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Sport and Fitness Journal
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Core Subject : Social,
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Articles 195 Documents
COMBINATION OF ISOTONIC LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA RHYTHMIC STABILIZATION DALAM MENURUNKAN DISABILITAS PENGRAJIN GENTENG PADA KONDISI NYERI PUNGGUNG BAWAH MIOGENIK DI DESA DARMASABA Andrini, Dewa Agung Gina; Adiputra, N.; -, Wahyuddin; Purnawati, Susy; Linawati, Ni Made; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (477.318 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p08

Abstract

Background: Myogenic low back pain is pain around of the lower back muscle or a disorder caused by abnormalities in the musculoskeletal system without neurological disorders.Combination of isotonic and rhythmic stabilization is PNF exercises that commonly used in the treatment of myogenic low back pain. Purpose : The purpose of this study prove that the combination of isotonic better than rhythmic stabilization to decrease disability in craftsman tile with myogenic low back pain in Darmasaba village. Methods: This study uses an experimental design with pre-test and post-test control group design. The experiment was conducted in Darmasaba village and subjects were 20 patients.Decreased disability was measured with the Modified Oswestry Disability Index (MODI) before and after training. Results: Statistical test results obtained, a decrease in MODI scores in the first treatment group showed that mean difference obtained 38.20±3.048 and for the second group obtained 31.80±4.050 with p=0.001.Conclusion: From these results it can be concluded that the combination of isotonic is better than rhythmic stabilization for decreased disability of tile craftsman with myogenic low back pain in Darmasaba village. Suggestion: For the next researcher can do follow up research to see long-term result of combination of isotonic and rhythmic stabilization for tile craftsman.
PELATIHAN MIRROR NEURON SYSTEM SAMA DENGAN PELATIHAN CONSTRAINT INDUCED MOVEMENT THERAPY DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN FUNGSIONAL ANGGOTA GERAK ATAS PASIEN STROKE meidian, Abdul chalik; Sutjana, Dewa Putu; Irfan, M.
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Stroke is an interruption of blood vasculature system in the brain that causes suddenly neurological dysfunction, resulted in clinically brain tissue damage in a relatively long time period, decreased physical mobility and functional ability impaired of upper limb. The purpose of this study is to know an increasing in upper limb functional ability among stroke patients after mirror neuron system exercise and constraint induced movement therapy exercise and to know the comparison of both exercise. This study uses an experimental research with pre-test and post-test control group design. Number of samples of the first group is 13 patients given mirror neuron system exercise for 30-60 minutes , while the second group 13 patients were given constraint induced movement therapy exercise for 30-60 minutes. The research was conducted in 2 month period time. Each patient is taught a variety of upper limb functional ability in accordance with the operational concept guidance and patients were asked to repeat the exercise independently at home as directed. Measuring test of upper limb functional ability is using the wolf motor function test instruments. The result is an increase the upper limb functional ability of 21.7% in the mirror neuron system exercise group and proved a significant difference (p<0.05) and an increase in the upper limb functional ability of 17.1% in the constraint induced movement therapy exercise group and proved a significant difference (p<0.05) while the difference of increasing of upper limb functional ability of the two groups showed no significant difference (p>0,05). It was concluded that the mirror neuron system exercise is similar with constraint induced movement therapy exercise in increasing the upper limb functional ability among stroke patients.
KEBUGARAN FISIK SISWA YANG MENGIKUTI KEGIATAN EKSTRAKURIKULER OLAHRAGA LEBIH BAIK DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN SISWA YANG HANYA MENGIKUTI MATA PELAJARAN PENJAS DI SMPN 02 MASBAGIK KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR TAHUN PELAJARAN 2016/2017 -, Makbullah; Muliarta, Made; Pinatih, Gde Ngurah Indraguna; Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made Indah; Ngurah, Ida Bagus; Purnawati, Susy
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.2, Mei 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.072 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i02.p08

Abstract

This research based on practice at junior high school, while physical education lesson we found that the physical fitness of the student are weak. Physical fitness is ability of someone to doing physical activity or make some move in periodic time without have a terrible tired and still have rest of power to dounexpected work.The aims of this research is to knowing the fitness of students who has following the physical education and extracurricular sport more better then the usual student. This research is observational analytic with cross sectional method. Location of this research in 02 masbagik junior high school and using 66 sample divided into 2 groups by random sampling, 33 are usual student, and 33 student that have an extracurricular lesson. Based on analyze of SPSS confirmed that the physical fitness of student that have an extracurricular was better than usual student by 1000 M distance of running test. The usual student got 7,2667±2,12584 minute with median 6,4300 (p = 0,001) while the extra student got 5,4297±1,19317 minute median 5,2300. Based on this research we can confirmed that the level of physical fitness of the student who have the extra lesson was better than the usual student who haven?t the extra lesson.
BREATHING EXERCISE SAMA BAIKNYA DALAM MENINGKATKAN KAPASITAS VITAL (KV) DAN VOLUME EKSPIRASI PAKSA DETIK PERTAMA (VEP1) PADA TENAGA SORTASI YANG MENGALAMI GANGGUAN PARU DI PABRIK TEH PT. CANDI LOKA JAMUS NGAWI Imania, Dika Rizki; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Indra Lesmana, Syahmirza
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.3, 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Impaired lung function is a disease caused by various reasons, such as viruses,bacteria, dustan do ther particles. It is exposure by dust tea every day of lab or sortingresult in decrease of lung function. This study aims to determine the role of breathingexercise in improving forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and vital capacity(VC). The research designs is experiment trueby the one grouppre-testandpost-testdesign, where taking sample from the population by random that ful fill the inclusionand exclusion criteria. There are 10 groups of people and getting treatment BreathingExercise. Frequency of exercise 3 times a week for 6 weeks. The subjects were all lab orssorting who had impaired lung that has been diagnosed by the measured procedurewith lung physiology measure ments were performed using aspirometer in the teafactory of PT. Candi Loka Jamus Ngawi. The significance analysis of Pairedt-test(paired) showed that giving breathing exercise increase the vital capasity (VC) andforced expiratory volume (FEV1) was significantly different (p <0.05). While differentteston VC and FEV1 after treatment with the Independentt-test (unpaired) show that thevalue of p =0.749. The results means that there isno an increase between the value offorced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and Vital Capacity (VC) after treatment.Thus it can be concluded, the giving of breathing exercises is as better as to increase thevalue offorced expiratory volumein 1 second (FEV1) and Vital Capacity (VC).
NECK SUPPORT PADA HEAD CONTROL EXERCISE LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN FUNGSIONAL BERJALAN ANAK CEREBRAL PASLY SPASTIK DIPLEGI DI YAYASAN PENDIDIKAN ANAK CACAT (YPAC) JAKARTA Sariaman, Agus Frandes; Suyasa, I Ketut; Irfan, Muhammad; Sundari, Luh Putu Ratna; Dinata, I Made Krisna; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Vol 8 No 1 (2020): Volume 8, No. 1, Januari 2020
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.095 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2020.v08.i01.p04

Abstract

Pendahuluan: Aktivitas motorik anak cerebral palsybiasanya mengalami keterlambatan activity daily livingyang dipengaruhi olehhead control, karena kepala berfungsi dalam melawan gravitasi dan sebagai inisiasi gerakan awal saat berjalan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan hipotesis bahwa penambahan neck support pada head control exercise lebih baik dalam peningkatan kemampuan fungsional berjalan anak CP spastic diplegic.             Materi & Metode: Penelitian merupakan studi eksperimental dengan rancangan pre test and post test control group design. Jumlah responden sebanyak 14 sampel yang dibagi menjadi 2 grup secara random, pada kelompok kontrol mendapat  head control exercise, pada kelompok perlakuan mendapatneck support dan head control exercise. Fungsional berjalan yang di teliti dengan diukur dengan GMFM, perlakuan diberikan selama 8 minggu.             Hasil Penelitian: Dari hasil penelitian terdapat peningkatan fungsional berjalan yang signifikan pada anak Kelompok kontrol yang mendapatkan intervensi head control exercise dengan nilai pre (17,31 ± 5,06) dan nilai post (18,30 ± 3,16) didapat nilai p=0,011. Terdapat peningkatan fungsional berjalan yang signifikan pada kelompok perlakuan yang mendapat intervensi neck supportdan head control exercise dengan nilai pre (15,53 ± 4,23) dan nilai post (24,59 ± 4,98) dengan didapat nilai p=0,001. Terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada  peningkatan fungsional berjalan pada Kelompok kontrol yang mendapatkan head control exercise dan pada Kelompok perlakuan yang mendapat neck support dan head control exercise dengan nilai Kelompok kontrol ( 18,30 ± 4,96 ) dan nilai pada Kelompok perlakuan (24,59 ± 4,98) dan didapat nilai p=0,036.             Simpulan: Penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa penambahan neck support pada head control exercise lebih baik dibandingkan hanya head control exercise dalam meningkatkan fungsional berjalan anak CPspastic diplegic.
PELATIHAN PLYOMETRIC DENGAN DEPTH JUMP MENINGKATKAN DAYA LEDAK OTOT TUNGKAI LEBIH BESAR DARIPADA PELATIHAN STANDING JUMP PADA PEMAIN BOLA VOLI PUTRA Pratama, I Gede Widyatmika; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Pinatih, Gde Ngurah Indraguna; Adiatmika, Putu Gede; Muliarta, Made; Griadhi, Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.286 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p07

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Volleyball is a popular sport that is competitive. In volleyball, the volleyball player must play the volleyball over the net. The physical factor that supports that ability is explosion power of legs muscles. One of the ways to increase the explosion power of legs muscles is plyometric exercise. The exercises that were given in this research were plyometric depth jump and standing jump exercises to increase the explosion power of legs muscles. Purpose: The objective of this exercise is to compare the effect of both exercises for increasing the explosion power of legs muscles. Method: This research used experimental method Pre Test and Post Test Group Design in six weeks and frequency of three times a week. The samples are 22 people who are divided into two groups through ordinal pairing technique. The first group was given plyometric depth jump exercise and the second group was given standing jump exercise. The measurement of the explosion power of legs muscles used jump MD that was measured before and after exercises in every groups. Next, the average result was compared with statistical test of t- paired test. Result: The average of the explosion power of legs muscles pre test of the first group was 39.73 ± 3.74 centimeters and the post test was 55.64 ± 4.03 centimeters are statistically significant (p<0.05). Otherwise, on the second group, the pre test was 39.73 ± 3.58 centimeters and the post test was 51.36 ± 3.85 centimeters are statistically significant (p<0.05). The increasing of the explosion power of legs muscles between both groups are significant (p<0.05). The percentage of increasing of plyometric depth jump was 40.05% and for the standing jump was 29.27%. Conclusion: Plyometric depth jump increased the explosion power of legs muscles is bigger than standing jump exercise for all students on the men?s volleyball extracurricular of SMK Triatma Jaya Badung.Keywords : Plyometric depth jump and standing jump exercises, the explosion power of legs muscles, volleyball.
PAKAIAN OLAHRAGA YANG ERGONOMIS UNTUK MENUNJANG PERFORMANCE DAN KESEHATAN YANG PRIMA Purnawati, Susy
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 4, No. 1, 2016
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Performance (penampilan) prima dalam berolahraga tidak hanya didukung olehpenguasaan ketrampilan teknis dan kesiapan fisik maupun mental, akan tetapi kesesuaian sportclothing juga merupakan faktor yang sangat penting peranannya. Kajian pustaka ini disusundengan tujuan untuk memberi tambahan pemahaman tentang aspek fisiologi kenyamanan tubuhdan performance saat berolahraga yang dipengaruhi oleh sport clothing dan desain sport clothingyang ergonomis. Saat ini, penelitian-penelitian tentang sport clothing yang dihubungkan denganperformance menjadi topik yang diminati. Melihat dukungan dari pesatnya teknologi chlotingmaterial oleh indudtri-industri tekstil terkemuka. Aspek ergonomics dari sport clothingmempertimbangkan kesesuaian pakaian terhadap antropometri pemakai, jenis aktivitas olahragayang dilakukan dan kondisi iklim. Selain itu juga mempertimbangkan jenis material dankualitasnya yang disesuaikan dengan pertimbangan ekonomi dan socio-cultural. Desain sportclothing, selain meminimalisir semaksimal mungkin hambatan kecepatan gerak tubuh hendaknyajuga menghindari pemakainya dari tekanan panas maupun kehilangan panas tubuh yangberlebihan, serta mampu melindungi tubuh dari kemungkinan cedera oleh faktor fisik maupunkimiawi. Penelitian-penelitian lebih lanjut masih sangat dibutuhkan agar isu-isu ergonomics ofsport slothing dapat semakin dipahami dan diaplikasikan oleh para praktisi keolahragaan diIndonesia.
PELATIHAN MENDRIBEL MEMBENTUK BINTANG MENINGKATKAN KELINCAHAN PADA SISWA SLTP DI KECAMATAN MENGWI BADUNG Dei, Agustinus; Sandi, I Nengah; Womsiwor, Daniel
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.088 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p17

Abstract

Background: The agility is very important for a football player to achieve the desired achievement. It requires training that supports the agility of the biomotoric component. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect and differentiation of the training of dribbling spheres to form stars with different doses of agility. Method: This study used pre-post group design, where the subjects of junior high school students on Mengwi Badung sub-district were 48 people divided into two groups then given different treatment. Group 1 was given a training on dribbling a star ball with a length of 25 meters as many as 10 reps 2 sets. Group 2 was given training on the same track as many as 5 reps 4 sets. Each group is trained 3 times per week for six weeks. The data obtained were analyzed using t-test formula at 5% significance level. Result: The value of t arithmetic in Groups 1 and Group 2 is greater than t table (respectively 11,679> 2,069 and 8,533> 2,069). The t value of the difference between Group 1 and Group 2 is smaller than t table (1.557 <2.013). Conclusion: It was concluded that there is an effect of the training of dribbling the ball on both groups against agility but no difference in effect Training dribble ball 10 reps 2 sets and 5 reps 4 sets against agility. Suggestion: It is advisable to provide varying training on both types of training to reduce the saturation in exercise.
PELATIHAN LARI SIRKUIT 2 X 10 MENIT DAN PELATIHAN LARI KONTINYU 2 X 10 MENIT DAPAT MENINGKATKAN VO2 MAX TAEKWONDOIN PUTRA KABUPATEN MANGGARAI - NTT Sesilia Noy, Regina; Pangkahila, Alex; Jawi, I Made
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.2, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

VO2 max is very important in everyday life, so as to facilitate any physicalactivity, specially for athletes in order to achieve maximum performance. In aneffort to increase VO2 max training should be carried out regularly, measured andplanned. This study aims to determine the increase in VO2 max through circuittraining run and run continuously. The sample is taekwondoin son Manggarai-NTTwith an average age of 15 years. This study is an experimental study with the studydesign used was Randomized Pre and Post Test Group desigen. With a totalsample of 7 people in each group. Samples were randomly selected. Treatmentgroup 1 (KP1) given training run circuit 2 x 10 minute and Treatment Group 2(KP2) are given continuous training run 2 x 10 minute. Training carried out for 6weeks with a frequency of four times a week starting at 17:00 to 18:00 pm locatedat Frans Sales Lega Airport Manggarai-NTT. The analysis showed an increase inVO2 max was significantly (p <0.05) against both groups fled. In both groups thecircuit run by Pulse Oxymeter and Norma Cooper an increase in VO2 max with p<0.05, as well as a continuous run either by Pulse Oxymeter and Norma Cooperwith an increase in VO2 max value of p <0.05. The results of this analysis meansthat either the training or circuit training run run continuously to improve VO2max. Based on a comparison of test data by an independent test after training inboth groups either by Pulse Oxymeter and Norma Cooper in get p values > 0.05, orthere is no significant difference. Based on these results it can be concluded thatthe run circuit training and continuous training run together can increase VO2 maxand there was no significant difference. The results of this study are expected toincrease the knowledge of coaches, teachers and taekwondoin to perform trainingon a regular basis and are also expected to do similar research that examines VO2max with different training.
PENAMBAHAN LATIHAN NEURAC TERHADAP RESISTANCE TUBE EXERCISE TIDAK LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KETEPATAN TENDANGAN PADA PEMAIN SEPAK BOLA Manik, James W H; Adiatmika, I Putu; Irfan, Muh.; Adiputra, Luh Made Indah Sri Handari; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha; Lesmana, S. Indra
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Background: One of the things that greatly affect the capability and performance of lower trunk and lower extremity is core stability. Core stability is the ability to control the position and movement of the trunk to pelvic used to produce, transfer and control the power and motion to with the final segment of the integrated activities. Method: The study was a randomized experimental design with pre- and post-test control group design. 34 students from SMU Olahraga Ragunan Jakarta students between 16-19 years old which is participating as sample on 6 weeks research on Mei-June 2016. The group was divided into two groups-first group doing tube resistance exercise and second group doing combination of tube resistance exercise and neurac training. Measurement instruments used were kicking the ball into the goal using the method of measurement by Finnoff. Measurements were taken before treatment and after treatment. Result: The mean accuracy of the first group before treatment 9.882 ± 2.11, after treatment 11.058 ± 1:51 after tested with paired samples t-test has increased significantly (p = 0.03). The mean accuracy kick second group before treatment 10,588±3,624, after treatment 12,470±3,184, after being tested with paired samples t-test experienced a significant improvement (p = 0.002). The mean difference in accuracy kick of first group (9.882 ± 2.11) compared with second group (11.058 ± 1:51) tested by Mann Whitney U test has no significant difference p = 0.495 (p?0.05). Conclusion: The conclusions of this research is Replenishment of Neurac Exercise to Resistance Tube Exercise Not Increasing Kicking Accuration on Soccer Player of SMUN Olahraga Ragunan Jakarta Student

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