cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota surakarta,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Pharmacon
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 133 Documents
COST OF ILLNESS DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 DAN KOMPLIKASINYA PADA PESERTA JAMINAN KESEHATAN NASIONAL (JKN) DI RAWAT JALAN RUMAH SAKIT CONDONG CATUR YOGYAKARTA Putri, Rr. Erni Kusuma; Darmawan, Endang; Perwitasari, Dyah Aryani
Pharmacon: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 16, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/pharmacon.v16i2.8915

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that requires lifelong therapy and high service costs so that the use of antidiabetic drugs affects the patient's therapeutic costs. The purpose of this study was to determine the cost of outpatient type 2 diabetes mellitus therapy for National Health Insurance (JKN) participants in Condong Catur Hospital Yogyakarta. The research method used is observational. The parameters measured are calculating the average direct medical costs (drug costs, doctor's examination and consultation fees, laboratory costs, medical treatment costs), and comparison between the costs of oral drugs, insulin, oral and insulin. The results of normality tests with Shapiro-Wilk (microvascular, microvascular and macrovascular), Kolmogorrov-Smirnov (macrovascular) p<0.05 indicate that data are not normally distributed, the results of the Kruskal Wallis test of the three groups (microvascular, macrovascular, microvascular and microvascular) show that differences are not normally distributed significant (p = 0.001).The results showed that the microvascular group therapy costs Rp 3,164,733.58 per month, the macrovascular group Rp 9,984,566.85 per month, the microvascular and macrovascular groups Rp 11,260,372.39 per month. The cost of therapy is based on the microvascular group drug Rp. 408,567.78 per month, the macrovascular group Rp. 1,245,987.48 per month, the microvascular and macrovascular groups Rp. 1,786,270.68 per month so that statistically from the three complications groups show significant differences p = 0,001 (p <0,005). The difference in the difference between the total real costs and the total INA-CBG's rates, the microvascular group Rp -38,741.14 per patient, the macrovascular group Rp -10,914.03 per patient, while in the microvascular and macrovascular group Rp 3,272.90 per patient shows that from to three groups of complications were not significantly different p = 0.207 (p> 0.005). Statistically it can be concluded that the cost of therapy based on antidiabetic drugs in the three groups of complications shows a significant difference. There is no significant difference in the difference between the real costs in the three groups of complications
HASIL SKRINING AKTIVITAS SITOTOKSIK EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN KELENGKENG (DIMOCARPUS LONGAN), DAUN KERSEN (MUNTINGIA CALABURA), DAN DAUN ALPUKAT (PERSEA AMERICANA) TERHADAP SEL T47D DAN WIDR Yuliani, Ratna; Santoso, Broto; Permatasani, Bella; Sari, Diah Mukti
Pharmacon: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 16, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/pharmacon.v16i2.9050

Abstract

Cancer treatments usually cause adverse drug reactions. Therefore, safe anticancer drugs are needed in the treatment of cancer. One source of medicine that can be explored is plant. Extracts of longan leaves (Dimocarpus longan), jamaican cherry leaves (Muntingia calabura), and avocado leaves (Persea americana) have been tested for cytotoxic activity against several cancer cell lines. This study aims to determine the cytotoxic activity of ethanolic extract of longan leaves, jamaican cherry leaves, and avocado leaves against T47D and WiDr cells and to identify secondary metabolites in the extracts which have the highest activity. Ethanolic extract of longan leaves, jamaican cherry leaves, and avocado leaves were tested for their cytotoxic activity using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) method. Identification of secondary metabolites in the ethanolic extract of avocado leaves was carried out by thin layer chromatography method using silica gel GF254 as the stationary phase and a mixture of n-hexane and acetone (6:4) as the mobile phase. Cytotoxic test results show that ethanolic extract of longan leaves and cherry leaves with concentration of up to 1600 ?g/mL do not reduce the T47D and WiDr living cells to 50%. Avocado leaf extract decreases the percentage of living T47D cells and WiDr with IC50 values of  790.679 µg/mL and 1072.2 µg/mL, respectively. The ethanolic extract of avocado leaves contains flavonoid, phenolic, and terpenoid. Ethanolic extract of longan leaves, cherry leaves and avocado leaves do not have cytotoxic activity against T47D and WiDr cells.
FRONT MATTERS VOL 16 NO 2 (2019) Vol 16 No 2, Front Matters
Pharmacon: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 16, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/pharmacon.v16i2.9785

Abstract

ISOLASI DAN KARAKTERISASI SELULOSA MIKROKRISTAL DARI AMPAS TEBU (SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM L.) Nawangsari, Desy
Pharmacon: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 16, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/pharmacon.v16i2.9150

Abstract

Microcrystalline cellulose is the result of isolation from alpha cellulose. Woody plants are generally the source of microcrystalline cellulose production. One of the natural ingredients that can be used to make microcrystalline cellulose is bagasse (Saccharum officinarum L.). Bagasse contains 37.65% of cellulose which can be isolated by the delignification stage using a base solution, the process of bleaching and hydrolysis of alpha cellulose by high temperature heating using dilute dilute acid. The yield of microcrystalline cellulose from bagasse 26.03% and fulfilling the characterization based on the literature.
POTENSI EKSTRAK ETANOL HERBA APU-APU (PISTIA STRATIOTES) DAN FRAKSI-FRAKSINYA SEBAGAI ANTIOKSIDAN DENGAN METODE DPPH Dianasari, Dewi; Firdiyansari, Irawati
Pharmacon: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 16, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/pharmacon.v16i2.9148

Abstract

Free radicals play an important role in cell damage and degenerative diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, premature aging and others. Compounds that can inhibit free radicals are antioxidants. One of the plants that has a high phenolic compound and can be a source of natural antioxidants, apu-apu or Pistia stratiotes. This research was conducted to scientifically prove the antioxidant activity of the apu-apu herbal extract (Pistia stratiotes) and its fractions by the DPPH method. The sample used in the form of all parts apu-apu (apu-apu herb) obtained from the Sumbersari District, Jember Regency. In this study the DPPH method was used with a DPPH concentration of 0.1 mM, incubation time of ethanol extract 40 minutes, fraction of n-hexane 50 minutes, ethyl acetate fraction 45 minutes, ethanol-water fraction 40 minutes,vitamin C 35 minutes and measured at wavelength 517 nm . The results of the average antioxidant activity (IC50) were apu-apu herbal extract 16.675 µg / mL ± 0.239, n-hexane fraction 29.915 µg / mL ± 0.156, ethyl acetate fraction 11.875 µg / mL ± 0.038, ethanol-water fraction 9.090 µg / mL ± 0.156, ethyl acetate fraction 11.875 µg / mL ± 0.038, ethanol-water fraction 9.090 µg / mL ± 0.156, ethyl acetate fraction 11.875 µg / mL ± 0.038 / mL ± 0.122, and vitamin C 3.263 µg / mL ± 0.032. Vitamin C as a positive control had the highest activity, whereas the apu-apu sample which had the highest antioxidant activity was the ethanol-water fraction, and the lowest was the n-hexane fraction. The conclusion of this study is apu-apu herbal ethanol extract and its fractions have antioxidant activity, from high to low sequentially: ethanol-water fraction, ethyl acetate fraction, apu-apu herbaceous fraction, n- fraction hexane.
AKTIVITAS SITOTOKSIK EKSTRAK ETANOL, FRAKSI ETANOL-AIR, ETIL ASETAT SERTA N-HEKSANA BUAH PARE (MOMORDICA CHARANTIA) PADA SEL MCF-7 SECARA IN-VITRO Pamungkas, Adhe Retnantya; Indrayudha, Peni
Pharmacon: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 16, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/pharmacon.v16i2.9049

Abstract

Bitter melon is one of fruit that have pharmacological effects such as an anticancer which potentially active on breast cancer cell MCF-7. The aim of this study was to compare the potential cytotoxic activity between ethanol extract of pare and the results of ethanol, ethyl acetate and n-hexane fraction on MCF-7 breast cancer cells and to determine the class of compounds contained in each sample. Pare?s powder was extracted with maceration method in 80% ethanol solvent and then continue to fractionated in 96% ethanol, ethyl acetate and hexane solvent. Extract and fractions were continue to cytotoxic assay using the MTT assay method. Cytotoxic test results showed that the ethanolic extract had no potential cytotoxic activity. Ethyl acetate fraction with the highest concentration 16 µg/mL has the highest potential inhibition 43,87% on MCF-7 cells population. Extract and fractions than continue to phytochemical screening with Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) method. TLC detection showed that n-hexane fraction contained more compound groups than ethanolic extract, ethanolic-water fraction and ethyl acetate fraction.
FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSION (FGD) DENGAN INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION (IPE) SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN TENAGA KESEHATAN TENTANG KONTRASEPSI ORAL DAN SUNTIK DI KOTA BANDUNG Kusuma, Ikhwan Yuda; Nuari, Doni Anshar; Anggadiredja, Kusnandar
Pharmacon: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 16, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/pharmacon.v16i2.9175

Abstract

The drop out rate of contraceptive use in Indonesia until 2016 still high at 25.7% of the government's target of 24%, this the optimization of the performance of health personnel should be improved, especially regarding health personnel knowledge about the use of oral and contraceptives which is the largest user in the city of Bandung. One of the efforts to improve the quality of family planning programs, through increasing the competence of health workers called Interprofessional Education (IPE). The purpose of this study was to identify the level of knowledge of health personnel at the health center regarding oral and injection contraceptives between professions with IPE in Bandung. This research used an experimental method with the type of group pre-posttest design. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank test from a questionnaire on health personnel's knowledge about oral and injection contraceptives on IPE before, and after Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The results showed there was an increase in the level of knowledge in 152 health personnel, a decrease in the level of knowledge in 5 health personnel, and no change in the four health personnel. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) through Interprofessional Education (IPE) was proven to significantly increase knowledge about oral contraceptives and injections on health personnel at the Health Center.
PHYTOSTEROL CONTENT IN BENGKOANG (Pachyrhizus erosus) Lukitaningsih, Endang
Pharmacon Vol 13, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Pharmacon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Bengkoang has long been used by ancestors as a raw material for cosmetics. In Indonesia, it is usually eaten raw, sometimes with salt, lemon juice and powdered chili. However, scientific evidences that support the use of bengkoang have not been widely published. Phytosterols from the bengkoang root have been isolated and identified based on their NMR spectrum data and mass spectrum. The result of the structure elucidation informed that ß-sitosterol and stigmasterol are major components of phytosterol in bengkoang root. Phytosterol content was about 0.02% of dry weight bengkoang or 2.76 % in petroleum ether extract of bengkoang, with a ratio of ß-sitosterol and stigmasterol (65:35). Therefore, bengkoang can be further exploited as a raw material of phytosterol supplement.
PENGARUH EKSTRAK ETANOL JAMUR LINGZHI (Ganoderma lucidum) TERHADAP KADAR HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) PADA TIKUS DISLIPIDEMIAPENGARUH EKSTRAK ETANOL JAMUR LINGZHI (Ganoderma lucidum) TERHADAP KADAR HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) PADA TIKUS DISLIPIDEMIAP Wahyuni, Arifah Sri
Pharmacon Vol 12, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Pharmacon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Jamur lingzhi (Ganoderma lucidum) termasuk dalam family Polyporaceae yang diketahui memiliki banyak manfaat untuk pengobatan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental (pretest-postest control group design) dengan rancangan acak lengkap pola searah dan ditujukan untuk mengukur pengaruh ekstrak etanol Ganoderma lucidum pada tingkat HDL pada tikus dislipidemia. Terdapat 4 kelompok perlakuan masing-masing kelompok terdiri dari 5 ekor tikus yaitu kelompok kontrol normal, kontrol negatif, dosis 1 dan dosis 2. Kelompok kontrol normal diberi pakan standar sedangkan kelompok kontrol negatif, dosis 1 dan dosis 2 diberi diet tinggi lemak selama 4 minggu dan ekstrak etanol jamur lingzhi masing-masing 200 mg/kgBB (dosis 1) dan     400 mg/kgBB (dosis 2) selama 2 minggu secara per oral. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan uji Anava taraf kepercayaan 95%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak etanol jamur lingzhi (Ganoderma lucidum) dosis 200 mg/kgBB dan 400 mg/kgBB tidak mampu meningkatkan kadar HDL pada tikus dislipidemia Kata Kunci: Dislipidemia, kadar HDL, ekstrak etanol jamur lingzhi (Ganoderma lucidum)
PGV-0 AND PGV-1 INCREASED APOPTOSIS INDUCTION OF DOXORUBICIN ON MCF-7 BREAST CANCER CELLS Meiyanto, Edy
Pharmacon Vol 12, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Pharmacon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

As chemotherapeutic backbone for breast cancer therapy, doxorubicin showed various side effects and induced resistancy of breast cancer cells. Development of targeted therapy on breast cancer focused on combinatorial therapy of doxorubicin and molecular targeted agents. PGV-0 and PGV-1, a curcumin analogue showed potency as co-chemotherapeutic agent with doxorubicin. Our previous study of PGV-0 and PGV-1 showed cytotoxic activity in T47D cells. Therefore, the aim of this research is to examine the synergistic effect of PGV-0, PGV-1 on the cytotoxic activity of doxorubicin through cell cycle modulation and apoptotic induction on MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines. The cytotoxic assay of PGV-0, PGV-1, doxorubicin, and their combination were carried out by using MTT assay. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were determined by flowcytometer FACS-Calibur and the flowcytometry data was analyzed using Cell Quest program. Single treatment of PGV-0, PGV-1 and doxorubicin showed cytotoxic effect on MCF-7 with cell viability IC50 value 50 µM, 6 µM and 350 nM respectively. Single treatment of Doxorubicin 175 nM induced G2/M arrest. Single treatment of PGV-0 5 µM induced G2/M arrest while in higher dose 12.5  µM, PGV-0 induced apoptosis. Combination of doxorubicin 175 nM and PGV-0 5 µM induced apoptosis. Combination of doxorubicin 175 nM and PGV-0 12.5 µM also increased apoptosis induction. Single treatment of PGV-1 0.6 µM induced G1 arrest while in higher dose 1.5  µM, PGV-1 induced apoptosis. Combination of doxorubicin 175 nM and PGV-1 0.6 µM induced apoptosis. Combination of doxorubicin 175 nM and PGV-0 1.5 µM also increased apoptosis induction. PGV-0 and PGV-1 are potential to be delevoped as co-chemotherapeutic agent for breast cancer by inducing apoptosis and cell cycle modulation, but the molecular mechanism need to be explored detail.  Key words: PGV-0, PGV-1, doxorubicin, co-chemotherapy, breast cancer, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis

Page 1 of 14 | Total Record : 133