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SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian
Published by Universitas Udayana
ISSN : 14117177     EISSN : 26156628     DOI : -
SOCA merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang diterbitkan berkala di bidang social-ekonomi pertanian dan agribisnis, diterbitkan dua kali setahun (Januari-Juni & Juli-Desember). Jurnal SOCA merupakan media untuk penyebarluasan hasil penelitian bagi dosen, peneliti, praktisi maupun masyarakat umum yang yang konsen terhadap pembangunan pertanian di Indonesia. Jurnal SOCA dikhususkan untuk menampung hasil penelitian, kajian pustaka/teoritis, kajian metodologis, gagasan original yang kritis, ulasan masalah penting/isu pembangunan pertanian yang hangat dan ulasan suatu hasil seminar.
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Articles 434 Documents
ANALISIS SISTEM PEMASARAN GABAH/BERAS (Studi Kasus Petani Padi di Sumatra Utara) SUPRIATNA, ADE
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 5, No. 1 Februari 2005
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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This study was conducted in 2002 and took place in North Sumatra.Districts of Asahan and Simalungun were chosen as area samples. The objectives ofstudy were (i) to describe the channel of rice marketing, (ii) to analyze thecomponents of cost and marketing margin in each agent of marketing link, and (iii) toidentify the characteristics and problems in each agent of marketing link. The methodof Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) was used in this study using Snow Ball Pointwhere the farmers were placed as a start point. Primary data were collected from 50farmers, 20 traders, 4 village rice mills, and 10 rice consumers. Secondary data werecollected from Agriculture office, Institutions for Agricultural Research, and others.The results informed that, in North Sumatra there were found two channels of ricemarketing. First, farmers sell direct unhulled rice to collecting merchant thencollecting merchant sells them to large merchant (kilang). In kilang, unhulled rice isprocessed to become hulled rice then sold them to wholesalers and retailer to be soldto consumers. Second, farmers sell unhulled rice to local rice mill. In rice mill,unhulled rice is processed to become hulled rice then sold them to retailer to be soldto consumers. In the first channel, the most marketing margin happened at kilangequal to Rp.216,- with net benefit margin of Rp. 89,-/kg. In the secondary channel themost marketing margin and net benefit margin happened at the village rice mill equalto Rp.210,- and Rp.85,-/kg respectively. Some problems in agents of rice marketingwere found especially at the levels of the farmer as rice producer, the collectingmerchant, and the local rice mill.
STRATEGI PEMASARAN TERUMBU KARANG BUDIDAYA PADA CV BALI AQUARIUM, BADUNG, PROPINSI BALI SURYAWARDANI, IGA OKA; PATNI, PUTU KIRANA; USTRIYANA, I NYOMAN GEDE
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 7, No. 1 February 2007
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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ABSTRACT The objectives of this research are to understand the marketing strategy undertaken by CV. Bali Aquarium, and to develop alternative marketing strategy that can be implemented by CV. Bali Aquarium. CV. Bali Aquarium undertakes an export business of coral. The coral production is undertaken by coral propagation technology that is located far away from the original coral habitat. The results indicate that CV. Bali Aquarium has developed marketing strategy of segmentation, targeting, positioning, differentiation, marketing mix (product, price, and place), selling, service and process. However, brand image and promotion have not been developed yet. Alternative marketing strategy that needs to be developed and implemented by CV. Bali Aquarium is brand image and promotion. This proposed marketing strategy should take advantage of the coral propagation technology used by the company in its coral transplantation production. This technology is considered to be safe to the environment and sustainable; therefore it will strengthen its position to the customer’s mind. Keywords: Positioning, Differentiation, Brand Image, Propagation Technology. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui strategi pemasaran yang dikembangkan oleh CV. Bali Aquarium, dan untuk mengembangkan alternatif strategi yang bisa diterapkan oleh CV. Bali Aquarium. CV. Bali Aquarium merupakan perusahaan yang mengekspor terumbu karang. Produksi terumb karang dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik propagasi di lokasi penangkaran yang juah dari habitat asli terumbu karang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa CV. Bali Aquarium telah mengembangkan strategi segmentation, targeting, positioning, differentiation, marketing mix (product, price, place), selling, service and process. Namun, brand image dan promosi belum dikembangkan oleh CV. Bali Aquarium. Alternatif strategi yang bisa dikembangkan oleh CV. Bali Aquarium adalah memperkokoh brand image perusahaan dengan memanfaatkan keunggulan teknik propagasi dalam menjaga kelestarian terumbu karang dan keberlanjutan lingkungan. Keunggulan teknik propagasi ini juga dapat dimanfaatkan dalam kegatan promosi sehingga positioning CV. Bali Aquarium semakin kuat di benak kosumen. Keywords: Posisi, Differensiasi, Brand Image, Teknologi Perbanyakan.
DAMPAK PAJAK EKSPOR CPO TERHADAP BEBERAPA ASPEK INDUSTRI CPO INDONESIA: SIMULASI MODEL EKONOMETRIK (IMPACTS OF CPO-EXPORT TAX ON SEVERAL ASPECTS OF INDONESIAN CPO INDUSTRY: SIMULATION OF ECONOMETRIC MODEL) SUSILA, WAYAN R.; SETIAWAN, IDM. DARMA
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 1, No. 2 Juli 2001
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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To control domestic supply and price of crude palm oil (CPO) and cooking oil, thegovernment of Indonesia has imposed CPO-export tax since August 1994. As the CPO industry playsan important role in Indonesian economy, the imposition of the tax has perceived to have substantialimpacts on various aspects of the industry, such as on investment, production, trade, farm income, andwelfare distribution. In line of this issue, the main objective of this study is to assess these impactsusing an econometric model of the industry.The results of the study reveal that this export tax policy has inhibited the growth rate ofinvestment, production, export, and farm income. On the other hand, this policy has been an effectiveinstrument to control domestic CPO and cocking oil price. Moreover, this policy has caused asubstantial welfare transfer from producers to consumers and the government. To compromise theseconflicting impacts, an alternative CPO tax formula is also proposed within this paper.
PERAN BALAI PENGELOLAAN HUTAN MANGROVE WILAYAH I BALI DALAM PENGOLAHAN HASIL HUTAN MANGROVE BERBASIS PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT LOKAL Ananda, Komang Dean; Suparyana, Pande Komang; Nada, Maftukhakh Hilmya
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 13 No 3 (2019): Vol. 13, No. 3, 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Mangrove degradation is increasing along the proliferation of purposely land conversion. The utilization of the products of mangrove forests are oriented to the timber. Processing of mangrove products that have economic value should be a form of mangrove conservation and sustainability. Balai Pengelolaan Hutan Mangrove (BPHM) Wilayah 1 Bali, has become a center to processing mangrove forest products, especially non-timber products in Mangrove Tahura Ngurah Rai, which empowers local communities with skill training to process mangrove products into the economic value products. This research was carried out at the Mangrove Tahura Ngurah Rai. The method used is by observing mangroves by random sampling which will then be harvested based on the characteristics of ready harvest and harvest time. Mangroves that have been harvested, among others Sonneratia caseolaris, Bruguiera gymnorrizha, and Xylocharpus granatum. Those mangrove products will be processed into products such as syrup, soap, dodol, flour, rice, and scrubs. The processing of non-timber products is done through empowering local communities. The utilization of mangroves is more focused on the non-timber of forest products by utilizing mangrove fruits and leaves, ecotourism utilization, and silvofishery. BPHM I. Bali has an important role in maintaining the sustainability of the Mangrove Tahura Ngurah Rai.
Prospek Pengembangan Komoditas Buah Naga (Hylocereus undatus) di Desa Bubuan, Kecamatan Seririt, Kabupaten Buleleng Anggreni, I Gusti Ayu Agung Lies; Dewi, Ratna Komala; Wirawan, I Nyoman Bagus
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 9, No. 2 Juli 2009
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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DINAMIKA PERBERASAN DI SULAWESI TENGGARA ABIDIN, ZAINAL; -, IDRIS; SYAM, AMIRUDDIN
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 5, No. 3 November 2005
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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The research aimed to know dynamics of rice related to rice system in South East Sulawesiwas done in September to Oktober 2004 in Kendari regency (Uepai, Amonggedo,Pondidaha and Abuki district). This research used survey methode involved 40 responden.The data used secundary data having the caracter of time series and primary data. Theresulth showed that wet paddy production was very fluctuantive. Their productivity wasrelated stable at 3,5 – 3,8 t/ha. Dry land paddy was wide enough used by farmer especialyin area that had poor paddy field, but wide area and its production had overtime trendwhile production increased. That productivity was still lower than national productivity of2,52 t/ha. Although main production more increase in the latest of 10 years, but thegovernment represented by Bulog still brought rice from out side South East Sulawesiespecially from South Sulawesi. Rice farming system was showed R/C > 1 value. Than,exchange value of benefict on cost, the use of cost was still dominated by labour. Thebenefict used for labour was 29 %. Rice farming system contributed around 75 % of totalhousehould income, besides that, farmer also obtained income from the other farmingsystem, livestock and off-farm.
ANALISIS PERILAKU PASAR PAKAN DAN DAGING AYAM RAS DI INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN MODEL EKONOMERIKA SIMULTAN (FEED AND CHICKEN MEAT MARKETS BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS IN INDONESIA: SIMULTANEOUS ECONOMETRIC MODEL APPROACH)) KARIYASA, KETUT; SINAGA, BONAR M.
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 7, No. 2 Juli 2007
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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ABSTRACT The aims of research on “Feed and Chicken Meat Markets Behavior Analysis in Indonesia” are to analyze: (1) domestic feed market behavior influence factors, (2) domestic and world markets of chicken meat behavior influence factors, and (3) responsive level each market to its influence factors. The simultaneous equation econometric model approach through the Two Stage Least Squares (2SLS) estimation method had been implemented in order to reach the objectives this research. The analysis results shown that feed production behavior is more responsive to changing the maize price than the price of feed itself, feed demand behavior is more responsive to changes in the chicken meat price than the price of feed itself, and feed price behavior is more influenced from supply side than demand side. Production and chicken meat are more influenced by its domestic price than other factors. In the long-run, the world price of chicken meat will be strongly influenced both from supply and demand sides, as well as it through import price has a stronger effect than the domestic market power to create the domestic chicken meat price . Keywords: Behavior, Mmarket, Feed, Chicken Meat, Elasticity, 2SLS, Indonesia ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian tentang “Analisis Perilaku Pasar Pakan dan Daging Ayam Ras di Indonesia” adalah menganalisis: (1) faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku pasar pakan domestik, (2) factor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku pasar daging ayam domestik dan dunia, dan (3) tingkat respon masing-masing pasar terhadap factor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Pendekatan model ekonometri persamaan simultan melalui metode estimasi Two Stateg Least Squares (2SLS) diterapkan untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa perilaku produksi pakan adalah lebih responsive terhadap perubahan dalam harga daging ayam dari pada harga pakannya, dan perilaku harga pakan adalah lebih banyak dipengaruhi dari sisi penawaran dari pada sisi permintaan. Produksi dan daging ayam adalah lebih besar dipengaruhi harga domestiknya dari pada faktor-faktor lainnya. Dalam jangka panjang, harga daging ayam dunia akan menjadi kuat dipengaruhi baik dari sisi penawaran dan permintaan, maupun melalui harga import memiliki pengaruh lebih kuat dari pada kekuatan pasar domestik untuk menciptakan harga daging ayam domestik . Kata kunci: Perilaku, Pasar, Pakan, Daging Ayam, Elastisitas, 2SLS, Indonesia
HUBUNGAN PENGUASAAN LAHAN DAN PENDAPATAN RUMAHTANGGA DI PEDESAAN (Kasus di Propinsi Jawa Tengah, Sumatera Barat dan Kalimantan Barat) -, SUPRIYATI; -, SAPTANA; SUPRIYATNA, YANA
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 3, No. 2 Juli 2003
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Historically correlation between landowner and land holding structure with householdincome structure in the rural area is linearity. Land owner or land holding structure inequalitymain factors to cause income structure inequality. In condition, there are the opportunityemploy and economic activity to open up, why is the correlation between landowner and landholding structure with the income structure? This paper objective to study: (1) Land owneror land holding structure in the rural area; (2) Household income structure in the rural area;and (3) The correlation between landowner and land holding structure with the householdincome structure in the rural area. Location on this study to focused in the three district inthree provincial exes. Klaten, central Java; Pasaman, West Sumatera; and Landak, WestKalimantan. The study to analyze by descriptive, gini index, and correlation analyze. Ingeneral, land owner and land holding size in Klaten, central Java less than West Sumatera andWest Kalimantan. Gini index analysis relatively to indicate high equality, except in Pasaman,West Sumatera. Inequality on land holding lower than landowner in all location. Totalincome in Klaten, Central Java to range Rp. 6,77 - 6,97 million/years; Pasaman, WestSumatera to range Rp. 7,30 – Rp. 8,10 million/years; and in Landak, West Kalimantan torange Rp. 5,90 – 6,65 million/years. Analyze gini index for household income to indicatehigh inequality income structure rural area in Klaten. On the other hand, rural area inPasaman, West Sumatera and Landak, West Kalimantan gini index result reflecting lowinequality. There are deferent factors by location to cause inequality of landowner or landholding and household income structure, in Klaten rural area caused by high proportionincome source from non-agriculture. On the other hand, in Pasaman and Landak rural areacaused by level of technology adoption and kind of commodity planting by farmers.Statistically, correlation between landowner and land holding structure with householdagriculture income is not significant. Correlation between total income with the landowner orland holding in Pasaman, West Java is significant, but in Klaten, Central Java and Landak,West Java is not significant.
AKTIVITAS DAN SUMBER PENDAPATAN PETANI MISKIN BERLAHAN SEMPIT DI DAERAH SAWAH TADAH HUJAN DATARAN RENDAH (Kasus: Dua Desa di Kabupaten Bojonegoro ) DARWIS, VALERIANA; NURMANAF, A. ROZANY
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 4, No. 3 November2004
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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There were several criteria that stick on a poor family, which are law educational level, thebiggest proportion of their income from the farming activity and the small farm landownership. Commonly the poor farm household in the study location owned a plot of rainfedand a plot of upland which avarage about 0.279 ha and 0.2 ha. The cropping patern on rainfedwas rice and secondary crops was tobacco. By existing planted area their minimal livingrequirement mostly couldn’t be fulfilled and needed other sources. Income from farmingactivity in the last year was 42.77 percent and the other 57.23 percent came from nonagricultural sector. Although allocated time was greater in farming activity, however theincome was lower than from non agricultural. To alleviate poverty mainly of those smallscale farmer, an increasing water resourse was required in order to increase land productivity.Besides, quidance of farming technology practices and support were require sector.
SOCA Vol. 14 No. 1 Januari 2020 SOCA, SOCA
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14 No 1 (2020): Vol. 14 No. 1, 2020
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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