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INDONESIA
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Articles 58 Documents
MARITIME CONNECTIONS AND CROSS-CULTURAL CONTACTS BETWEEN THE PEOPLES OF THE NUSANTARA AND THE EUROPEANS IN THE EARLY 18TH CENTURY Niemeijer, Hendrik E
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha Vol 1, No 1 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

In this paper, I would like to discuss two extraordinary tales of two rather ordinary individuals in the service of the Dutch East India Company (henceforth: VOC), the first a Dutchman, Jacob Janssen de Roy, and the second a German, Georg Naporra (1731-1793). It is important to understand that all cross-cultural contacts between the peoples of the archipelago and westerners depended on seaborne trade and the vessels which plied the maritime routes. This was the only means of transportation and communication. As a consequence, cross-cultural contacts took place mainly in the port cities and coastal trading outposts. This can be clearly seen in the cases of our two ordinary Europeans: Jacob de Roy and Georg Naporra.
MARITIME CONNECTIONS AND CROSS-CULTURAL CONTACTS BETWEEN THE PEOPLES OF THE NUSANTARA AND THE EUROPEANS IN THE EARLY EIGHTEEN CENTURY Niemeijer, Hendrik E.
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Maritime State Development
Publisher : Departemen Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

In this paper, I would like to discuss two extraordinary tales of two rather ordinary individuals in the service of the Dutch East India Company (henceforth: VOC), the first a Dutchman, Jacob Janssen de Roy, and the second a German, Georg Naporra (1731-1793). It is important to understand that all cross-cultural contacts between the peoples in the archipelago and westerners depended on seaborne trade and the vessels which plied the maritime routes. This was the only means of transportation and communication. As a consequence, cross-cultural contacts took place mainly in the port cities and coastal trading outposts. This can be clearly seen in the cases of our two ordinary Europeans: Jacob de Roy and Georg Naporra.
STRATEGI ADAPTASI EKONOMI NELAYAN BUGIS BATULAWANG, KEMUJAN, KARIMUNJAWA Puguh, Dhanang Respati; Amaruli, Rabith Jihan; Utama, Mahendra P.
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Maritime State Development
Publisher : Departemen Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

This paper discusses about economics adaptation strategies among Bugis’s fishermen in Batulawang, Kemujan, Karimunjawa. This region status has been changed since 1980s as a Marine Nature Reserve, and later became a National Park in the 1990s, it has led to significant changes socially and economically. A zonning enforcement conducted by the Karimunjawa National Park has been affected on gaining access of economic and livelihoods, it is forced people to adapt. There are several forms of economic adaptation strategies are executed, the faithful in fishing activity by modifying fishing gear and run the new economic activities related to the potential marine tourism in the region.
DI BAWAH TEKANAN KAPITALISME PERKEBUNAN: PERTUMBUHAN DAN RADIKALISASI SAREKAT RA’JAT TEGAL 1923-1926 Wijanarto, Wijanarto
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Conflict and Integration
Publisher : Departemen Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

This article examines on the radicalization growth of Sarekat Ra’jat (SR) in several factors as its key influence. The one factor interrelated on radicalization was the existence of sugar industry in Tegal. It views on linkages between the sugar industry with the development of SR and its influence indicators of radicalization. This condition was part of the communist partij’s expansion. The development of SR shows suprisingly number of members. SR Tegal reached 5327 peoples as their members. The total membership evenly came from all areas, especially close to the sugar industry in Pangkah, Pagongan, Kemanglen, Adiwerna and Balapoelang. It was the main reason to make the Dutch government to striccht oversight the administrative and appled legal sanctions. The SR resistance was took-placed at Karangcegak in 1926, effected the undiscipline and sporadic resistance of the members. It made the Dutch government easy to suppress and acted tough. The trial rebellion conducted by SR in Karangcecek, but it was failed. However it was not effect the eagerness to re-against  PKI in November 1926. The revolutionary in Tegal option was chosed as result.
PROYEK DEMOGRAFI DALAM BAYANG-BAYANG DISINTEGRASI NASIONAL: STUDI TENTANG TRANSMIGRASI DI GORONTALO, 1950-1960 Manay, Helman
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Conflict and Integration
Publisher : Departemen Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

The Republic of Indonesia faced variety problems related primarily an exploding population, national integration and distribution of welfare in the postcolonial sovereignity 1949. In the context of new state formation there were three things inter-related, because it is the most potential problems to threaten national integration. The unevennnes of well-being number of people in each island became the another factors. Java as center for beuracracy since the Dutch colonial era, it has been the most densely populated island, while outside Java island  that widely occupied by only a few people. The government decided to continue the program of colonization that would became transmigration. It was expected to press Java will be reduced significantly of demography and placing new areas of the another islands to develop their well-being condition objectively. In addition, since 1958 when facing disintegration treatment Indonesia was becoming more prominent in some areas, transmigration program geared to be knots of national integration. In the end, the plan must faced population problems and displacements in factual difficulties state financial, political conditions, and the instability of national security’s at the time. It made the governmen’s plan to move a third of the Javanese population in Java can not be executed well. By using the method of historical research, this paper about to discover the realization of the transmigration program during 1950-1960 in Gorontalo conducted in the midst of instability of national security.
MIGRASI DAN JARINGAN EKONOMI SUKU BUGIS DI WILAYAH TANAH BUMBU, KERESIDENAN BORNEO BAGIAN SELATAN DAN TIMUR, 1930-1942 Mansyur, Mansyur
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Maritime State Development
Publisher : Departemen Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

The Bugis migration to Tanah Bumbu, Afdeeling Pasir en de Tanah Boemboe, Residentie Borneo’s Zuid en Oosterafdeeling continued until the early decades of the 20th century, especially in 1930-1942. It was indirectly indicates how strong economic motives of the Bugis. In an effort to survive in the midst of economic depression or malaise, Bugis migrants "creates" economic adaptation strategy to establish a network of fisheries Ponggawa (skipper) Bugis in the early 1930s. Most migrant Bugis also tried farmer (bahuma) for copra and coconut planting. Plantation crops are suitable and almost the same as plantation crops in South Sulawesi. In addition, in the field of marine migrant boat Bugis also developed business people to serve the marine transportation. This study uses the history of the historical method, which is a method to test and analyze critically the recording and relics of the past. The historical method comprises step heuristics, criticism of sources (external and internal), interpretation and historiography.
BOVEN DIGOEL DALAM PANGGUNG SEJARAH INDONESIA: Dari Pergerakan Nasional Hingga Otonomi Khusus Papua Handoko, Susanto T.
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Conflict and Integration
Publisher : Departemen Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

This study focuses on the role Boven Digoel for the Indonesian nation in the struggle for independence. The research method is a method of history to the stage of research, searches historical sources, source criticism, interpretation, and writing of history. Boven Digoel selected as a place of exile of the movement because of factors: the more intense the radical movement (communists) in Indonesia period 1925-1927 which manifests itself in a variety of labor strikes and revolts; Holland is a minor colonial power compared with the Spanish, Portuguese, French and English - that is to say, only the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) which has a strategic significance for the survival of colonialism; Boven Digoel very far away from the center of government in Batavia covered by dense woods, filled with swamps and deserted-silent with various wild animals, ferociously malaria mosquitoes, and the original is still cannibals; Boven Digoel as the Land of Hope or the future of the movement who did not return origin region. With discarded in Boven Digoel of the movement disconnected at all with the people, so that they can not spread the ideas and the ideas of nationalism. Boven Digoel instrumental in the Stage History of Modern Indonesia, in particular, the national movement. Now in the Era of Reform and Special Autonomy for Papua, the existence of historical sites in Boven Digoel must be managed properly to the benefit of education and tourism development.
Understanding Identity and Diaspora: The Case of the Sama-Bajau of Maritime Southeast Asia Maglana, Matthew Constancio
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Conflict and Integration
Publisher : Departemen Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

The Sama-Bajau or the Sinama-speaking peoples are deemed to be the most widely dispersed indigenous ethno-linguistic group in maritime Southeast Asia.  The Sama-Bajau “diaspora,” which constitute a locus of points across territorially-defined spaces, gives rise to specific socio-cultural contexts which in turn results in the emergence of distinct notions of identity.  This diaspora, therefore, gives the student of culture the opportunity to observe ethno-genesis as either “completed,” incipient or on-going processes of the creation of identities that exhibit rare tensions between ideas of sameness and difference.  The former is a function of a common origin, which may be real or perceived, while the latter results from site-specific sources of distinction such as those brought about by socio-cultural adaptation to environment, intercultural contact with other peoples or other external sources of culture change.  This article interrogates this tension between sameness and difference through a selection of examples seen in labels of self-designation, language, and, religious and ritual practices.
PENGEMBANGAN PELABUHAN BELAWAN DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN SOSIAL EKONOMI MASYARAKAT DELI, 1920-1942 Hutagaol, Novita Mandasari
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Maritime State Development
Publisher : Departemen Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Belawan port development in the end of the IX century and the early twentieth century had made only one port of Belawan port of export-import of the largest in East Sumatra as well as being one of the host ports in the East Indies. The development of plantations in the interior of East Sumatra has prompted the colonial government to develop the port of Belawan both in physical context, and as well as management tools. The port establishment such as dredging sludge, docking construction, storage warehouses, office buildings, roads, and railway lines. It was provided by some facilities such as electricity supply and clean water. In the field of port management of Belawan managed to become modern port company (bedrij haven). The development of Belawan port resulted on the increasing of import-export revenue in Deli and the surrounding regions. The influence of its development was about changes on citiy’s morphology, population, trade, labor, and social infrastructure.
SENJATA KAUM LEMAH: PERLAWANAN SEHARI-HARI PETAMBAK GARAM Rochwulaningsih, Yety
Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Conflict and Integration
Publisher : Departemen Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

This article examines how the salt farmer’s weapon in their resistance against the life’s oppressive conditions and why this resistance model lead in their everyday life that tipically vulnerable helpless in many ways. It is studied with using of historical method that emphasizes on oral history. For collecting data and observation purposes, it is equipped with qualitative analysis. The results showed that the Indonesian salt farmers, especially in Java has a quirk resistance, which tends to be soft, closed, and not frontal, but it continuously takes place in their productive activity daily rhythm. It is taken because they do not have bargaining power with other parties both in economic, social, cultural and political.