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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
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Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 13 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH" : 13 Documents clear
Relationship between Work Climate and Physical Workload with Work-Related Fatigue Mustofani, Mustofani; Dwiyanti, Endang
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (506.98 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.150-157

Abstract

Introduction: Work-related fatigue is a common problem in the workplace that must be solved because it has an impact on the occurrence of workplace accidents, reduces productivity and affects workers’ health. A survey conducted by the National Safety Council on 2010 workers in 2017 stated that 69% of them experienced work-related fatigue and 13% of them could be attributed to workplace accidents. Other studies conducted by O'Neill and Panuwatwanich in 2013 stated the loss that could arise due to work-related fatigue is averaged around $ 1,000/week. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between work climate and physical workload with work-related fatigue on workers in the 5th warehouse of fabrication area of Bangun Sarana Baja Company. Metods: This study is an observational analytic with a cross-sectional approach with 30 respondents who were randomly selected using the simple random sampling method. Measurements of the work climate used heat stress apparatus by calculating the Wet Bulb Globe Temperature, and measurement of physical workload is carried out by observations referring to Indonesian national standard No. 7269 in 2009. Meanwhile, work-related fatigue is measured objectively by using reaction timer. Results: This study indicates the average work climate is exceeding TLV (28.4° C), and the majority of workers got a moderate physical workload (53.3%) and experience mild work-related fatigue (50%). Conclusion: There was no relation between work climate and work-related fatigue (p-value = 0.192) and there was a significant relationship between physical workload and work-related fatigue (p-value = 0.028, r = 0.400). Keywords: physcal workload, work climate, work-related fatigue
Work Fatigue based on Workload and Calories Intake in Several Food Makers Mulia, Shinta Arta
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (505.623 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.158-167

Abstract

Introduction: Fatigue is believed as a common problem that is often encountered by workers including food makers in home industry. Fatigue is caused by various factors such as nutritional status, calories intake and workload. This study is intended to identify the correlation between caloric intake, and workload with fatigue on workers who work at home industry of sumpia, bidaran and tempe in Surabaya. Metods: This study was an observational study with cross sectional design. The samples of this study were all workers in Sinar Kencana Rangkah Home Industry, Sinar Kencana Lebak Jaya Home Industry and Bu Slamet Home Industry in Surabaya. Data were collected by measuring food recall 24 hours, measuring workload, and using questioner of fatigue. Data were presented on the table then were analyzed using Spearman Correlation Test. Results: The result showed that there were correlations between caloric intake (correlation coefficient: 0,530), and workload (correlation coefficient: 0.939) with work fatigue. Conclusion: The lesser the calories intake of the workers, the more severe the work fatigue experienced. The heavier the workload given to the workers, the more severe the work fatigue underwent by the workers. Keywords: caloric intake, food maker, home industry, workload, work fatigue
Internal Factors Related to Pulmonary Function Status of Workers at UD X Bastian, Moh.
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (829.687 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.215-223

Abstract

Introduction: The processing of marble stone produces air pollution in the form of dust. Dust emission is generated from cutting, scraping, and polishing processes. The type of dust emission is Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM2.5). The dust level and exposure period can cause lung problems and respiratory complaints. The study aims to determine the factors related to the pulmonary function’s status of workers at UD X, Campurdarat Sub-district, Tulungagung District. Metods: This research used cross-sectional research design and quantitative approach. The sample of this study was 32 people consisting of 26 workers exposed to dust and 7 workers unexposed to dust. The independent variables include were gender, age, working period, education level, smoking habit, and use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Results: In general, the pulmonary function of workers at UD X was quite good. Conlusion: The smoking habit and the use of PPE had a relationship with the pulmonary function of workers at UD X, Campurdarat Sub-district, Tulungagung District. Keywords: internal factor of worker, pulmonary function, workers
The Influence of Noise Intensity and Age to the Employees’ Blood Pressure at Heavy-Duty Shop and EHS Department Megananda, Achmad Fachrul; Suwandi, Tjipto
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1309.961 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.168-177

Abstract

Introduction: Noise is an unwanted sound heard by the hearers, which can trigger health problems if it continues to be exposed to a certain intensity. One of the health problems that can arise due to noise is the blood pressure increase. This study aims to analyze the influence of noise intensity and age to the blood pressure increase. Methods: This study was an observational study completed with cross-sectional design and analytics. The independent variables in this study were the noise intensity and age, while the dependent variable was the blood pressure. The sample collection of this study applied the total sampling method with 46 employees as respondents, i.e., 29 employees of the heavy-duty shop and 17 employees of the EHS Department in PT. Vale Indonesia. The data analysis was conducted by using the logistic regression statistical test with α-value of 0.05. Results: the noise intensity affected the increase of both systolic blood pressure (significance/p-value=0.00) and diastolic blood pressure (significance/p-value=0.01) with an odds ratio of the increase of systolic blood pressure (Exp (B) =9.75) and the increase of diastolic blood pressure (Exp (B)=5.76). Furthermore, the variable of age does not influence the increase of both systolic (significance/p-value=0.57) and diastolic (significance/p-value=0.41) blood pressures. Conclusion:  the rise of the blood pressure of the employees is affected by the noise intensity factor in the workplace. Keywords: noise intensity, age, blood pressure
The Correlation between Physical Workload and the Increase in Workers’ Pulse Rate Putri, Elsya Vira
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (585.28 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.206-214

Abstract

Introduction: The workload that exceeds individual work capacity will increase the pulse rate rapidly. The purpose of this research was to study the correlation between physical workload and the increase in workers’ pulse rate. Methods: This research utilized cross-sectional design by using the observational method with 23 workers from the BRF area of PT X Sidoarjo as respondents. This research was conducted by conducting the direct observation by calculating the workload received by the worker by using %CVL method and calculating the resting and working heart rates. Results: The result showed that all workers were male and had the productive age distribution of 60.9% in the age range of 25-50 years. Based on the calculation of workload, the majority of workers have the workload on the moderate %CVL category, amounting to 56.5%. Based on the measurement of the resting and working heart rates, it was found that all workers experienced the pulse rate increase. Based on the result of Pearson correlation statistical test, the result was p<0.05, which means that there was a significant correlation between the workload and the increase in the workers’ pulse rate. Moreover, the correlation coefficient was 0.911, that indicated a very strong and positive correlation. Conclusion: This research concludes that there is a strong and positive correlation between workload and the increase in the workers’ pulse rate. Keywords: %CVL, cardiovascular load, workload, pulse rate 
Relationship between Motivation, Knowledge, and Availability with the Use of Personal Protective Equipment Adiputro, Yogi
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (321.911 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.124-130

Abstract

Introduction: Clinical laboratories are a kind of workplace that must be designed in strict compliance with occupational health and safety standards to create a safe work environment. Fatal work accidents can inflict injuries caused by improper use of equipment, poisoning due to chemical substances in clinical laboratories, and transmission of dangerous diseases. Methods: This is an observational research with a cross sectional approach. The population of this study was 15 health analysts in the X Regional Clinical Laboratory of East Java. The research used total sampling method, carried out from July to September 2018. The dependent variable is the use of PPE and the independent variables are the lack of control and the basic causes. Data were analyzed using Chi square and Spearman correlation tests. Results: 53.3% of the employees of X Regional Clinical Laboratory of East Java use PPE accordingly. There is a strong relationship between knowledge and the use of PPE (r= 0.607). There is a strong correlation between the motivation and the use of PPE (r= 0.600). There is a strong relationship between the availability of PPE and the use of PPE (r = 0.756). Conclusion: There is a strong relationship between knowledge, motivation, and availability of PPE with the use of PPE.Keywords: knowledge, motivation, personal protective equipment
The Relationship between Mental Workload and Occupational Stress among Aircraft Maintenance Officers at PT X Sugiharto, Fauziah Mukti
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (344.586 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.233-239

Abstract

ABSTRACTIntroduction: Aircraft maintenance officer is one of the professions which is prone to work stress, because it requires abundant amount of knowledge and skills, as well as rapidity and accuracy in completing the task. Moreover, poor work environments such as noise, vibration, and extreme temperature also add to more workload and trigger occupational stress. This research aims to identify the relationship between mental workload and occupational stress on the aircraft maintenance officers at PT. X. Metods: This research was a descriptive observational research with cross-sectional design. The sample in this research was the total population of officers at PT. X, comprising 21 engineers and 20 mechanics. The total of 41 officers was used as the respondents in this research. The data of mental workload was collected using NASA-TLX method and Brief Job Stress Questionnaire was used to measure occupational stress among aircraft maintenance officers at PT. X. Results: The results of this study demonstrated that most officers had a heavy level of mental workload and experienced a moderate level of occupational stress. The Spearman-rho correlation test showed that there was a moderate relationship between mental workload and occupational stress (r = 0.306). Conclusion: It can be concluded that there was a relationship between mental workload and occupational stress among aircraft maintenance officers at PT. X. Keywords: aircraft maintenance officer, mental workload, occupational stress
Occupational Stress in Landing Platform Dock (LPD) Project Workers of PT. PAL Indonesia Radanny, Nunung Dwi; Hidayat, Sho’im
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.155 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.131-138

Abstract

Introduction: Occupational stress is a condition in which the body responds physiologically, psychologically, and also behaviorally towards stressor. It can have negative effect on the workers and the workplace. The objective of this research is to study occupational stress and factors related to it in workers at Landing Platform Dock (LPD) project, especially Merchant Ship Division of PT PAL Indonesia. Methods: this research is an observational descriptive research. The subjects of the research are all the 32 workers of the project. The variables are occupational stress, individual characteristic, and work environment. Data was analyzed to discover the correlation between variables using contingency coefficient and Spearman correlation. Results: of the total 32 workers, 21.8% suffer from mild stress, 68.8% suffer from moderate stress, and 9.4% suffer from severe stress. Statistical test results show that there is a moderate correlation between level of education (coefficient -0.446), workload (coefficient 0.533), and relationship at work (coefficient 0.494) toward occupational stress. Meanwhile, personality factor (coefficient 0.334) and marital status (coefficient 0.231) have a weak impact on occupational stress. Furthermore, age (coefficient 0.146) has an extremely weak impact on occupational stress. Conclusion: factors that highly contributes to occupational stress are education level, workload, and relationship at work. Other factors such as age, personality type, and marital status only have a small correlation with occupational stress in these workers.Keywords: individual characteristic, occupational stress, work environment
The Correlation between Age, Years of Service, and Working Postures and the Complaints of Musculoskeletal Disorders Putri, Buntari Asmaning
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (398.962 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.187-196

Abstract

ABSTRACTIntroduction: Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) is one of the health problems caused by the used equipment or performed activity while working. The workers in the packaging section of the iron and steel industry who do the packaging process manually are exposed to the risk of experiencing MSDs due to the working attitudes and non-ergonomic postures. This study aims to identify the correlation between ages, years of service, as well as working postures and the complaints of MSDs experienced by the workers of the packaging section of iron and steel industry in Sidoarjo. Methods: This study applied a cross-sectional design. The research population was all workers in the packaging section of an iron and steel industry in Sidoarjo, reaching 27 people. The research samples are the total population of the workers in the packaging section of an iron and steel industry in Sidoarjo. The risk assessment of MSDs was carried out by using the Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) method, while the risk complaints were measured by using the Nordic Body Map (NBM) questionnaire. The data were tested by using Chi-Square. Results: The results revealed that there were moderate correlations between the age and the MSDs complaints (phi coefficient=0.335), between the years of service and the MSDs complaints (phi coefficient=0.433), and between the working postures and MSDs complaints (phi coefficient=0.401). Conclusion: The moderate-level of correlation still affected the occurrence of MSDs complaints. Keywords: ages, years of service, working postures, musculoskeletal disorders complaints
Factors Related to the Standard Operating Procedure Compliance of the Workers at PT X Rahmawati, Firda
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 8, No 2 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (467.205 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v8i2.2019.197-205

Abstract

Introduction: Each company has its Standard Operational Procedure that is used as a standard for workers to work safely. SOPs are established and implemented to minimize the hazards of accidents in the workplace. As one of the largest automotive manufacturing companies in Indonesia, PT X also has the potential hazards of occupational accidents. The existence of accidents at the company is caused by unsafe behavior. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between individual characteristics, training, knowledge, as well as motivation and the SOP compliance at PT X. Methods: This research is observational research with the cross-sectional design. The samples of this research were 30 workers. The samples were taken by using the simple random sampling method. The data collection was obtained from the results of questionnaires, interviews, and observations, while the supporting data in the form of secondary data was taken from the related SOP. Results the variable of individual characteristics in the form of age and working period are not related to the behavior of SOP compliance. The variables of worker training, knowledge, and motivation are related to SOP compliance behavior tested with the statistical test showed the p-values of 0.008, 0.000, and 0.022. Conclusion: The individual characteristics of age and working period cannot describe the behavior of SOP compliance, while the individual characteristics of training, knowledge, and motivation can improve the SOP compliance. Keywords: motivation, SOP compliance, training

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