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INDONESIA
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health" : 10 Documents clear
EVALUASI POSTUR KERJA DAN KELUHAN MUSKOLOSKELETAL PADA PEKERJA INSTALASI FARMASI Istighfaniar, Kun; Mulyono, Mulyono
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1345.243 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i1.2016.81-90

Abstract

Pharmaceuthical department is one of many department in RSUD Kota Madiun which serve hundreds of patients everyday. Workers on pharmacuthical department has been found having unnatural working posture on their work process, where many workers tend to complain about having low back pain problems. One of suspected problem is unnatural working posture. Unergonomic position, repetitive works, sit for long periods were few of ergonomics problem which occurred everyday. This research aimed to identify work posture and musculoskeletal complaint on pharmaceuthical department workers. This research used cross sectional approach, with population sample were all worker on pharmaceuthical department RSUD Kota Madiun and there are eight people in total. Primary data on this research collected using questionnaires, Body Mass Index measurements, interviews, and observations. Collected data from questionnaires, interview, and Body Mass Index measurements were processed, and the processed data will be analyzed using qualitatif methods of deep interview. The result showed most of worker were having high riks of having musculoskeletal problem based on RULA and REBA evaluation. Most of musculoskeletal complaints were located on their waist, hip, upper neck an lower neck. Hospital should give the workers egonomical training so that workers could avoid having unergonomical posture which lead to musculoskeletal problems. Workers should doing more often aerobic exercise.Keywords: muscoloskeletal complaint, work posture
BEBERAPA FAKTOR PENYEBAB GANGGUAN FAAL PARU PADA PENJUAL UNGGAS DI PASAR BURUNG KUPANG SURABAYA Arganata, Fariz Zuvil
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.965 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i1.2016.31-40

Abstract

Poultry sellers is one of the jobs potentially impaired pulmonary function. Impaired pulmonary function status of workers caused by external factors and internal factors. The aim of this research was to identify factors which cause impaired pulmonary function the poultry sellers in bird market in Kupang Surabaya. This research used cross sectional design. Data obtained by the measurements, examination and questionnaire. The sample of this research is 20 respondents which drawn from 10% of the total population. Data were analyzed by cross tabulation. The measurements result of dust levels, SO2, NO2, NH3 and H2S respectively 0.3848 mg/m3, 0.0047 mg/m3, 0.0207 ppm, 0.0638 ppm, 0.0002 ppm were below the TLV. Pulmonary function test results of 20 respondents, there were 13 (65%) of respondents have normal status of pulmonary function and 7 (35%) of respondents impaired pulmonary function with details of 4 (20%) of respondents mild obstruction, 1 (5%) of respondents restriction mild and 2 (10%) of respondents mixture. The conclusion of this study are the pulmonary status of respondents in Surabaya Kupang bird market not affected by external factors such as exposure to gas and dust, but affected by internal factors such as age, years of service, and years of smoking history. There is no association between the nutritional status of respondents with pulmonary function status. Respondents should reduce cigarette consumption and conduct regular health checks.Keywords: pulmonary function status, sellers poultry, bird market
ANALISIS PERILAKU AMAN PADA PEKERJA KONSTRUKSI DENGAN PENDEKATAN BEHAVIOR-BASED SAFETY (STUDI DI WORKSHOP PT. X JAWA BARAT) Sirait, Fransisca Anggiyostiana; Paskarini, Indriati
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.219 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i1.2016.91-100

Abstract

PT. X is a company in steel structure construction and fabricator pole field. In the company’s Workshop, there are bending, shearing, and cutting processes. The basic causation of work accident are unsafe behavior and unsafe condition. This research aims to analyze the safe behavior of construction workers with Behavior-Based Safety approach in the stage of define and observe of The DO IT Process, with the ABC (Activator, Behavior, and Consequence) model. This is an observational descriptive research with the cross-sectional design. The respondents of this research are 30 construction workers in Workshop of PT. X. The results of this research showed that all workers have good awareness; 93,3% of construction workers have good knowledge; 93,1% have good perception; 92,7% have good motivation; 93,3% stated that the safety needs had been fulfilled; 93,3% of construction workers stated that the existing safety rules of the company had been implemented; 90% of construction workers ever got positive reinforcement; 85,7% of construction workers ever got punishment; the construction workers stated that safety training and management role of the company had been implemented. The result also showed the construction workers largely did safety behavior at work. In order to improve safe behavior, the company needs to give training to all construction workers, implement SOP consistently, evaluate and monitor the worker’s behavior, and implement the Behavior-Based Safety program (The DO IT Process).Keywords: safe behavior, behavior-based safety, construction company
EVALUASI PEMASANGAN APAR DALAM SISTEM TANGGAP DARURAT KEBAKARAN DI GEDUNG BEDAH RSUD DR. SOETOMO SURABAYA Hambyah, Rizki Fitriana
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.914 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i1.2016.41-50

Abstract

Fire extinguisher is one of the active fire protection system that is used to extinguish fires are still small and used in emergencies, so as to prevent that no larger fires that cause harm and even fatalities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the installation of fire extinguisher in a fire emergency response system in the building surgical at Dr. Soetomo Hospital. This type of this study is evaluative research. Data were collected through observation, and measurement. Variables studied, namely the installation of fire extinguisher. Technique of analysis in this study is to use comparative approach to determine the suitability of the installation of a fire extinguisher that compared with Permenakertrans No. PER.04/MEN/1980. The approach taken were to semi quantitative to see how large the proportion of the suitability of the installation of a fire extinguisher in the surgical building at Dr. Soetomo Hospital. The results showed that at the Dr. Soetomo Hospital have fire emergency response system and has been applied. Installation fire extinguishers in the surgical building at Dr. Soetomo Hospital generally not meet the requirements of Permenakertrans No. PER.04/MEN/1980. There still is a fire extinguisher in the surgical building kind of halon in Bogenvil, Cempaka, Gladiol, Herbra and Nusa Indah. There is a fire extinguisher expired, in the surgical building at Cempaka, Dahlia, Flamboyan and Hebra.Keywords: portable fire extinguisher, surgical building, Dr. Soetomo hospital
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT KELELAHAN SUBJEKTIF DENGAN PRODUKTIVITAS PADA TENAGA KERJA BAGIAN PENGEMASAN DI CV SUMBER BAROKAH Verawati, Lince
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (199.822 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i1.2016.51-60

Abstract

Work fatigue is a subjective feeling followed by declining of efficiency and desire to work. Fatigue can also result in work accident which affect directly to productivity. The purpose of this research was know the relation between subjektive fatigue and labor’s productivity at packaging division of chip factory, CV Sumber Barokah. This study was a descriptive study with cross sectional design. Samples were taken with a total sampling principle that all workers from packaging division who totaled 27 people. The variables were years of working life, nutritional status and subjektive fatigue and labor’s productivity. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively using Contingency Coeffisient. The results showed that the most of the respondents were 1-2 years of working life, had better nutritional status. The result of fatigue measurement used the checklist which indicated that respondents medium fatigue caused work hours and breaktime is not accordance with provision of labour laws. Respondents can package the chip based on target. The results showed existence between fatigue with labor’s productivity. The association values were 0,798 susceptible values from 0.50 to 0.75 which means a moderate level of relationship. The conclusion shows the relation between fatigue with labor’s productivity. My suggestion for the corporation is performing work hours and break time in accordance with provision of labour laws number 13 of 2003.Keywords: subjektive fatigue, labor’s productivity
RISIKO KESELAMATAN DAN KESEHATAN KERJA PADA PEKERJA PETERNAKAN SAPI DI PT X CABANG KOTA KEDIRI Pranamyaditia, Cokorde Dhio
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (204.33 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i1.2016.1-10

Abstract

The ranch has many risks, risks that could cause transmission of disease, injury, broken bones, entry of the parasite, up to the dead. In the world of farming in Indonesia is still not pay attention to the job safety for workers. The purpose of this study was to know risk on farm workers PT X branch Kediri. This research was an observational study with cross sectional and descriptive analysis. The data used are primary data from interviews and observations, secondary data derived from the company. The results showed that the hazard identification based on 8 jobs on farms PT X branch in Kediri found 49 hazards. Based on the risk assessment conducted on the 49 hazards can be classified into 36 low risk, 10 medium risk and 3 high risk. Risk control is performed administrative control and use of personal protective equipment. The conclusion of this study 3 high risk was contamination, kicked on cleaning job and kicked on maintenance job. Risk control by PT X lacking in some aspects (attention to the quality of personal protective equipment, the completeness of personal protective equipment workers, and control of sewage cow). Suggestions for improving the quality of livestock is take a concerted gloves and uniforms more appropriate, training on how to handle cattle, how to set up a safe working position, modification of the cage, as well as companies providing the means for individual hygiene.Keywords: Heath and Safety Risk, cattle farm workers, beef cattle
HUBUNGAN PAPARAN DEBU KAPUR DENGAN STATUS FAAL PARU PADA PEKERJA GAMPING Armaeni, Erka Dewi; Widajati, Noeroel
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.533 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i1.2016.61-70

Abstract

The burning of limestone has effects against the labors such as pulmonary function disorders which are acute and chronic. The Pulmonary function disorders which are acute, for example respiratory tract irritation, increased production of mucus, respiratory tract constriction, loss of cilia and mucous membrane cells layer and breathing difficulties. This study was conducted to analyze the strong correlation among the characteristics of the respondent, the respondent habits, level of dust to pulmonary function disorders of the Labors at CV. SRI MULYA PUTRA Tuban. This study uses a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Samples were taken from the study population by 78 people who were previously given initial questionnaire and obtained 23 respondents based on inclusion criteria as the study sample. The independent variables were the characteristics of respondents such as age, sex, length of employment, length of employment, respiratory protective equipment usage habits and exercise habits. The prevalence of respiratory disorder in this study amounted to 13.00%. Test using analysis Contingency Coefficient. The duration of the work is a strong variable to cause pulmonary function disorder to the industrial workforce limestone. The conclusion is there is no strong correlation between the level of limestone dust with pulmonary function status on limestone labor, because the concentration of dust in the working environment is normal, under NAB predetermined. It is advisable to add a work shift, from 2 shifts recommended to be added into 3 shifts. Applying rotation system and providing better respiratory protective equipment.Keywords: limestone dust, pulmonary function status, limestone labor
IDENTIFIKASI KEBUTUHAN ALAT PEMADAM API RINGAN DI RSP UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA MALANG Pradipta, Yoga
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.553 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i1.2016.11-20

Abstract

The hospital will have a high fire risk in case of fire because in accommodating a lot of patients. Extinguish the fire at the first event of a fire can use the fire extinguisher. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fire extinguisher installation planning. This research was an observational research with a descriptive analysis method. The primary data were collected with observation, interviewing and the secondary data were collected from PT Nindya Karya, Rumah Sakit Pendidikan Universitas Brawijaya Malang projects. The sample of study was selected using by purposive sampling. The variables in this study were building construction classification and fire risk, fire classification and fire extinguisher requirement. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis. The results showed that Rumah Sakit Pendidikan Universitas Brawijaya Malang project’s were public buildings classification with a low risk fire accident. This building’s risk fire classification were A, B and C. Each floor required 9 pieces of fire extinguisher with CO2 and dry powder types. This research was concluded that the fire extinguisher needs was accordance with Permenakertrans No. 4, 1980. It’s suggested to use the terms and conditions of Permenakertrans No.4, 1980 about the installation and maintenance requirements in planning the installation fire extinguisher.Keywords: Portable Fire Extinguisher identification, hospital buildin
HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI, KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU DENGAN PRODUKTIVITAS PEKERJA SORTING DAN PACKING Farikha, Rizqi Riyani Putri; Ardyanto, Denny
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.648 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i1.2016.71-80

Abstract

Good nutritional status affects physical and intellectual of activeness, productivity and veracity. Performance reaches of productivity in the mid-twenties and it declines with ages. Experience increases exponentially with tenure, and it can be seen from the level of educational attainment and skills. The objective of this study is to investigate relationship nutritional status, individual characteristics with productivity of sorting and packing employees of PT. DPG Muliakeramik Group. Primary and secondary data were employed as the source of data. The data were then processed and analysed descriptively. This research was observational and included field research with cross sectional design. Population of this study were sorting and packing employees of PT. DPG Muliakeramik Group with the total of 14 employees, and total sampling was used as the sampling method of this study. Nutritional status data were obtained from direct IMT. Interview with company’s representatives was taken to obtain information about individual characteristics (ages, tenure and education level) and workforce productivity. The collected data were then analysed using cross tabulation. The results indicated that most respondents have normal nutritional status (IMT). Most respondents were aged 26-35 years old with less than 6 years tenure, and most of them were graduated from Senior High School. The results of this study also indicated that most respondents have above average productivity. There is no relationship tenure, educational level with workforce productivity. This study is suggested that PT. DPG Muliakeramik Group could adjust workplace nutrition and give nutritional counselling for employees about the importance of consuming balanced nutrition.Keywords: nutritional status, individual characteristics, productivity
PERANCANGAN SARANA PENYELAMAT DIRI DAN KEBUTUHAN APAR PADA DARURAT KEBAKARAN DI KANTOR KESEHATAN PELABUHAN KELAS II BALIKPAPAN Pratama, Agus
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.373 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i1.2016.21-30

Abstract

Fire in building could cause human casualties, loss of property, disruption of the activities of the organization, environmental degradation and disturbance of public. In the United State, of 15.300 fire in the rise building are 990 victims and 6,1% of them fatalities. Therefore fire prevention should be done by implementing the emergency response system wherein fire extinguishing system and means of escape. The purpose of this study was to identify and designing needs portable fire extinguisher and means of escape that have not been fulfilled in building Class II Port Health Office (PHO) of Balikpapan. This research was performed by cross sectional design using observational approach. The interviews performed on 2 officials of Class II PHO of Balikpapan which is considered to know about the condition of the building as object of research. The result of this research are no fire emergency policy and means of escape. In these condition it is provided to the Class II PHO of Balikpapan fixed procedure on fire emergency and evacuation route. Portable fire extinguisher installed as many as 10 units, in accordance with the requirements calculated based Permenakertrans number 4 1980. Conclusion of this research is Class II PHO of Balikpapan’s building has not been having fire emergency policy and adequate means of escape. This condition should see the Class II PHO of Balikpapan create procedure regarding fire emergency and evacuation route.Keywords: fire emergency, means of escape, portable fire extinguisher

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