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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
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Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 20 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health" : 20 Documents clear
FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STRES KERJA PADA PENYELAM DI PT. X Irkhami, Faris Lazwar
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (409.109 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1646

Abstract

ABSTRACTStress can be perceived as a response to threats situations (either physical or psychological) caused by individual inability  to overcome existing threats within his/her environment. Job stress is the result of interaction between an individual (i.e. a worker) and his/her occupation. The objective of this study to identify the factor affecting tojob stress by the divers at PT. X. This study applied cross-sectional design conducted by observing the divers at PT. X. The population of this study was all divers working at PT. X. Data was analyzed by Spearman Correlation Test, Pearson Correlation Test, and Chi-square Test. The results of this study is strong correlation between personality type and job stress (as indicated by correlation coefficient 0.645). The divers’ age (correlation coefficient -0.283), educational level (correlation coefficient -0.220), years of service/experience (correlation coefficient -0.158), length of diving session (correlation coefficient 0.083), and threats of marine animal attack (correlation coefficient 0.156) had lower correlation with job stress. While the divers residence might also affect their job stress (as indicated by correlation coefficient 0.539).Keywords: job stress, diver
STUDI FAAL PARU DAN KEBIASAAN MEROKOK PADA PEKERJA YANG TERPAPAR DEBU PADA PERUSAHAAN KONSTRUKSI DI SURABAYA Sholihah, Mardliyatus; Tualeka, Abdul Rohim
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (412.972 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1637

Abstract

ABSTRACTDust exposure received by workers can affect workers’s pulmonary function and health condition affected by many factors. This observation conducted on construction. The purpose of this research was identify description about pulmonary function and smoking habit at construction workers. Researcher used cross sectional study. The sample of this research was total population of finishing workers as much as 18 workers who doing construction project in Surabaya . Measurement of dust concentration conducted on three poin, by source of the dust, where workers are working and the outmost point. Research used questionnaires, measurement and inspection. The result of pulmonary function showed that six workers had lung function disorder. Pulmonary function measurement at workers used FEV1 and FVC to be the parameter. The result of measurement on point A is 1.6865 mg/m3, on point B is 1.3227 mg/m3 and on point C is 1.0625 mg/m3. Many workers complained that they felt cough in the morning and suffered about eyes irritation. Based on the result of pulmonary function measurement, the conclution is 4 workers had light obstruction and 2 workers had light restriction. Based on measurement, the average of total dust in the project area is 1.3425 mg/m3. Lung function disorder caused by smoking habit. The workers could stop smoking habit and reduce amount.Keywords: pulmonary function, dust, smoking, construction
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK PEKERJA DENGAN UNSAFE ACTION PADA TENAGA KERJA BONGKAR MUAT DI PT. TERMINAL PETIKEMAS SURABAYA Pratama, Aditya Kurnia
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (458.584 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1647

Abstract

ABSTRACTUnsafe action is a trigger for work accident. Unsafe action happened for two reasons, such as unintentional mistakes and active errors or violation of a rule. Unsafe action influenced by the internal factor from workers itself, such as characteristic of workers. The objectivs of this research is to aims of this study are analyze the relationship between the characteristics of workers to unsafe action, in stevedor at PT. Terminal Petikemas Surabaya. This study was observational Descriptive. The sample was all stavedore in a group of which consisted of 60 people. The data presented in the form of distribution the frequency and tabulation cross then analyzed statistically the Spearman. The result of this study shownthat there was an relatively low association between the characteristic of workers with unsafe action, but there was one variable had the strong enough relationship, such as knowledge variable and unsafe action on stevedore in PT. Terminal Petikemas Surabaya with coefficient corelation 0.417. Based on the result of this study, suggestions that can be given to the HSE departement are scheduled refreshment through training and briefing to increase knowledge of occupational safety and health at work, meanwhile supervisor of field have to do a strict and firmly supervise to stevedore who performing unsafe action. So it expected to reduce the number of work accident in the process of loading and unloading.Keywords: Stevedore, unsafe action, characteristic of workers
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR PREDISPOSING, REINFORCING DAN ENABLING PADA PEKERJA SANDBLASTING DI PT X Susanto, Aditya Reino; Ardyanto, Denny
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.887 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1638

Abstract

ABSTRACTSandblasting process contained some hazards such as shock effect on workers, who may pose a danger to himself or worker in the vicinity, the wound on the surface of the workers skin or eyes, and silicosis. The aim of this study was analyze correlation between predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors with PPE usage behavior on worker in sandblasting division at PT X. This study is an observational analytic with cross sectional design. Data of knowledge, attitudes, perception, motivation, the role of co-workers, the role of supervisor, HSE promotion, HSE training, availability of PPE and HSE regulations obtained from interviews to all 11 people who worked at sandblasting division of PT X. PPE usage of 90,9% workers are in the safe category. Results analysis with contingency coefficient was known that motivation factor has a value at 0.707, the factor of co-workers role has a value at 0.459, and the factor of knowledge, attitudes, supervisors role, as well as HSE training has a value at 0.100, while the perception factor, HSE promotion, availability of PPE, and HSE regulations showed that 100% of workers are in the good category. Motivational factors have a strong correlation with the PPE usage behavior, co-workers role factors have correlation in the medium category, the factors of knowledge, attitudes, role of supervisor, HSE training has a very weak correlation to the PPE usage behavior, meanwhile perception, HSE promotion, availability of PPE, and HSE regulations factors of all workers are included in good categories.Keywords: predisposing, reinforcing, enabling, sandblasting, personal protective equipment
ANAlISIS KEBIJAKAN PERUSAHAAN DAN PARTISIPASI TENAGA KERJA PADA BAGIAN PRODUKSI TERHADAP PENERAPAN 5R PT. MARITIM BARITO PERKASA Setyanto, Ghandy Elmada
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (407.552 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1648

Abstract

ABSTRACT5R is a program to minimize or eliminate the danger by treating a workplace correctly. A good work and comfortable environment should be arranged so that workers can work without distractions. A good housekeeping will being held if the workers participate and obey all rules in the company not only just participate, but also contribute management of the company for 5R implementation. This study aims to analyze company’s policy dan participate of workers on sector production with 5R implementation in PT. Maritim Barito Perkasa Banjarmasin. This study used a cross-sectional design. Research on samples used 20 samples who are all of worker in sector production. The result of the research showed that 5R policy of PT. Maritim Barito Perkasa has not written. The knowledge level of workers were mostly understand about 5R implementation of PT. Maritim Barito Perkasa. And attitude that shown by workers about 5R implementation also good. Underliner of this research can be suggested to company is to make a written policy about 5R implementation. Forming audit team can be conducted every 3 month to help applying 5R implementation. 5R implementation must be supported from every side so that problem about 5R implementation can be realized maximally and continously. Keywords: worker’s participation, company policy, 5R implementation
RISK ASSESSMENT PERUSAHAAN EXPORT SEPATU PADA BAGIAN LINE UPPER PT. X Dankis, Novita Dewi Vebriyana; Mulyono, Mulyono
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (482.566 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1639

Abstract

ABSTRACTRevolution in the industry sector has been rapidly grown to fill up all the needs of the consumer products. One involves  supporting advanced machinery such as “Cutting, Skiving, Stitching, Emboss Logo, Roving, Punch Hole, Juki, BrushingEdge, Hammer Over Lapping and Two Molding”. In the factory production process, there are various types of high-risk activities, especially on line upper. The main of this research is to study the risk assessment on export companies line the upper part of the shoes export company using Job Safety Analysis. This research was conducted observational crosssectional design. Observations made to the hazards and control measures. Interviews were conducted to 12 employees. Variables in this research is production activity, hazard identification, risk assessment, risk control and residual risk. The results of hazard identification has been done, there are 91 known potential hazards, for risk assessment found 7 high risk and low risk 5. Machine classified as high risk on the risk assessment is roving machine, whereas low-risk is two molding machine. Control efforts on the upper line in accordance with the hierarchy of controlling a number of 91 controls, whereas for the residual risk still remains as much as 30 residual risk. Control has been applied quite well by pressing the consequences of hazards and risk management.Keywords: risk assessment, controlling, residual risk
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR PEMBENTUK PERILAKU DENGAN KEPATUHAN PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG TELINGA PADA TENAGA KERJA DI PLTD AMPENAN Candra, Ahmad
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (458.989 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1650

Abstract

ABSTRACTSafe behaviour in company could prevent Noise Induce Hearing Loss. Safe behaviour that could prevent hearing loss is  the compliance of wearing ear protector. It could be shaped by using the activator-behaviour-consequence (ABC) method that can be influenced by forming behaviour factors (knowledge, training, and supervision and positive reinforcement). The aim of this research was to analyze the association between forming behaviour factors with the compliance of wearing ear protector. This was an observational analytic study with cross sectional approach with 18 workers in maintenance section of PLTD Ampenan as sample. Data were collected through questionnaire, interview, and observation. Data were analyzed used pearson chi-square and fisher exact test to obtain the association between variables. The results showed that most of the workers (72.2%) in maintenance section of PLTD Ampenan had the compliance of wearing ear protector. There were significant correlation between knowledge, training, supervision, and positive reinforcement with the compliance of wearing ear protector. Supervision has a very strong correlation (coefficent 1,000). The more workers feel himself under supervision, the better their behaviour will be. It is recommended that the company can perform all forming behaviour factors especially improve the supervision method in order to make all workers have the compliance of wearing ear protector.Keywords: forming behaviour factor, safe behaviour, ABC method
HUBUNGAN POSISI KERJA DENGAN KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL PADA UNIT PENGELASAN PT. X BEKASI Jalajuwita, Rovanaya Nurhayuning; Paskarini, Indriati
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (932.358 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1640

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to analyze the relation between body position with musculoskeletal complaints in welding unit of PT. X Bekasi. Welding is an important part of a steel fabrication company. Workers in the welding influenced by the position of work, the posture of their body of work and performance at work. Jobs that forced the labor to not an ergonomic posture when working cause workers had faster experience fatigue and indirectly provide additional workload. Health effects that arised as a result of an unergonomic worked postures are musculoskeletal disorders .This research is an observational research with cross sectional approach design. 32 workers were chosen as sample by using simple random sampling technique. Data were obtained by measuring, observing used Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), and filling out questionnaire Nordic Body Map (NBM). Spearman rho correlation test was used to analyse the relation between variables. As many as 68.6% workers had a weak risk of having musculoskeletal disorder (REBA score of 4-7) and 62.5% workers had a weak level of musculoskeletal complaint. Based on the results of this study concluded that body position were significantly related to musculoskeletal complaints. There was a weak significant relationship between body position and musculoskeletal complaints (pvalue= 0.005). It is suggested to companies that provide training on ergonomic working position when welding perform. Keywords: Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), Nordic Body Map (NBM), body position and musculoskeletal complaints
ANAlISIS TINGKAT KELELAHAN KERJA BERDASARKAN BEBAN KERJA FISIK PERAWAT DI INSTALASI RAWAT INAP RSU HAJI SURABAYA Maharja, Rizky
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.896 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1651

Abstract

ABSTRACTNurses are working with high expectation, especially nurses at inpatient care unit are. They are to always be ready to  provide health treatment to the patients for 24 hours for 7 days. This high expectation may affect and inflicting fatigue on them. Work fatigue is a condition of activity, motivation and physical exhaustion. If nurses don’t take a rest, it can accumulated work fatigue eventually drops the health condition of the nurse off. This research aims to analyze level of work fatigue based on physical workload of the nurses in Inpatient Care Unit of RSU Haji Surabaya. This observational descriptive study applied cross-sectional study design. The research was conducted nurses at ward IIIC and IVC. The respondents are 27 nurses with following the criteria of this. The research applied Kruskal Wallis test to find out the variety of the work fatigue level based on physical workload and Spearman correlation test to find out the relationship between physical workload and work fatigue. The result showed that several characteristics of most of the respondents were aged between 30 and 49 years old, female, had been working for more than 5 years, married, normal nutritional status, and low calorie intake. The result also showed the average workload and the nurses might experience moderate work fatigue. The result of inter-variables correlations indicated there were correlation between physical workloads and work fatigueand there are varieties of the work fatigue based on the physical workload. Keywords: nurse, physical workload, work fatigue
ANALISIS RISIKO PENGOPERASIAN OVERHEAD CRANE DOUBLE GIRDER DI DIVISI KAPAl NIAGA PT PAL SURABAYA Bikatofani, Ryan Rizky
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (410.023 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1641

Abstract

ABSTRACTPT. PAL Surabaya operates Overhead Crane Double Girder tool every day. Those have some risks, for example squeezed, material crushed, fracture and passed away. The objective of the research was to value the level of risks on kapal niagadivision PT. PAL Surabaya. The type of this research was descriptive observational research with cross sectional approach. The research focuses on overhead crane double girder operation at kapal niaga division PT PAL Surabaya, consists ofoperation phase itself. Primary data collection by doing interview and observation, it was presented in a table, analyzed, and explained in descriptive way. The result showed there were 8 potential hazards on operation phase. Controlling type that most implementated was providing personal protective equipment (PPE) as 75%. That is quite significant and effective although there were still residual risks on 7 low potential hazards on preparation phase and 1 medium potential hazards on operation phase. PT PAL Surabaya has not done measurement the level of risks and suggested to do identification in details by noticing any hazards and risks in every job phase. Besides, the operator from the whole overhead crane doublegirder operation should have K3 (SIO) license and specific experience in operating overhead crane double girder, this suitable with Permenaker No 09/MEN/VII/2010.Keywords: risk assessment, overhead crane double girder, level of risks

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