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Sport and Fitness Journal
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Volume 1, No.2, 2013" : 8 Documents clear
PEMBERIAN TEKNIK MULLIGAN DAN SOFT TISSUE MOBILIZATION LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA HANYA SOFT TISSUE MOBILIZATION DALAM MENINGKATKAN LINGKUP GERAK SENDI EKSTENSI, ROTASI, LATERAL FLEKSI CERVICAL PADA MECHANICAL NECK PAIN -, sudaryanto; Sutjana, Dewa Putu; Irfan, Muhammad
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Mechanical neck pain has the same high prevalence with low back pain, and commonly found in many of physiotherapy practice. Combination of Mulligan technique and Soft Tissue Mobilization are one of manual therapy technique highly effective and efficient to care the case of mechanical neck pain but still very rarely used by physiotherapist in fields of practice. This study aimed to know the effectiveness between Mulligan technique – Soft Tissue Mobilization and only Soft Tissue Mobilization to the increasing range of motion extension, rotation and side flexion cervical on the mechanical neck pain. The study design was a pre test – post test control group design using two group of samples are control groups that given intervention Soft Tissue Mobilization and treatment groups that given a combination of Mulligan technique and Soft Tissue Mobilization. Measuring instrument used for data collection was goniometer, that the goniometer was used to measure the range of motion extension, rotation and lateral flexion of the cervical either before the intervention and after the intervention. Sample of this study was 32 people who divided into 2 groups of samples were 16 people in the control group and 16 people in the treatment group. Samples in the control group had a mean age of 35,69 with male of 7 people (43,8%) and female of 9 people (56,2%) as well as limitations of the right direction were 12 people (75%) and left direction were 4 people (25%). Whereas in the treatment group had e mean age of 35,94 with male of 10 people (62,5%) and female of 6 people (37,5%) as well as limitations of the right direction were 11 people (62,5%) and left direction were 5 people (31,2%). The results of hypothesis testing using independent sampel t-test showed a significant difference between the mean post-intervention ROM extension, rotation, lateral flexion of the control groups and the mean post-intervention ROM extension, rotation, lateral flexion of the treatment groups, with value p < 0,05. It is suggests that the Mulligan technique and Soft Tissue Mobilization resulting increase range of motion extension, rotation, and side flexion of the cervical that significantly greater than only Soft Tissue Mobilization on the mechanical neck pain. Thus, it can be concluded that the Mulligan technique and Soft Tissue Mobilization better than only Soft Tissue Mobilization to the increasing range of motion extension, rotation, and side flexion cervical on the mechanical neck pain.
PELATIHAN PEREGANGAN STATIS LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KELENTUKAN DARI PADA PELATIHAN PEREGANGAN DINAMIS PADA SMA NEGERI KUPANG TIMUR Giyanto, Tri; Sutjana, I Dewa Putu; Maria Boleng, Lukas
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Human exercise aims to improve physical fitness. Physical fitness need to be trained and maintained by training the physical condition of the human element. One element is the physical condition of flexibility. Several factors affect the body's flexibility is muscle, tendon, ligament, and joint structure type, age, sex, body temperature and muscle temperature, body weight and height and genetics. Flexibility can be enhanced by using one of four methods namely method of dynamic stretching, static, passive and Neuromuccular Proprioceptive Facilitation (PNF). This study aims to determine the increase in torso flexibility using dynamic stretching and static stretching methods. The study design was a pretest - posttest control group design to high school students in Kupang district. Large sample of 28 people divided into 2 batches each group totaled 14 people. Each group was asked to perform stretching exercises the same type by using two different methods namely dynamic and static stretching methods. The results were tested by the Normality Test Shapiro Wilk Test showed that the value of p> 0.05 so that the two groups are stretching normal distribution. Homogeneity test with Test of homogeneity of variance showed that the value of p> 0.05, then Ho is accepted. So both the stretching group had the same variant or homogeneous. Increased flexibility test with Paired Sample T Test showed that the value of P <0,05. Means the average of the data flexibility after training in both groups significantly different or significantly. T-indpendent test showed p values??> 0.05, whereas after pepelatihan has a p-value <0.05. This shows the average increase flexibility before and after treatment in both groups was significantly different. The conclusion of this study that further enhance the training of static stretching on torso flexibility of dynamic stretching training in high school student Kupang. It is recommended to increase the flexibility of the coaches, PE teachers and sportsmen using static stretching exercises, or by combining both the stretch.
LATIHAN AEROBIK INTENSITAS SEDANG DENGAN DIET RENDAH KOLESTEROL LEBIH BAIK DALAM MEMPERBAIKI KOGNITIF DARIPADA INTENSITAS RINGAN PADA PENDERITA SINDROMA METABOLIK Ratmawati, Yuliana; Pangkahila, Alex; Lesmana, S. Indra
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors causing atherosclerosis. The presence of cholesterol mikroemboli carotid plaque is considered as one of the mechanisms that can interfere with cognitive. Aerobic exercise is one of the interventions that can improve cognitive function. The purpose of this study was to determine the aerobic exercise of moderate intensity with more cholesterol diet improve cognitive rather than light intensity in patients with metabolic syndrome. The experimental research method to design randomized control trial of pre and post test design. Sample of 26 patients with metabolic syndrome. samples were divided into two groups. The first group was given exercise intensity light with a low cholesterol diet (n = 13) while the second group was given moderate intensity exercise with low-cholesterol diet (n = 13).Characteristics of study subjects with age range of 45-55 years old, with a body mass index 23-29 range. Data before and after the treatment with a light intensity aerobic low cholesterol diet obtained p> 0.05 normally, while the data before and after the treatment of moderate-intensity aerobic with low cholesterol diet p <0.05 distribution is not normal. Different test groups before and after treatment with a mild intensity aerobic low cholesterol diet using paired sample t-test test showed 0,001 (p <0,05). Different test before and after the treatment of moderate-intensity aerobic with low cholesterol diet results obtained using the Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test 0,001 (p <0,05). Different test groups after the treatment of mild and moderate intensity aerobics with low cholesterol diet results obtained using the Mann-Whitney U 0,005 (p <0.05) there is a significant difference between treatment groups with a light aerobic low-cholesterol diet with moderate intensity aerobic treatment group with a low-cholesterol diet. The conclusion of this research is that the treatment group showed moderate aerobic intensity with a low cholesterol diet improve cognitive more than mild intensity aerobics with low-cholesterol diet.
KOMBINASI TEKNIK MULLIGAN DAN FASILITASI VASUS MEDIALIS OBLIQUUS LEBIH EFEKTIF MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS FUNGSIONAL DARIPADA APLIKASI KINESIO TAPING PADA SINDROMA NYERI SENDI PATELLOFEMORAL Yulianti, Atika; Tirtayasa, Ketut; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is complained of knee pain by young adults who are productive oftenly, syndrome characterized by pain that is felt around the kneecap, and aggravated the activity squat and stand, up and down stairs, and change the position of the knee after a long standstill ( stand up after sitting for a long time). This is due to the weakness of the thigh muscles especially vasus medialis obliquus. Reinforcement of weak muscle in particular strengthening of the vastus medialis  oblique an appropriate treatment to increase the functional activity of the syndrome. The study was a randomized experiment with pre and post-test group design. This study aimed to compare the combining of mulligan techniques and facilitate of vasus medialis obliquus with application of kinesio taping to increase the functional activity of the lower extremities. In this study, 11 respondents were given a combination of mulligan techniques and facilitation of vastus medialis oblique for 5 weeks with a frequency of exercise 3 times a week, and 11 respondents provided application of kinesio taping for 5 weeks with 3 days and replaced with a new taping. Each treatment was measured by the Lower Extremity Fungtional Scale before and after 5 weeks. Statistical analysis parametric paired sample t-test results is the influence of a combining of mulligan techniques and facilitate of vastus medialis oblique and application of kinesio taping to increase the functional activity of the lower extremities with p<0.05. Test of different with the independent sample t-test with a result there are significant difference between the combining of techniques mulligan and facilitation of vasus medialis obliquus with application of kinesio taping values with  p <0.05. Conclusions in this study that a combining of mulligan techniques and facilitation of vasus medialis obliquus, 3 times a week for 5 weeks effectively to increase the functional activity of the lower extremities of patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome compared to application of kinesio taping for 5 weeks with 3 days in a single use.
SENAM AEROBIC EXERCISER CHI MACHINE LEBIH EFEKTIF DARIPADA BERSEPEDA STATIS MENURUNKAN KADAR GULA DARAH PADA PASIEN DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE II DI PUSKESMAS MENGWI III Surasta, I Wayan; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Adiatmika, I Putu Gede
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic syndrome with hyperglycemic in characteristic. Exercise is one of intervention hopefully curing diabetes mellitus. The objective of the study was to analyze effect of aerobic exerciser chi- machine  and static bicycle   reducing of blood glucose level type 2 diabetes mellitus. Design   of study quasi eksperiment, pre test and post test control group design. Group 1 (10 samples) was provided   aerobic exercise chi-machine and group 2 (10 samples) static bicycle   15 minutes three time a week the duration of six weeks. Study  locati was at Mengwi III  Public Health Center, of Badung Regency with 20 samples was selected by using simple random sampling from the patient of diabetes mellitus type 2. Result of study is showed  aerobic exerciser chi-machine reduced the mean of blood glucose level of 124 mg%. Static bicycle  reduced mean of blood glucose level of 70.4 mg%. Conclusion of study aerobic exercise chi-machine more effective 17% than static bicycle exercise (p: 0,028) for reducing of blood glucose level type 2 diabetes mellitus.  
PELATIHAN PLIOMETRIK ALTERNATE LEG BOUND DAN DOUBLE LEG BOUND MENINGKATKAN DAYA LEDAK OTOT TUNGKAI PADA SISWA PUTRA KELAS VII SMP NEGERI 3 SUKAWATI TAHUN PELAJARAN 2012/2013 Tri Widhiyanti, Komang Ayu; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Pangkahila, Alex
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

This study was conducted to know the improvement the explosive power of leg muscle. It was done through 5 set 12 repetitions during 6 weeks in the field of SMP Negeri 3 Sukawati started from 4 p.m. until 6 p.m. There were 3 groups applied in this study such as group 1 (control group) that was instructed to kick a ball, group 2 (plyometric training of alternate leg bound), and group 3 (plyometric training of double leg bound). The sample was 14 male students who were in the seventh grade class of SMP Negeri 3 Sukawati in the academic year 2012/2013. The data was gained by doing the movement of alternate leg bound and double leg bound that each movement was done three times before and after the training. The hypothesis was examined by using independent t-test with the result 0.05 (p<0.05). Based on the different result of analysis test in each group, the gain score of the group 2 with the group 1 about 0,51 that shows the significant differences p = 0,00, the gain score of the group 2 with the group 3 about 0,31 that shows the significant differences p = 0,00, the gain score of the group 3 with the group 1 about 0,20 that shows the significant differences p = 0,00. Thus, alternate leg bound plyometric training is more effective than double leg bound. It is expected that the coach and the gym teacher to apply alternate leg bound plyometric training as an alternative to improve the explosive power of leg muscle.
KOMBINASI ULTRASOUND DAN TRAKSI BAHU KE ARAH KAUDAL TERBUKTI SAMA EFEKTIFNYA DENGAN KOMBINASI ULTRASOUND DAN LATIHAN CODMAN PENDULUM DALAM MENURUNKAN NYERI DAN MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN AKTIFITAS FUNGSIONALSENDI BAHU PADA PENDERITA SINDROMA IMPINGEMENT SUBAK Setiyawati, Dwi; Adiputra, Nyoman; Irfan, Muhammad
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Subacromial impingement syndrome is pain caused the emphasis of the supraspinatus muscle tendon between the acromion and the humeral tuberosity. Pain in subacromial impingement syndrome cause reduction of shoulder functional activity. Handling the problem of impingement syndrome, many modalities are heating, electrical stimulation, manual therapy and exercise therapy. This study aimed to compare result between the combination of ultrasound therapy and traction shoulder toward caudal (group 1) and combination of ultrasound therapy and Codman pendular exercise (group 2). The duration of treatment was given 3 times a week for 2 weeks long. Sampling of this research was 32 people each group of 16 people. This research was true experimental study using pre test and post test design with measurement SPADI (Shoulder Pain and Disability Index) Result of hypothesis testing using independent t-test is found p > 0.05 showed no significant differences between group 1 and group 2. Conclusions in this research that combining of ultrasound therapy and traction shoulder to caudal are proven equally effective with ultrasound therapy and codman pendular exercise to reduce pain and improve functional shoulder joint activity in patient with impingement subacromial syndrome. There for the further study it is recommended a multicentre study using three combination therapy (Ultrasound, traction and pendular exercise) for reducing pain and improving functional shoulder joint activity with impingement subacromial syndrome
SWISS BALL EXERCISE DAN KOREKSI POSTUR TDAK TERBUKTI LEBIH BAIK DALAM MEMPERKECIL DERAJAT SKOLIOSIS IDIOPHATIK DARIPADA KLAPP EXERCISE DAN KOREKSI POSTUR PADA ANAK USIA 11 – 13 TAHUN Sari, Suriani; Tirtayasa, Ketut; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Scoliosis is abnormalities in skeletal form of the curvature of the spine , where the spine bending occurs towards the left or right side or abnormalities spine in the form of C or S. Common Signs of scoliosis include different shoulder bone , protruding shoulder blades , spine curvature real , pelvic tilt, the difference between arm and body space. Degree of scoliosis can be known with adam forward Bending and inclinometer test. The purpose of this study was to determine effectivity of swiss ball exercise training and posture correction and training effectiveness Klapp and posture correction exercise in reducing the scoliosis degree in children aged 11-13 years . This type of research was experimental design with pre and post contol group . In this study , 15 respondents were given swiss ball exercise training and 15 respondents were given Klapp excercise training . Each posture correction treatment was given every activity . Exercises performed with 45-minute frequency of 3 times a week for 12 weeks of data in the form of pre test and post test . Obtained by decreasing the degree of scoliosis. The results of this study are in the treatment group swiss ball exercise training the degree of scoliosis occurs with mean difference value of p < 0.05 and showed a significant difference . While in the commission of exercise training occurs Klapp mean difference degrees of scoliosis with a value of p < 0.05 and showed a significant difference. The conclusion of this study is the combination of swiss ball exercises and posture correction equally effective in reducing the degree of scoliosis with Klapp combination of exercise and posture correction in children aged 11-13 years.

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