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INDONESIA
JICSA
ISSN : 23021799     EISSN : 25497995     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
JICSA (Journal of Islamic Civilization in Southeast Asia) is an international journal published by Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar (Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar). The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to Islamic civilization in Southeast Asia, with special reference to cultures, politics, societies eco­no­mics, histories, and doctrines.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 108 Documents
Feminine Spiritual Hermeneutics In Easter Egg and Maulid Egg; A Comparative Elaboration Asri, Syamsul
JICSA Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v7i2.6833

Abstract

The main focus of this paper,comparative elaboration of Easter egg in Orthodox Christianity in Eastern Europe and Maulid egg in southern Sulawesi, become the strategic field of female engagement with their communality. The very crucial element in this brief comparison is the obvious feminine quality of both Maulid egg and Easter egg, thus both of this socio-religious practices conducted, exercised, examined by female subjects in its primer state. I construct the feminine role in Maulid egg and Easter egg through three centripetal stages in which feminine subject articulate its self-definition and self-positioning in socio-religious landscape; garden, kitchen, and public ritual occupying public sphere, all of which reflect the strategic and irreversible role and self-articulation by feminine subjects.
THE DISCOURSE OF WELFARE STATE, SOCIAL JUSTICE AND REALITY IN NEW ORDER POST, INDONESIA: PREMILINARY NOTES FROM THE RELATION BETWEEN STATE AND SOCIETY 2000-2009 Sahrasad, Herdi
JICSA Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v7i2.7287

Abstract

This paper discusses the discourse welfare state or social state as well as the social justice. The state is formed on motivating citizen consensus or social contracts that are associated with resolving problems that cannot be solved individually such as justice, welfare, law enforcement, eradicating corruption-collusion-cronyism, prosperity distribution, security and so forth.  Indonesia post New Order trying to find a solution to the political-economic crisis that hit and the intelligentsia here proposes various ideas and ideas to develop the country and nation in accordance with the aspirations and development of their society. In this case, the citizens' request or invitation to the state to be involved in solving problems and challenges that cannot be solved by the community is called the principle of subsidiarity. Of course, outside the needs of the community, "welfarel state or social state" is forbidden to interfere with citizens' affairs. In the era of neoliberal globalism, the manifestation of the principle of subsidiarity can be applied to protection and guarantees for the people and workers to have the right to decent living, not exploited by multi-national companies, protection and guarantee for farmers from the entry of foreign agricultural products, as well as protection and guarantees domestic in the trade sector in order to have competitiveness against foreign products.
ISLAM AND FEMINISM THEOLOGY Latif, Muhaemin
JICSA Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v7i2.7338

Abstract

This article examines the relationship between Islam and feminism theology. Both Islam and feminism are strongly important to be discussed in the field of Islamic discipline, especially the issue of women liberation. As can be seen in the classical theology, the issue of feminism is not the main concern among the Muslim Intelectuals. Some argue that Islam do not take into account the liberation of women, they even think that Islam assume women as the “second creature”. In addition, the creature as well as the perfection of women is extremely depend on the existence of men. This research aims at answering these assumptions. The research suggests that feminism are the foundations of Islamic teaching. Historically, the emergence of Islam in Arab peninsula illustrates the women liberation from the Arabic doctrine and tight tradition. This article believea that the positioning of women in line with men was influenced by the fallacies of interpretation toward Koran and prophet tradition. A number of quranic excegeses are genderly biased. So, this research proves that liberating women from dogmatic tradition is rethinking the products of interpretation either in the Koran or prophet tradition.
The Sufi Sheikhs and their Socio-cultural Roles in the Islamization of Bengal during the Mughal Period (1526-1858) Halim, Wahyuddin
JICSA Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v7i2.7045

Abstract

One of the most observable influences of Islam on the Indian-subcontinent, especially in today’s Bangladesh, is the spiritual and humane teaching of Sufism during the medieval period. Based primarily on a critical elaboration of Eaton’s The Rise of Islam in Bengal Frontier 1204-1760 (1993), this article attempts to describe the socio-cultural and religious role of the Sufi sheikhs in the conversion to Islam of the Bengali people during the period of Mughal Empire (1526-1858). The earliest Sufis attempted at Islamic conversion began in the very hostile environment maintained by the local Hindu or Buddhist rulers. However, these Sufis sheikhs or pirs were able to convert most of the local population to Islam by preaching about the great teachings of the new religion about love, brotherhood, and equality. Among other success factors in the Sufi mission in Islamic conversion of the Bengali during the period under discussion were their unconquerable dedication and exceptional piety as well as the common belief among the Bengali people that these pirs could perform incontestable miracles.
ESTABLISHMENT OF INDIVIDUAL CONSONANCE IN MAKASSAR MUSLIM COMMUNITIES ON CONDOMS THROUGH LOCAL FUNCTION INSTITUTION Badwi, Adam; Munadhir, Munadhir
JICSA Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v7i2.6791

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the factors that influence the occurrence of individual cognitive dissonance in the community towards condoms in the city of Makassar through a quantitative approach to analytical design. The location of the study was in Makassar City on the grounds that Makassar City had the largest HIV and AIDS cases in South Sulawesi, the level of condom use was still very low, the HIV / AIDS epidemic rate was very high in the last 3 years, especially in the pattern of HIV and AIDS transmission through sex heterosexual. The results found that religious norms, cultural values and experience of condom use have an influence on the occurrence of individual cognitive dissonance towards the condom and experience of condom use is the most dominant factor affecting the occurrence of individual cognitive dissonance in the condom.
SOCIAL CONTROL OF MISBEHAVIOR AMONG MUSLIM YOUTH IN BIMA DISTRICT, INDONESIA Adam, Arlin; Susanto, Irman; Zainuddin, Zainuddin
JICSA Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v7i2.6790

Abstract

The main objectives of this study is to find out the mechanisms of social control are less able to control the deviant behavior of adolescents. Another thing might to be considered is to find out social control over juvenile deviant behavior. This study employs a qualitative descriptive approach with data collection techniques through observation, interviews and documentation. The research suggest that the mechanism of social control carried out by the police, religious leaders, traditional leaders, educator figures, community leaders and parents in controlling adolescent deviant behavior was relatively low in the form of social control in the form of persuasive and repressive actions. In addition, there is no form of cooperation between the government, the police and the community in controlling juvenile deviant behavior. Social control carried out by the police, religious leaders, traditional leaders, educator figures, community leaders and parents on the deviant behavior of adolescents in Monta Subdistrict, Bima Regency starts from coaching, socialization and reprimand. The social control mechanism that we can apply in adolescent deviant behavior is the cooperation of the government and the community in controlling juvenile deviant behavior
THE PERCEPTION OF PALAKKA PEOPLE TOWARD VISITING PETTA BETTA’E GRAVE Ahmad, La Ode Ismail
JICSA Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v7i2.7111

Abstract

This article discusses the perception of Palakka people toward the existence of Petta Betta’e grave. Based on the research, the vast majority of Palakka people believe that spirit of Petta Betta’e still exist and may influence people’s life. This resulted in strongly appreciating and positioning the grave as the noble one among the others. This belief is truly inherited for a number of generations. This tradition illustrates that visiting this grave can further color people’s life before they die. This research aims at providing the people views of point about this historical tradition. This employs qualitative research as an alternative approach to interpret this phenomena. In gaining datas, the author conducts interview, observation and document collection. The research suggests that through strong education in terms of religious understanding, Palakka people will realize the importance of remembering the death people especially their heritage.
THE CONSTRUCTION OF MURTADHA MUTAHHARI’S THOUGHT REGARDING DIVINE WILL AND HUMAN’S WILLING Fathurrahman, Fathurrahman
JICSA : Journal of Islamic Civilization in Southeast Asian Vol 8, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v8i2.11770

Abstract

This article discusses the thoughts of Mutahhari Mutahhari about Divine Will and Human Will, Research Objectives, To know and understand how the construction of the Divine will and human will in the view of Mutahhari Murtadha. This type of research is a descriptive qualitative research. The approach used is a philosophical approach, but the philosophical approach used in this thesis is the Islamic philosophical approach (disposition). The data source is divided into two, namely primary data sourced from Motahhari's works and secondary data which are related to Motahhari's thoughts. Data processing and analysis techniques are done by using the process of arranging data sequences, organizing them in a pattern, category and basic description units, and the data analysis used in this study is qualitative analysis, this method is intended that the analysis departs from the data and leads to conclusions General research results show that there is a link between the Divine will and the human will, where both (Divine will and Human will) are not in conflict. The Divine Will in this case the Divine destiny does not confine man and destroys it even it is Divine destiny that makes man free and independent in choosing what he wants.
THE CONCEPT OF GASSĀN HAMDŪN ON HIS KITAB TAFSĪR MIN NASAMĀT AL-QUR’ĀN KALIMĀT WA BAYĀN Abdullah, Hadrawi
JICSA : Journal of Islamic Civilization in Southeast Asian Vol 8, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v8i2.12010

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to find out Gassan Hamdun's concept in the book of Interpretation of the Qur'an of the Qur'an Sentence, the interpretation techniques, the systematic writing and its characteristics, the advantages and disadvantages of the book. The results of this study show that Gassan Hamdun used the Ijmali method in interpreting the verses of the Qur'an which are interpretations based on bi al-ma'sur interpretive books as well as other major interpretive books, namely those of the interpretation books scholars and scholars acknowledge the depth of knowledge of the authors of such books, such as Tafsir Jalalain in interpreting the verse of the Qur'an, the Interpretation of Imam Nasafi in interpreting the Qur'anic verse, Al-Alusi's Interpretation in explaining the sentence in the Qur'an and sometimes also interpret the verses and take the appropriate hadiths and al-nuzul asbab a verse, take the interpretation of al-nuzul verses and asbab al-nuzul a verse in the Ibn Katsir interpretation, taking reference to the knowledge Shariah and its branches in the book "Al-Jami 'Li Ahkam al-Qur'an" by Imam Qurtubi, and to refer to art that can stir the soul and revive the heart in the book of interpretation "Fi Zilal al-Q meaning "the work of Sayyid Qutub. According to Gassan Hamdun the source of the interpretation of bi al-ma'sur is more accurate than the other sources, although he also makes the book of bi al-ra'yi al mahmud interpretations, which are interpretations that rely on ijtihad as a source of interpretation, such as al -Allusion. Gassan Hamdun features a book of interpretations in which each interpretation uses a specific formula and code. The formulas and code are the initials of the letter intended to make it easier for the reader to understand the interpretation of the text, as well as to save the writing in the book, resulting in a beautifully read book.
JEWS IN EUROPE AND THE BEGINNING OF ARAB-JEWISH CONFLICTS Megawati, Lydia; Hasaruddin, Hasaruddin
JICSA : Journal of Islamic Civilization in Southeast Asian Vol 8, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jicsa.v8i2.12007

Abstract

This article discusses the development of Judaism in European and the history of the Arab-Jewish conflict. Researchers in this case uses qualitative methods by collecting library data. The historical approach is an alternative research in tracing the traces of Jews in Europe and the beginning of the Arab-Jewish conflict. The author comes to the conclusion that a change of power, conquest, war has brought the Jewish nation to the pain of continuing suffering. Get discriminatory treatment to be the lowest class and intolerance treatment from the authorities who control the area where they settled. The unfair treatment they received from the authorities until 70 AD when the Jews under Roman rule broke out but ended in failure and caused damage to their own diei. The Temple of Solomon which was the center of their religious worship in Jerusalem was destroyed. These conditions caused the Jewish people to scatter to the outside world which became known as The Great Diaspora.

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