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Sport and Fitness Journal
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Volume 7, No.2, Mei 2019" : 9 Documents clear
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ULTRASOUND THERAPY DAN NEUROMUSCULAR TAPING DALAM MENINGKATAN AKTIVITAS FUNGSIONAL PADA KASUS OSTEOARTHRITIS LUTUT Dewi, A.A.N, Trisna Narta; Pramana, Yudi; Utama, A.A.Gd, Eka Septian; P.Gd, Surya Adhitya
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.2, Mei 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.514 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i02.p08

Abstract

Background: Osteoarthritis is a complaint characterized by abnormalities in the cartilage of joints and bones nearby, this complaint is commonly felt and has become a chronic joint disease. Cartilage abnormalities will result in bones rubbing against each other, resulting in symptoms of stiffness, pain and restriction of movement in the joints that will affect the quality of functional activities performed. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of ultrasound therapy and neuromuscular taping (nmt) in increasing functional activity in cases of knee osteoarthritis.Research method: The study used experimental with randomized design type pre test and post test control group design. The study was divided into 2 groups, namely group 1 would receive Ultrasound intervention and group 2 would receive Ultrasound and neuromuscular taping intervention. The number of samples in this study was 11 samples per group so that the total number of samples in the two groups was 22 respondents. Measurements of knee functional activity values were measured by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire.Results: Group 1 with a value of p = 0,000 (p <0.05) which showed a significant difference between the value of tenderness before and after the intervention of ultrasound therapy. Group 2 obtained a value of p = 0,000 (p <0.05) indicating there was a significant difference between the value of tenderness before and after the intervention of ultrasound therapy and neuromuscular taping. The results of the calculation of the mean difference were p = 0,0001, the data showed that there was no difference in influence between groups, which means that the provision of ultrasound therapy and neuromuscular taping was no better in increasing functional activities of knee OA patients compared to ultrasound therapy.Conclusion: the provision of ultrasound therapy and neuromuscular taping is not better in increasing
DYNAMIC NEUROMUSCULAR STABILIZATION LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KESEIMBANGAN DINAMIS DARIPADA PERCEPTUAL MOTOR PROGRAM PADA ANAK DOWN SYNDROME USIA 7-15 TAHUN DI YAYASAN PRADNYAGAMA DENPASAR Ulfa, Merinda; Tirtayasa, Ketut; -, Wahyuddin; Purnawati, Susy; Sundari, Luh Putu Ratna; Irfan, Muhammad
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.2, Mei 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (310.369 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i02.p05

Abstract

Background: Disorder of dynamic balance is often found in children with Down syndrome which causes difficulty in maintaining posture against impending disorders. If this is left it will certainly cause problems of further motor development. Purpose: To prove the physiotherapy intervention that can improve dynamic balance among children with down syndrome 7-15 years. Methods: The research is true experimental with pre-test and post-test group design. This study used 24 subjects in 2 groups, group 1 (n=11) given dynamic neuromuscular stabilization on while group 2 (n=11) given perceptual motor program. Divided randomly into 2 groups that is group 1 dynamic neuromuscular stabilization and group 2 perceptual motor program. The exercise is held 3 times a week in 6 weeks. Measurements of this dynamic balance are using sixteen balance tests. Result: The paired sample t-test statistical test in group 1 showed a significant difference with value (p <0.001) on mean before intervention 48.5±5.428 and after intervention 72.75±4.413. The paired sample t-test statistical test in group 2 showed a significant difference with value (p <0.001) on mean before intervention 48.5±5.3 and after intervention 69.42±4.379. Different test between group 1 and 2 using independent sample t-test showed a significant difference with value (p<0.001). Conclusion: The conclusions are dynamic neuromuscular stabilization is better than perceptual motor program in improving dynamic balance among children with down syndrome 7-15 years at Pradnyagama Foundation Denpasar.
PERBEDAAN EFEKTIVITAS INTERVENSI MICROWAVE DIATHERMY DAN DEEP TISSUE MASSAGE LEBIH EFEKTIF DARIPADA MICROWAVE DIATHERMY DAN MCKENZIE NECK EXERCISE UNTUK KOREKSI POSTUR PADA PENDERITA FORWARD HEAD POSTURE Winaya, I Made Niko; Tianing, Ni Wayan; Widnyana, M.; Pramana Putra, I Putu Yudi
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.2, Mei 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (414.003 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i02.p07

Abstract

Background: Forward Head Posture (FHP) is a posture deviation consisting of an increase in angular excursion in the upper and lower aspects of the cervical spine. A popular method used by physiotherapists to reduce muscle tightness is massage. The massage used is Deep Tissue Massage (DTM) with deeper pressure and slow motion. As an effort to correct posture, physiotherapists can use the McKenzie Neck Exercise method. The standard for managing physiotherapy at the clinic provides a modality, namely Microwave Diathermy (MWD).Method: Research with experimental pre and post-test two groups design. The study was divided into 2 groups, consisting of group 1 with Microwave Diathermy and Deep Tissue Massage exercises and group 2 with Microwave Diathermy and McKenzie Neck Exercise. The number of samples in this study were 16 samples each group, so that the total sample in the two groups amounted to 32 respondents.Results: Group 1 with a value of p = 0.001 (p <0.05) which means an increase in perspective before and after the intervention of microwave diathermy and deep tissue massage. Group 2 obtained a value of p = 0.001 (p <0.05) which means an increase in the craniovertebra viewpoint which means the cervical joint before and after the intervention of microwave diathermy and McKenzie's neck training. Calculation results of mean differences Increased craniovertebra angle obtained p value = 0.001 (p <0.05) on the difference between before and after intervention. Microwave diathermy and deep tissue massage compared with microwave diathermy and McKenzie neck exercise against craniovertebral angleConclusion: Intervention of Microave Diathermy and Deep Tissue Massage better than Microave Diathermy and McKenzie Neck Cervical Exercises in correcting posture in patient with Forward Head Posture.Keywords: Forward head posture, Microwave Diathermy, Deep Tissue Massage, McKenzie Neck Exercise, posture
PERBEDAAN PENGARUH BACK STRENGTHENING EXERCISE DAN PILATES EXERCISE TERHADAP AKURASI TENDANGAN PADA PEMAIN SEPAK BOLA Virka Sari, Deasy; Adiatmika, I Putu Gede; Imron, M. Ali; Tianing, Ni Wayan; Sagung Sawitri, Anak Agung; Lesmana, S. Indra
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.2, Mei 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (303.72 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i02.p04

Abstract

Background: Kick accuracy is a person's ability to control free movements against a target. Kick accuracy are influenced by core muscles, concentration and dynamic balance. Back strengthening exercise and Pilates exercise was given by the researcher to improve the accuracy of kicking among soccer players. Purpose: The difference effect of back strengthening exercise and Pilates exercise on kick accuracy among soccer players. Methods: This study was quasi-experimental with a pre-test and post-test group design. There were 22 subjects divided randomly into 2 groups. Group I with back strengthening exercise and group II Pilates exercise. Exercise was given 3 times a week for 5 weeks. Kick accuracy measurement tool used plywood target measurement. Result: research shows that the intervention that was given to groups I and II could improve kick accuracy in soccer players. The effect test are using paired sample t-test in group I with mean pre and post test, obtained (p=0.004) and in group II obtained (p=0.011). The different test among two groups are using independent sample t test with post treatment data in each group, obtained (p=0.100). Conclusion: There is no difference in the effect between giving back strengthening exercise and Pilates exercise to the accuracy of kick on the soccer player.
PENAMBAHAN PERTURBATION TRAINING PADA CORE STABILITY EXERCISE LEBIH BAIK DARIPADA CORE STABILITY EXERCISE DALAM PENINGKATAN KESEIMBANGAN LANSIA DI MENGWI-BADUNG Kharismawan, Putu Mulya; Kuswardhani, RA Tuty; -, Wahyuddin; Sagung Sawitri, Anak Agung; Adiputra, I Nyoman; Lesmana, S. Indra
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.2, Mei 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (377.744 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i02.p02

Abstract

Background: falls is one of the major problems that often occur in the elderly population. It caused the decrease of balance in elderly. Purpose: to prove addition perturbation training on core stability exercise better than core stability exercise to improve balance in elderly. Method: This research is an experiment research design with pre and post test control group design. These samples included 22 people who were divided into two groups. Group 1 has given perturbation training and core stability exercise, while Group 2 has given core stability exercise. Measurement of balance measured using a Berg balance scale. Result: Paired t-test at Group 1 and Group 2 showed value p=0.001 (p<0.025), this results showed a significant balance increase in each groups. Then independent sample t-test between Group 1 and Group 2 showed value of p=0.015 (p<0.025). It results showed significant difference between Group 1 and Group 2. Conclusion: additional perturbation training on core stability exercise better than core stability exercise to improve balance in elderly.
EFEKTIVITAS SHORTWAVE DIATHERMY DAN NEURODYNAMIC MOBILIZATION PADA RADIKULOPATI LUMBOSAKRAL Satria Nugraha, Made Hendra; Purnawati, Susy; Irfan, Muh.
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.2, Mei 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (323.479 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i02.p01

Abstract

Radicular syndrome is one type of disease that is included in peripheral nervous system disorders that occur in the spinal roots causing a disturbance of sensory deficits, motor deficits, reflex deficits and damage to pain sensation. In lumbosacral radiculopathy patients, a condition known as fear avoidance belief is a fear to move or to feel pain as a result of doing an activity. This fear of moving causes patients to restrict its movement, so the muscles that should stabilize the inactive vertebral column and the global muscle become hyperactive and trigger muscle spasms. Conservative therapy approaches that may be given to lumbosacral radiculopathy include application of modalities and therapy by physiotherapy, giving modalities of electro physical agents, exercise therapy, and manual therapy interventions. The purpose of this literature review was to determine the effectiveness of intervention shortwave diathermy and neurodynamic mobilization in patients with lumbosacral radiculopathy. The research method used is the study of literature review by using secondary data in the form of study research journals related to the effectiveness of the use of shortwave diathermy and neurodynamic mobilization in patients with lumbosacral radiculopathy. Previous research has shown that the addition of SWD to treat the subjects with chronic back pain complaints can reduce pain. While neurodynamic mobilization is a clinical application to the physiological and mechanical concepts of the nervous system that integrate with the musculoskeletal system. The precise explanation for the improvement of functional disability and pain level experienced by patients with neurodynamic is that neurodynamic may affect the mechanical functioning of peripheral nerves and the change in neural mechanical function have a direct impact on the physiological changes of nerve structure. Based on the literature review, it can be concluded that: the combination of shortwave diathermy and neurodynamic mobilization is effective in improving the limitations of motion and function of lumbosacral radiculopathy patients.
ADAPTASI BIOMOLEKULER HIPERTROPI JARINGAN OTOT RANGKA PADA LATIHAN BEBAN DAN MANFAATNYA PADA SINDROMA METABOLIK Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.2, Mei 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (423.242 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i02.p09

Abstract

ABSTRACTWeight training is one of the exercises needed to achieve physical fitness. This exercise can increase muscle mass and metabolic function of the muscles so that it becomes an important exercise in the condition of the metabolic syndrome. Muscle is the largest hormone-sensitive tissue in the human body, this tissue consumes a lot of oxygen and consumes most of the glucose through the mediation of insulin. Weight training results in hypertrophy or increase in muscle mass and hyperplasia or increase in the number of muscle cells. Various biomolecular mechanisms can explain the hypertrophy and hyperplasia processes including the anabolic mTOR pathway, the catabolic pathway myostatin - Smad and the repair pathway by Satellite Cells. Understanding of the biomolecular process can provide a theoretical foundation in developing a weight training program so that the exercise becomes effective and safe.Keyword : weight training, metabolic syndrom, muscle hipertrophy
EFEKTIVITAS LOW POWER LASER TERAPI DAN PROPRIOCEPTIF NEUROMUSCULAR FACILITATION PADA ULKUS DIABETIKUM DERAJAT 2 Satria Nugraha, Made Hendra; Wahyuni, Nila; Sita Saraswati, Putu Ayu
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.2, Mei 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (303.716 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i02.p06

Abstract

Diabetic ulcers are one of the most severe complications of diabetes in people with diabetes mellitus. When examined through the International Classification of Function (ICF) approach, there are several problems associated with diabetic ulcers, including: the presence of pain, limited movement, open wounds, loss of sensory sensation or motor ability. There are some modalities can be used to help these problems, namely by using laser and therapeutic approaches such as the application of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). The method of this paper is an article review by using secondary data taken from research journals which are related to the effectiveness of the use of low power laser therapy and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation in diabetic ulcer patients. The primary effect of laser usage on cell is increasing oxidative metabolism to produce more ATP, which ultimately leads to the normalization of cell function, pain relief, and wound healing. PNF is a method of enhancing neuromuscular movement and facilitation to facilitate muscle contraction. This method has the primary goal of achieving individual needs, and thus can perform functional movements, through facilitation, inhibition, strengthening and relaxation of muscle groups. Based on the literature review, it can be concluded that: (1) Low power laser therapy is effective in repairing wounds in patients with grade 2 diabetic ulcers, (2) Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) is effective in improving sensory and motor neuronal conduction associated with ankle movement in grade 2 diabetic ulcers, and (3) The combination of low power laser therapy and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation is effective in improving the limitations of motion and function of grade 2 diabetic ulcers.
TEKNIK MULLIGAN PALING EFEKTIF DIBANDINGKAN MOBILISASI SEGMENTAL UNTUK PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN FUNGSIONAL PADA PEMBATIK TULIS DENGAN CERVICAL SYNDROME Norlinta, Siti Nadhir Ollin; Kuswardhani, RA Tuty; Imron, M. Ali; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Adiputra, N.; Irfan, Muh.
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.2, Mei 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (380.156 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i02.p03

Abstract

Background: Cervical Syndrome is pain resulting from the interaction of which often bump into between of muscles and ligaments well as the that deals with the posture, over activity of the degenerative from discus cervikalis and its ankle urination and pain the neck.Purpose: To know the provision of mulligan technique is better than it was a segmental mobilization of to improve the ability functional at batik wrote disorder cervical syndrome. This research is designed an experimental research randomized pre and post test two group design , in which the grouping of random based on this subject .A kind of design in this research measure pre test and post test treatment in ekperimen group 2 .1 group given manipulation techniques and the mulligan snags 2 given a segmental mobilization of manipulation.Results :of value the measurement of the ability functional cervical syndrome that measured by NDI before intervention in group mean ± SD 65.00± 7.90 and group 2 mean ± SD = 70.00 ± 7.50 with p= 0.188 (p>0.05) with means there was no significant difference in both grup. Then the result afterthe intervention with NDI a showed mean mean ± SD = 37.22 ± 13.01 in group 1 and mean ± SD = 56.11 ± 4.85 in group 2 abtained p= 0,005 (p<0,005) that indicates which means that initial value ndi group 1 and a group of 2 there is no difference meaningful .The results of value ndi after the intervention in the 1 and a group of 2 get value p = 0.005 ( p < 0.05 ) this indicates there is a difference in meaningful between the 1 and a group of 2 after conducted therapy exercise.Conclusion: the enhancement of value weighted ndi in group 1 ( engineering mulligan ) smaller than a segmental ) ( both in terms of a group of 2 .Thus , it can be said that engineering mulligan produce the reduction of pain is greater than a segmental mobilization of.

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