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INDONESIA
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 18297285     EISSN : 2540881X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan with registered number ISSN 1829-7285 (printed) and ISSN 2540-881x (online) is a scientific open access journal published by Environmental Health Department of Public Health Faculty, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia. Our journal aims to become a media of research results dissemination and exchange of scientific work of various groups, academics, practitioners and government agencies. Since 2018, this journal in one year will be published four times in January, April, July, and October.
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Articles 147 Documents
HEALTHY HOUSEHOLD AND COMPLETE BASIC IMMUNIZATION AS A RISK FOR CAUSES OF TODDLER PNEUMONIA IN JEMBER REGENCY: CORRELATION STUDY Mulyani, Vina Hariasih
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 12, No 1 (2020): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v12i1.2020.30-38

Abstract

Introduction: Pneumonia leads to inflammation of the lungs which causes by microorganisms such as parasites, bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This research was conducted to describe the strong correlation between the achievement of healthy household and complete basic immunization with toddler pneumonia cases in Jember Regency in 2016. Method: A secondary data analysis, this research applied correlation research design. The data was obtained from the Health Profile of Jember Regency in 2016 in the form of data on cases of toddler pneumonia, data on healthy household and complete basic immunization. The variables studied were the achievement of a healthy household and complete basic immunization as the dependent variable and cases of toddler pneumonia at every local health center in all sub-districts in Jember Regency as an independent variable. The data collected were then analyzed using the Pearson correlation test. Result and Discussion: A secondary data analysis, this research applied correlation research design. The data was obtained from the Health Profile of Jember Regency in 2016 in the form of data on cases of toddler pneumonia, data on healthy household and complete basic immunization. The variables studied were the achievement of a healthy household and complete basic immunization as the dependent variable and cases of toddler pneumonia at every local health center in all sub-districts in Jember Regency as an independent variable. The data collected were then analyzed using the Pearson correlation test. Conclusion: The research found that with pneumonia, there were more male sufferer than female. There was also a strong correlation found between the achievement of healthy household and complete basic immunization with cases of toddler with pneumonia in Jember Regency. Supervision of healthy household by the local government needs to be improved. The role of family, the surrounding environment, and the local government on the importance of providing complete basic immunizations for toddlers in the community also must be improved.
PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF WORKERS’ VITAL SIGNS IN HIGH TEMPERATURE ENVIRONMENTS AT THE TOFU HOME INDUSTRY KEDUNG TARUKAN SURABAYA Hartono, Trias Budi Wisnu
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 3 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i3.2019.242-251

Abstract

The workplace environment has an influence on the workers wellbeing condition, in relation to work activities. Heat pressure arises and causes a burden on the workers who work in high temperature environments. The tofu production process causes heat radiation in the workplace in the Kedung Tarukan Surabaya Tofu Home Industry, whereas almost all activities are carried out in the same location, so that it is likely that workers are exposed to heat continuously during work. The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences of physiological responses of vital signs on the workers in high temperature environments at the tofu home industry Kedung tarukan Surabaya. this study was an observational study with a cross-sectional study design. Data was analyzed statistically using Paired t-test, this study use total population of 14 workers. The results of high temperature measurement of the working area of the Tofu home Industry Kedung Tarukan Surabaya showed that the average value of Wet and Ball Temperature Index (ISBB) was 30,52oC. The workload was categorized as medium, with the workload range of 50% ? 75% working hour with workloads in the medium category and 50-75% working time from 1 hour. The results of physiological conditions measurement of vital signs was significantly different (<? 0,05) between before and after work on systolic blood pressure (p = 0,045), pulse (p = 0,039), body temperature (p = 0,006) and respiratory rate (p = 0,014). Whereas there was no significant difference in diastolic blood pressure (p = 0,069). this study concludes that the temperature of the work environment in the tofu home industry Kedung Tarukan Surabaya exceeding the NAB (limit value), caused an extra burden on the workers. It should be clearly informed to the workforce community regarding the potential dangers of working in a high temperature environment. It is also crucial to provide health education about the minimum required liquid consumption needs, providing drinking water for workers, monitoring and managing health safety (K3) in the work environment, and regulating breaks period for workers.
SOURCE OF BENZENE, CHARACTERISTICS AND HEMOGLOBIN LEVELS OF AHASS MECHANICAL WORKERS AT KEDIRI CITY Bestari, Erini Meilina
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 4 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i4.2019.293-299

Abstract

Benzene exposure to mechanic workers came from contact with gasoline and oil. Source of exposure benzene is entering the human body through breathing, skin, and mouth. Then it would be distributed into the bone marrow. So, the cell processes in the blood were disrupted. The purpose of this study was to determine the source of benzene, characteristics and hemoglobin levels of mechanical workers. This research was an observational study, using a cross-sectional design. The sample in this study were 20 mechanical workers, taken randomly by simple random sampling. Blood samples were taken to measure hemoglobin levels and a questionnaire to see mechanical characteristics, such as age, length of work, years of service, a habit of washing hands with gasoline, smoke habits, and body armor. Data analyzed descriptively. There was a source of benzene in the work environment such as gasoline, motor vehicle fumes, gasoline vapor, oil, used oil, and majun. Characteristics of the mechanical workers have the habit of washing hands with gasoline after contact with oil by 75% and all mechanical workers have normal hemoglobin levels. Mechanics are advised to wash their hands with soap and water after each work without using gasoline, and as well as holding socialization related to occupational health and safety.
THE DIFFERENCES OF VENTILATION QUALITY, NATURAL LIGHTING AND HOUSE WALL CONDITIONS TO PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS INCIDENCE IN THE WORKING AREA OF SIDOMULYO HEALTH CENTER, KEDIRI REGENCY Fitriani, Hirda Ulis
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 12, No 1 (2020): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v12i1.2020.39-47

Abstract

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) was a disease that causes by the manifestation infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. As a contagious disease, TB causes high morbidity and mortality. Determinant factors that influence the number of TB incidents in the community were the physical environment. This study aims to analyze the differences in environmental conditions for the TB incident at the working area of the Sidomulyo Health Center, Kediri Regency. Method: This study was an observational research with a case-control study design. A total respondent in this study was 44 respondents, divided into two groups: 22 case group respondents and 22 control group respondents. Respondent chosen by a simple random sampling method. Data collection was done through observation and interview activities. Data analysis using the Mann Whitney test. There were differences in physical environment conditions between the two groups (p <0.05) which consisted of ventilation quality, natural lighting, and wall conditions. Result and Discussion: There was no difference in room occupancy density, room air temperature, room air humidity and room floor conditions in patients with pulmonary TB and non-pulmonary TB. Conclusion: Therefore, there was need socialization to provide information about the importance of healthy homes to the community especially about the presence of ventilation, natural lighting, conditions of residential density and wall conditions.
FOOD HANDLERS PERSONAL HYGIENE IN THE CAFETERIA OF SDN MODEL AND ITS IMPACTS ON TOTAL PLATE COUNT (TPC) IN FOOD Almasari, Upi -; Prasasti, Corie Indria
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 3 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i3.2019.252-258

Abstract

Canteen has an important role to provide of nutritious and safe food for students during school hours with relatively affordable prices. The results of Food and Drugs Monitoring (BPOM) inspection in 2013 by taking a sample of School Children Confectionary (PJAS) found that 80,79% of the samples confirmed as free from microbiological contamination. These results decrease in 2014, whereas PJAS samples confirmed as free from microbiological contamination was 76,18%. This study aimed to analyze the implementation of personal hygiene food handlers in the cafeteria of SDN Model to figures Total Plate Count (TPC) in food. This was a descriptive study using cross sectional design. Samples were taken with total sampling where the sample size in this study was the total population of cafeteria booth at SDN Model, there are 5 booths canteen, 5 food handlers, and 5 food samples were taken from each canteen booth. All food samples were tested for bacteriological quality using Total Plate Count (TPC) parameter. The use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as mask, gloves, headgear, and apron is important to minimize contamination of microorganism from food handlers to food produced. In addition, the selection of ingredients, storage duration, and storage temperature are required to be considered. Suggestion for the cafeteria supervisor of SDN Model and food handler: for the cafeteria supervisor SDN Model to impose regulation and education for food handlers to use PPE during food processing. It is suggested to food handlers to get used to in using PPE during processing the food
THE EFFECT OF KUPANG SEAFOOD’S MERCURY LEVEL ON CONSUMERS’ BLOOD MERCURY LEVEL AT BURSA KUPANG SIDOARJO Puspitasari, Maulidiana
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 3 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i3.2019.208-214

Abstract

Scabiesis is a highly contagious skin disease caused by Sarcoptes scabiei from hominis mite variant. This disease frequently attacks groups of humans and who live together such as in penitentiary. This study aims to identify the correlation between personal hygiene and the existence of Sarcoptes scabiei on sleeping mats dust with the incidence of scabiesis infection  amongst prisoners at IIB Class Penitentiary, Jombang, Indonesia. The design of this study was cross sectional. The population in this study were 638 persons with the sample size of 85 participants obtained by adopting stratified random sampling method. The statistical analysis used to find correlation between variables was Chi Square test. The results showed that most of respondents (65.9%) had good personal hygiene. There were 5 samples of dust on prisoner?s sleeping mats found with positive Sarcoptes scabiei. Based on examination by doctors, most of respondents suffered from scabiesis (74.1%). Chi square test results showed that there was a significant correlation between personal hygiene and the incidence of scabies with P value (0.001) < ?(0.05) and there was no significant  correlation between the existence of Sarcoptes scabiei in sleeping mats dust and scabiesis incidence with P value (0.321) > ?(0.05). The conclusion of this study was that most respondents already have good personal hygiene, and only the cleanliness of hands and feet were still not good. The results of the dust sample on sleeping mats showed that the existence of Sarcoptes scabei were low However, these findings do not undermine the alertness that sleeping mats has a potential risk sources of scabiesis transmission in penitentiary. Counseling about personal hygiene should be improved, especially hand and feet hygiene. Eradication of scabiesis should be done thoroughly for larger population not only for scabiesis sufferers.
THE EXISTENCE OF FLEAS IN RODENTS AT PLAGUE OBSERVATION AREA IN NONGKOJAJAR PASURUAN REGENCY Riyanto, Sugeng
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 3 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i3.2019.234-241

Abstract

The existence of rodents and vectors are still a critical threat for human life and public health due to its potentials in transmitting diseases. Rodents, especially rats are the main source of plague transmission, leptospirosis, rickettsiosis, and nematode worms are also a fleas host as a carriers vector of bacteria cause plague and rickettsiosis. This study aimed to identify the number and types of rats and fleas in the plague observation area in Nongkojajar Sub District, Pasuruan Regency. This research was an observational study with time series design. The researcher used secondary data from Environmental Health Technology and Development Bureau (BBTKLPP) Surabaya in Epidemiology Surveillance Division. The population was all rats and fleas caught in during 2014-2018. This study was held on October 2018 in Surabaya. The data was presented in the form of tables and graphs. Rats caught from 2014-2018 were mostly indoor rats in the house. Results of rats sweeping found two types of main fleas in majority, the number of Xenopsylla cheopis was higher than Stivalius cognatus. Analysis data at week 4-26 in 2018 found the most of rats caught were the types of Rattus rattus diardii, Rattus exulans, Suncus murinus, Hilomis suilus, and other types of rats. Most caught type of rats in the area of PES observation in Nongkojajar Pasuruan was Rr. diardi in the house. Most type of fleas found is Xenopsylla cheopis. The conclusion of this study: It is recommended to strengthen vector control and monitoring program in Nongojajar order to avert the elevated incidence cases of plague, leptospirosis, rickettsia and nematoda.
THE POTENTIAL RISK OF HEARING LOSS ON NOISE-EXPOSED HOUSEWIVES : AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY AT SUKOSARI MADIUN RAILWAY RESIDENTIA Krisnanti, Kartika Elisabet; Sulistyorini, Lilis
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 12, No 1 (2020): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v12i1.2020.10-20

Abstract

Introduction: Hearing loss events often occur in communities who exposed to high-intensity noise and for long periods. Residents who lived around the railway tracks had a high risk of experiencing hearing loss. This study aims to analyze the potential risk of hearing loss in housewives who for 1x24 hours was always exposed to train noise. Method: This research was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional design. The sample of this study was 42 housewives who were divided into 2 groups: 21 people exposed to noise and 21 people not exposed to noise. Respondents were selected using a simple random sampling technique. Research data obtained through interviews and observations. Measurement of noise intensity using a whisper test. Result and Discussion: Measurement of day and night noise (L = 65,9 dBA) has exceeded the noise quality standard set for residential areas which were 55 dBA. The results showed that noise (p = 0,030; OR = 5,846) had a strong correlation with hearing loss. While age (p = 0,416), length of stay (p = 1,000), the presence of a barrier (p = 0,465) did not have a significant correlation with hearing loss. Conclusion: Housewives who were exposed to noise have the potential risk of hearing loss. Therefore, efforts must be made to adjust the distance of the settlement and the installation of sound dampers to reduce the risk of hearing loss.
PREDICTION MODEL OF DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER INCIDENCE USING CLIMATIC FACTORS IN KABUPATEN GORONTALO Tolinggi, Safrudin; Dengo, Moh. Rivandi
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 4 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i4.2019.348-353

Abstract

All countries of ASEAN member agree that dengue fever is one of the major problems faced by all ASEAN countries so the status of their territory has been determined to be hyperendemic in the last 10 years. Global warming is predicted to result in an increase in the average temperature of the earth's surface by 2,0OC to 4,5OC in 2100, which will have a direct impact on diseases caused by vectors. This study aims to examine the relationship of climate factors to the incidence of dengue fever and find a predictive model of dengue fever in Gorontalo regency. This research data used secondary data from 2012-2016, which included climate data (average temperature, irradiation time, rainfall, rainy days, and average wind speed) per month obtained from the Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (MGA) Gorontalo Class II and dengue fever incidence data were monthly incident data obtained from the Health Office Gorontalo regency. Based on the values of determinant values (R2) of the five models that were obtained, the value is 13,4% with p value = 0,004 and the linear regression equation using the backward method. Thus, estimated number of cases of dengue fever in Gorontalo Regency in a year reached 132 cases. Besides climate factors, the increasing number of cases of dengue fever might be caused by urbanization, population density, high population mobilization, community behavior, existence and quality of facilities and health services obtained by the community. Improvisation is needed for planning prevention programs and its implementation. As well as designing spatial-based disease prevention and control program that analyzes all climate, demographic and environmental parameters that are the causes of the high incidence of dengue fever.
THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN WEATHER VARIABILITY AND DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER IN TEGAL REGENCY Arieskha, Fitra Tresna Asih; Rahardjo, Mursid; Joko, Tri
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 4 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i4.2019.339-347

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) was a vector-borne disease that spreads rapidly and could cause death. Weather changes and climate change indirectly affects the incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever. Conducive tropical weather and climate elements such as rainfall, air temperature and air humidity that are supported by the existence of habitat for Aedes aegypti mosquito could increase the risk of dengue cases. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between weather variability and the incidence of DHF in Tegal Regency during the period of 2012-2018. The design of this study was ecological study whereas unit analysis of the study is at population level. The data obtained was analysed by using correlation test spearman to identify correlation of the moran index on weather variability and dengue morbidity rates. The results of variability analysis were rainfall (p = 0,879; r = 0,071), air temperature (p = 0,023; r = -0,821) and air humidity (p = 0,879; r = -0,071). It was showed that the significant risk factors for the incidence of DHF in Tegal Regency was air temperatures. The study concluded that Tegal Regency has weather variability conditions that have the potential to increase the chances of dengue fever therefore intervention such as mitigation are expected to stifle the pace of climate change, and adaptation are needed to facing future impacts that related to the eradication of DHF.

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