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Sport and Fitness Journal
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 17 Documents
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COMBINATION OF ISOTONIC LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA RHYTHMIC STABILIZATION DALAM MENURUNKAN DISABILITAS PENGRAJIN GENTENG PADA KONDISI NYERI PUNGGUNG BAWAH MIOGENIK DI DESA DARMASABA Andrini, Dewa Agung Gina; Adiputra, N.; -, Wahyuddin; Purnawati, Susy; Linawati, Ni Made; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (477.318 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p08

Abstract

Background: Myogenic low back pain is pain around of the lower back muscle or a disorder caused by abnormalities in the musculoskeletal system without neurological disorders.Combination of isotonic and rhythmic stabilization is PNF exercises that commonly used in the treatment of myogenic low back pain. Purpose : The purpose of this study prove that the combination of isotonic better than rhythmic stabilization to decrease disability in craftsman tile with myogenic low back pain in Darmasaba village. Methods: This study uses an experimental design with pre-test and post-test control group design. The experiment was conducted in Darmasaba village and subjects were 20 patients.Decreased disability was measured with the Modified Oswestry Disability Index (MODI) before and after training. Results: Statistical test results obtained, a decrease in MODI scores in the first treatment group showed that mean difference obtained 38.20±3.048 and for the second group obtained 31.80±4.050 with p=0.001.Conclusion: From these results it can be concluded that the combination of isotonic is better than rhythmic stabilization for decreased disability of tile craftsman with myogenic low back pain in Darmasaba village. Suggestion: For the next researcher can do follow up research to see long-term result of combination of isotonic and rhythmic stabilization for tile craftsman.
PELATIHAN MENDRIBEL MEMBENTUK BINTANG MENINGKATKAN KELINCAHAN PADA SISWA SLTP DI KECAMATAN MENGWI BADUNG Dei, Agustinus; Sandi, I Nengah; Womsiwor, Daniel
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.088 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p17

Abstract

Background: The agility is very important for a football player to achieve the desired achievement. It requires training that supports the agility of the biomotoric component. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect and differentiation of the training of dribbling spheres to form stars with different doses of agility. Method: This study used pre-post group design, where the subjects of junior high school students on Mengwi Badung sub-district were 48 people divided into two groups then given different treatment. Group 1 was given a training on dribbling a star ball with a length of 25 meters as many as 10 reps 2 sets. Group 2 was given training on the same track as many as 5 reps 4 sets. Each group is trained 3 times per week for six weeks. The data obtained were analyzed using t-test formula at 5% significance level. Result: The value of t arithmetic in Groups 1 and Group 2 is greater than t table (respectively 11,679> 2,069 and 8,533> 2,069). The t value of the difference between Group 1 and Group 2 is smaller than t table (1.557 <2.013). Conclusion: It was concluded that there is an effect of the training of dribbling the ball on both groups against agility but no difference in effect Training dribble ball 10 reps 2 sets and 5 reps 4 sets against agility. Suggestion: It is advisable to provide varying training on both types of training to reduce the saturation in exercise.
HATHA YOGA LEBIH EFEKTIF DALAM MENURUNKAN PERSENTASE LEMAK TUBUH DAN MENINGKATKAN FLEKSIBILITAS DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN SENAM AEROBIK LOW IMPACT PADA REMAJA PUTRI OVERWEIGHT DI DENPASAR Lestari, Ni Kadek Yuni; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Indah Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made; Purnawati, Susy; Adiatmika, Putu Gede; Dwi Primayanti, I Dewa Ayu Inten
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (579.913 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p01

Abstract

Overweight was one of the adolescent health problem in Indonesia. Aerobic exercise can reduce body fat, prevent overweight and increase flexibility. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of Hatha Yoga and low impact aerobic exercise to the percentage of body fat and flexibility of adolescent girl in Denpasar. Research used randomized pre-test and post-test design involved 26 subject. Group 1 treated hatha yoga and Group 2 treated low impact aerobic. This intervention was given for 6 weeks, frequency 3 times a week, for 45 minute in Sanggar Senam Studio 88 Denpasar. The result shown that hatha yoga reduced the percentage of body fat with mean decrease of 4.91% and low impact aerobic exercise with a mean decrease of 1.41%. Increasing of flexibility hatha yoga with a mean 12.58 cm and low impact aerobic exercise with a mean 8.54 cm. The result from different test used independent t test found that mean decreased for the percentage of body fat after intervention equal to 4.28% with value of p = 0.032 and mean increased flexibility by 5 cm with value of p = 0.035. That result shown that there is a significant difference of body fat percentage and flexibility after intervention during 6 weeks (p<0.05). Conclusion: hatha yoga more effective in reducing the percentage of body fat and increasing flexibility than low impact aerobic exercise of adolescent girl in Denpasar. It is suggested to individuals with overweight in order to do sports activities regularly and continuously. Hatha yoga as an alternative sport activities that can be used to reduce the percentage of body fat, increase flexibility and physical fitness.
INTERVENSI DUMBBELL LUNGES DAN CORE STABILITY EXERCISE LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA INTERVENSI ELASTIC BAND DAN CORE STABILITY EXERCISE TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KESEIMBANGAN DINAMIS PADA PEMAIN SKATEBOARD DENGAN KONDISI CHRONIC ANKLE INSTABILITY Alit Kamayoga, I Dewa Gede; Adiputra, Nyoman; Indra Lesmana, Syahmirza; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Ngurah, Ida Bagus; Imron, M. Ali
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (574.046 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p12

Abstract

Among skateboarders frequently faced with recurrent injury especially on ankle region. They seldom take attention to their injury and if the condition left untreated, it will turn into chronic ankle instability. This condition will disturb dynamic balance while playing skateboard. The purpose of this research is to find if dumbbell lunges intervention and core stability exercise are more effective than elastic band and core stability exercise for the improvement of dynamic balance. This experimental research using pre and post test two group design. Sample was taken with simple random sampling. Total of 24 samples were divided into 2 groups, each group contain 12 samples. Group I had dumbbell lunges intervention and core stability exercise while Group II had elastic band intervention and core stability exercise. The exercise was done 3 times per week for 6 weeks. Data was taken with measurement dynamic balance using modified bass test of dynamic balance before and after exercise to each group. The mean difference test increasement of dynamic balance with paired sample t-test results p value 0.001 (p<0.05) within treatment Group I and p value 0.001 (p<0.05) within treatment Group II. which mean there is significantly difference of increasing value dynamic balance before and after intervention within both group. Difference test before intervention in treatment Group I and Group II with independent t-test result p value 0.818 (p>0.05) in which there is no significant difference between groups before intervention. and difference test after intervention in treatment Group I and Group II with independent t-test shows significant difference with p value 0.001 (p<0.05). This study shows that dumbbell lunges intervention and core stability exercise result in better improvement of dynamic balance than elastic band intervention and core stability exercise among skateboarders.
PENAMBAHAN KINESIOTAPING PADA LATIHAN QUADRICEPS SETTING MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN FUNGSIONAL PENDERITA OSTEOARTHRITIS SENDI LUTUT Wibowo, Eko; Pangkahila, J. Alex; Lesmana, S. Indra; Sandi, Nengah; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (514.354 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p07

Abstract

Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is a chronic degenerative joint disease, with slowly progressive runs, where the structure of joints have a pathological changes. Characterized by imbalances of regeneration and degeneration that causes pain, impaired joint mobility or limited range of motion (LGS), stiffness, instability and muscles weakness arround the joint. The purpose of this study was to compare functional ability level in the additional kinesiotaping for quadriceps setting exercise in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee joint. This research uses experimental methode with pre-test and post-test group design. Number of samples of the first group 9 patients were given quadriceps setting exercise with a duration of 3 sets, 10 repetitions, three times a week for 3 weeks, in second group were 9 patients given kinesiotaping combine with quadriceps setting with 3-days used and 2-day intervals. The results showed : (1) there is an increase functional ability test results in the treatment group I. Related t-test results show mean ± SB pre test (28.18 ± 2.84) and the mean ± SB post test (31.41 ± 3.31) with p = 0.000 (p <0.05). (2) there is increased functional ability test results in the treatment group II. Results related t-test showed mean ± SB pre test (26.48 ± 3.74) and (31.30 ± 3.33) with p = 0.000 (p <0.05). (3) there are significant differences in test results koos in the treatment group I and group II treatment. Comparison test results show mean ± SB group I (3.22 ± 1.65) and the mean ± SB group II (4.82 ± 1.12) with p = 0.003 (p> 0.05). It was concluded that the addition kinesiotaping the quadriceps setting exercise can improve functional ability of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee joint. There is a significant difference in functional enhancement between the quadriceps setting treatment and the addition of kinesiotaping to the quadriceps setting exercise. The addition of kinesiotaping to the quadriceps setting exercise is better than the quadricep setting exercise to improve functional ability in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
TRUNK BALANCE EXERCISE LEBIH BAIK DARI PADA STRENGTHENING BACK EXERCISE DALAM MENINGKATKAN KESEIMBANGAN KINERJA OTOT ERECTOR SPINE PADA PEMAIN FUTSAL PEMULA Nasirudin, Yusuf; Gde Purwa Samatra, Dewa Putu; -, Wahyuddin; Purnawati, Susy; Linawati, Ni Made; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (490.713 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p16

Abstract

In the game of futsal, work of postural muscle balance needed to maintain the stability of the body for receiving the pass and put the ball into the other team's goal at the time of attack, changing the direction of movement quickly when returning to their respective positions and avoid of back disorder. This research is a form of experimental research that will test the effectiveness of the provision of trunk balance exercise is better than the strengthening of back exercises to improve muscle work balance of erector spine on futsal beginner players, in this study sample will be divided into two groups, the first group will be given trunk balance exercise to improve balance of erectorspine muscles work in futsal begginer players, the second group will be given back strengthening exercise to improve balance of erectorspine muscles work in futsal begginer players.This study was conducted for 6 weeks and the intervention performed 18 times during the study period. Samples measured by surface electromyography to measure work of right and left erector muscle by calculating the proportion of the work on the muscle, the measurement is performed at before the intervention and then intervention in accordance with the grouping which has been divided and then after completion of the intervention, the samples will be re-measured to obtain the value of the intervention.The results of the first group who has been given of trunk balance exercise shows the average value of the before treatment (83.82 ± 2.94) % and the mean value of the after treatment (96.74 ± 2.39) %, and in the second group who has been given strengthening back exercise shows the mean value of the before treatment (88.29 ± 1.89) % and the mean value after treatment (95.91 ± 1.75) %, with the probability value of both groups is 0.000 (p <0.05), and can be expressed there is a significant difference between both groups. In the fourth hypothesis test conducted comparative results of both groups, using independent samples t-test using mean value of the first and second groups, in the first group (12.92 ± 2.94) %, and the second group (7.61 ± 2.12) %, with a probability value 0.000 (p<0.05) and can be expressed in statistical analysis is no significant difference between both treatments were carried out and that means, giving trunk balance exercise is better than back strengthening exercise to improve balance of erector spine muscles work on futsal beginner players.
CORE STABILITY EXCERCISE LEBIH BAIK DIBANDINGKAN MCKENZIE EXCERCISE DALAM PENURUNAN DISABILITAS PASIEN NON-SPECIFIC LOW BACK PAIN Dinda Kurniawan, Ganesa Puput; Muliarta, I Made; -, Sugijanto; Wirawan, I Made Ady; Purnawati, Susy; -, Wahyudin
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (579.931 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p05

Abstract

Non-specific low back pain is the symptom of lower back pain that occurs without an obvious cause, the diagnosis is based on exclusion of specific pathology. Non-specific low back pain can result in pain, muscle spasm and muscle imbalance, it can decrease the stability of the abdominals and lower back, limitation in lumbar mobility , changes posture, and it’s couse make disability in patients with non-specific low back pain. Exercise therapy for non-specific low back pain is high recommend to increased stability and correct posture of the spine, for this case thsth can be used for exercise therapy is like McKenzie exercises and core stability exercise. The purpose of this study is to determine the core stability excercise better than McKenzie excercise for release in reduce patient disability in non-specific low back pain. This research applied experimental research method with Pre and Post Test Control Group Design. The research was conducted in Dr Soeradji Tirtonegoro Klaten. There were 32 subjects taken for this research. Disability was measured by oswestry disability index (ODI) before and after treatment. They were divided into two treatment groups consisting of core stability 16 subject for the Mckenzie exercise is 16 and the frequens are 2 times a weak in a month. Statistical test results obtained, have a decline ODI score at the first group have done with a value of p = 0.000 and the second gorup with p = 0.000. it means that both of the group are significantly improve functional activity. From the comparative test data by t-test using the data difference in both groups p value <0.05, which means indicated that there is a significant difference. Therefore, the conclusion of this research indicated thar the core stability excercise better than McKenzie excercise for release in reduce patient disability in non-specific low back pain. The study is expected to benefit in patients with non-specific low back pain in reducing disability.
INTERVENSI INTEGRATED NEUROMUSCULAR INHIBITATION TECHNIQUE (INIT) DAN TERAPI ULTRASONIK LEBIH MENURUNKAN DISABILITAS LEHER AKIBAT SINDROMA MIOFASIAL OTOT UPPER TRAPEZIUS DIBANDINGKAN INTERVENSI MYOFASCIAL RELEASE TECHNIQUE (MRT) DAN TERAPI ULTRASONIK Maria, Rita; Pangkahila, Alex; Irfan, M.; Jawi, Made; Griadhi, Adiartha; Lesmana, Indra
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (542.953 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p14

Abstract

The long term use of analgesic drugs in patients with myofascial syndrome had a bad effect. So it is very important to find another methods. Upper trapezius muscle myofascial syndrome is a collection of symptoms such as chronic pain with increased sensitivity to pressure, muscle spasms, tenderness, stiffness, limited motion, and weakness of the upper trapezius muscle. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of decline in the neck disability of interventions for Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibitation Technique (INIT), Myofascial Release Syndrome (MRT), and ultrasound therapy. This research used experimental method with pre-test and post-test group design. This experiment was conducted in RSPI Puri Indah, Jakarta. These samples included 20 people who were divided into two groups of samples, are 10 people in the first group and 10 people in the second group. Samples in the first group had an average age of 30.9 years old with men as much as 4 people and women as much as 6 people. While the second group had an average age of 32.8 years old with men as much as five people and women as many as five people. The results of testing the hypothesis by using test independent sample t-test showed significantly differences between the average after intervention disability first group with mean after intervention disabilities neck second group, with the value of the first group (21.6 ± 4.6)% and the second group (15.6 ± 3.6)% with values p <0.05. It was concluded that the Inhibitation Integrated Neuromuscular Technique (INIT) and ultrasonic therapy was better in reducing the neck disability in the upper trapezius muscle myofascial syndrome, compared to Myofascial Release Syndrome (MRT) and ultrasound therapy. The decline in neck disability will significantly optimize the functional activity of the cervical spine.
PENAMBAHAN KINESIOLOGY TAPE PADA PELATIHAN CLOSED KINETIC CHAIN (CKC) DAN STRETCHING LEBIH BAIK DALAM MENURUNKAN EXCESSIVE Q-ANGLE PADA WANITA Surya Adhitya, I Putu Gde; Adiputra, I Nyoman; Indra Lesmana, Syahmirza; Putu Sutjana, I Dewa; Muliarta, I Made; Imron, M. Ali
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (583.658 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p13

Abstract

Background: Q-angle is the angle between the quadriceps and patellar tendon and showing the angle of the quadriceps muscle tension. Pelvic widening in women does not occur in men who lead the Q-angle in women begins to enlarge during adolescence than men. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the addition of kinesiology tape on CKC training and stretching without additional kinesiology tape on CKC training and stretching in women. Methods: This research was a randomized experimental design with pre-test and post-test group design. The sample contain by 24 people divided into two groups of 12 people each. Treatment group with the addition of kinesiology tape on CKC training and stretching, while the control group only CKC training and stretching. This research was conducted for 8 weeks, 2 times in a week. The data collected by the Q-angle measured using a goniometer at the time before and after treatment. Result: The results of data analysis using the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test, Q-angle was obtained with p = 0.002 for the different treatment groups with an average of 12.25 and in control group acquired Q-angle, with p = 0.002 with 6.416 average difference, and different 47.59% with treatment group. Mann-Whitney test results the average of difference of decreasing of treatment group is 18.5 and the average of difference of control group is 6.5 different 64.86% with treatment group, showed that there were significant differences in the decrease in Q-angle between the two groups with the result p = 0.001 (p <0.05). Conclusion: Conclusions of research are: the addition of kinesiology tape on the training of Closed Kinetic Chain (CKC) and stretching better in reducing excessive Q-angle in women. Suggestion: For the next research suggest to add dependent variables as: muscle strength, functional and speed of muscle contraction of Vastus Medial Oblique (VMO), individual addressing treatment, and use x-ray as measurement tool.
PENGUATAN QUADRICEPS MENGGUNAKAN METODE CLOSED KINETIC CHAIN LEBIH MENJAGA SUDUT QUADRICEPS (Q ANGLE) DIBANDING DENGAN OPEN KINETIC CHAIN PADA SUBJEK DENGAN ABNORMAL SUDUT QUADRICEPS Romadhon, Aditya Johan; Adiatmika, I Putu Gede; Imron, Muh. Ali; Weta, Wayan; Ayu Inten Dwi Primayanti, I Dewa; Munawwarah, Muthiah
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.822 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p03

Abstract

Introduction: Quadriceps strengthening usualy find in fitness center or clinical rehabilitation physiotherapy programs, there are two methods in strengthening quadriceps programs, closed kinetic chain and open kinetic chain methods, several researchers use to used these methods for reducing pain intensity, improve functional ability and reducing quadriceps angle, indeed these methods can be used to prevent patellofemoral pain syndrome risk in asymptomatic person with abnormal q angle. Purpose: Purpose of this study is to study the difference of closed and open kinetic chain to maintain quadriceps angle on subject with abnormal quadriceps angle. Method: This experimental study is to compare closed and open kinetic chain to maintain quadriceps angle in subject with abnormal quadriceps angle, thirty six males samples 15 to 21 years old devided into two Groups, Group 1 applied a treatment with closed kinetic chain methods using barbell squat training and the second group have applied a treatment with open kinetic chain method using leg extension training, quadriceps angle measured before and after treatment to each Group, Result: Both quadriceps strengthening methods, closed and open kinetic chain has same beneficial to maintain quadriceps angle, Group 1 after analyzed by paired t test show the mean right quadriceps angle 13.38 ± 2.93 degree and the mean of left quadriceps angle 12.88 ± 2.44 degree, with significancy value p = 0.001, likewise in Group 2 after analyzed by paired t test show the mean of right quadriceps angle 15.66 ± 2.74 degree and the mean of left quadriceps angle is 15.38 ± 3.22 degree, with significancy value p = 0.001, but closed kinetic chain method is more effective than open kinetic chain in maintaining quadriceps angle with p < 0.05. Conclusion: Therefore this result of study can be reference for reader as an athlete, fitness instructor and physiotherapist in order to get better understanding to choose and create best training program for quadriceps strengthening. Therefore it’s been suggest to someone if they have abnormal quadriceps angle, they must choose the closed kinetic chain exercise as the main program in quadriceps training program

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