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Sport and Fitness Journal
Published by Universitas Udayana
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PENAMBAHAN LATIHAN NEURAC TERHADAP RESISTANCE TUBE EXERCISE TIDAK LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KETEPATAN TENDANGAN PADA PEMAIN SEPAK BOLA Manik, James W H; Adiatmika, I Putu; Irfan, Muh.; Adiputra, Luh Made Indah Sri Handari; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha; Lesmana, S. Indra
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Background: One of the things that greatly affect the capability and performance of lower trunk and lower extremity is core stability. Core stability is the ability to control the position and movement of the trunk to pelvic used to produce, transfer and control the power and motion to with the final segment of the integrated activities. Method: The study was a randomized experimental design with pre- and post-test control group design. 34 students from SMU Olahraga Ragunan Jakarta students between 16-19 years old which is participating as sample on 6 weeks research on Mei-June 2016. The group was divided into two groups-first group doing tube resistance exercise and second group doing combination of tube resistance exercise and neurac training. Measurement instruments used were kicking the ball into the goal using the method of measurement by Finnoff. Measurements were taken before treatment and after treatment. Result: The mean accuracy of the first group before treatment 9.882 ± 2.11, after treatment 11.058 ± 1:51 after tested with paired samples t-test has increased significantly (p = 0.03). The mean accuracy kick second group before treatment 10,588±3,624, after treatment 12,470±3,184, after being tested with paired samples t-test experienced a significant improvement (p = 0.002). The mean difference in accuracy kick of first group (9.882 ± 2.11) compared with second group (11.058 ± 1:51) tested by Mann Whitney U test has no significant difference p = 0.495 (p?0.05). Conclusion: The conclusions of this research is Replenishment of Neurac Exercise to Resistance Tube Exercise Not Increasing Kicking Accuration on Soccer Player of SMUN Olahraga Ragunan Jakarta Student
PELATIHAN PLYOMETRIC BROAD JUMP LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN LOMPAT JAUH DARI PADA PELATIHAN PLYOMETRIC BOX JUMP Darma Yasa, S. P. Dedy; Tirtayasa, K.; Adiatmika, I P. Gede; Indah Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made; Muliarta, Made; Ngurah, Ida Bagus
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Long jump ability is part of athletic event, which was based on power ability. Meanwhile power was influenced by the type of training. Among some training types there are plyometric broad jump training and plyometric box jump training.The purpose of this research is to find out which one is more effective to increase the long jump ability between plyometric broad jump training and plyometric box jump training. Pretest – Posttest two group designs was used in this study. Samples of the study were taken from male students of Primary Secondary School or Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP) PGRI 2 Denpasar. Students were randomly divided into two groups (group 1 and group 2) each consist of 12 subjects proportionally. Group 1 was trained plyometric box jump and group 2 was trained plyometric broad jump respectively. The durationof training was 6 weeks and the frequency was three time a week. The test of long jump was carried out before and after 6 weeks training. These pre and post result of distance of long jump were compared each other. The result and statistical t-test analysis are as follows. Mean distance of long jump before training of group 1(344.25 cm) and group 2 (355.75 cm) was not significantly difference (p > 0.05). Meanwhile result after training of group 1 (mean 374.75 cm, increasing jump 30.50 cm) and group 2 (mean 397.33 cm, increasing jump 41.58 cm), were also significantly difference (p < 0.05). This study conclude that plyometric broad jump training more increasing the ability to long jump than plyometric box jump training among male students SMP PGRI 2 Denpasar. The value of mean difference was 11.08 cm. It is recommended to coaches and sport teachers can choose this broad jump training method to increase the ability of long jump of primary high school students.
PELATIHAN SHOOTING DENGAN SASARAN TETAP LEBIH EFEKTIF DARI PADA PELATIHAN SHOOTING SASARAN BERUBAH UNTUK KETEPATAN SHOOTING KE GAWANG PERMAINAN SEPAK BOLA M. Meti, Klaudius H.; Pangkahila, J Alex; Fufu, Oktovianus; Satriyasa, Bagus Komang; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Handari Adiputra, Luh Made Indah Sri
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Background: Football is part of the game that aims to put the ball into the opponent's goal. Reality on the ground observed during this time that many players do not have a good ability to do the shooting to the goal, so it needs to be a training program that aims to improve the accuracy of shooting at goal. Model training provided that training remains the target shooting and target shooting training changed. Objective: The purpose of this research, is to determine the shooting training with fixed targets and training target shooting with a change to the accuracy of shooting at goal. Method: The research is experimental with pre-test and post-test group design in Students of PJKR in PGRI University-Kupang, with a sample of 28 students, divided into two and each group is divided into 14 subjects. Group 1 was given training shooting targets fixed and group 2 was given training shooting target changes that conducted for 8 weeks with with frequency of three times in a week. Results of the research were analyzed using normality test with the Shapiro-Wilk Test and Test of Homogeneity with Leven's Test. Result: Paired t-test to determine the accuracy of shooting in mean difference in group 1 that using fixed target shooting with a mean pre-training =3.5±0.7 and the mean after training =6.7±1.0 with difference =3.2, and the percentage increase =91.42% (p<0.05). While in group 2 that using training target shooting with a mean change before training =3.3± 0.6 and the mean after training =4.6±0.6 to 1.3 and the percentage difference =39.39% increase (p<0.05). The results of the different effects goal shooting accuracy changes were tested by t-independent inter-group before and after training at the limit of significance ?=0.05. The mean change in the accuracy of shooting before training with a value of p>0.05, which means that the initial conditions are the same and after the training has a value of p<0.05. Conclusion: It can be concluded that, fixed target shooting and changed target shooting remain unchanged equally gives the effect of increased shooting accuracy (p<0.05). But the increase in group 1 that using fixed target shooting training is still better than in group 2 that using changed target shooting. Suggestion: It is advisable to use a fixed target shooting training in the process of training, the recruitment of players or athletes, because the effect is more effective.
PELATIHAN ZIG-ZAG RUN LEBIH EFEKTIF MENINGKATKAN KELINCAHAN MENGGIRING BOLA DARI PADA PELATIHAN SHUTLLE RUN DALAM PERMAINAN FUTSAL Wora, Dionisius; Adiatmika, I Putu; Fufu, Oktovianus; Adiputra, N.; Muliarta, Made; Griadhi, Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Background: Agility is a physical ability to change directions quickly without any balance disturbances. This capability is required in futsal. To achieve the agility, a continuous andISSN: 2302-688X Sport and Fitness JournalVolume 5, No.2, Juli 2017: 1-92systematic training is necessary. Objective: This study was conducted to compare the effect of zig-zag run training and shuttle run drill towards the dribble agility in the game of futsal. Method: Experimental research design with pretest-post test control group over the students in PJKR study program PGRI University Kupang was employed. The sample consisted of 28 persons and was divided into two groups comprising 14 persons in each group. Group 1 was given the zig-zag run training while group 2 was given the shutlle run drill and both kinds of training lasted for 8 weeks with a frequency of exercise three times per week (24 sessions). The measurement instrument used was the dribble agility using the method of measurement by Nurhasan 2008. The measurements were conducted before and after the treatment. Result: The average of the dribble agility in futsal was tested using Paired t-test and the effect of decrease of the agility to dribble with the Independent t- test. The average of dribble execution time in group 1 before training was 15.6 ± 0.7 seconds, and after training was 11.2 ± 0.6 seconds with a difference of 4.4 seconds with 28.4% (p <0.05) increase of the percentage, while in group 2 the average of dribble execution time before training was 15.7 ± 0.6 seconds, and after training was 12.9 ± 0.6 seconds with a difference of 2.8 seconds with the percentage of decrease was 17.9% (p <0.05). Both Zig zag run training and shuttle run training affected the increase of dribble agility, however the Zig zag run training had more significant effect. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the zig-zag run training is more effective in improving the dribble agility than the shuttle run training. Suggestion: Due to this, it is recommended that the zig-zag run training shall be adopted for the sports that need agility because the zig zag training has been proven effective to improve the agility, therefore the zig zag training may also be used to improve the performance of certain sports.
PERBEDAAN KEBUGARAN FISIK DAN ASPEK AFEKTIF SEBAGAI EFEK DARI PELATIHAN KIDS ATHLETICS DAN PERMAINAN TRADISIONAL MEGALA-GALA Seran, Yohanes; Adiputra, N.; Purnawati, Susy; Jawi, I Made; Muliarta, Made; Griadhi, Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Background: Lack of physical activity is often caused by a lack of motivation as well as children today are more interested in modern games or online games. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine differences in physical fitness and affective aspects as the effect of training kids athletics and traditional games Megala-gala on male students of SDN 14 Pemecutan Denpasar. Method: This research uses experimental design, Pre-Post test Control Group Design on 24 students aged 10-12 years. Were selected randomly and were divided into 2 groups. The first group was given training kids athltics and Group II was given the traditional game Megala-gala. Training is given three times a week for 6 weeks. Physical fitness was measured using a test run of 600 meters, while affective measured after training using a questionnaire. Ananlisis use significance level 0, 05. Result: The results of this study indicate that there are significant differences in physical fitness and affective aspects after intervention between groups with p = 0.00, but it also found significant differences in each group with a value of p = 0.00. Group I found a mean baseline of 3.24 ± 0.07 minutes increased to 2.38 ± 0.15 minutes (enchancement 26%) and in Group II preliminary data increased by 3.24 ± 0.11 minutes to 2.98 ± 0.11 minutes (enchancement 8%). On the affective aspects significant differences in; cooperation and responsibility with a value of p <0.05. Conclusion: It was concluded that training kids athletics further improve the physical fitness than the traditional game-Megala-gala but kids athletics training no more effect on the affective aspect than traditional game Megala-gala.
PEMBERIAN LATIHAN STABILISASI PADA TERAPI DASAR MICRO WAVE DIATHERMY LEBIH EFEKTIF UNTUK MENGURANGI NYERI DARIPADA WILLIAM FLEXION PADA TERAPI DASAR MICRO WAVE DIATHERMY PADA PASIEN SPONDYLOARTHROSIS LUMBAL Purba, Jhon Roby; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Lesmana, S. Indra; Muliarta, Made; Sutjana, I D P; Irfan, Muh.
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Background: Spondyloarthtrosis lumbal is a kind of low back pain which caused by degeneration of discus, facet joint on lumbal. This degeneration causes a pressure on foramen invertebralis that causes tissue inflammation or it also caused because the spasm muscle that will causes ischemic, and at last ischemic causes pain. To decrease pain in spondyloarthrosis lumbal patient, we can use Stabilization Exercise and william flexion exercise at basic therapy. Objective: The purpose of this research is to declare that giving the stabilization exercise on micro wave diathermy basic therapy more effective in decreasing pain than William flexion exercise on micro wave diathermy basic therapy in spondyloarhtrosis lumbal patient. Method: This research was a true experimental, randomized pre and post test two group design in March to April 2016. From 24 samples of 40-60 years old spondyloarthtrosis lumbal patient in RSUD Dr.H..Kumpulan Pane Tebing Tinggi based in the inclusion criteria, were divided to two groups and get randomly treatment. Group I with stabilization exercise after micro wave diathermy basic therapy and group II with William Flexion Exercise after micro wave diathermy basic therapy. Training conducted over six weeks, 3 times per week and 3 times repetition on each training section. Before and after 6 weeks training, all of the sample measured the pain score using Visual Analog scale. Result: The analysis result show that the decreasing pain score that happened on group I, the initial value 52,50 and final value 20,83 with difference value 31,67 and significantly difference (p <0,05) and decreasing pain score value on group II, the initial value 52,50 and the final value 29,17 with difference value 23,33 in significantly (p <0,05). It means on group I and group II got a significantly decreased of pain. Based on Mann Whitney Test, the average comparison of the decreasing pain after the treatment on both group significantly difference (p <0,05). Conclusion: The conclusion from this research is that stabilization on basic therapy micro wave diathermy is more effective to decrease pain than william flexion exercise on basic micro wave diathermy on spondyloarthrosis lumbal patient.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA POLA KONSUMSI DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK TERHADAP STATUS GIZI PADA LANSIA DI PANTI SOSIAL TRESNA WERDHA JARA MARA PATI BULELENG Ariyasa, I Gede; Sandi, I Nengah; Murna, I Made
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Background: Age of hope hudup Indonesian population is increasing. The increase is due to a balanced pattern of consumption and physical activity. Objective: This study aims to determine the effect of consumption patterns and physical activity on nutritional status in the elderly. Method: This research is an analytic study that describes the relationship between independent variables with dependent variables using linear regression analysis berbanda. The study was conducted on 64 elderly Social Home Tresna Werdha Jara Mara Pati Buleleng District, Bali. Begin by interviewing respondents, then asked respondents to fill out questionnaires. Further measurement of body mass index (BMI). Results: There was a partial and positive relationship between consumption pattern and nutritional status with r = 0,761 and p = 0.000. There was a partial and positive relationship between physical activity and nutritional status with r = 0.262 and p = 0.000. In addition, there was also a simultaneous relationship between consumption patterns and physical activity on nutritional status of 91.5% with a value of R = 0.958. Conclusion: Partial and simultaneous relationship exists between consumption patterns and physical activity on nutritional status. Suggestion: For that it is expected in the elderly to always maintain the pattern of consumption and physical activity regularly in order to improve nutritional status.
METODE HIGH INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING SELAMA 15 MENIT DAPAT MENINGKATKAN VO2MAX DAN KECEPATAN GERAK SISWA PESERTA EKSTRAKURIKULER BULUTANGKIS SMP PGRI 2 DENPASAR Wiswadewa, Yogie; Adiputra, N.; Satriyasa, Bagus Komang; Jawi, I Made; Adiatmika, I P G; Purnawati, Susy
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Background: Badminton is a game of small ball that requires a good cardiovascular endurance especially on single game. Ones training to improve cardiovascular endurance (VO2max) are high intensity interval training (HIIT), HIIT is able to overcome the problem of the lack of time if the athlete is given a cardio workout because basically the method of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) does not take a long time in one training session. Objective: This study aims to determine the effect of the High Intensity Interval Training methods to increase VO2max and Speed Movement. Method: This study is experimental research with the design of randomized pretest-posttest control group design, which is held in GOR Yowana Mandala Tembawu in April to May 2016. The sample was male student at SMP PGRI 2 Denpasar, who are Badminton extracurricular participants amounting to 24 students, in which divided into two groups. Both groups were given different training for 6 weeks with a frequency of exercise four times a week. Group 1 was given training jogging for 15 minutes and the group 2 was given HIIT training for 15 minutes. VO2max measured with Multistage Fitness Test (MFT) and the velocity will be measured by the 50 meter sprint tests. Result: The results showed the average test results in Group 1 before and after training VO2max values obtained respectively 34.13 ml/kg/min and 34.84 ml/kg/min and Speed Motion respectively 8.40 and 8.26 seconds seconds, while in Group 2 VO2max values obtained respectively 33.71 ml/kg/min and 40.12 ml/kg/min, while for each Motion Speed obtained 8.40 seconds and 7.41 seconds. Test results of different test with T-Independent inter group and intra-group T-Paired before and after training, Group 1 and Group 2 result p = 0.00 this indicates that p is less than 0.05 means that each training is different, significant and increasing. Conclusion: It can be concluded that High Intensity Interval Training Methods for 15 minutes improves VO2max and Speed Movement. HIIT training suggested a more intensified in the process of badminton training. Suggestions: Suggestions for further research in order to monitor physical activity, nutrition and sleep patterns of samples which will also affect the results.
PELATIHAN LONCAT TEGAK TANPA AWALAN LEBIH MENINGKATKAN DAYA LEDAK OTOT TUNGKAI DARIPADA PELATIHAN LOMPAT BERGANTIAN Huwae, Joppi; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Fufu, Oktovianus; Adiputra, N.; Satriyasa, Bagus Komang; Purnawati, Susy
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Background: Explosive power is the ability of a person to overcome the resistance with a high-speed contraction. This capability is necessary not only in the physical activities of sport but also in situations of physical activity events. Objective: To achieve the necessary exercise continuous and systematic training jump and jump straight without leading alternately (Plyometrik). Exercise jump and jump in essence aims to spur and stimulate repulsion leg so strong that generate maximum explosive power. This study was to compare the exercise group jump upright without proclitic and alternately jump to the explosive power of leg muscle. Method: The study was a randomized experiment design with pretest- posttest control group design of student PJKR PGRI University-Kupang, with a sample of 28 people, divided into two groups and each group totaled 14 people. Group-1 given vertical jump training without the first and second group of jump training alternating with 3 sets of 5 reps done during 8 weeks with a frequency of exercise three times per week.Muscle explosive power measurement with high stepping unprefixed. Measurements were performed before and after treatment. The results of the research in using the Shapiro-Wilk normality test and homogeneity test with Leven's Test. Result: Paired t-test to determine the differences mean an increase in leg muscle explosive power in group 1 jump straight with no proclitic (LTTA) with a mean pre-training = 41.4 ± 1.0 cm, and the mean after training = 64.1 ± 2.7 cm the difference = 22.7 cm and the percentage increase = 54.8% (p <0.05). Whereas in the group 2 alternately jump (LB) with a mean pre-training = 41.4 ± 0.80 cm, and mean after training = 49.8 ± 1.7 with difference = 8.4 cm and the percentage increase of 20.28% = (p<0.05). Effects comparison results Improve Limb Muscle Burst in the t-independent test between groups before and after training at the limit of significance ? = 0.05. The mean increase explosive power leg muscle before training with a value of p> 0.05, which means that the initial condition is the same training and after the training has a value of p <0.05. It can be concluded that the two groups together to give the effect of increased leg muscle explosive power with increased high-stepping (p <0.05). Conclusion: But the increase in group 1 vertical jump training without the proclitic (LTTA) better than in group 2 jump alternately by a margin percentage is greater then the increase of leg muscle explosive power is greater. Suggestion: Suggested that sports that require explosive power leg muscle in order to use the vertical jump training without the proclitic.
PELATIHAN MEMUKUL DENGAN BEBAN MENINGKATKAN KEKUATAN DAN KECEPATAN PUKULAN LURUS KIRI DAN KANAN DARI PADA PELATIHAN MENDORONG KATROL DENGAN BEBAN Loda, Imakulata Magi; Adiatmika, I Putu Gede; Fufu, Oktovianus; Jawi, I Made; Satriyasa, Bagus Komang; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Background: Straight punch or jab punch is one punch in boxing. Jab is a blow provocation done by hand in the front position to distract the opponent. Not infrequently blow jab could be ejected violently. Strength and speed jab is in need to knock out the opponent. Therefore we need the right training. Objective: Training hit by the load and drive pulley with weights aims to increase the strength and speed of the jab and stright punch blow. Method: Experimental research has been done with the design Randomized Pre-Post Test Control Group Design on Student SKO Flobamora Kupang. Total sample of 18 people, divided into two groups and each group of nine people. Group 1 was given training with weights and hit the second group training encourages pulley with weights. Research for six weeks with a frequency of exercise three times a week. speed is measured with a stopwatch, Strength was measured with a hand dynamometer before and after treatment, and the differences were statistically tested. Result: T independent test shows the speed and the strength among the groups before the training did not differ (24.44? 0.882 /5 seconds and power punches 36.44 ? 1,878 kg After training the average speed punch 24.44?0.882 blow before training 21,00± 1,118 blows / 5 seconds and average power punches 33.11 ? 1.900 blows / 5 seconds and average power punches 38.22 ± 1.202 kg. In Group 2 average speed of 33.56?1.590 kg. Average speed punch after training were 29.11 ? 1,364 blows / 5 seconds and average power punches ?Results of paired t-test showed the average speed of a punch in Group 1 before training 21.33±1,118 (p > 0.05) and after training was significantly different (p <0.05) test shows Training hit with loads more increase the strength and speed of the push pulley with weights. Conclusion: Training concluded hit with a load greatly increase the speed and strength of the left and right straight punches instead of pushing a pulley with weights together to give the effect of increased power and speed and a left straight punchright (p <0.05). An increase in one group is better than the training push pulley with weights on the strength and speed of the left and right straight punches. Suggestion: It is advisable to use a hitting training with weights in the training process in the recruitment of athletes, because it gives a better effect.

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