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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
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Articles 15 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH" : 15 Documents clear
ANALISIS RISIKO SIKAP KERJA DENGAN KELUHAN MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER PADA PORTER STASIUN SURABAYA GUBENG Puspitasari, Ervin Putri
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (540.546 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.104-114

Abstract

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is a type of disorder in the body structure caused or compounded by a unergonomic work attitude. One of jobs at Surabaya Gubeng Station which possible to increase the risk of Musculoskeletal disorders is porter. This study aimed to analyze risk of work attitude with complaint of Musculoskeletal Disorders at Surabaya Gubeng Station’s porter. This study was analytic observational research with cross sectional research design. Data obtained from 60 porters who worked at Surabaya Gubeng Station. Musculoskeletal disorders were obtained from Nordic Body Map (NBM) observation sheet. Characteristics of respondents obtained from interview. Work attitude risk was obtained by Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) method. In this study the independent variable was the risk of work attitude. Dependent variable was a complaint of Musculoskeletal disorders. Data were tested using Cramer Coefficient. The prevalence of MSDs found in this study was 86.7% with low category was counted 96.2% and medium category was 3.8%. Musculoskeletal disorders in the porter occur at night before bed and frequency of Musculoskeletal disorders occurs every 1-2 times/ week. Porter experienced most MSDs complaints on the body at the right shoulder, left shoulder, right calf, and left calf. Cramer coefficient showed a value of 0.197 on risk of right body work attitude and Cramer Coefficient of 0.046 on risk of left body work attitude. The conclusion of this research was the risk of right and left body work attitude was not affect complaint of Musculoskeletal Disorder. Keywords: musculoskeletal disorder, porter, station, risk of work attitude
BACK MATTER Journal, Manager
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (540.587 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.%p

Abstract

HUBUNGAN FAKTOR INDIVIDU DAN KETERSEDIAAN PROSEDUR PERAWATAN MESIN DENGAN TINDAKAN TIDAK AMAN OLEH MEKANIK Wulansari, Nurlita; Ardyanto W., Denny
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (532.586 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.84-93

Abstract

Container loading and unloading activities are categorized high risk, because the equipment used is a lifting plane for heavy lifting. Based on the results of observations, a work accident caused due to unsafe actions. According to ILCI theory, unsafe actions are caused by management factors (availability of machine maintenance procedures) and individual factors (age, education, employment and knowledge) of workers. The design of this research was cross-sectional. The samples of this study were 35 workers from the total population of 43 mechanical workers of lifting aircraft. The samples were taken from mechanics included in the inclusion criteria of HMC mechanical workers (Harbour Mobile Crane). The data were obtained through observation and filling questionnaires to workers. Data were analyzed statistically by using spearman test. The statistic test results showed that there was no relationship between age with unsafe actions is 0.217, and for knowledge with unsafe action there was a relationship is 0.000. There was a relationship between the working period and the unsafe actions is 0.002. There was an relationship between the availability of the machine maintenance procedure and the unsafe actions is 0.019. With α <0.05. The conclusion is that not all individual factors were associated with unsafe actions, but the availability of machine maintenance procedures were associated with them. The program from the management to the safety and health of the worker should be reviewed periodically to enable workers to work safely and reduce occupational accidents.Keywords: loading and unloading containers, mechanics, unsafe actions
ANALISIS RISIKO PADA PEKERJAAN DOKTER GIGI DI KABUPATEN DAN KOTA PROBOLINGGO Sawitri, Mia Rhosita; Mulyono, Mulyono
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (434.495 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.29-37

Abstract

This research is aimed to hazard identification, risk assessment, risk control, and risk residual on dentist's job in Probolinggo. This kind of research is observational research by using descriptive method with cross sectional design. The population of this research including dentists in Probolinggo as much as 70 dentists that included in Persatuan Dokter Gigi Indonesia (PDGI) Probolinggo. The sampling of this research is being done by using simple random sampling method. The sample in this research is 41 people. This research is conducted in Probolinggo. The instrument used is task risk assessment sheet, Baseline Risk Identification of Ergonomics Factors (BRIEF) observation sheet, questionaire, sound level meter, and lux meter. Based on the result of this research, it is known that the job of dentist has 12 potential of danger and 8 risks. Risk assessment in the job of dentist has 3 low risk categories, 7 medium risk categories, and 2 high risk categories. As the conclusion of this research shows that the job of dentist have not applied risk control of ergonomics hazard yet. The suggestion for the respondent is by doing stretching move either in the break time or when doing the action and take a chance to do physical activity such as doing sport regularly.Keywords: hazard identification, risk assessment, risk controlling
FRONT MATTER Journal, Manager
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3006.235 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.%p

Abstract

DETERMINAN KEPATUHAN DALAM PENERAPAN UNIVERSAL PRECAUTION Windy Puspitasari, Puput Lestari
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (601.445 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.94-103

Abstract

Universal precaution is a precautionary guidance on infection prevention that is expected to reduce the risk of transmission infection from patient to health worker regardless of the status infection. The purpose of this research is analyze the correlation between intention with compliance universal precaution application to nurses. This research is an observational study with cross-sectional design. Respondents in this study were nurses from 9 rooms who served in inpatient installations with total of 47 people. The sampling technique using simple random sampling. The data was collected by using questionnaires and observation. Analysis data used analysis of chi-square and Cramer’s V correlation. Universal precaution observed was hand washing, use of Personal Protective Equipment, management of sharp objects, and management of medical waste. The results showed that the majority of nurses (74.5%) were well behaved in compliance of universal precaution application. Statistical analysis show that there is a relationship between intention and compliance to the application of universal precaution (0.001) and strong correlationin in medium category (0.526). The conclusion was that the better of intention, the better the nurse compliance level in the application of universal precaution.Keywords: compliance, intention, universal precaution
SISTEM TANGGAP DARURAT KEBAKARAN DI GEDUNG ADMINISTRASI PERUSAHAAN LISTRIK Mufida, Milla Rosa; Martiana, Tri
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.319 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.47-56

Abstract

Fire is an accident that can cause many losses. One of building safety requirements are application system of fire emergency response. The building contained a safety against fire hazard through the protection system of active and passive protection. This research aims to study fire emergency response system the administration building of PT PJB UP. PAITON in 2015. The variables are policy, procedures, organization, simulation training, communication and emergency response system for prevention and mitigation fires. The system of fire prevention and countermeasure are active and passive protection system. This was an observational study with cross-sectional design. This study was comparing the data observations and interviews with regulation Health Ministry of Indonesia 2010, international standard NFPA 10, 13, 14 and 72 and Kepmen PU No. 10/KPTS/2000. The result show that building have 4th floor and more than 200 employee, so need protection when there are fire building. Policy, procedure and organization unresolved by management industry. Simulation training has routine every 1 year. Communication of emergency response are good action. Active protection system are sufficient compliance with the standard. Passive protection system exist that do not meet the requirements. The results show that emergency response management system fire and fire prevention and countermeasure system still needs to be improved, especially in the management system. Keywords: administration building, electrical industry, fire emergency response system
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MENTAL WORKLOAD AND WORK STRESS IN TEACHERS OF SCHOOLS OF DISABLED CHILDREN Tahrirah, Tsimaratut
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (462.481 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.76-83

Abstract

A profession as a teacher of schools of disabled children (SLB) is one of the jobs that can cause work stress. Teachers at SLB need more patience, attention, and special skills than teachers in ordinary schools. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between mental workload and work stress on SLB teachers in Jombang. This study was an analytical observational study with a cross sectional design. The samples in this study were three out of nine SLBs in Jombang that were chosen through random sampling. The data collection was done by using a questionnaire filled by 33 respondents. The questionnaire included the Subjective Workload Assessment Technique (SWAT) questionnaire to measure mental workload, and The National Union of Teacher (NUT) Stress Survey to measure work stress on SLB teachers in Jombang. The results showed that there was a strong relationship between mental workload and work stress (p-value = 0.049 and r = 0.360). In conclusion, most SLB teachers in Jombang are female and are in the age group of young adults. The Background Education of SLB teachers mostly comes from non-Special Education (PLB) department and the majority of them were new and had been teaching for years. According to the result of this study, the mental workload of SLB teachers in Jombang was at a moderate level, and their work stress was in the low category. Mental workload is one of the factors that can cause work stress on SLB teachers in Jombang.Keywords: mental workload, SLB teachers, work stress
FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KELUHAN MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS (MSDs) PADA PEKERJA INFORMAL Tjahayuningtyas, Aulia
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (594.726 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.1-10

Abstract

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is a disorder or damage to the joints, ligaments, muscles and other skeletal systems due to unnatural or awkward body position especially if carried on for a long duration. Complaints of MSDs are influenced by internal factors (age, work durration, exercise habits, and body mass index) and external factors (work position and workload). The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between internal and external factors on complaints of MSDs to workers in the informal sector. The research design was crossectional approach. Data was analyzed by chi-square. The results of this study to 38 workers show that age (p = 0.102), exercise habits (p = 0.297), BMI (p = 0.332) and work positions (p = 0.864) have no relation to MSDs complaints while work durration (p = 0.019) and energy expenditure (p = 0.000) has a relationship with MSDs complaints. The conclusions of this research was that workload durration and cooking workload have a relationship with the complaints of MSDs in informal workers. Based on the level of MSDs complaint, mostly, workers felt the complaint on the right hand wrist (86%) and right foot (68%). It is recommended to informal workers to stretch the muscles on the sidelines of doing the work so that MSDs complaints can be minimized.Keywords: cooking work load, informal worker, manufacturing industry of tofu, subjective complaint of MSDs
PEMASANGAN ALAT PEMADAM API RINGAN DI PT E-T-A INDONESIA Lestaluhu, Faisal; Paskarini, Indriati
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (450.383 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.38-46

Abstract

Fire extinguisher is one of active protection that effectively used to extinguish at the incipient of the fire. Installation of fire extinguisher were urgently needed to support a company’s efforts to control fire. The purpose of this study was to learn about appropriate the installation of fire extinguisher in PT. E-T-A Indonesia with Peraturan Menteri Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi No. PER.04/MEN/1980. This study was a descriptive research. The primary data obtained by interviews, observation and measurements in the field. Data collected were analyzed descriptively using narration and tabulation. In addition, secondary data were also obtained from documents at PT. E-T-A Indonesia. The research result was the company did not have a spesific policy but the installation of fire extinguisher had been applicated. PT. E-T-A Indonesia had 36 pieces of fire extinguisher with 23 dry chemical powder type and 13 carbon dioxide (CO2) type, which has capacity 3–6 kgs. Implementation of the fire extinguisher insatallation was not accordance with requirements in terms by the distance of each fire extinguisher, fire extinguisher mounting height, and sign to declare fire extinguisher. Based on the research result, it was recommended that the company to make specific policy about the installation of the fire extinguisher. Therefore, the implementation of installation of the fire extinguisher at PT. E-T-A Indonesia more appropriate with Peraturan Menteri Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi No. PER.04/MEN/1980.Keywords: installation, fire, fire extinguisher

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