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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
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Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH" : 10 Documents clear
RISK ASSESSMENT KECELAKAAN KERJA PADA PENGOPERASIAN BOILER DI PT. INDONESIA POWER UNIT PEMBANGKITAN SEMARANG Zeinda, Eliza Marceliana; Hidayat, Sho’im
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (212.195 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i2.2016.183-191

Abstract

Boiler is a tool produced steam. The operation of boiler produce hazard that can cause accidents in labor. The purpose of this research is to risk assessment for accidents work in the operation of boilers in PT. Indonesia Power Unit Pembangkitan Semarang. This research is observational. The object of this research is boiler. The subject of this research is coordinator and operator boiler. The primary data was obtained from observation and interview, while secondary data from the corporate documents. The result showed that boilers in PT. Indonesia Power Unit Pembangkitan Semarang were 3 unit of water tube using fuel MFO and HSD. The identification hazard obtained 12 findings hazard on 9 areas the operation boiler PT. Indonesia Power unit Pembangkitan Semarang. The hazard in the area of boiler are noise, hot weather, fire sparks, hit, pinched hand, discover water vapor, high pressure, electricity, contact with a steam pipe, amount of oil, exposed NaOH liquid, and slip and fall down from the height. On controlling value, there were 6 hazards that classified as in very good control, 3 hazards were classified as partly implemented, and 3 hazards were classified as implemented. The residual risk was obtained 5 category risk with no risk and 7 risk categories low. Conclusion that can be drawn are hazard boiler in PT. Indonesia Power Unit Pembangkitan Semarang have high risk of are hazard discover water vapor and the high pressure. The company suggested to perform maintenance and reduce the risk to a low.Keywords: risk assessment, work accidents, boiler
PERBEDAAN UNSAFE ACTIONS ANTAR SHIFT KERJA PADA BAGIAN THREADING UNIT PRODUKSI I PT X DI SURABAYA Insanno, Jenius Setio
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.771 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i2.2016.132-141

Abstract

PT. X is one of the companies that produces iron pipe in Indonesia. Unit of production I PT. X threading part used work shift system. Few months ago there was an accident happened to a night shift workers threading part, and it caused them to be rushed to the hospital and got medical help. The purpose of this research was to analyze the difference between unsafe action on work shifts threading of PT. X. This research was an observational descriptive study that used crossectional approach. The population of this research was all workers shift threading part of PT. X which were consisted of 30 people. Determination of the sample was using total population method that involved 30 people. This research used primary data based on the results of observation, interview and secondary data from the company. The results showed that the highest frequency of low unsafe action was at morning shift wich was 96,7%. But it got decreased until 90% at evening shift, and got decreased even more until 60% at night shift. The difference of unsafe action can be caused by lack of supervision about safety at evening shift and night shift, and it can be caused by disturbed circadian rhytm of the workers’ bodies. The company should increase the coordination about unsafe action supervision between HSE and related supervisor. Advice to workers, especially night shift workers, are optimizing the leisure time while waiting the materials and use it for getting some rest to keep their body away from fatigue conditions.Keywords: unsafe action, work shift
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT (HIRA) PADA PROSES FABRIKASI PLATE TANKI 42-T-501A PT PERTAMINA (PERSERO) RU VI BALONGAN Ambarani, Aristy Yulanda; Tualeka, Abdul Rohim
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (232.791 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i2.2016.192-203

Abstract

HIRA is a process to identify all risk factor in a company then attempt to quantify the risk and determine whether it is acceptable or not. This study aimed to identify and assess occupational risk in the fabrication plate process, tank 42-T-501A, at PT Pertamina (Persero) RU VI Balongan. It is an observational and a cross-sectional study based on research time. The object of this study focuses on PT Pertamina (Persero) RU VI Balongan’s fabrication plate, tank 42-T-501A, workers with a total population of 20 people plus 1 safety inspector. Primary data obtained through observations and interviews which afterward presented in the form of tables and diagrams to be analyzed descriptively. The result showed that there were 6 procedures with 24 potential hazards and 24 occupational risks in the fabrication process tank 42-T- 501A. Based on the result of risk assessment, there are 6 low risk hazards, 6 medium risk hazards, 11 high risk hazards, and 1 extreme risk hazard from the total of 24 hazards in the fabrication plate process tank 42-T-501A. Finally, this study concludes that the dominant risk in the fabrication plate process tank 42-T-501A is high risk (45%). Examples founded in high risk category are stricken by plate, light exposure of torch, fume exposure of torch, sparks of cutting torch, light exposure of welding, fume exposure of welding, sparks of welding, explosions of sandblasting tube and explosions of sandblasting hose.Keywords: hazard identification, risk assessment, fabrication plate
HUBUNGAN ANTARA UMUR DAN INTENSITAS CAHAYA LAS DENGAN KELELAHAN MATA PADA JURU LAS PT. X DI KABUPATEN GRESIK Setiawan, Dedy
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (213.042 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i2.2016.142-152

Abstract

Welding occurs much hazard especially toward welders eyestrain. The Objective of study was to analyzed relation between age and eyestrain and also weld luminous intensity and eyestrain at welders of PT. X in District of Gresik. Research was carried out by cross sectional and observational study. Subjects were 20 welders of PT. X in District of Gresik. Data collecting was carried out by interview, measurement instrument, and examination. The independent variables were age and weld luminous intensity, and the dependent variable was eyestrain. Spearman Test was used to correlate between age and eyestrain. Pearson Product Moment Test was used to correlate between weld luminous intensity and eyestrain. According to the results, there was significant correlation between age and eyestrain (p = 0,007). There are more eyestrains will be occurred in older age. Result also showed that there was significant correlation between weld luminous intensity and eyestrain (p = 0,023). High exposure of weld luminous intensity will occurs contrast so that eyes needs much effort to adapt it. Light of weld contain UV light, visible light, and infrared radiation. In conclusion, there was significant correlation between age and eyestrain. And also, there was significant correlation between weld luminous intensity and eyestrain. Welders must use face shield depend on types of welding and company should held eyes examination to welders routinely.Keywords: age, weld luminous intensity, eyestrain
RISK ASSESSMENT PADA PEKERJAAN MENEBANG KAYU DI HUTAN PRODUKSI (STUDI KASUS PADA PENGOPERASIAN CHAINSAW PERUM PERHUTANI KPH MADIUN) Pradipta, Raditya Angga
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.229 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i2.2016.153-162

Abstract

Logging the forest production is a high risk work. The condition of the forest acreage is difficult, the imbalance between the tools used by condition of the field and the skills of workers can lead to accidents. One of supporting job in the process of logging the forest production is the operation of the chainsaw that has hazards and risks which must be controlled. The main objective of this research was to risk assessment in the operational of the chainsaw in the work to cutting down trees in Perhutani KPH Madiun. This research was an observational research that conducted using cross sectional design and descriptive analysis. Data were used primary data based on interviews, observations and secondary data collected from the company. This research performed based on work activities of operating chainsaw. The result showed that based on idetification of hazards in activities of operating chainsaw in cutting trees, there were18 hazards Risk assessment showed that from 18 pure risks, there were 4 low risks,7 medium risks and 7 high risks. The conclusion from this research is the risk most dominant obtained from the risk assessment is high risk and risks while each one had the amount of 7 danger or 39 % of all the potential here hazards, to at a job should not be continued, work that needs to be set repeated or attempts to control at work to reduce the risk. Control must be reviewed for conformity before work began.Keywords: cut timber, identification hazards, risk assessment
PENILAIAN RISIKO KECELAKAAN KERJA PADA PENGOPERASIAN CC (CONTAINER CRANE) DI PT X SURABAYA Nugroho, Nyco
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.465 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i2.2016.101-111

Abstract

The operation of CC has a high risk accident, in 2013 there are 57 CC operation accidents at PT X. Accident high PC operations require companies to prevent and reduce the risk of accidents at the company, according Act No. 1 Year 1970 Article 3, paragraph 1. Reduce and prevent the risk of workplace accidents by conducting a risk assessment. This study aims to assess the risk.The design of this study was observational with crossectional approach. The main aim of this study was to assessed of risk on CC operate in PT X Surabaya. The subject in this study were safety officer maintenance, technician and CC operator. The object in this study was CC unit. The data were collected by means of observation and interview, while the secondary data from the operation of the CC documents related accidents. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively by tabulations and narration which of compared with the standard ISO 31000: 2009 as well as the existing theories. The results of this study show that there were 4 process of work that has 9 cause danger of accident, 2 causes of accident with the high risk, 5 moderate risk and 2 low risk. Risk control that has done are engineering, administrative, and PPE. From the result of this study, it is recommended that the company provide to implement the work according to SOP, conduct load test and check the condition of the lift on the entire CC, check and repair functions anemometer and sirens on CC, give emergency drill evenly for workers.Keywords: accident risk assessment, Container Crane (CC)
HUBUNGAN KOMPENSASI FINANSIAL DAN STRES KERJA DENGAN KINERJA KARYAWAN PT. DOK DAN PERKAPALAN SURABAYA (PERSERO) Yani, Mita Desy; Dwiyanti, Endang
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.366 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i2.2016.163-172

Abstract

The worker performance must be considered by company due to worker who have good performance can help the company to achieve its goal. Company should give responsibilities according to workers’s ability and expertise for making good performance. The ups and down of worker performance happened because of the tough workload, uncomfortable work environment, and unfilled employee demands. This research analyzed the correlation between financial compensation and work stress on worker performance in PT. Dok and Perkapalan Surabaya (Persero). This research was descriptive which collected observationally with cross-sectional design. The population of study was construction worker in PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Surabaya (Persero), the sample was taken by total population which is consist of 40 workers. Independent variables were financial compensation and work stress. Dependent variable was worker performance. The primary data using questionnaires, observation, and interview while secondary data was profile company. The result from questionnaires were calculated using Spearman correlation. It showed that correlation level between financial compensation and worker performance was moderate with 0.332 correlation coefficient value. The level of correlation between work stress toward worker performance is moderate with 0.445 correlation coefficient value. It suggested to industry to improve the concern toward worker by creating safe and comfortable work environment. Giving reward to worker who has good achievement or who can create something useful for company.Keywords: compensation financial, work stress, worker performance
HUBUNGAN UMUR, KEBISINGAN DAN TEMPERATUR UDARA DENGAN KELELAHAN SUBJEKTIF INDIVIDU DI PT X JAKARTA Andriani, Karina Wahyu
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (214.828 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i2.2016.112-120

Abstract

Fatigue is one of the causes of accidents. According Setyawati (2010) fatigue shown to contribute more than 60% in the event of an accident. This reseacrh was conducted to determine the relationship of the individual characteristics, noise and air temperature with subjective fatigue. Fatigue can be caused by various factors of education, health, habits, motivation, temperature, radiation, and humidity to the air and noise work environment. reseacrh observational descriptive with cross sectional approach. The number of samples this study were 45 people, were taken by simple random sampling. The independent variables were age, noise and air temperature. The dependent variable of this study was fatigue. The statistical test used chi-square test. Primary data were obtained from interviews and measurements directly. Measurements were taken at two locations new office and workshop 9. The results of this study showed that 45 respondents (88.90%) had mild fatigue, and 5 respondents (11.10%) experienced moderate fatigue. All respondents who experienced fatigue being exposed to noise and temperature exceeding the standarize. The conclusion from this study is there is no significant relationship between noise (p = 0.31) and air temperature (p = 0.41) with subjective fatigue. While age with subjective fatigue have a significant relationship with the value (p = 0.61). Advice for company made policy so workers over 40 years old can be get jobs that match their abilities.Keywords: age, noise, temperature, fatigue
HUBUNGAN USIA DAN MASA KERJA DENGAN NILAI AMBANG DENGAR PEKERJA YANG TERPAPAR BISING DI PT. X SIDOARJO Putri, Winda Wahyuni; Martiana, Tri
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (212.941 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i2.2016.173-182

Abstract

One factor that could result in disturbance of health in the process production is noise the following noise interferes due to the use of thr machine production. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation of age and working period with hearing threshold value of workers exposed to noise in the unit of production Steel Melting Shop PT. X Sidoarjo. This study used cross-sectional design. Population of the study is labor in the production of Steel Melting Shop PT. X Sidoarjo as many as 108 employees. Samplesin this study are 28 employees, taken by simple random sampling with criteria inklusi willing to be the sample of the research and not experience pain (no history of ear disease and had never experienced head trauma). Variables independent is age, and working period. Variable dependent is a hearing threshold value. Noise measurements in the unit production of Steel Melting Shop PT. X Sidoarjo show his worth beyond NAB (106 dB s/d 107 dB). Workup audiometri show 22 from 28 sample had abnormal hearing threshold value (> 25 dB). Test with correlation pearson showed relationship age and working period with hearing threshold value. Conclusion from this study is that noise in the unit production of Steel Melting Shop PT. X Sidoarjo beyond NAB and many workers had abnormal hearing threshold value as the correlation of age and working period with a worker hearing threshold value PT. X Sidoarjo. Do the rotation of workers to reduce long exposure to high risk workers exposed to noise.Keywords: age and working period, hearing threshold value, noise exposure
ANALISIS KESESUAIAN PENERAPAN SAFETY SIGN DI PT. TERMINAL PETIKEMAS SURABAYA Saputra, Febry Eka
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 5, No 2 (2016): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.609 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v5i2.2016.121-131

Abstract

Safety sign is the equipment contained in the work environment in order to protect and enhance the awereness of workers against potential dangers which are occur in the work environment. This research was conducted to find out the suitability of applying the safety sign on work environment based on ANSI Z535 standard. This Research is observational with cross sectional design. Data collection was done by direct observation using ANSI Z535 safety sign checklist within a certain time. There are 5 types of safety sign based on the ANSI Z535standard researched. They are danger sign, warning sign, sign, sign the notice caution and safety condition sign. Field observation was retrieved results suitability against ANSI Z535 standard with highest suitability figures on danger sign fulfill 8 of 16 items (50%), warning sign fulfill 6 out of 16 items (37.5%), caution sign fulfill 9 out of 16 items (56.25%), notice the sign fulfill 9 dari14 items (68.28%), and safety condition sign fulfill the entire item (100%). Conclusions on the research was application of a danger sign, warning sign, sign, and caution notice sign have not been suit with ANSI standard Z535. While the safety condition sign has been suit. HSSE management should have been did a monitoring, evaluation and improvement against the safety sign that damaged and did not suitable with the standards in International and Domestic Docks PT. Terminal Petikemas Surabaya.Keywords: suitability, safety sign, ANSI Z535

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