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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
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Articles 13 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH" : 13 Documents clear
HUBUNGAN ANTARA TIME PRESSURE DENGAN UNSAFE ACTION SAAT TRANSIT CHECK PADA TEKNISI PESAWAT TERBANG Trissiana, Fany
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (489.902 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v7i2.2018.210-219

Abstract

Aircraft technician is a high-risk job where the work has a high level of risk with high in time and work pressures that lead to errors in the work that can cause harm to the company and himself. This study aims to determine the relationship between time pressure and unsafe actions on aircraft engineers PT. X. This research is analytical observational with cross sectional design. The sample in this research is the aircraft technician workers at Unit Out Station Line Maintenance PT. X with 70 total respondents. Technique of collecting data by using questionnaire to know the description of time pressure and observation sheet to know the unsafe action done by aircraft technician. The results of this study indicate that the number of respondents who experienced time pressure as much as 35.7% and who did unsafe actions as much as 45.7%. From the statistical test shows that there is a relationship between time pressure and unsafe action with p value < 0.05. The p value of time pressure relation and insecurity p = 0.049. It is necessary to give strict sanctions if it finds the worker doing unsafe acts and conduct safe work-related training. In addition, review the number of workers so as not to burden the workers due to lack of manpower.Keywords: aircraft technician, time pressure, transit check, unsafe action
FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN DERMATITIS KONTAK AKIBAT KERJA PADA PEKERJA PROYEK BANDARA Wardani, Harumi Kusuma; Mashoedojo, Mashoedojo; Bustamam, Nurfitri
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (467.193 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v7i2.2018.249-259

Abstract

The incidence of contact dermatitis in Indonesia varies greatly and affects most workers. Epidemiological studied showed the incidence of Occupational Contact Dermatitis (OCD) was 0.5–1.9 cases/1000 workers/year. Aircarft Filling Depot Project at Juanda Airport is a construction project that is working on hydrant system and topping up development. This study was aimed at identifying risk factors of OCD among the project workers. A cross sectional design was used on 47 workers whom randomly selected during period May-June 2017. Data was collected using a questionnaire with the researcher’s guide. Occupational Contact Dermatitis is diagnosed by general practitioner that located in Naval Hospital (RUMKITAL) dr. Soekantyo Jahja Surabaya. Occupational contact dermatitis risk factors were analyzed using Chi-square test, followed by multiple logistic regression test. Of 47 workers, 21 (43.8%) experienced OCD. The use of personal protective equipment (PPE), duration of contact, personal hygiene, and history of skin diseases were associated with OCD (p < 0.01), whereas the type of work was not related to OCD (p = 0.491). The most dominant factor causing OCD was personal hygiene (OR = 9.659), followed by duration of contact (OR = 8.576), and history of skin disease (OR = 3.420). In conclusion, factors of use of PPE, length of contact, personal hygiene, and history of skin relationship with DKAK, while the type of work is not related to DKAKKeywords: aircraft filling depots project, occupational contact dermatitis, risk factor
PENINGKATAN KADAR ASAM LAKTAT DALAM DARAH SESUDAH BEKERJA Hidayah, Irma
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (377.35 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v7i2.2018.131-141

Abstract

Fatigue is a protective mechanism of the body to avoid further damage resulting in the recovery after the break. It can occur because of a accumulation of lactic acid due to continuous muscle contraction. One of the jobs in Gunawangsa Tidar Superblock Apartment Project at PT. PP (Persero) Tbk. which can lead to fatigue is formwork jobs. The purpose of the study was to analyze the increased concentration of lactic acid in the blood after work on the formwork workers Gunawangsa Tidar Superblock Apartment Project at PT. PP (Persero) Tbk. This study was an observational study with cross-sectional study design. Data obtained by using interviews with questionnaires about sexs, ages, length of work, duration of work, duration of rest, work day and perception of heat exposure. Beside that, data wa collected by measuring lactic acid consentration in the blood with the Accutrend Plus Brand Roche to 30 formwork workers. The independent variable was working while dependent variable was concentration of lactic acid in the blood. Data were tested using Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test. The results showed that the average concentration of lactic acid in the blood before and after work, namely 0.263 mmol/l and 0.883 mmol/l. Based on statistical test of Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test, was obtained N Positive Ranks = 16 with Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed) = 0.001. The conclusion of this study that there is an increase in lactic acid consentration in the blood after work.Keywords: blood, fatigue, lactic acid
ANALISIS PROTEKSI KEBAKARAN PADA PERUSAHAAN PRODUKSI GAS DAN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK Romadhon, Bery
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (582.329 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v7i2.2018.142-151

Abstract

PT. Gresik Gases Indonesia and PT. Gresik Power Indonesia is a company engaged in the production of gas and power plants with natural gas and diesel power. This production site has a potential fire hazard so it must be implemented active and passive fire protection system. This research held to determine the suitability of active fire protection systems, passive in the workplace based on with several standards such as the SNI 03-3985-2000, NFPA 13, Permenaker no. 04/1980, Permen PU no. 26/PRT/M/2008, SNI 03-1745-2000. Observational data collection used regulated checklists, with cross-sectional research design. This production site was the potential for serious hazards to cause large area fire and in a short time. Classification of fire in this production of type A, B, C were derive from fuel oil storage tanks, T 80 C, T 80 D, MCC 20 KV, SHEQ and admin office, ware house, gas compressor area, gas engines, combustion turbine, control room, centrifuge pump, and regent heater. Active fire protection was several assessments such as alarm, detector, sprinkler, exhaust, and hydrant. On passive fire protection, the assessment was based on buildings. Field observations obtained the following results active protection system such as alarm with enough categories, detector with enough categories, sprinkler with enough categories, a fire extinguisher with a good category, hydrants with good categories and on passive fire protection systems with sufficient category.Keywords: fire protection, gas production, power plant
GAMBARAN KELELAHAN KERJA SUBJEKTIF PADA OPERATOR MESIN PRODUKSI PAKAN IKAN Melissa, Tria; Dwiyanti, Endang
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.038 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v7i2.2018.191-199

Abstract

Fatigue is a subjective feeling that everyone feels. Work fatigue may occur due to various factors such as age, years of working life, nutritional status, and noise. The purpose of this study was to know the relation between the factors cause work fatigue at fish feed production machine operator. This research was descriptive observational with cross-sectional design. Population in this research is all worker machine operator of fish feed production who worked in the same shift at the time of the research. Samples were taken with a total sampling principle that all operator’s workers from production area who totaled 24 people. The variables were age, years of working life, nutritional status, noise, and subjective work fatigue. The results showed that most of the respondents were over 40 years old, had a working period over 10 years, had normal nutritional status, worked in the work area exceeding the noise treshold limit value and had moderate fatigue. The conclusions of this study are age, years of working life, and nutritional status has no relationship causing fatigue. Noise can be one of the factor of the occurrence of work fatigue because (54.2%) workers who work in the work area exceeding the standardize had a moderate fatigue.Keywords: noise, nutritional status, worker, work fatigue
HUBUNGAN ANTARA FAKTOR EKSTERNAL DENGAN PERILAKU TIDAK AMAN DALAM PENGOPERASIAN OVERHEAD CRANE Fadhila, Fildza
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.061 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v7i2.2018.152-161

Abstract

Unsafe behavior is a major cause of workplace accidents. Environmental or external factor is dominant factor that can influence a behavior. The present research was conducted at PT. Bangun Sarana Baja (BSB) Gresik which is one of steel industry in construction sector. The purpose of this study was to analyze the corellation between external factor and unsafe behavior of workers in overhead crane operation at PT. Bangun Sarana Baja Gresik. This research was an observational analytic and used cross-sectional design. Population in this research was all of workshop worker that operates overhead crane (OHC) at PT. Bangun Sarana Baja (BSB) Gresik. The samples were 80 people, taken randomly by simple random sampling method. Data which had obtained then was analyzed statistically using correlation of contingency. The results showed that between variables of external factor more of them has a correlation with unsafe behavior in overhead crane operation. They are supervision (p = 0.004) and training (p = 0.000). The result of this study can be concluded that rather good supervision and unparticipated training by workers can influence their unsafe behavior. So if the value of the both variables improved to be better then it will be able to decrease the unsafe behavior in overhead crane operation.Keywords: external factor, overhead crane, unsafe behavior
PERILAKU AMAN PADA PEKERJA OPERATOR LOADING UNLOADING MINYAK MENTAH Cahyani, Feby
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.809 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v7i2.2018.181-190

Abstract

Elements that play an important role in the cause of occupational accidents are human behavior. Thus reducing the occurrence of unsafe behavior is an effective way to prevent the occurrence of work accidents. From the results of preliminary studies conducted in the production area of PT X from 10 workers who observed the behavior of the use of PPE there were 3 workers who did not behave safely. This study aims to analyze the safe behavior and its causes in the effort of prevention of work accident by using Antecedence, Behaviour and Consequences (ABC) behavior model. This research used cross-sectional design. Data collection was obtained through measurement and observation. The population of this research was 20 workers loading unloading crude oil. The result of the research showed that 50% of workers doing the safe behavior. The safe behavior of the use of PPE by 80%, the implementation of housekeeping by 70%, and follow the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) of 83%. Safe behavior was triggered by the important role of knowledge that workers have good enough about Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) and safe behavior, worker attitudes toward safe behavior also quite good, and the training received is good enough. Besides giving rewards and punishment by the company also helped motivate workers to behave safely. While unsafe behavior that workers do not use a respirator and does not maintain the cleanliness of the workplace.Keywords: ABC model, loading unloading operator, safe behavior
RISK ASSESSMENT PENYAKIT AKIBAT PAPARAN BAHAN KIMIA PADA UNIT PREMIX Eka Suci, Rieneke Puspita
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (446.556 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v7i2.2018.162-171

Abstract

PT. Japfa Comfeed is one of poultry companies, in production of poultry needed feed additive to improve quality of poultry. Premix unit is unit that production feed additive for poultry. There are some hazards in process of premix production. Therefore, to prevent health problems, risk assessment is needed. The objective of this study is risk assessing at premix production PT. Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk. Unit Gedangan. This research is a descriptive study. The population of this research were 15 person premix unit worker and 1 (one) safety officer at PT. Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk. Unit Gedangan. The result of the research showed that there were chemical hazard, such as feed additives and meat and bone meal (MBM). Based on hazard identification obtained 34 risk with 76.5%medium risks and 23.5% low risks. Risk control on feed additive unit at PT. Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk. Unit Gedangan was categorizes as good enough. This is due to risk control effort, such as engineering control, administrative control, and Personal Protective Equipment, such respiratory and glove. However, those efforts had not been fully applied by feed additive worker. Residual risk assessment showed that risk control needs to be reset to reduce the risk. Conclusion that can be drawn is process in premix unit categorized as medium risk.Keywords: poultry, premix, risk assessment
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN FAKTOR INDIVIDU DAN BEBAN KERJA MENTAL DENGAN STRES KERJA Mustika Suci, Intan Sulistyana
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (462.178 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v7i2.2018.220-229

Abstract

Stress is the stimulation of the situation which could threaten the physical and psychological that cannot be tolerated by an individual because of limited ability. The general objective of this research is to analyze the individual factors and mental workload with stress. The research was done in observational. Population in this study are all the workers are there in packer PT. X amount of 10 workers and analysis of the data used is the spearman correlation test to known the correlation between education and mental workload with job stress, pearson correlation test to known the correlation between age and work period with job stress and contingency test to known the correlation between marital status with job stress. Based on the results of the statistical tests, a variable that has a strong relationship with stress is mental work load variable (0.667), while variables that have a relationship with stress is the level of education (-0.102), marital status (0.378),the period of employment (-0.102) and age (-0.408). From the results of this research it can be concluded that the majority of respondents in the age range 21–40 years (60%) and has a working time of 5–9 years (70%) by level of education finished high school (60%) and be married (60%). The relationship between mental workload with the stress of having strong correlation.Keywords: job stress, mental workload
HUBUNGAN ANTROPOMETRI DENGAN KURSI KERJA DI KANTOR PELAYANAN PERBENDAHARAAN NEGARA MOJOKERTO Andhini, Vrilly
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 2 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (439.97 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v7i2.2018.200-209

Abstract

Chairs are an important component in determining comfort while sitting or doing a job with sitting. The aim of the research is to analyze the suitability between the size of the table and chair with anthropometry of the employee’s body. The number of respondents is 20 people. The variables of the study are measure of anthropometry and workstation. This is a descriptive research and using cross sectional approach. The measured variables are body anthropometry such as popliteal height, politeal but, hip width, shoulder height, shoulder width, elbow height. Variable work seats include seat height, seat base, length of seat base, width of seat, high backrest, width of backrest, elbow height. The results show that the dimensions of the workstation that corresponds to the body dimensions of the width of the seat base with the width of the hip the height of the backrest with the height of the sitting shoulder and the length of the elbow rest with the length of the forearm Dimensions that are inconsistent with the anthropometry of the body with the height of the chair with the popliteal height the length of the sitting base with popliteal buttock the width of the backrest with shoulder width the height of the elbow rest with the height of the sitting elbow. Conclusion is work chair is not accordance with anthropometry of employees because only 3 dimensions of work chairs are compatible with employee anthropometry.Keywords: anthropometry, chair, dimensions

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