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INDONESIA
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY
ISSN : 23389427     EISSN : 23389486     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy (ISSN-e: 2338-9486, ISSN-p: 2338-9427), formerly Majalah Farmasi Indonesia (ISSN: 0126-1037). The journal had been established in 1972, and online publication was begun in 2008. Since 2012, the journal has been published in English by Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta Indonesia in collaboration with IAI (Ikatan Apoteker Indonesia or Indonesian Pharmacist Association) and only receives manuscripts in English. Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy is Accredited by Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE) DIKTI No. 58/DIKTI/Kep/2013.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 14 No 1, 2003" : 9 Documents clear
A BIPOTENTIOMETRIC FIA SYSTEM FOR DETERMINATION OF VITAMIN C ., Harjana; Siswanto, Imam; ., Muzakki; ., Sumardi; Huda, Miftahul
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 1, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.973 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp276-283

Abstract

A bipotentiometric FIA system has been developed for the determination of vitamin C. The system was a single stream manifold, which consisted of a peristaltic pump, a self made injector with internal loop and two Pt-electrodes connected to a PC by serial ADC or parallel ADC interface card. One of the Ptelectrodes was located in the injector before the internal loop, while the other electrodes at the end of the TEFLON reaction tube. The PC was supported with a self-made software for controlling the pump, signal acquisition, processing, and visualisation, and further peak determination, followed by calibration of standard solutions and calculation of sample concentrations. The above FIA-system configuration was applied to determine vitamin C by the injection of sample solution into a stream of potassium hexacyanoferrate (III) solution. The optimum result was achieved with knitted tube reaction of 0.8 mm i.d., 50 cm length, at flow rate 0,64 ml/minute, and consumed 3.6 ml of carrier solution per five injection, and gave linearity range at 0.001 – 0.100 N vitamin C, with the coefficient of correlation 0.9999, RSD peak to peak better than 3.0% and the error of artificial samples were less than 3.4 %.Key Words : Bipotentiometric-FIA, injector with internal loop, module-program, vitamin C
FED-BATCH FERMENTATION ON PRODUCTION OF A BIODEGRADABLE PLASTIC POLY(3-HYROXYBUTYRATE) FROM OLEIC ACID Djamaan, Akmal; Majid, Mohammed Isa Abdul; Noor, Mohd. Azizan Mohd.
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 1, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (354.55 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp256-264

Abstract

A fed-batch fermentation with a purpose to increase the production of biodegradable plastic poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), P(3HB), from oleic acid by Erwinia sp. USMI-20 has been carried out. Fermentation was conducted in a conical flask in an incubator rotary shaker at temperature of 30 oC, agitation of 200 rpm for 66 hours. At first stage of fermentation process in a mineral medium, 5 ml of oleic acid as the sole carbon source was used while feeding were done with 2.5 ml of oleic acid at 30, 42 and 54 hours of cultivation. Sampels were collected every 4 hours until 18 hours of cultivation and every 6 hours until 66 hours of cultivation. P(3HB) production was characterized based on the increase of dry cells, polymer content, polymer concentration and the amount of oleic acid and ammonium remaining in the culture. Results showed that by using fed-batch technique Erwinia sp. USMI-20 could produce P(3HB) with a maximum polymer content of 52 % of the dry cell weight, the concentration of polymer of 2.8 g/l, a dry cell weight of 5.4 g/l.Keywords : Fed-batch, biodegradable plastic, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate, oleic acid).
LACTAGOGUE EFFECT OF UYUP-UYUP (TRADITIONAL MEDICINE) AND Sauropus androgynus Merr EXTRACT ON PIGEON INGLUVIES GLANDS Sari, Ika Puspita
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 1, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (41.947 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp265-269

Abstract

Sauropus androgynus Merr. and uyup-uyup have been used as lactagogue traditional medicine since long time ago, but the pharmacological mechanism was unclear. This research has been done to determine prolactin induction of S. androgynus Merr and uyup-uyup as lactagogue agents. S. androgynus Merr leaf extract and uyup-uyup were given to the pigeon for 7 and 14 consecutive days, the epithelium tunica mucous of ingluvies glands induced by prolactin was then determine. The result showed that S. androgynus Merr. leaf extract and uyup-uyup have lactagogue effect as determined by prolactin induction. The induction of prolactin after S. androgynus Merr leaf extract administration (dose 54 mg/kg Body Weight (BW) for 14 days comparable to that of moloco B12 (dose 189 mg/kg BW) after 7 days administration (p<0.05).Key words : lactagogue, prolactin, tunica mucous
EFFECT OF PENTAGAMAVUNON-0 TO THE THEOPHYLLINE PHARMACOKINETICS IN RATS Hakim, Arief Rahman; Hakim, Lukman; Margono, Supardjan A.
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 1, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.087 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp244-249

Abstract

The research was aimed to observe pentagamavunon-0 activities to theophylline pharmacokinetics in rats. The study of interaction pentagamavunon-0 and theophylline was conducted employing a completely randomized design using male Wistar rats which were divided into 5 groups (6 rats for each group). The groups were given a single oral theophylline 25 mg/kg BW as a control group and were administered single oral pentagamavunon-0 2, 5, 10 and 40 mg/kg BW each dose 4 hours before treatment with theophylline. Serial blood samples (0,2 ml) were withdrawn at various interval via the tail vein for HPLC analysis of unchanged theophylline in blood. The concentration of theophylline was determined based on a standard curve. The concentration-time data determines theophylline pharmacokinetics i.e. Ka, Cmaks, tmaks, AUC0-, Vdss, t1/2 elimination, Clt and MRT. The results indicated that pentagamavunon-0 was found to be able to decrease theophylline clearance 40-51% (P<0.05). The decrease in clearance causes the prolonged life of theophylline in the body.Key words : Pentagamavunon-0, Theophylline, Pharmacokinetics
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF GEDEBONG BERRIES (Piper aduncum L.) Jamal, Yuliasri; Agusta, Andria; ., Praptiwi
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 1, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (155.822 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp284-289

Abstract

The distillation of dry powder of gedebong berries (Piper aduncum L.) resulted approximately 1.55% colorless essential oil. GC-MS analyses detected 63 components which consisted of 5.74 % monoterpene, 2.84 % monoterpene alcohol, 14.61 % sesquiterpene alcohol, 56.28 % phenyl propenoid and the other minor components about 20.35 %. Although the minor components were known as antibacterial agents, the overall essential oil did not show their activities againts pathogenic bacteria i.e. Klebseilla sp., Aeromonas hydrophilla, Pseudomonas pseudomalai, Pseudomonas aurogenusa, Salmonella enteritidis, Salmonella typhosa dan Streptococcus aureus.Keyword : Piper aduncum L., essential oil, antibacterial agent
EFFECT OF THE JUICE OF GINGER RHIZOMES ON THE PHARMACOKINETICS OF SULFAMEZATHINE IN RATS ., Purwantiningsih; Hakim, Lukman
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 1, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (95.267 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp250-255

Abstract

The rhizome of ginger (Zingiber officinale, Rosc.) has been widely consumed by people as food ingredient or a traditional drug. In the previous research there was evidence that the ginger juice influenced the pharmacokinetics of propranolol, a representative of drugs with high extraction ratio. The aim of this research is to study the effect of ginger juice on another high ER drug, sulfamezathine. To achieve the aim of this study, rats were divided into two groups to get the blood and urine data. The animals at the blood data group were divided into two groups. The group I (N=6) was given sulfamezathine (50 mg/kg BW) through intra peritoneal injection and the group II (N=6) was pretreated with the ginger juice orally (4 ml/kg BW) an hour prior to administration of sulfamezathine. The blood samples were withdrawn at various intervals after the drug administration. The unchanged sulfamezathine concentration was determined using a modified Bratton-Marshall method. From this blood data the values of Ka, Cmaks, Tmaks, Vdss, AUC, Cl and T1/2el were computed. Urine data was obtained by using two groups of rats with the same treatment as above. The sulfamezathine was counted from urine which accumulated for 24 hours to obtain the value of Fel. The results of this research showed that significant decreases in Cmaks (16.72%) and AUC (22.92%) values have occurred, with increasing values of Vdss (18.39%), ClT (38.29%), ClR (213.11%) and Fel 24 hours (128.58%) values. Key words : ginger rhizome, pharmacokinetics, sulfamezathine, rats
PHARMACOKINETIC PROFILE AND COMPARATIVE BIOAVAILABILITY OF PENTOXYPHYLLINE FROM TWO SUSTAINED-RELEASE PENTOXYPHYLLINE TABLETS IN INDONESIAN HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS C. Sumirtapura, Yeyet; Sulistyo, Wibawati; Suhalim, Herwanto
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 1, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.233 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp233-237

Abstract

In order to assess the quality of a sustained-release pentoxyphylline tablet formulated and produced by a domestic company (PLTF-400), a comparative bioavailability study was carried out in twelve healthy Indonesian volunteers in two-way crossover design. TRTL-400, innovators product, was taken as reference product. Plasma sample was used and unchanged pentoxyphylline compound was analyzed using HPLC method. It was found that PLTF-400 was bioequivalent to the reference product (TRTL-400) with 90 % confidence intervals of Cmax, AUC0-t and AUC0- ratio (Test/Reference) of 93.1%-132.0%, 90.6% - 123.5%, and 84.2% - 116.2%, respectively. The pharmacokinetic parameters (Cmax, AUC, half-life) of the drug found in this study were comparable to those obtained previously by the other authors in differrent ethnics.Keywords: Pentoxyphylline, sustained-release, bioavailability, pharmacokinetics.
BIOACTIVITY SCREENING OF SPONGES COLLECTED FROM BUNAKEN, MENADO BY Brine Shrimp Lethality Test AGAINST Artemia salina Leach Astuti, Puji; Alam, Gemini; Wahyuono, Subagus
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 1, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.569 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp238-243

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the countries rich of natural resources. Sponges are marine invertebrates widely found in Indonesia and known to have various bioactive compounds with unique chemical structures. This study was aimed to screen potentially bioactive extracts of sponges collected from Bunaken and identify on their toxicity level against larva Artemia salina Leach. Samples were macerated using acetone followed by partition using chloroform and methanol. The extracts were prepared at the concentration of 100, 250, 500 and 1000 mg/ml and their toxicity was tested using Brine shrimp Lethality Test. LC50 (mg/ml) of the extracts was calculated using probit analysis. From the 4 extracts tested, all of them showed toxicity to larva Artemia. Chloroform extract of MD-02 was found to be the most toxic with the LC50 of 48.15 mg/ml and considered as a potential candidate for new drug research. Further characterization is still needed for the development in the future. This active sponge was then identified as Petrosia sp.Key words: sponges, Bunaken, bioactivity, Artemia salina Leach
CITOTOXICITY TEST OF THE PROTEIN FRACTIONS OF CARICA PAPAYA L. LEAVES ON HeLa CELL LINE. ., Rumiyati; ., Sismindari; ., Sudjadi
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 14 No 1, 2003
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.865 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp270-275

Abstract

Previous research showed that a RIP like protein from Carica papaya L. leaves was available on 60 – 80% saturation ammonium sulfate fraction. In this research cytotoxicity assay of the protein fractions was carried out on HeLa cell lines.RIP-like protein from Carica papaya L. leaves, isolated leg ammonium sulfat saturation was prepared based on the ability of cleaving double stranded supercoiled DNA. This fraction was then tested its cytotoxicity on HeLa cell lines.The results indicated that fraction at 60% and 80% saturation possessed lower activity with the LC50 of 1,35 mg/ml and 0,936 mg/ml, respectively compared to the crude extracts (LC50 0,623 mg/ml). The higher toxicity level of the crude extract might be caused also by toxicity of other compounds containing in the crude extract.Key word : cytotoxicity, protein fraction, HeLa cell line

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