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Sport and Fitness Journal
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Volume 2, No.1, 2014" : 9 Documents clear
PELATIHAN MIRROR NEURON SYSTEM SAMA DENGAN PELATIHAN CONSTRAINT INDUCED MOVEMENT THERAPY DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN FUNGSIONAL ANGGOTA GERAK ATAS PASIEN STROKE meidian, Abdul chalik; Sutjana, Dewa Putu; Irfan, M.
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Stroke is an interruption of blood vasculature system in the brain that causes suddenly neurological dysfunction, resulted in clinically brain tissue damage in a relatively long time period, decreased physical mobility and functional ability impaired of upper limb. The purpose of this study is to know an increasing in upper limb functional ability among stroke patients after mirror neuron system exercise and constraint induced movement therapy exercise and to know the comparison of both exercise. This study uses an experimental research with pre-test and post-test control group design. Number of samples of the first group is 13 patients given mirror neuron system exercise for 30-60 minutes , while the second group 13 patients were given constraint induced movement therapy exercise for 30-60 minutes. The research was conducted in 2 month period time. Each patient is taught a variety of upper limb functional ability in accordance with the operational concept guidance and patients were asked to repeat the exercise independently at home as directed. Measuring test of upper limb functional ability is using the wolf motor function test instruments. The result is an increase the upper limb functional ability of 21.7% in the mirror neuron system exercise group and proved a significant difference (p<0.05) and an increase in the upper limb functional ability of 17.1% in the constraint induced movement therapy exercise group and proved a significant difference (p<0.05) while the difference of increasing of upper limb functional ability of the two groups showed no significant difference (p>0,05). It was concluded that the mirror neuron system exercise is similar with constraint induced movement therapy exercise in increasing the upper limb functional ability among stroke patients.
PELATIHAN CORE STABILITY DAN BALANCE BOARD EXERCISE LEBIH BAIK DALAM MENINGKATKAN KESEIMBANGAN DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN BALANCE BOARD EXERCISE PADA MAHASISWA USIA 18 – 24 TAHUN DENGAN KURANG AKTIVITAS FISIK Berbudi BL, Abdurahman; Adiputra, N.; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Sedentary Lifestyle has negative impact on health that would lead to overweight or obesity, where it will also lead to impaired balance and risk of falling even cause bodily injury, to improve the physical activity it should be improved, and also to improve the balance there are some exercises such as core stability and balance board. The purpose of this study was to analyze whether core stability exercises and balance board exercise in improving balance better than the balance board exercise on students aged 18-24 years with less physical activity. This research design using experimental research methods pre and post study design. Where the samples were obtained 28 in total obtained from the results of systematic random sampling. In the first group conducted joint exercises core stability and balance board (n = 14). The second group was only exercise balance board. Characteristics of the study subjects obtained a mean value of physical activity in the group of core stability exercises and balance board (314.68) Mets-minute/week, and the mean value of the balance before in group 1 (14.00 s) in the group balance board (286.4) Mets-minute/week. and the mean value of the balance before (11.56 s). data obtained from the above then tested using the Shapiro Wilk normality is found that the core stability and balance board p <0.05, the data are not normally distributed, the balance board group obtained a p value> 0.05 then the data were normally distributed. Different test groups before and after the core stability and balance board using the Wilcoxon signed rank test p value = 0.001 is obtained. p<0.05. Different test groups before and after the balance board by using paired sample test found p value = 0.0002 p<0.05 then get a meaningful result there are significant differences. Conclusions in this study showed that the treatment group core stability and balance board compared with the only balance board can increase the value of the balance standing stork test students with less physical activity.
PELATIHAN LARI SIRKUIT HALUAN KIRI LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA HALUAN KANAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KELINCAHAN PEMAIN SEPAK BOLA SISWA SMK X DENPASAR Womsiwor, Daniel; Sandi, I Nengah
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Agility is basic movement of physic or activity of human body required to be trained exclusively. Until today, all coaches not yet find excellent type and measurement of training to enhance agility of football player, so study is performed, tried two types and measurement of training, that are, running training with left and right side circuit system to enhance agility. Training is conducted in the morning at Stadium Ngurah Rai Denpasar start from 7.30 am until 9.30 am. Duration is 6 weeks by frequency three times a week. Sample are 24 people chosen randomly simple from student grade II SMK X Denpasar comply terms. Total sample each are 12 people, then each groups are given different training, i.e. group 1 is given running training with left side circuit system and group 2 is given running training with right side circuit system. Data for agility before and after treatment. Data obtained is tested with program SPSS, each with couple T-test to know enhancement result of running of each treatment group and T-test uncouple to know better treatment in increasing agility result. Meaning limit used is 0,05 (p<0,05). Statistic test is obtained meaning increase on running training with left side circuit system (p<0,05) and running training with right side circuit system (p<0,05). Different result of agility can not meaning different (p>0,05) and after training, there are meaning differences (p<0,05). This means that running training with left side circuit system is more giving effect to increase of agility result to football player. Therefore it is expected to all coaches and sport teacher train football in order to apply left side circuit system in giving training.
PELATIHAN SENAM AYO BANGKIT LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KEBUGARAN FISIK DITINJAU DARI DAYA TAHAN UMUM DARIPADA SENAM AYO BERSATU SERI 2 PADA MAHASISWI JURUSAN KEBIDANAN POLITEKNIK KESEHATAN DENPASAR Nuada, I Nyoman; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Pangkahila, J Alex
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Physical fitness is very important to facilitate a person perform daily activities without causing significant fatigue . In an effort to improve the physical fitness training needs to be implemented and measured regularly.The purpose of this study is to determine the improvement of physical fitness in terms of general endurance, the training Gymnastics Gymnastics Ayo Bangkit and Ayo Bersatu Series. The sample is students at Midwifery Department in Polytechnic of Health, Ministry of Health with an average age of 18 years . This study is a randomized experimental design with pretest - posttest control group design with a total sample of 11 people in each group . Samples were selected , respectively then each group was given training exercises . Treatment 1 (P1) given training and treatment of Gymnastics Ayo Bangkit  while treatment 2 (P2) was given training of Gymnastics Ayo Bersatu  Series 2 . Training conducted for 8 weeks with a frequency of 3 times a week starting at 17:00 to 18:00 pm located in the campus of Midwifery Department of Polytechnic of Health, Ministry of Health Denpasar. The results of computer-assisted analysis showed a significant decrease in the time of aerobic run 2.4 km at (p < 0.05) for both groups of gymnastics , and also an increase in the pulse rate at the end of exercise treatment in both groups . Ayo Bangkit Gymnastics group increased pulse rate by 11 % and the group of Ayo Bersatu  Gymnastics Series 2 by 6 % . Besides occurring differences training increased pulse rate significantly (p < 0.05) . Results of statistical analysis of differences in the time of aerobic run 2.4 miles in P1 and P2 is 42 % and the difference in pulse rate of P1 reaches training zone while P2 is not at the training zone . P1 does not get to the training zone .
PELATIHAN SENAM AYO BERGERAK, SENAM BUGAR INDONESIA LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KEBUGARAN FISIK DARIPADA SENAM AYO BERSATU PADA WANITA ANGGOTA KLUB SENAM LALA STUDIO DENPASAR Bawiling, Nancy Sylvia; Adiputra, Nyoman; Tirtayasa, Ketut
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

The patterns of women’s daily working, shift from dynamic to static state due to the influence of technology that makes the daily work more effectively and efficiently, which constantly lowering physical fitness. Aerobic exercise is a physical activity that can increase women’s physical fitness, these include Ayo Bergerak, Bugar Indonesia and Ayo Bersatu Gymnastic Exercise.This study was aimed to determine which gymnasticic exercise is more effective to improving physical fitness. This study is a randomized experimental design with Pre and Post Test Control Group Design on 30 women aged 30-40 years with a poor of physical fitness, divided into 3 groups randomly which Group I was given training of Ayo Bergerak Gymnastic Exercise, Group II with Bugar Indonesia Gymnastic Exercise and group III with Ayo Bersatu Gymnastic Exercise, 3 times perweeks during 10 weeks. The value of physical fitness was measured using the Kasch Step Test method, calculated the recovery heart rate (RHR) after step test, with assuming that the recovery heart rate decreased after training, which indicates increased physical fitness. The Shapiro - Wilk test and Levene test obtained p > 0.05, indicating the overall sample homogeneity qualify. Paired sample t-test and statistical ANOVA-test obtained p < 0.05 indicates that the three exercise are effectively improved physical fitness. And effectiveness test after training by using independent t- test showed Ayo Bergerak and Bugar Indonesia Gymnastic Exercise are the most highly improved physical fitness. For women who want to improve their physical fitness can choose both of the exercise.
METODE KONVENSIONAL, KINESIOTAPING, DAN MOTOR RELEARNING PROGRAMME BERBEDA EFEKTIVITAS DALAM MENINGKATKAN POLA JALAN PASIEN POST STROKE DI KLINIK ONTOSENO MALANG Sondang Irawan, Dimas; Adiputra, Nyoman; Irfan, Muhammad
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Stroke patient would have impaired activities of daily living. One-sided weakness of extremities, poor body control, and gait instability. Rehabilitation in stroke patient, effective and can improve the function of the impaired limb. Exercise can provide the functional activity of learning and apply the basic premise that the capacity of the brain is able to reorganize and adaptable so with targeted exercises it can be improved. This study aimed to compare the efficiacy of conventional methods, applications kinesiotaping, and MRP method in improving the gait pattern of stroke patients. The study has pre and post test with control group design using 3 groups. There are 10 people in each group. The first group was given conventional intervention methods, group II given Kinesiotaping application, and the third group was given the intervention using the MRP  with duration of exercise 3 times a week with a time of 60 minutes for 4 weeks. Data in the form of pre-test and post-test patterns of stroke patients analized by using Wisconsin Gait Scale. Samples were 30 divided into 3 groups. In the conventional group had a mean age of 62.3 years with a number of men 5 men and 5 women. At Kinesiotaping group had a mean age of 65.1 years with a number 6 men and 4 women. While the MRP group had a mean age of 62.6 years with a number 6 men and 4 women. Results of hypothesis testing using Anova showed a significant difference between the (average of the WGS scores after intevention of the three groups, with value of p<0,05. The comparison on each method showed that the Kinesiotaping application and MRP have significant difference, but the Kinesiotaping application showed no significally difference with MRP. The conclusions in this study that the conventional methods, Kinesiotaping application and MRP has different efficacy on improfing gait pattern of stroke patient.
PENGGUNAAN KINESIOTAPE SELAMA TIGA HARI TIDAK BERBEDA DENGAN PEREKAT PLASEBO DALAM MENGURANGI RESIKO CEDERA BERULANG DAN DERAJAT Q-ANGLE PADA PENDERITA PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN SYNDROME -, Abdurrasyid; Sutjana, Dewa Putu; Irfan, Muhammad
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Many athletes who suffer Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS), they using kinesiotape while playing or less than two weeks, this condition make a question of there are efficacy when used kinesiotape while playing and practicing. The purpose of this study to ensure the use of kinesiotape for three days did not differ with adhesive placebo in reducing the risk of repetitive injury and q-angle in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). The experimental research method to design randomized clinical trial design. Sample of 17 athletes who suffer from PFPS and time of observation for three days. Divided into two groups, kinesiotape groups (n = 9) as the treatment and placebo groups (n = 8) as a control. Measurement instruments used were Functional Movement Screening (FMS) and Q-angle. The results of this study, kinesiotape group able to reduce the risk of repetitive injury with p = 0.002 (p <0,05). Placebo group was also able to reduce the risk of repetitive injury p = 0.01 (p <0,05). Kinesiotape able to decrease q- angle with p = 0.004 (p <0,05). Placebo group was also able to reduce the q-angle with p = 0.008 (p <0,05). At different test measurements FMS using independent t-test p = 0.777 (p> 0.05), and a different test with q-angle measurements using the Mann-Whitney test p = 0.63 (p> 0,05). The conclusion that the use of kinesiotape and adhesives placebo can reduce the risk of recurrent injury and the degree of q-angle for three days. It is clear that using kinesiotape have the same effectiveness with placebo were not elastic adhesive while playing a game and practicing.
PELATIHAN FISIK SEIMBANG MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS STEM CELL ENDOGEN UNTUK ANTI PENUAAN Milas Siswanto, Ferbian; Pangkahila, Alex
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Human life expectancy increasing progressively declines with technological developments and poor lifestyle. The cause of death due to an unhealthy lifestyle among other physical activity that is not in accordance with scientific principles accelerates the aging process. The development of the science of Anti - Aging Medicine is expected to improve human welfare through increased life expectancy. Several attempts have been made, both in research and clinical reports, to find the factors of aging that can do prevention and control. These efforts are expected to be a reference to slow down the aging process and preventing the aging occur. One of the efforts that have been made in various countries is the use of stem cells. The utilization of stem cells is a breakthrough in the field of medicine to address degenerative diseases and slow down the aging process. The ability of proliferation, differentiation and self- renewal of stem cells can be used to replace the cells, tissues, and organs damaged by the aging process. The characters and the unique benefits of this increase the number of stem cell field research. One area of ??research that is related to the formation of the stem cell is physical exercise factor. The benefits of physical training on endogenous stem cells give new hope in the field of anti - aging medicine. Regular physical training in accordance with scientific principles (exercise physiology), is expected to prevent anti-aging through activation of endogenous stem cells in the body naturally.
KOMBINASI NEURO DEVELOPMENTAL TREATMENT DAN SENSORY INTEGRATION LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA HANYA NEURO DEVELOPMENTAL TREATMENT UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KESEIMBANGAN BERDIRI ANAK DOWN SYNDROME Dzil Ikrom Al Hazmi, Dhofirul Fadhil; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Irfan, Muhammad
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

One of health problem in child with special need is existed at birth (congenital), such as Down Syndrome. Child with down syndrome often get balance disturbance in stand which causes he cannot keep the body posture from the disturbance. This condition may causes the problem with his further motor development. There is neuro developmental treatment and sensory integration method in physiotherapy. The study aims to compare the combination of  neuro developmental treatment and sensory integration with neuro developmental treatment in child with down syndrome who get balance disturbance in stand. The study is an experimental research using randomized pre and post-test group design. The samples were 18 children with down syndrome which got balance disorder in stand. The study spent two months. There were two groups. The group one was treated using neuro developmental treatment and group two was used neuro developmental treatment and sensory integration. The Measuring instrument used  sixteen balance test which was included pre (0-session) and post (6-session) test for each subject. The descriptive data for both of groups are age: 2-4 years old children with down syndrome, sex: male and female, height: 70-85 cm and weight: 8-13 kg. The pre-test data of group one does not show normal distribution, but the post-test data shows normal distribution. Both of  pre-test and post-test data of  group two show normal distribution. According to compatibility test to both of groups, the hypothesis test used post-test data. The variable of sixteen balance test that used independent sample t-test both of groups which p value= 0,034. This study has two conclusions. First conclusion is got from the percentage of static sixteen balance test variable which  shows p value < 0,05. The value illustrates that the using the combination of neuro developmental treatment and sensory integration is better than just using neuro developmental treatment to improve  the balance of stand.

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