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Sport and Fitness Journal
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Volume 3, No.1, 2015" : 6 Documents clear
CORE STABILITY EXERCISE LEBIH BAIK MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS FUNGSIONAL DARI PADA WILLIAM’S FLEXION EXCERCISE PADA PASIEN NYERI PUNGGUNG BAWAH MIOGENIK Pramita, Indah; Pangkahila, Alex; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.1, 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Myogenic low back pain is pain around of the lower back mucle caused by disorder or abnormalities in the elements of muscles and tendons without neurological disorders. Myogenic low back pain may result in pain, muscle spasm and muscle imbalance, so that the stability of abdominal muscles and low back decreased, lumbar mobility is limited, resulting in a decrease in functional activity. The exercise was usually given in a hospital Short Wave Diathermy combined with William's Flexion Exercise (WFE). The existence of a new method of core stability exercise (CSE) is very important for patients with myogenic low back pain. CSE was function to activate the harmonious movement between the four core muscle groups. The activation of these four core muscles will given stability on the lower back. The purpose of this study to determine core stability exercise is better than William's Flexion Exercise increases the functional activity in patients with myogenic low back pain. This study uses a quasi experimental design with pre-test and post-test control group design. The experiment was conducted in a clinic in Denpasar. Subjects were 28 patients who fulfill the criteria were established of the researchers. The increasing of functional activity was measured with the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) before and after training. Subjects were divided into two groups, they are the treatment group was given SWD and CSE three times a week and a control group given SWD and WFE three times a week. The results of statistical test was obtained, occur of decreasing in ODI scores in the first group with p = 0.001 and in the second group with p = 0.001. It means that the first group and the second group alike can increase the functional activity significantly. From the comparative test data by t-test using the difference data in the two groups was obtained the value p=0.001, which means significantly. The difference mean value ODI in first group as 28,86% although the difference ODI in the second group as 15,41%.  From the results of the research can be concluded that the core stability exercises is more increase the functional activity than William's Flexion Exercise in patients with myogenic low back pain. The study is expected to be beneficial in patients with myogenic low back pain to improving functional activity.
POLA HIDUP TIDAK TERATUR DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK BERLEBIH MENURUNKAN KEMAMPUAN AKTIVITAS SEKSUAL Pangkahila, Erwin Adams; Milas Siswanto, Ferbian
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.1, 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

One important aspect that determines the quality of human life is sexual life. Therefore,  sexual activity to be one part in the assessment of the quality of human life. In everyday life, not infrequently encountered sexual problem in various communities, an estimated 322 million people both men and women experience sexual dysfunction worldwide. One of the factors that cause sexual dysfunction that is very important is lifestyle. Lifestyle that includes physical activity would interfere with organ function so that the body is not healthy and does not fit include decreased sexual fitness. Many studies have reported that the results of unhealthy lifestyle, especially diet and sleep patterns, can interfere with a person's sexual ability. In addition to lifestyle, excessive physical activity also decreases sexual function. But in contrast, a good control on lifestyle and physical activity will enhance the ability of sexual activity.
LATIHAN CLOSED KINETIC CHAIN LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA OPEN KINETIC CHAIN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN FUNGSIONAL PADA OSTEOARTHRITIS LUTUT SETELAH PEMBERIAN MICRO WAVE DIATHERMY (MWD) DAN TRANSCUTANEUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION (TENS) Susilawati, Indri; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Lesmana, S.Indra
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.1, 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Knee osteoarthritis is a disease caused by degenerative factors that mostly found in musculoskeletal and knee osteoarthritis has the most common cause to limited motion and body function. People with osteoarthritis usually complain of pain, stifftess and limitation of function. This study aimed to determine closed kinetic chain exercise was better than open kinetic chain to increase functional capability of knee osteoarthritis after giving treatment micro wave diathermy (MWD) and transcutaneus electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). The design of this research was true experimental pre-test and post-test with control group design, which the population was taken by purposively sampling. Division of the sample into two groups, group one consisted of 6 people. The first group was given MWD, TENS and Closed Kinetic Chain exercise and group two was given MWD, TENS and Open Kinetic Chain exercise. The frequency of exercise are 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Subjects were all patients with knee osteoarthritis who had been diagnosed through assesment procedures conducted in General Hospital of Mataram–Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. Analysis of significance with Paired t-test (paired) showed that in each group resulted in an increase in functional ability after treatment of knee osteoarthritis is significantly different (p<0.05). While a difference test in both groups after treatment using analysis test of Independent t-test (unpaired) showed that the value of t = 2.748 and p = 0.021. So thah there was an increase functional capabilities of knee osteoarthritis after treatment (p<0.05). In conclution the treatment conducted in group one which was MWD, TENS and Closed Kinetic Chain proved improvement of the functional capabilities of  knee osteoarthritis better than treatment conducted in group two, namely the MWD, TENS and Open Kinetic Chain.
PELATIHAN BERJALAN DI ATAS BALOK LURUS SEJAUH 8 METER 5 REPETISI 4 SET LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA 4 REPETISI 5 SET TERHADAP KESEIMBANGAN TUBUH MAHASISWA FAKULTAS PENDIDIKAN OLAHRAGA DAN KESEHATAN IKIP PGRI BALI Adi Santika, I G P Ngurah; Adiatmika, I P G.; Purnawati, Susy
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.1, 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

The Body Balance of students of the Faculty of Sport Education and Health PGRI Bali tend to decrease. This is supported by preliminary data from the body balance, that the students are in the norm level of balance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of walking training on a straight beam 8 m x 10 cm x 30 cm 4 sets of 5 reps increasing student body balance Faculty of Sport Education and Healt Students IKIP PGRI Bali and to investigate the training walk on a straight beam 8 m x 10 cm x 30 cm 4 sets of 5 reps improve body balance is bigger than 4 repetitions 5 sets of students of Faculty of Sport Educatoin and Healt Student IKIP PGRI Bali. This study used a pretest-posttest randomized control group design. A total of 22 students aged 18-23 years were selected as members of the sample were divided into 2 groups. Group I was given a training walk on a straight beam as far as 8 feet 5 repetitions 4 sets and a Group II are trained to walk on a straight block as far as 8 feets 4 repetitions 5 sets. Training was given 4 times a week for 6 weeks. Balancing is measured before and after training use stork balance test. T-test Paired is used to determine the balance mean difference in the balance of each group before and after treatment with a significance level of 0,05, t-independent test to determine the increasing of the body balance. The results showed an increase in of body balance of the group I and group II. The results of test paired in group I the first data is 20,02±2,52 seconds increased 40,10±3,80 seconds in group II the first data is 21,47±5,08 seconds increased 34,59±5,47 seconds by significance level of 0,05 is significantly different. Test Paired results indicate a difference of the intreasing of balance of the group I and group II. Independent test results in group I was 20,08 seconds 50,07% and in group II was 13,12 seconds 37,93%. Based on these results we can conclude that training walk on a straight block as far as 8 meters 5 repetitions 4 sets is more increase balancing walking on the straight block as far as 8 meters 4 repetitions 5 sets.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN GLUTATHIONE PRA LATIHAN SUBMAKSIMAL TERHADAP JUMLAH TROMBOSIT DAN MASA PERDARAHAN : STUDI EKSPERIMENTAL PADA HEWAN COBA Fajri, Hesty Rohmatul; Argarini, Raden; Effendi, Choesnan
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.1, 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Submaximal activity leads to oxidative stress that causes cellular damage, including platelet. Glutathione as a potential antioxidant has cellular protective effect. The purpose of this research was to analize the effect of glutathione pre submaximal exercise on platelet count and bleeding time. The study used separate post test only control group design with 28 male rats (Rattus norvegicus, Wistar strain) which were divided into four groups : P1(6) without intervention; P2(7), P3(8), and P4(7) with administration of placebo (aquabidest), glutathione 54 mg/kgBB, and glutathione 108 mg/kgBB intraperitoneally for each group that were given 5 times, continued with submaximal exercise (swimming with 4% of weight load). The result of ANOVA and LSD test showed that submaximal exercise had tendency to decrease platelet count (p=0,407; not significant) and prolonged bleeding time (p=0,017). Glutathione pre submaximal exercise had tendency to increase platelet count (p=0,407; not significant) and shortened bleeding time (p=0,017). Glutathione with a dose of 54 mg/kg had protective effect on platelet better than a dose of 108 mg/kg. In conclusion, the administration of glutathione pre submaximal exercise has protective effect on platelet in male rats (Rattus norvegicus).
PERBANDINGAN JUMP SHOOT DENGAN AWALAN DAN TANPA AWALAN TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KETEPATAN SHOOTING DALAM PERMAINAN BOLABASKET Agung Cahya Prananta, I Gusti Ngurah; Adiputra, N.; Adiatmika, I P G
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.1, 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

The effectiveness of  jump-shoot technique step jump shoot and still jump shoot in a game is still questionable,  because many different assumptions arise. One opinion stated that step jump shoot was more effective and the other stated that and still jump shoot was more efective. Therefore it is necessary to do research on the analysis of the results of step jump shoot and and still jump shoot to improve the accuracy of shooting in a basketball. The experimental research had been conducted on 20samples of people whowere selected randomly from the men's basketball club of the Faculty of Physical Educationand Health of Teacher Training Institute PGRI Bali. Samples were divided into two groups each  consisting of 10 people. Group I was given training step  jump shoot four sets of 10 reps  and Group II training still jump shoot four sets of 10 reps. The data before and after treatment were tested by SPSS computer program. The data were normally distributed and homogeneous so further tested using pairedt-test to compare the average values?? before and after training between each group, while the independent t-test was used to determine differences in mean values?? between the two groups. Paired t-test resulted the obtained data were significantly increased in both treatment groups p=0,001 in Group I and p=0,000 in Group II (p <0.05). Results of independent t-test found that both groups before training did not differ significantly p=0,926 (p>0.05) and after training both groups equally improve the accuracy of shooting because p=0,133 (p>0.05). It was concluded that botht raining improved the shooting accuracy and there was no difference between the effect of step jumps hoot and still jump shoot toward the shooting accuracy. It was suggested to improve the shooting accuracy in basketball used step jump shoot training and still jump shoot training four sets of 10 reps with a training frequency of 4 times a week for 6 weeks

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