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Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora
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Articles 16 Documents
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COMPARATIVE ERROR ANALYSIS IN ENGLISH WRITING BY FIRST, SECOND, AND THIRD YEAR STUDNETS OF ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF FACULTY OF EDUCATION AT CHAMPASACK UNIVERSITY Sychandone, Nokthavivanh
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 17, No 1: Februari, 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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levels. To investigate the error types, the frequency of error types, the similarities and difference of errors and the last to find the error sources that occur in first, second and third year learners. Error analysis is one type of linguistic study and it focuses on learners’ error making. The linguistic category and surface strategy taxonomy are used to find out the types of error. The analysis the phenomenon based on Brown (1980) namely, error identification, error classification, Error description and error explanation. The data from students’ writing products, 54 pieces in three levels andthe total errors are 571 erroneous sentences. There are two types of errors, namely lexical errors and syntactical errors; eight error categories and twenty-seven error cases. The second year learners made the most error 263 errors or 46, 05% whilefirst year learners produced 229 errors or 40, 10% and third year learners made 79 errors or 13, 83%. There are similarity in errors types, five similar categories and five error cases, but there are three different error categories and eighteen error cases. The main error sources, learners had lack knowledge of English grammatical rule. The overgeneralization (265 errors or 46, 40%) influences learners’ error, language transfer (199 errors or 34, 85%) still interfere learners’ acquisition and simplification (107 errors or 18, 73%) is one factor that effect learners’ errors.
AN EXPLORATION OF ANGER EXPRESSION IN INDONESIAN EFL LEARNING CONTEXT Susiati, .
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 17, No 1: Februari, 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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This study investigates how the students of the Department of English Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta express their anger in English as anger is an expression which relies on contexts. The students’ conversations which contained anger expression were recorded. The expressions were analyzed based on pragmatic aspects: pragmalinguistic forms, communicative intention, context, and cultural background. The results showed that the students, mostly Javanese, did not use cursing or swearing forms in expressing anger in English which are typically in ‘direct anger’ and ‘introductory anger’. Interestingly, although Javanese people arewell-known as calm people, the students mostly rise their intonation in expressing their anger feeling in English.
PERMEABILITY OF INTERLANGUAGE SYSTEM: A CASE STUDY OF STUDENTS LEARNING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AT SMP MUHAMMADIYAH 5 SURAKARTA Maryana, Lestari Kelik
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 17, No 1: Februari, 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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The research deals with permeability of students’ interlanguage system that reflects in students’ composition of SMP Muhammadiyah 5 Surakarta. The aims of the research are (1) to describe what the types of permeability, (2) to describe the sourceof the influence in students’ IL system, and (3) to describe the influence frequency of students’ IL system. The type of this research is qualitative research. The data of this research are erroneous sentences found in the students’ compositions. The method of collecting data is elicitation and document analysis. The writer uses descriptive analysis by Celce Marcia and a modified framework of Error Analysis by Shridar a technique for analyzing data. The results indicate that (1) the permeability is found atthe level of morphology and syntax, (2) the source of the influence is students’ mother tongue (Indonesian) and target language (English), (3) the influence frequency of the mother tongue to students’ interlanguage system is 48% and of the target languageto the students’ interlanguage system is 52%. The conclusion is that the learners’ interlanguage is open to to influence from the outside and influence from the inside language system. It progressively approaches the target language as a result oflearners’ attempt on constructing a new linguistic system.
KARAKTERISTIK TES BIOLOGI KELAS 7 SEMESTER GASAL Suwarto, .
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 17, No 1: Februari, 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) memaparkan tingkat kesulitan butir tes bilogi kelas 7 semester gasal, (2) memaparkan daya beda butir-butir tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal, dan (3) mengetahui reliabilitas tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal. Tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal terdiri dari 100 butir soal dan diujicobakan pada200 responden. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah program iteman versi 3.00. Hasil analisis menunjukan: (1) Tingkat kesulitan butir-butir tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal berkisar 0,025 sampai 0,775. Tingkat kesulitan butir yang palingsulit adalah butir 30 dan tingkat kesulitan butir yang paling mudah adalah butir 75. Perbandingan persentase butir yang mudah: butir yang sedang: butir yang sulit adalah 26%:29%:45%, (2) Daya beda butir-butir tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal berkisar -0,226 sampai 1,000. Daya beda yang paling rendah adalah butir 47 dandaya beda butir yang paling tinggi adalah butir 65 dan butir 66. Butir soal yang mempunyai daya beda butir jelek ada 18 butir. Butir soal yang mempunyai daya beda butir cukup ada 23 butir. Butir soal yang mempunyai daya beda butir baik ada 22 butir. Butir soal yang mempunyai daya beda butir sangat baik ada 37 butir, (3) Reliabilitas tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal adalah 0,839.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING PHONICS INSTRUCTION AND STORYBOOKS IN ENGLISH READING CLASSES TO IMPROVE STUDENT PARTICIPATION Wahyuni, Naning Tri
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 17, No 1: Februari, 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of instructional methods based on phonics instruction in reading classes to improve students participation therefore they can develop to their maximum potential. Using qualitative tools ofobservation, documentation and interview, this research was focusing the inquiry on investigating students’ reception to the phonics instruction model, observing their participation in the classroom activities, also investigating instructional methodswhich attract students to more actively contribute in learning activities. The finding shows that the reception of students to the model was good and they showed much eagerness in following the program. Further investigation revealed that studentskeen to participate more in the classroom activities especially in certain activities with the use of sound sheets, sound book, flash card sheets, word box sheets, songs, games and storybooks. However, there were two challenges identified during 16weeks running the study; the lack of teachers’ skill in delivering this method efficiently also the limited collection of English story books in school. Hence, to improve the effectiveness of the use of phonics instruction in reading classroom, firstly, training for teachers would be needed to deliver the method effectively, secondly, considering the fact that school still have limited collection of English story books or any English books, the collaboration with government agencies or other promising bodies could be done to help in providing more collection of storybooks in school.
ANALISIS PERTANYAAN PADA BUTIR SOAL READING COMPREHENSION PADA TEST TOEIC Fauziati, Endang
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 17, No 1: Februari, 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Penelitian mengenai model test TOEIC ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan deskripsi dan penjelasan yang komprehensif mengenai sejumlah aspek yang terkait dengan butir butir soal yang ada. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) mendeskripsikan polapertanyaan pada butir soal Completion dan Error Recognition pada Reading TOEIC, (2) mendeskripsikan konteks bacaan pada soal pemahaman teks Reading TOEIC, (3) mendeskripsikan pola pertanyan pada butir soal pemahaman teks pada ReadingTOEIC, dan (4) memaparkan frekuensi masing masing tipe pertanyaan pada butir soal pemahaman teks pada Reading. Lingkup penelitian ini adalah model test TOEIC, khususnya structure dan reading comprehension yang diambil dari beberapa buku latihan test TOEIC. Data terdiri dari 500 butir soal yang yang diambil dari buku latihan TOEIC yang diterbitkan oleh Barron’s Educational Series, Prentice Hall, dan Longman. Teknik pengumpulan data berupa teknik dokumentasi. Data dianalisisdengan metode deskriptif interpretatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagai berikut: (1) komponen linguistik yang ditanyakan pada bagian Completion and Error recognition meliputi pertanyaan tentang penguasaan vocabulary (54.34%), Classof words (15%) (Verb, Noun, Adjective), Verb tense (11.33%), determiner (5.33%) preposition (4%), conjunction (3.67%), Degree of comparison in Adjective (3.33%), dan Conditional sentence (3%); (2) Konteks bacaan pada butir soal Reading Comprehension meliputi bisnis, manufacturing, finance and Budgeting, Offices,personnel, purchasing, housing/corporate property, travel, dining out, entertainment, dan Health; (3) pola pertanyaan Reading Comprehension meliputi: (a) gagasan utama dan kemungkinan judul yang tepat, (b) informasi yang tersurat dalam teks, (c)informasi yang tersirat, dan (d) dan tujuan penulisan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian di atas disimpulkan bahwa penguasaan kosakata sangat penting untuk keberhasilan dalam test TOEIC karena 50%-nya berupa penguasaan kosakata.
LEARNER ERRORS IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT MADE BY STUDENTS OF SMP AL ISLAM KARTASURA Amalia, Dinar Rizky
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 17, No 1: Februari, 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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The study aims at describing the learners’ error made by eighth grade students of SMP AL Islam Kartasura in their writing descriptive text; identifying the types of lexical error, syntactical errors, and discourse errors; explaining the frequency of each typeof errors; describing the dominant type of errors; and identifying the sources of error. The type of this research is descriptive qualitative research. In collecting the data, the writer uses elicitation and documentation technique. There are some steps ofcollecting the data; asking the students to write descriptive text, collecting the data in form of erroneous sentences and paragraph, identifying the composition, marking the types of error, and at last, listing the erroneous sentences and classifying them into the classification of errors. The collected data are analyzed using Dulay, Burt and Krashen classification of errors theory, frequency of each type of error using Slamet’s theory, and Brown’s theory for sources of error. The results of the research show that the eighth grade students of SMP AL Islam Kartasura make 291 errors in their composition which are classified into three categories of error based on the combination of linguistic category and surface strategy taxonomy. There are lexical errors that cover: misspelling 12,37% and literal translation (the use of Indonesian construction) 6,87%. Syntactical error consist of omission of {-s} as plural marker 4,12%, omission of {-s} as third singular person marker 10,31%, misselection of have instead of has 8,25%, the use of verb-ing in structure phrase 1,72%, omission of verb 2,40%, omission of be 1,5%, addition of be 2,40%, the use of prepositionin prepositional phrase 3,44%, omission of article 1,37%, addition of the article 1,72%, misordering in noun phrase 19,93%, misordering in phrase 1,37%, and the last is addition of unnecessary word 5,50%. Discourse errors is 2,06% that covercomponent of discourse in reference 2,06%. The writer also finds 2 dominant sources of errors, namely interlingual transfer and intralingual transfer.
CLASSROOM TECHNIQUES USED IN THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH BASED ON CURRICULUM 2013: A NATURALISTIC STUDY AT STATE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL OF SAWIT 1 BOYOLALI Kurniliawati, Umi Nur
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 17, No 1: Februari, 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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This study is carried out to describe classroom technique used in the teaching of English at State of Junior High School of Sawit 1 Boyolali. The kinds of this research is describtive qualitative research especially naturalistic study in analyzing the data. The method of collecting data in this research are observation, interview and document. The finding of the study shows that there are some classroom techniques implemented by English teachers at SMP Negeri 1 State of Junior High School of Sawit 1 Boyolali, drilling, grouping, individual task, listening to music, picture describing, presentation, question and answer, questioning, reading aloud, repetition, role play, and translation.The teachers have roles as facilitator, teacher as motivator, teacheras observer, teacher as manager, teacher as model, teacher as counselor, teacher as controller, and teacher as evaluator. The students have roles as members of group, as tutor of other learners, as negotiator, as subject, and as monitor and evaluator of their own learning progress. There are some materials used by English teachers, such as: textbook, workbook, dictionary, photocopy exercises, powerpoint on LCD, audio like song, and videos from youtube. The conclusion of this research is that English teachers at State of Junior High School of Sawit 1 Boyolali used various classroom techniques which can improve the students’ ability. Various techniques can make the students interested in English teaching-learning process. It does not make the class monotonous. The students become more active and creative. Based on the results, apparently, classroom techniques used by the teachers have important role in the teaching-learning process.
PERMEABILITY OF INTERLANGUAGE SYSTEM: A CASE STUDY OF STUDENTS LEARNING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AT SMP MUHAMMADIYAH 5 SURAKARTA Maryana, Lestari Kelik
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 17, No 1: Februari, 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/humaniora.v17i1.2350

Abstract

The research deals with permeability of students’ interlanguage system that reflects in students’ composition of SMP Muhammadiyah 5 Surakarta. The aims of the research are (1) to describe what the types of permeability, (2) to describe the sourceof the influence in students’ IL system, and (3) to describe the influence frequency of students’ IL system. The type of this research is qualitative research. The data of this research are erroneous sentences found in the students’ compositions. The method of collecting data is elicitation and document analysis. The writer uses descriptive analysis by Celce Marcia and a modified framework of Error Analysis by Shridar a technique for analyzing data. The results indicate that (1) the permeability is found atthe level of morphology and syntax, (2) the source of the influence is students’ mother tongue (Indonesian) and target language (English), (3) the influence frequency of the mother tongue to students’ interlanguage system is 48% and of the target languageto the students’ interlanguage system is 52%. The conclusion is that the learners’ interlanguage is open to to influence from the outside and influence from the inside language system. It progressively approaches the target language as a result oflearners’ attempt on constructing a new linguistic system.
KARAKTERISTIK TES BIOLOGI KELAS 7 SEMESTER GASAL Suwarto, .Suwarto
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 17, No 1: Februari, 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/humaniora.v17i1.2346

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) memaparkan tingkat kesulitan butir tes bilogi kelas 7 semester gasal, (2) memaparkan daya beda butir-butir tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal, dan (3) mengetahui reliabilitas tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal. Tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal terdiri dari 100 butir soal dan diujicobakan pada200 responden. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah program iteman versi 3.00. Hasil analisis menunjukan: (1) Tingkat kesulitan butir-butir tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal berkisar 0,025 sampai 0,775. Tingkat kesulitan butir yang palingsulit adalah butir 30 dan tingkat kesulitan butir yang paling mudah adalah butir 75. Perbandingan persentase butir yang mudah: butir yang sedang: butir yang sulit adalah 26%:29%:45%, (2) Daya beda butir-butir tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal berkisar -0,226 sampai 1,000. Daya beda yang paling rendah adalah butir 47 dandaya beda butir yang paling tinggi adalah butir 65 dan butir 66. Butir soal yang mempunyai daya beda butir jelek ada 18 butir. Butir soal yang mempunyai daya beda butir cukup ada 23 butir. Butir soal yang mempunyai daya beda butir baik ada 22 butir. Butir soal yang mempunyai daya beda butir sangat baik ada 37 butir, (3) Reliabilitas tes biologi kelas 7 semester gasal adalah 0,839.

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