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Sport and Fitness Journal
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue "Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019" : 12 Documents clear
STIMULATION ATTITUDIONAL REFLEX EXERCISE LEBIH BAIK DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN PRONE POSITION WEDGE EXERCISE TERHADAP HEAD CONTROL PADA ANAK CEREBRAL PALSY SPASTIK QUADRIPLEGI DI RS RAJAWALI CITRA BANTUL, YOGYAKARTA Al Banna, Damha; Adiatmika, I Putu Gede; Irfan, M.; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha; Sundari, Luh Putu Ratna; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.31 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p08

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Head control is a disorder of the cerebral palsy (CP) spastic quadriplegi due to central nervous system problems that serve as the basis of movement to be achieved for further development. Physiotherapy actions that can be given are stimulation attitudional reflex exercise (SARE) and prone position wedge exercise (PPWE). Purpose: This study aims to determine whether SARE is better than PPWE for head control in CP spastic quadriplegi. Methods: This research uses experimental pre and post test control group design is done at Rajawali Citra Bantul Hospital. Subjects were 24 children with CP spastic quadriplegi divided into 2 groups, group I was given SARE for 3 repetitions in 1 hour of therapy sessions and group II was given PPWE for 30 minutes. All groups were given treatment 1 time a week for 6 weeks as a refresher intervention and educated the family to do every day at home. Increased head control is measured by gross motor functional measurement. Result: Statistical test of paired sample t-test in group I and group II p value = 0.001 where (p < 0.05) there was an increase of head control. From independent t-test p value = 0.001 where (p < 0.05), it can be concluded that there are significant differences between group I with group II. Based on the mean values in both treatment groups, the group I have larger head control improvement of 33.19% than group II which only 16.96%. Conclusion: SARE is better than PPWE to increase head control on CP spastic quadriplegiKeywords: Head control, SARE, PPWE
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN LATIHAN SENAM AEROBIC HIGH IMPACT UNTUK MENINGKATKAN DAYA TAHAN KARDIORESPIRASI PADA SKIPPER ARUNG JERAM Darmawijaya, I Putu; Dwi Suputra, Made Gede; Wahyu Permadi, Agung
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (225.798 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p03

Abstract

ABSTRACTPhysical fitness is a key requirement for a skipper in the river, with the ability of cardiac endurance (cardiorespiration) as a basis for the endurance of muscle work for a long time. One exercise that can improve cardiorespiratory endurance is high impact aerobic exercise. The experimental method was applied through high impact aerobic exercise exercise with One Group Pretest-posttest Design and performed at My Adventure Rafting with a sample size of 21 people for 3 times a week in 4 weeks of research. Based on paired t test, it is found that aerobic high impact gymnastics have an effect on the improvement of cardiorespiratory endurance. Where the probability value (p) is significant is 0,000 which means 0.000 <0.05 then there is a significant difference.Keywords: Skipper, Cardiorespiratory Endurance, Aerobic High Impact Gymnastic
INTERVENSI PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION LEBIH MENURUNKAN TEKANAN DARAH DARI PADA SLOW STROKE BACK MASSAGE PADA PASIEN HIPERTENSI DERAJAT I YANG MENGONSUMSI OBAT ANTI HIPERTENSI DI BADUNG Juni Antari, Ni Komang Ayu; Pangkahila, Alex; Ali Imron, Muh.; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha; Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made Indah; Irfan, Muh.
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (439.881 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p12

Abstract

ABTSRACT Introduction: Physical exercise as anticipate of hypertension along with nutrition and medicines. One of physical exercise that can be applicated here is relaxation techniques which is showed positive impact in decreased blood pressure. Objective: Determine the difference between PMR intervention with SSBM intervention to reduce blood pressure for grade I hypertension patients whose consumed anti-hypertension medicine in badung regency. Methods: Experimental method Pre and post-test control group design and used 24 subjects, divided in to 2 groups, in which the experimental group I (n=12) received progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) while the treatment group 2 (n=12) received slow stroke back massage (SSBM). Intervention is given 3 times a week for 4 weeks. This study was using simple random sampling. Blood pressure was measured by sphygmomanometer and stethoscope. Result: Independent Sample T-test showed there was significant difference between Group 1 and Group 2 which (p<0.05) for systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion: Progressive muscle relaxation intervention decrease blood pressure more than slow stroke back massage intervention in patients grade I hypertension whose consumed anti-hypertension medicine in Badung Regency.Keywords: progressive muscle relaxation, slow stroke back massage, grade I hypertension, blood pressure
PEMBERIAN LATIHAN VIRTUAL REALITY LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA LATIHAN KONVENSIONAL TERHADAP PENINGKATAN FUNGSIONAL TANGAN PADA PASIEN PASCA STROKE Nuryanto, Muhammad Ruslan; Purwa Samatra, DW.Pt.Gde; Irfan, M.; Dinata, I Made Krisna; Sagung Sawitri, Anak Agung; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (296.129 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p10

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Stroke is a problem of neurologist brain who causes occurrence of neurologist deficit such as a weakness of upper extremity. For instance, limited of hand functional and movement because of abnormality tonus that occur instability muscle. Methods: The purpose of this research was to knew effect of additional virtual reality exercise better than conventional exercise to enhancement of functional hand for Stroke patience. This research is experimental study which used a Randomize Control pre-post test design. The first category is 6 samples be given Virtual reality Exercise with Sensor Leap Motion Controller during 30 minutes. And the second category is 6 samples be given conventional exercise during 30 minutes. The times of research for 4 weeks under the supervision of Physiotherapist to do well. Measurement test of hand functional with used of Wolf Motor Function Test instrument. Results: The result of this research showed to the first category occur of ability improvement of hand in the amount of 14,21% and be obtained value p=0,027, which one p<0,05. The second category occur of ability improvement of hand in the amount of 8.47% and be obtained value p=0,001, which one p<0,025. Meanwhile, the different of ability improvement of hand on both categories showed there is a significant different (value p=0,007, which is p=<0,005). The conclusion of this result that Virtual reality Exercise with Sensor Leap Motion Controller better than conventional exercise to enhancement of functional hand for Stroke patience.Keywords: Stroke, ability of hand functional, Exercise of Virtual reality, Conventional exercise, Wolf Motor Function Test.
PELATIHAN SHOULDER GIRDLE DYNAMIC STABILIZATION LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA PELATIHAN PRONE SCAPULAR STABILIZATION DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN FUNGSIONAL BAHU PASCA CEDERA SWIMMER SHOULDER PADA ATLET RENANG GAYA BEBAS DI KALIMANTAN BARAT Junaedi, Myranti Puspitaningtsya; Adiatmika, I Putu Gede; Lesmana, S. Indra; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Weta, I Wayan; -, Wahyuddin
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (319.806 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p07

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: High duration of training performed by swimmers with dominant freestyle stroke, resulted in significant number of shoulder rotation movement. The presence of continous movement that occurs in the shoulder of swimmers can cause the risk of shoulder injury, known as swimmer’s shoulder. The presence of shoulder injuries among swimmers resulting a decrease in functional ability on the shoulder of swimmers. The training of shoulder girdle dynamic stabilization and prone scapular stabilization is a training that can be used to improve the functional ability among swimmers shoulders. Method: This study used randomized pre test and post test control group design. This study performed on 20 swimmers that diagnosed of swimmer shoulder injury which divided into 2 groups. Treatment Group was given shoulder girdle dynamic stabilization and Control Group was given prone scapular stabilization training. Shoulder functional ability was measured using SPADI and analized on each group. Result: This research showed that every functional training that was given to each sample groups giving an effect to improving shoulder functional ability post swimmer’s shoulder injury among swimmers. There are significant alteration in Treatment Group and Control Group from pre to post test, both was obtained (p< 0.001). There is significant difference from post test between Treatment Group and Control Group, came with (p=0.001). Conclusion: Shoulder girdle dynamic stabilization better than prone scapular stabilization training in improving the functional ability of the shoulder post swimmer shoulder injury among freestyle stroke swimmer athlete in West Kalimantan. Keywords: swimmer’s shoulder injury, shoulder girdle dynamic stabilization, prone scapular stabilization, SPADI
KOMBINASI PULSED SHORTWAVE THERAPY DAN NEURODYNAMIC MOBILIZATION LEBIH EFEKTIF MENURUNKAN DISABILITAS PUNGGUNG DIBANDINGKAN KOMBINASI PULSED SHORTWAVE THERAPY DAN LUMBAR SPINE STABILIZATION EXERCISE PADA PASIEN HERNIA NUKLEUS PULPOSUS LUMBOSAKRAL Satria Nugraha, Made Hendra; Purnawati, Susy; Irfan, Muh.; Handari Adiputra, Luh Made Indah Sri; Muliarta, I Made; -, Wahyuddin
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.683 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p05

Abstract

ABTSRACT Introduction: Herniated Nucleus Pulposus (HNP) is a pathological condition in which there is protrusion of the annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus into the lumen of the vertebral canal. Objective: The goal of this study is to determine the effectiveness of combination of pulsed shortwave therapy and lumbar spine stabilization exercise with combination of pulsed shortwave therapy and neurodynamic mobilization in decreasing low back disability in lumbosacral herniated nucleus pulposus patients at Denpasar and Badung Physiotherapy Clinic. Methods: The study used was an experimental method. Pre-test and post-test control group design is the design of this study. This study used 28 subjects were divided into two groups. The control group consist of 14 subjects received a combination of pulsed shortwave therapy and lumbar spine stabilization exercise while the treatment group consist of 14 subjects received a combination of pulsed shortwave therapy and neurodynamic mobilization. Intervention is given 2 times a week for 4 weeks. Sampling methods used in this study was simple random sampling. The low back disability is measured by a modified oswestry disability index. Result: The normality test of the data was tested using Saphiro-Wilk Test and homogeneity test of the data was tested with Levene's Test. Wilcoxon sign rank test results obtained significant differences in the control group with the value of p = 0.001, as well as in the treatment group found a significant difference with the value of p = 0.001. Post-test results with mann-whitney u-test showed a significant difference between the control group and the treatment group where p = 0.044 with the percentage of 48.53% in the control group and 54.88% in the treatment group. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that the combination of pulsed shortwave therapy and neurodynamic mobilization is more effective than the combination of pulsed shortwave therapy and lumbar spine stabilization exercise in reducing low back disability in patients with lumbosacral herniated nucleus pulposus at the Denpasar and Badung Physiotherapy Clinic.Keywords: lumbosacral herniated nucleus pulposus, low back disability, pulsed shortwave therapy, neurodynamic mobilization, lumbar spine stabilization exercise
POSTURAL STABILITY EXERCISE LEBIH MENINGKATKAN FLEKSIBILITAS LUMBAL DIBANDINGKAN STATIC STRETCHING EXERCISE PADA PENJAHIT DI KOTA DENPASAR Gita Karunia Saraswati, Ni Luh Putu; Sutjana, I Dewa Putu; -, Wahyuddin; Tianing, Ni Wayan; Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made Indah; Irfan, Muh.
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (393.486 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p04

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Tailor work characteristics such as sitting static and bending can trigger complaints such as lower back area muscle tension which if left untreated can cause a decrease in lumbar flexibility. Purpose: to prove postural stability exercise is more to increase lumbar flexibility than static stretching exercise on tailors in Denpasar City. Method: This study was an experimental study with pre and post test control group design. The study sample consisted of 30 people divided into two groups. Group 1 given static stretching exercise, while Group 2 given postural stability exercise. Measurement of lumbar flexibility using a modified-modified Schoober test. Result: Paired Sample t-test in Group 1 and Group 2 showed p value p <0.05 which showed that there were significant changes after giving training to each group. Furthermore, a comparison test between Group 1 and Group 2 used independent sample t-test and obtained p <0.05. This result showed that there are significant differences between the two groups. Conclusion: postural stability exercise increases lumbar flexibility more than static stretching exercise for tailors in Denpasar City.Keywords: lumbar flexibility, static stretching exercise, postural stability exercise, tailor.
INTERVENSI ULTRASOUND DAN PERTURBATION EXERCISE LEBIH EFEKTIF DARIPADA ULTRASOUND DAN MOBILIZATION WITH MOVEMENT UNTUK MENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN FUNGSIONAL PADA PENDERITA OSTEOARTHRITIS GENU Pramana Putra, I Putu Yudi; Sutjana, Dewa Putu; -, Wahyuddin; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Ratna Sundari, Luh Putu; Irfan, Muh.
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (326.861 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p09

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Osteoarthritis is some of problem on joint which have a function for supporting body and have chronic and degenerative characteristic so it can affects the cartilaginous structure of joint it can cause some of abnormality of bones, soft tissues, and synovial fluid like pain, decrease on range of motion (ROM), deformity and morning stiffness which is most often felt especially in knee joint. Purpose: This study was to determine affectivity combination intervention of ultrasound and perturbation exercise with ultrasound and mobilization with movement to improve functional ability for people with osteoarthritis genu. Methods: This research used experimental method with pre and post test control group design. Subject of this research are 22 people and divided into two groups where on the group 1 was given intervention of ultrasound and perturbation exercise and group 2 was given intervention of ultrasound and mobilization with movement with intensity 2 times per week for 12 times total intervention. Measurement functional score ability improvement was measured using a WOMAC index. Result: Group 1 result obtained p value = 0.001 (p <0.05) and in Group 2 got result obtained p value = 0.001 (p<0.05) for Paired Sample T-test. Different test of mean value with independent sample t-test after treatment found that the increase of improve functional 21.45±4.132 in group 1 and 11.55±1.368 in group 2 with p value = 0.036 (p <0.05). Conclusion: Intervention of ultrasound and perturbation exercise is significantly more effective compared with ultrasound and mobilization with movement for improve functional ability for people with osteoarthritis genu. Suggestion: For the next researcher can do follow up research to see long-term result intervention of ultrasound, perturbation and mobilization with movement for improve functional ability for people with osteoarthritis genu.Key Word; Osteoarthritis genu, perturbation exercise, mobilization with movement, ultrasound, WOMAC
PENAMBAHAN SENAM OTAK PADA PROGRAM SENAM SEHAT ANAK INDONESIA (SSAI) DAPAT MENINGKATKAN MEMORI JANGKA PENDEK DAN INDEKS KESEGARAN JASMANI SISWA SD INPRES PONDANG Ingrid Robot, Joanne; Adiputra, I Nyoman; Lesmana, S. Indra; Sutjana, Dewa Putu; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha; Imron, M. Ali
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (285.218 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p02

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Short-term memory plays a role in all children's cognitive processes both in understanding the language, working on the task and problem-solving process. The speed of cognitive processes in children depend on the degree of activation of short-term memory. With stimulation that given in the form of brain-activating movements is expected to integrate short-term memory and long-term memory to generate new knowledge or expand the existing load in long-term memory. Cognitive function and academic achievement can also be influenced by the level of physical fitness. Physical fitness is very useful to support the physical capacity of children who in the end expected to improve his performance. Objective: This research was conducted to find out how big increase of short-term memory and physical fitness at the addition of Brain Gym in SSAI program at elementary school student of Inpres Pondang. Method: This research is true experimental, using two group pre and post test control group design. This research was conducted at SD Inpres Pondang, 3 times weekly for 6 weeks, at January 22, 2018 - March 05, 2018. The sample of research is 42 people divided into two groups. The Control Group in the form of SSAI program and the Treatment Group was given the addition of Brain Gym in the SSAI program. The measuring instrument used to memory span to measure short-term memory and TKJI to measure physical fitness. Results: The results of hypothesis testing using Wilcoxon test and Mann Whitney test. Wilcoxon test results showed short-term memory improvement in the treatment group significantly (p<0.05), the control group showed significant short-term memory increase (p<0.05). The result of hypothesis test shows the value of increase of physical fitness index in the treatment group significantly (p<0.05). The increase value of physical fitness index in control group significantly (p<0.05). Mann Whitney test results showed the value of span digits in the treatment group and control group with p=0.005 (p<0.05). Physical fitness value in treatment group and control group with p value = 0.091 (p>0.05). Conclusion: Statistically there is a difference in the addition of brain gymnastics to SSAI in increasing short-term memory of elementary students. Statistically there is no difference in the addition of brain gymnastics in SSAI in improving physical fitness in elementary school students.Keywords: Short term memory, physical fitness, memory span, Indonesian physical fitness test, brain gym, healthy gymnastics Indonesian children.
TERAPI AKTIVITAS KELOMPOK PENYALURAN ENERGI : SENAM POCO-POCO MENURUNKAN GEJALA PERILAKU KEKERASAN PADA PASIEN SKIZOFRENIA Ari Dwi Jayanti, Desak Made; Nana Antari, Nyoman
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (307.438 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p11

Abstract

ABSTRACT Introduction: The main problem that often occurs in schizophrenia patient is violent behavior when can get injure yourself or others. The handling of violent behavior is carried out with a combination of psychopharmacology and psychosocial interventions such as the therapy of channeling group activity. One activity that can be given to reduce violent behavior is through physical activity in the form of dance and motion that is combined with the music of poco-poco gymnastics. The purpose of this study is group activity energy distribusy therapy: poco-poco exercise, decrease symtom of violent behavior on schizophrenic patient. Methods : Type of pre experimental study, using One-group pre-post test design. Sample technique used Purposive sampling with 22 samples. Data collection using observation sheets.Result : The results showed that the risk of pre-test risk behavior was 13.77, including the risk of moderate hardness behavior and post test results of 5.64, including the risk of mild violent behavior. Paired t Test statistic test results obtained p < 0.05 indicates there is group energy distribution therapy activities: poco-poco exercises can decrease symtom of violent behavior in schizophrenic patients. recommended for patients with schizophrenia to be given continuous poco-poco TAK training. Keywords: Poco - Poco Gymnastic, Violent Behavior, Schizophrenic

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