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Sport and Fitness Journal
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Volume 6, No.3, September 2018" : 8 Documents clear
PELATIHAN PLYOMETRIC DENGAN DEPTH JUMP MENINGKATKAN DAYA LEDAK OTOT TUNGKAI LEBIH BESAR DARIPADA PELATIHAN STANDING JUMP PADA PEMAIN BOLA VOLI PUTRA Pratama, I Gede Widyatmika; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Pinatih, Gde Ngurah Indraguna; Adiatmika, Putu Gede; Muliarta, Made; Griadhi, Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.286 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p07

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Volleyball is a popular sport that is competitive. In volleyball, the volleyball player must play the volleyball over the net. The physical factor that supports that ability is explosion power of legs muscles. One of the ways to increase the explosion power of legs muscles is plyometric exercise. The exercises that were given in this research were plyometric depth jump and standing jump exercises to increase the explosion power of legs muscles. Purpose: The objective of this exercise is to compare the effect of both exercises for increasing the explosion power of legs muscles. Method: This research used experimental method Pre Test and Post Test Group Design in six weeks and frequency of three times a week. The samples are 22 people who are divided into two groups through ordinal pairing technique. The first group was given plyometric depth jump exercise and the second group was given standing jump exercise. The measurement of the explosion power of legs muscles used jump MD that was measured before and after exercises in every groups. Next, the average result was compared with statistical test of t- paired test. Result: The average of the explosion power of legs muscles pre test of the first group was 39.73 ± 3.74 centimeters and the post test was 55.64 ± 4.03 centimeters are statistically significant (p<0.05). Otherwise, on the second group, the pre test was 39.73 ± 3.58 centimeters and the post test was 51.36 ± 3.85 centimeters are statistically significant (p<0.05). The increasing of the explosion power of legs muscles between both groups are significant (p<0.05). The percentage of increasing of plyometric depth jump was 40.05% and for the standing jump was 29.27%. Conclusion: Plyometric depth jump increased the explosion power of legs muscles is bigger than standing jump exercise for all students on the men’s volleyball extracurricular of SMK Triatma Jaya Badung.Keywords : Plyometric depth jump and standing jump exercises, the explosion power of legs muscles, volleyball.
PELATIHAN PLIOMETRIK DEPTH JUMP LEBIH MENINGKATKAN DAYA LEDAK OTOT TUNGKAI DARIPADA PELATIHAN PLIOMETRIK BOX JUMP SISWA PESERTA EKSTRAKURIKULER BOLA VOLI SMK NEGERI 1 PETANG Jaya, I Putu Prisa; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Muliarta, I Made; Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made Indah; Purnawati, Susy; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.209 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p02

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe basic techniques of volleyball used to use muscular group in our body, especially the leg’s muscles that is facilitating the springboard movement. Explosive power is the ability of muscles to exert maximum force in a very quick time. Leg muscle explosive power is one of the essential components required in the sport of volleyball particular in the motion of smash, passing and blocking hat needs to be improved by training plyometrics. The training that were conducted during this research are the plyometric depth jump and plyometric box jump training using the principle of progressive load with 3 times frequencies a week within 6 weeks. The aim of this study is to compare the explosive power of training leg muscle. This study use a randomized experimental design with pre test and post test group design for six weeks with 3 times frequencies a week. The sample’s numbers is 32 participants that was divided into two groups. The first group was given training in plyometrics depth jump and the second group was given training plyometrics box jump. The explosive power of leg muscle is measured by using a jump DF which measured before and after training for each groups. The result of this research is shown before training in group I is 42.25 ± 3.92 cm and 51.81 ± 4.41cm after training (p <0.05). While, in group II the mean shows 40.25 ± 5.14 cm before training and 45.25 ± 5.07 cm after training (p <0.05). Training in group I can increase explosive power leg muscle than group II (p <0.05). Based on the result, it is concluded that the plyometric depth jump training is more better than the plyometric box jump training in increasing explosive power leg muscle for the students of volley ball extracurricular at SMK Negeri 1 Petang.Keywords: plyometrics depth jump training and box jump, explosive power leg muscle, sports volleyball.
KAJIAN ASPEK PSIKOLOGI SENAM KESEGARAN JASMANI, SEBUAH STUDI KASUS PADA SENAM KEARIFAN LOKAL Purnawati, Susy; Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made; Ratna Sundari, Luh Putu; Primayanti, I D A P Inten
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.065 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p06

Abstract

AbstractBackground: Emotions or feelings among sports participants need to get attention because emotions in addition to affecting other psychological aspects (mind and desire) also affect the physiological aspects. Method: This preliminary study was an observational (cross sectional analytic) study conducted in April 2018 in Denpasar that combined observations, interviews among key informant person (to collect the qualitative data) and quantitative data collection used a Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (mixed method). Result: The results of this study showed an emotional reaction that emerged as the effect of doing Senam Janger exercises was very positively. The focus of attention on gym movements, traditional gamelan accompaniment that reminds spiritual nuances, as well as aerobic exercise effects in the zones target of exercise can provide a sense of excitement and mental calm. The gymnastics activity within group have an effect on social interaction that can lead to competitiveness attitudes. The effect occurs by the presence of other persons factor or presence of others. Conclusion: Senam Janger exercise -from the psychological aspect- create an effect of positive emotional reactions (joy, less tension), but in this study has not been proven its effect on increased confidence and superior feeling in competing due to very small sample size.Keywords: general gymnastics, psychological aspects, positive emot
OLAHRAGA DAPAT MENINGKATKAN FUNGSI KOGNITIF MELALUI MODULASI EPIGENETIK EKSPRESI GEN BRAIN-DERIVED NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR (BDNF) Wahyuni, Nila; Satria Nugraha, Made Hendra; Juhanna, Indira Vidiari
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.107 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p04

Abstract

ABSTRACTExercise may improve cognitive function and slow the onset of neurodegeneration, but the underlying mechanism had not yet known certainly. The purpose of this paper is to know the mechanism of exercise in improving cognitive function in terms of biomolecular aspects. The method of this paper is literature study of articles about the benefits of exercise in improving cognitive function in terms of biomolecular aspects. Cognitive function is a function related to perception, learning process, concentration, memory and problem solving. Exercise is useful for improving cognitive function mediated by a neurotropin-brain brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). BDNF has important role in neural plasticity, nerve excitability, and especially in learning process and memory improving. Exercise can improve cognitive function by inducing increased BDNF expression that occurs through the mechanism of epigenetic regulatory change. The change in epigenetic regulation caused by exercise through DNA methylation, which increase the expression of BDNF mRNA in the hippocampus. The change in epigenetic regulation caused by exercise, which also increase the expression of BDNF mRNA is a histone modification. The increased expression of mRNA in the hippocampus is not only increase synapse plasticity in the hippocampus area but also synapse transmission, which lead to the increasing of molecules expression related to learning and memory.Keywords: Sport, Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), Epigenetic.
FARTLEK TRAINING LEBIH MENINGKATKAN DAYA TAHAN KARDIOVASKULER DARI PADA INTERVAL TRAINING PADA SISWA PUTRA PESERTA EKSTRAKURIKULER BOLA BASKET SMA NEGERI 1 SUKAWATI Mega Utama, Gusti Made Agung; Jawi, I Made; Ayu Dewi, Ni Nyoman; Weta, I Wayan; Muliarta, Made; Dwi Primayanti, I D A Inten
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (246.385 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p03

Abstract

ABSTRACTBasketball is a big ball game that requires well cardiovascular endurance. Cardiovasculer endurance can be improved using interval training and fartlek training. This study aimed to determine the effect of interval training and fartlek training on cardiovascular endurance improvement. The study was a experimental that use randomized pretest posttest design group control that does in SMA Negeri 1 Sukawati. The sample of study was students of extracurricular basketball SMA Negeri 1 Sukawati, which were 22 students that divided into 2 groups. Both groups were given different training during 6 weeks with training frequency three times a week for one and a half months. The first group was given interval training and the second group was given fartlek training. Cardiovascular endurance was measured with a multistage fitness test (MFT). The result showed the mean of cardiovascular endurance between the groups after training was 41.66 ± 2.733 ml / kg / minute in the interval training group and was 48.92 ± 2.385 ml / kg / minute in the fartlek group. The cardiovascular endurance between both groups was significantly different (p<0.05), meaningful and have improvement. The conclusion is the interval training and fartlek training are able to improve cardiovascular endurance, however fartlek training is better than interval training in improving cardiovascular endurance. Therefore, it is advisable to use fartlek training to improve cardiovascular endurance for basketball players.Keywords: cardiovascular endurance, fartlek training, interval training
PELATIHAN MODEL BEEF CONCEPT DISERTAI PUSH UP DAN JOGGING LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KETEPATAN SHOOTING FREETHROW BOLA BASKET DARI PADA PELATIHAN MODEL BEEF CONCEPT DISERTAI DUMBEL DAN JOGGING Gangga Permana, I Kadek Arya; Astawa, Putu; Wihandani, Desak Made; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Jawi, I Made; Komang Satriyasa, Bagus
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (527.016 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p08

Abstract

ABSTRACTIntroduction: The objective of a basketball game is to insert the ball into the opponent's basket and keep our basket alone so as not to concede the ball. This becomes important because it determines points to improve the ability and maximize points in the game so this needs to be trained. Free throw shots can be done using one hand or two hands. Whereas a free throw is a shot given to a player for committing an offense. This shot is done in the exact position behind the line of free shots in accordance with the rules. Purpose:This study aims to compare training model 1 (beef concept with push up and jogging) and training model 2 (beef concept with dumble and jogging) to improve the accuracy of free throw shooting.This research was conducted on 40 students of SMP Negeri 1 Kuta Selatan who were chosen in simple random which has fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria. The sample was divided into two groups so that each group was 20 people and given different treatment for six weeks. Group 1 was given model 1 training and Group 2 was given a model 2 training. Methods:The data obtained were analyzed by paired t- test to find the difference between before and after training in both groups and t-independent test to find the difference of shooting free throw accuracy between groups both before and after the training. The meaning limit is 0.05. The research design used is experimental design Randomized Pre and Post test Group Design. According to Pocock's (2008) theory, each group consisted of 20 groups of 1 and group 2. All groups were given preliminary tests, between treatment one and two treatment were given concurrent training, then each treatment was observed.Results:The result showed that the accuracy of free throw shooting between groups after training was 3.85 ± 1.09 in group 1 and in group 2 was 2.90 ± 1.12. The average accuracy of free throw shooting in training model 1 was higher than with model 2 training which was statistically significantly different with p = 0,010 (p <0,05).Conclution:From the results of this study it is concluded that the training of model 1 further improves the accuracy of free throw shooting rather than training model 2, Suggestion: in practice it is suggested to use training model 1 to improve the accuracy of free throw shooting. Keywords: beef concept, push up, jogging, dumble, free throw shooting
PENINGKATAN HIGH-SENSITIVE CARDIAC TROPONIN (HS-CTN) SETELAH LATIHAN INTENSITAS TINGGI YANG INTENSIF Vidiari J, Indira; Wahyuni, Nila; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.538 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p05

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe role of exercise as a strategy for prevention, management and therapy in cardiovascular disease has been well described, but in some studies, it has been suggested that there is an increase in biomarkers in cardiac damage or cardiac troponin (cTn) after intensive, high-intensity exercise in healthy individuals. Several studies have shown significant increases in cardiac troponins after different types of exercise. The latest meta-analysis, showing that high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) increases in about 83% of individuals after long and intensive exercise. The current pathophysiology of hs-cTn is not well understood. Several hypotheses have been proposed, such as transmembrane leakage from cytoplasmic free cTnT and cTnI or decreased troponin clearance from plasma, both caused by overloading of free radicals, myocardial stretching, elevated core temperature, or alteration of pH. Further research is needed with a full prospective study to evaluate the underlying pathophysiology of enhancing high sentivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) is an effective strategy for preventing or limiting cardiac injury and sport exercise safe for heart.Keywords: cardiac Troponin (cTn), high sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn), high intensity intensive exercise
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SQUARE STEPPING EXERCISE UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KESEIMBANGAN DINAMIS PADA LANSIA Pramita, Indah; Susanto, Agus Donny
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.062 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p01

Abstract

Elderly is an advanced stage process that decreases the ability and function of the body. One of the declines that occur in the elderly is the musculoskeletal system in which it is very influential on balance. Square stepping exercise is one type of exercise that can be used in addition to increasing the strength of the musculoskeletal system, this exercise is also able to improve the visual ability. By increasing the ability of the musculoskeletal system, coupled with the visual ability is expected to improve balance in the elderly and reduce the risk of falling. The purpose of this research is to know the effect of Square stepping exercise on increasing the dynamic balance of elderly.This experimental study used a pre test and post test design. The sampling was done at Panti Wreda Sejahtera Denpasar. Elderly as many as 27 people who fit the criteria serve as a sample. The dynamic balance is evaluated by using the Time Up and Go test (TUG test) before and after the exercise. This study was conducted 3x a week for 4 weeks.Effect analysis test using Paired Sample test obtained p value = 0.001 with a balance increase of 27.92%. The conclusion of research that Giving Square Stepping Exercise can improve dynamic balance in elderly.Keywords: Elderly, Square Stepping Exercixe, Balance

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