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Forum Geografi
ISSN : 08520682     EISSN : 24603945     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Forum Geografi, Indonesian Journal of Spatial and Regional Analysis (For. Geo) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that will consider any original scientific article for expanding the field of geography. The journal publishes articles in both physical and human geography specialties of interest to spatial analysis and regional analysis in (but not limited) Indonesia by applying GIS and/or remote sensing techniques.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 664 Documents
COMPARISON OF TOTAL SUSPENDED PARTICULATE (TSP) MEASUREMENT IN URBAN AND SUBURBAN AREAS OF BALI DURING NYEPI DAY 2015 Nuraini, Tri Astuti; Permana, Donaldi Sukma; Satyaningsih, Ratna; Anggraeni, Rian; Aldrian, Edvin
Forum Geografi Vol 33, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v33i2.8670

Abstract

Nyepi or the Balinese Day of Silence (DOS) is a day when people celebrate every New Year according to the Balinese calendar (Saka). On that day, all resident activities were very restricted, with no outdoor activities. This event, which only lasted for 24 hours, is a unique period to conduct air quality measurements such as Total Suspended Particulate (TSP) for assessing the influence of human activities. This study only focuses on TSP monitoring before, during and after the DOS and its comparison with the meteorological data. TSP concentration measurements were conducted in 2 urban areas (Badung and Ubung) and a sub-urban area (Singaraja) from March 17 to March 25, 2015. The results show that TSP concentrations are negatively correlated with temperature and wind speed at each location. Hourly TSP concentrations during DOS are lower than the averaged TSP concentrations before and after DOS. During DOS, TSP concentrations decreased significantly in urban areas by 73-78% relative to regular days, which is likely due to drastically decreasing of human activities. In suburban areas, the decrease of TSP concentration was about 59%. These results show that human activities highly influence the air quality.
ANALISIS PROSES DEGRADASI LAHAN DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP PRODUKTIFITAS LAHAN PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN KLATEN Sigit, Agus Anggoro; Suharjo, Suharjo
Forum Geografi Vol 21, No 2 (2007): December 2007
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v21i2.10174

Abstract

The aim of this research are : (1) identity the process of land degradation happened in the study area; (2) evaluation of agriculture land productivity with land degradation process in the study area; (3) analysis impact process of land degradation to agriculture land productivity in the study area. This research using survey method and spatial analysis by application of Geographical Information Sistem (GIS).According to data analysis, obtained by the following research result are: (1). Have been happened by process of land degradation in regional part of the study area which tend to degrade quality of land resources by type natural process influence (subsidence, slide, crack) and anthropogenic process (making of brick). Subsidence happened in Gantiwarno; crack in Gantiwarno and Bayat; slide in Bayat. Making o brick a lot of happened in Jogonalan, Ngawen, Jatinom, Karanganom and Ceper; (2). Region with compatibility ?harmony? in the study area take of area for the width of 28930,10 Ha or 44,13 % (regional half almost Klaten District of productivity of its rice crop as according to its land suitability); ?harmony (-)? taking of area for the width of 2973,15 Ha or4,53 % (there are partial; a little region in Klaten District which manifestly do not good for effort to agriculture of rice crop, specially the paddy); ?not harmony (+)? taking of area for the which of 7929,25 Ha or 12,10 % (there are some region in Klaten District bad its of land condition, but its productivity is goodness); ?not harmony? taking of area for the which of 25724,10 Ha or 39,24 % (there are region with big enough area in Klaten District which to make a effort of agriculture of its rice crop not yet been done in an optimal fashion). Region with compatibility ?not harmony? need deeper attention of its land management; (3). Land degradation of most be happened to regions with compatibility status ?not harmony?. Although is not be absolute in character, but this matter represent and existence indication of s possibility of influence of land degradation to lowering mount land productivity to rice crop in the study area. Land degradation at region of have compatibility statusĀ  ?harmony? as in Gantiwarno (in this time) reality not yet affect its influence to level of land productivity for the rice crop.
REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY AND GIS FOR MONITORING THE PYROCLASTIC MATERIAL OF MOUNT SINABUNG Setiawan, Cahyadi; Muzani, Muzani; Warnadi, Warnadi; A'Rachman, Fauzi Ramadhoan; Qismaraga, Qismaraga; Ermalia, Ermalia
Forum Geografi Vol 33, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v33i2.9223

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of changes in land cover around the Mount Sinabung area after the 2009-2019 eruption by monitoring through remote sensing imagery and GIS. The method used in this research is descriptive quantitative. The technique of data collection used document study techniques by collecting Landsat images are among the widely used satellite remote sensing data and their spectral, spatial and temporal resolution made them useful input for mapping and planning projects (Sadidy et al. 1981). Changes in land cover that occurred around the Mount Sinabung area were dominated by pyroclastic material due to eruption. In addition, changes in land cover also occur due to the abandonment of potential lands, such as local residents who work in the plantation sector are forced to leave that, so they eventually turn into shrubs. The direction of the dominant pyroclastic material slides was directed towards the east-south and southeast of Mount Sinabung, where the area was dominated by the plantation sector. The impact of the eruption of Mount Sinabung was directly and indirectly. The total land cover changes due to pyroclastic material in 2010 was an area of 26.27 Ha, in 2014 it was 475.82 Ha, 2017 was 1339.75 Ha, and 2019 was 1196.11 Ha.
GROUNDWATER VULNERABILITY TO POLLUTION IN KASIHAN DISTRICT, BANTUL REGENCY, INDONESIA Purnama, Setyawan; Cahyadi, Ahmad
Forum Geografi Vol 33, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v33i2.7672

Abstract

The groundwater vulnerability to pollution refers to the ease of pollutants reaching groundwater, so the groundwater will be polluted. The concept shows a probability that pollution will occured which basically bases on the assumption that the physical environment can prevent the flow of pollutants into the aquifer. The purpose of this study was to predict the vulnerability of groundwater in the study area against pollution. To achieve these objectives beside base on secondary data, also measured the depth of phreatic surface, slope and groundwater sampling. Location of measurement and sampling is determinated by considering location of infiltration measurement ever done by Purnama in 2017. To conduct groundwater vulnerability analysis on pollution in the study area, carried out by SINTACS Method which bases on a numerical system of weight and rating. Weight are determined based on the significance of the effect of the parameters on groundwater pollution, while the rating is determined based on the significance of the influence of variables in each parameters against groundwater pollution. As a result, it is known that groundwater vulnerability indeks in research area range from 117,0 to 189,9. According to criteria of SINTACS, the value are classified as moderate vulnerability and rather high vulnerability. Areas that include moderate levels of vulnerability generally located in Sentolo Formations that consist of limestone and has grumusol soil type. Areas that classified as rather high vulnerability is located in Yogyakarta Formation that consist of volcanic rock and has regosol soil type. Based on this phenomena, it can be said that geological aspect and type of soil greatly affect the vulnerability of groundwater to pollution in the research area.
SPECIES DISTRIBUTION OF STYRAX SUMATRANA IN NORTH SUMATRA USING MAXENT MODELLING APPROACH Saputra, Muhammad Hadi; Sagala, Saut Aritua Hasiholan; Lee, Han Soo
Forum Geografi Vol 33, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v33i2.9056

Abstract

Styrax sumatrana is the prestigious tree from North Sumatra. The resin which is a product from this tree has high demand and take a role as the primary income for farmer around the forest. However, the climate change along with the land conversion, threatens the species distribution . This paper aims to analyse the variable that contributes to Styrax sumatrana distribution and predict the potential distribution area of the species in North Sumatra Province . Several variables, such as elevation, slope, aspect, climate condition and land use land cover (LULC), were used to analyse the contribution for Styrax sumatrana distribution. The analysis uses the Maximum entropy model to examine the variable contribution for species distribution. The result shows that the mean temperature of the coldest quarter has a higher contribution for species distribution followed by elevation and LULC. The climate condition has a great impact by 28.5% than the other variable. The potential area that is suitable for Styrax sumatrana distribution was 8.91% or around 663,221.94 ha from a total of region.
THEMATIC GEOVISUALIZATION OF THE DATA PROFILE OF KALIGESING, PURWOREJO, CENTRAL JAVA Sudaryatno, Sudaryatno; El-Yasha, Shafiera Rosa; 'Afifah, Zulfa Nur'aini
Forum Geografi Vol 33, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v33i2.8876

Abstract

The scientific field has a variety of purposes, one of which is the presentation of data and information which can be used by other parties to support their decision making. Moreover, the information is presented spatially. This research aims to map the data profile of Kaligesing district to establish the region?s potential through thematic geovisualization of its data profile, such as slopes, land use, livelihoods and population. The primary data were obtained from visual interpretation of remote sensing images to extract land use information, and DEM processing to extract slope information. Secondary data were provided by the Kaligesing district government. In order to build tiered spatial modelling, each thematic map was classified and weighted according to its contribution to the potential of the region. Based on this modelling, each village was given a compilation of weights, which were used as a basis for regional potential analysis. From the results of the thematic mapping, Kaligesing has three villages that have the potential for development in the agricultural, trade and service sectors, supported by the potential of human resources, and the abundant non-residential land available.
SUITABLE PROPORTION SAMPLE OF HOLDOUT VALIDATION FOR SPATIAL RAINFALL INTERPOLATION IN SURROUNDING THE MAKASSAR STRAIT Giarno, Giarno; Hadi, Muhammad Pramono; Suprayogi, Slamet; Murti, Sigit Heru
Forum Geografi Vol 33, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v33i2.8351

Abstract

Spatial rainfall interpolation requires a number of suitable validation samples to maintain accuracy. Generally, the larger the areas which can be predicted, the better the interpolation. In addition, the data used for validation should be separated from the modelling data. Moreover, the number of samples determine optimally proportion the independent sites. The objective of this study is to determine the optimal sample ratio for holdout validation in interpolation methods; the Makassar Strait was chosen as the study location because of its daily rainfall variation. The accuracy of the sample selection is tested using correlation, root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE) and the indicators of contingency tables. The results show that accuracy depends on the ratio of the modelling data. Therefore, the more extensive the data used for interpolation, the better the accuracy. Otherwise, if the rain gauge data is separated according to province, there will be a variation in accuracy in the portion of independent samples. For rainfall interpolation, it is recommended to use a minimum 75% of data sites to maintain accuracy. Comparison between kriging and inverse distance weighting or IDW methods indicates that IDW is better. Moreover, rainfall characteristics affect the accuracy and portion of the independent sample.
MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES DUE TO ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCES IN GENDOL RIVER VALLEY, MERAPI VOLCANO Malawani, Mukhamad Ngainul; Handayani, Tiara; Bariq, Jundi Muhammad; Lukafiardi, Radikal
Forum Geografi Vol 33, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v33i2.8766

Abstract

This research aims to identify the morphological changes in Gendol river, Merapi volcano. After the eruption 2010, Gendol river filled up by pyroclastic materials, then utilized as mining area. As the volcanic materials are abundance in Gendol river, sand mining activities are dominant, causing antrophogenic interferences that changes the morphology of Gendol valley. In this study, the morphological changes is measured by terrestrial survey, aerial mapping, and materials analysis through petrographic and granulometric analysis. Aerial mapping was conducted in February and August 2019 in order to identify the dynamic changes during 6 months observation. Vertical changes is found in the active mining zone, in western-side of research area, while horizontal changes was found in eastern-side. The comparison of widening and narrowing valley is 13:1 due to horizontal changes. Result of petrographic analysis showes that three different sampling locations originated from similar provenance, which is undissected arc provenance but may differ in period of sedimentation. Grain material found in research are categorized as suitable material for mining with the 0,733 mm grain size. However, the mining activities should be aware of material availability to minimize the riverbank failure.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF VARIOUS INDICES FOR EXTRACTION URBAN IMPERVIOUS SURFACE OF LANDSAT 8 OLI Hidayati, Iswari Nur; Suharyadi, R
Forum Geografi Vol 33, No 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v33i2.9179

Abstract

Impervious surface is one of the major land cover types of urban and suburban environment. Conversion of rural landscapes and vegetation area to urban and suburban land use is directly related to the increase of the impervious surface area. The impervious surface expansion is straight-lined with decreasing green spaces in urban areas. Impervious surface is one of indicator for detecting urban heat islands. This study compares various indices for mapping impervious surfaces using Landsat 8 OLI imagery by optimizing the different spectral characteristics of Landsat 8 OLI imagery. The research objectives are (1) to apply various indices for impervious surface mapping and (2) identifies impervious surfaces in urban areas based on multiple indices and provide recommendations and find the best index for mapping impervious surface in urban areas. In addition to utilizing the index, land use supervised classification method, maximum likelihood classification used for extracting built-up, and non-built-up areas. Accuracy assessment of this research used field data collection as primary data for calculating kappa coefficient, producer accuracy, and user accuracy. The study can also be extended to find the land surface temperature and correlate the impervious surface extraction data with urban heat islands.
Perkembangan Ekonomi, Sektor Informal, dan Kemiskinan di Kota Effendi, Tadjuddin Noer
Forum Geografi Vol 9, No 1 (1995)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Kota-kota mengalami perkembangan yang sukup pesat. Perkembangan ini akan terus berlanjut di masa datang. Perwujudan perkembangan kota tercermin dari tingginya tingkat urbanisasi, peningkatan perkembangan ekonomi yang ditandai dengan konsentrasi berbagai macam kegiatan ekonomi, terutama industri, jasa-jasa modern, dan perdagangan skala besar. Namun, dalam proses perkembangan kota itu senantiasa dihadapkan dengan berbagai macam persoalan. Saha satunya adalah terbatasnya kemampuan kota untuk menyediakan peluang kerja bagi penghuni yang terus bertambah dengan pesat. Upaya peningkatan ekonomi kota dengan modernisasi infrastruktur kota (perbaikan jalan, sarana perkantoran, listrik, telpon, dan sebagainya) dalam rangka menarik investor terus dilakukan, tetapi upaya tersebut kurang menunjukkan hasil yang memuaskan, khususnya dalam penciptaan peluang kerja di sektor formal (modern). Sehingga angka pengangguran di kota cenderung naik. Bersamaan dengan itu, muncullah gejala sektor informal dan kemiskinan di kota.

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