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INDONESIA
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY
ISSN : 23389427     EISSN : 23389486     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy (ISSN-e: 2338-9486, ISSN-p: 2338-9427), formerly Majalah Farmasi Indonesia (ISSN: 0126-1037). The journal had been established in 1972, and online publication was begun in 2008. Since 2012, the journal has been published in English by Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta Indonesia in collaboration with IAI (Ikatan Apoteker Indonesia or Indonesian Pharmacist Association) and only receives manuscripts in English. Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy is Accredited by Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE) DIKTI No. 58/DIKTI/Kep/2013.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 27 No 3, 2016" : 7 Documents clear
INFLUENCE OF POMEGRANATE JUICE ON THE CYP3A4-MEDIATED METABOLISM AND P-GLYCOPROTEIN MEDIATED TRANSPORT OF SAQUINAVIR IN VIVO AND EX VIVO MODELS Vemulapalli, Sridhar
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 3, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (800.658 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss3pp152

Abstract

Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) play an important role in the first pass metabolism thereby limits the oral bioavailability of many clinically important and frequently prescribed drugs. The absolute oral bioavailability of saquinavir is very low (i. e. 4%) due to its extensive first pass metabolism by the major metabolizing isozyme CYP3A4 and it is also a substrate of P-gp. Pomegranate juice (PGJ) was known to be a modulator of CYP3A4 and P-gp. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of PGJ on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of saquinavir in wistar rats and on the P-gp mediated intestinal transport of saquinavir in everted gut sacs ex vivo.  Rats were treated orally with saquinavir (100 mg/kg) alone and in combination with PGJ (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 mL/200g, body weight) for 15 consecutive days. Blood samples were collected on 1st day in single dose pharmacokinetic study (SDS) and on 15th day in multiple dose pharmacokinetic study (MDS). The peak plasma concentration (Cmax)and area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC0-24) of saquinavir was increased with PGJ in SDS (p<0.001) may be due to inhibition of CYP3A4 and P-gp. But interestingly, the Cmax and AUC0-24 of saquinavir was decreased significantly with PGJ in MDS. This is may be due to induction of CYP3A4. The transport of saquinavir was increased in presence of PGJ and known P-gp inhibitors (Verapamil, Ketoconazole and Quinindine) across the rat everted gut sacs ex vivo. The present study results suggested that PGJ has both effects (inhibition, in SDS and induction, in MDS) on CYP3A4-mediated saquinavir metabolism in vivo and inhibitory effect on the P-gp mediated intestinal transport of saquinavir ex vivo. Further studies are needed to confirm this interaction at cellular level using cell lines and in humans.
OPTIMIZING STRUCTURE-BASED VIRTUAL SCREENING PROTOCOL TO IDENTIFY PHYTOCHEMICALS AS CYCLOOXYGENASE-2 INHIBITORS Istyastono, Enade Perdana
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 3, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (962.425 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss3pp163

Abstract

By employing Databases of Useful Decoys (DUD) and its enhanced version (DUD-E), several attempts to construct validated Structure-based Virtual Screening (SBVS) protocols to identify cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors have been performed. Both databases tagged active COX-2 inhibitors for compounds with IC50 values < 1mM. In the search for phytochemicals as natural COX-2 inhibitors, however, most of their IC50 values are in the micromolar range, which will likely be identified as non-inhibitors for COX-2 by the available SBVS protocols. In this article, validation of an SBVS protocol by adding marginal active COX-2 inhibitors from DUD-E as active compounds is presented. Binary quantitative-structure activity relationship analysis by using recursive partition and regression tree method was performed subsequently to optimize the predictive ability of the protocol. The enrichment factor and the F-measure values of the optimized protocol could reach 44.78 and 0.47, respectively. The optimized protocol could identify 1 out of 9 phytochemicals as COX-2 inhibitors.
THE EFFICACY OF DIFFERENT ORAL MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTS FOR MIGRAINE PREVENTION: A LITERATURE REVIEW Alghadeer, Sultan
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 3, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (555.029 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss3pp174

Abstract

No study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of particular oral magnesium supplement over another in preventing migraine. Different magnesium supplements have different oral absorption and bioavailability. The objective was to identify the efficacy of different oral magnesium supplements in migraine prophylaxis. A literature review using MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane library, and EMBASE was conducted during the period from November 1, 2015 until December 30, 2015. Keywords included migraine, prophylaxis, and magnesium. Magnesium citrate was used as single oral migraine prophylactic supplement in most of the published trials. Migraine attack frequency and intensity were significantly lower in magnesium citrate group compared to placebo with 41.6-64% and 43-59% reduction in migraine attack frequency and severity frequently. Magnesium oxide was used in combination with magnesium citrate in 2 randomized clinical trials (RCTs), and used alone in one RCT in adults and children. No different in migraine frequency or severity between Mg-oxide and placebo in RCT conducted in children while Only Mg-oxide containing groups showed significant reduction in migraine days when compared to control (p<0.006) in RCT conducted in adults.  Magnesium chloride had never introduced as migraine prophylactic agent in clinical trials. Magnesium citrate seems to be the preferred oral magnesium supplement for migraine prevention; however, further studies comparing the efficacy of different oral magnesium supplements are needed.
MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE EXPOSURE AT EARLY DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE INCREASES APOPTOSIS AND STEREOTYPIC BEHAVIOR RISKS ON ZEBRAFISH (DANIO RERIO) LARVAE Kurnianingsih, Nia; Utami, Juliyatin Putri; Nurdiana, Nurdiana; Lyrawati, Diana
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 3, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1107.374 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss3pp128

Abstract

Excessive glutamate may give neurotoxic effects and contribute to Autism spectrum disorder(ASD). In this study, we investigated prolonged exposure effects of 10 µg/mL Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) on intracellular calcium level, bax, bcl-2, ratio of bax/bcl-2 genes expression, caspase-3, apoptosis of brain cells and stereotypic behavior of Zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae at early developmental stages. Genes expression were determined by real time PCR, caspase-3 using ELISA, intracellular Ca2+ and apoptotic cells of brain using confocal microscopy, locomotor activity by using crossing lines assay whereas stereotypic behavior by circle swimming. The results indicated that MSG exposure increased brain bax and bcl-2; and caspase-3; intracellular Ca2+; and apoptosis; stereotypic behavior; and decreased locomotor activity. Termination of MSG treatments resulted in recovery of bax, bcl-2, caspase-3 basal levels and stereotypic behavior. In conclusion, MSG exposure at early embryonic stage increased brain cell damage and risk of behavior changes.
ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF KALANCHOE PINNATA LEAVES IN ALLOXAN INDUCED HYPERGLYCAEMIC RATS. DD, Indah
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 3, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (665.289 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss3pp139

Abstract

Diabetes remains a major burden in health care both in developed and developing countries. Kalanchoe pinnata has been used as a traditional medicine to treat diabetes. We try to find scientific evidence of antidiabetic activity of Kalanchoe pinnata extract (KPE) through hypoglycemic effect using animal model of diabetes mellitus. Hyperglycaemia was developed in rats using alloxan 150 mg/kgBW. Three days after alloxan injection, rats having fasting blood glucose (FBG) >200 mg/dL were divided into six groups, namely HG (hyperglycaemia), HG+KPE high-dose (hyperglycaemia+KPE 33.2 mg/kg), HG+ KPE medium-dose (hyperglycaemia+KPE 11.6 mg/kg), HG+KPE low-dose (hyperglycaemia+ KPE 5.8 mg/kg), standard drug 1 (hyperglycaemia+glibenclamidee 1.35 mg/kg), standard drug 2 (hyperglycaemia+acarbose 13.5 mg/kg). Then, FBG was measured every 5 days recorded as t1, t2, and t3 to determine fluctuations in blood glucose. At the end of the study, rats were sacrified, pancreas was collected and number of pancreatic beta cell langerhans was determined. KPE 11.6 mg/kg showed best hypoglycemic effect and improvement of the number of pancreatic beta cell langerhans. KPE has hypoglycemic effect through improvement of the number of pancreatic beta cell langerhans but not in dose dependent manner.
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF DRIED STRAWBERRIES JUICES (Fragaria vesca L.) EMULGEL PREPARATION USING CANDLENUT OIL AND IT’S DIFFUSION Erwiyani, Agitya Resti
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 3, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (735.211 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss3pp145

Abstract

Strawberries (Fragaria vesca L.) is a fruit that contains nutrients with many benefits and used as an antioxidant because it contains phenolic, ascorbic acid, pelargonidin-3-glucoside and cyanidin-3-glucoside. In addition, strawberries contain flavonoids, which have high antioxidant capacity. Double emulsion can improve the stability of phenolic compounds from dried strawberry juice. Primary emulsion is dispersed in a gel base (emulgel) and it is expected to produce more stable and better preparation with the ability to release the active ingredient topically. The production of double emulsion preparation (A / M / A) using candlenut oil as the oil phase with high level of total flavonoid and total anthocyanins of formula respectively - were 22.86% and 55.915%. The total flavonoid in dried strawberry juice emulgel was able to pass the membrane shed snake skin with higher flux value than the total flavonoid in the form of emulsion type A / M.
FORMULATION OF SELF-NANOEMULSIFYING DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM OF BOVINE SERUM ALBUMIN USING HLB (HYDROPHILIC-LYPOPHILIC BALANCE) APPROACH Winarti, Lina
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 3, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (681.569 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss3pp117

Abstract

Self-Nanoemulsifying Drug Delivery System (SNEDDS) has potential to be developed for oral protein delivery because it is free from water, hence preserving the stability of protein, protecting protein from enzymatic degradation, and enhancing the protein permeability in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). However, protein-based SNEDDS formulation is challenging due to low solubility property of protein in oil, which is towards zero. This present study aimed to obtain the most compatible SNEDDS system for protein using HLB approach. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used as a protein model in this study. A number of 78 formulae with HLB ranging between 11 and 15 were screened to acquire stable SNEDDS composition without the presence of phase separation. Of 13 stable formulae, two were selected (F30, F45) with HLB 15, and then loaded with BSA. Physical characteristics of both formulae were then evaluated and the results suggested that SNEDDS with single hydrophilic surfactant (F45) and HLB 15 was the best formula for protein template as the stability testing showed that phase separation and precipitation did not appear. It was robust to pH and dilution with percentage of transmittance of 96.40±1.05% and the droplet size of 180.9nm. F45 also had uniform distribution of droplets size since the polydispersity index was less than 0.1. The zeta potential of F45 was -0.12mv with loading efficiency 83.57±1.77%. The emulsifying time of F45 was > 2min due to the formation of crystalline gel that was difficult to disperse.

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