditional houses that had been handed down as inheritances. The results of this study showed that house-yard distribution pattem could be used as a reference in arranging the traditional houses. Keywords: family development, inheritance distribution, house yard pattern. ABSTRAK Budaya selalu berubah dan berkembang sesuai dengan perubahan alam pemikiran dari manusia pada tempat itu.Perubahan tersebut merupakan perwujudan alam pemikiran masyarakat yang bersifat kontradiktif antara mempertahankan masa lalu dengan perubahan yang disebabkan oleh perkembangan kebutuhan masyarakat. Salah satu aspek dari perubahan dalam rumah tradisional adalah perubahan kepemilikan yang disebabkan oleh pembagian warisan. Perubahan kepemilikan ini merupakan salah satu permasalahan signifikan dalam penataan pada permukiman tradisional. Perubahan kepemilikan secara tidak langsung akan mengakibatkan perubahan tata ruang dan massa bangunan tradisional yang diakibatkan perkembangan kebutuhan dari masing-masing rumah tinggaL Pada akhirnya, pembagian kepemilikan lahan dapat mengakibatkan menurunnya kualitas lingkungan permukiman tradisional sebagai warisan budaya yang perlu dipertahankan. Penelitian dilakukan di JI. Siliran, Jeron Seteng, Kraton Yogyakarta dengan metode kualitatifempiris. Data didapatkan melalui teknik wawancara mendalam. Kajian ini ditekankan pada rumah tradisional yang telah mengalami pembagian warisan. Dari penelitian tersebut didapat pola pembagian lahan pekarangan yang dapat menjadi rujukan dalam penataan rumah tradisional. Kata Kunci: perkembangan keluarga, pembagian warisan, pola pekarangan.

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