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Gender Equality: Internasional Journal of Child and Gender Studies
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GENDER EQUALITY : International Journal of Child and Gender Studies, a journal focuses on issues related to child and gender studies, is published by Center for Child and Gender Studies, State Islamic University of Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh. The scope of article received can be approached from multidisciplinary context linking to child and gender studies. Hence, this journal appreciate contribution of knowledge from different perspectives such as education, law, social, political, religion, culture, economic, psychology, science and technology. This journal appears 2 (two) numbers in a year, March and September
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Articles 111 Documents
WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN ACEH : COMMUNITY SELF RELIANCE GROUP ON WOMEN Srimulyani, Eka; Inayatillah, Inayatillah
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILD AND GENDER STUDIES Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak UIN Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22646/jcgs.v1i1.619

Abstract

This research is examining the model of Kelompok Swadaya Masyarakat (Community Self Reliance Groups) in empowering and increasing the socio-economic situation of women, based on some case study in Acehnese community. Microfinance program has been frequently associated with women as usually the program targets women as their beneficiaries, particularly the microfinance group model. There have been some optimistic and pessimistic perspectives on how microfinance could improve the economic situation of women. Some argued that microfinance would increase the income generating of women, while others doubted as it is very little and micro, this would not help much in improving the economic situation of women. This research is not focusing on examining the economic impact of the program, but instead the non-economic impact of the program in empowering women’s personal and social capital by looking at group based microfinance program. The research tried to answer the questions of how the microfinance program could affect the non-economic situation of women, and what kind of personal and social capabilities affected by the program. Through several interviews, questionnaires and FGDs (focused group discussion) in some selected regions through purposive sampling, the study showed that this model has relatively affected the women’s personal and social capabilities. Most of the group members mentioned the increase of their self confidence and strong social networking that they benefited after joining the program. In some cases, the program has affected the ‘political’ skill in conveying their voice through their leadership experiences in the group. Moreover, putting the context of post conflict and tsunami disaster of Aceh, the program has been a ‘place’ for them to get relief from the psychological/traumatic and social impacts of the disasters, and also contribute to conflict resolution in a sophisticated way. Keywords:
PERAN PEREMPUAN DALAM ISLAM Hanapi, Agustin
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILD AND GENDER STUDIES Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak UIN Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22646/jcgs.v1i1.620

Abstract

Islam merupakan agama yang sangat menghormati dan menghargai perempuan dan laki-laki di hadapan Allah secara mutlak. Islam menghapus tradisi Jahiliyah yang begitu diskriminatif terhadap perempuan, dalam Islam laki-laki dan perempuan dianggap sebagai makhluk Allah yang setara, bebas ber-tasarruf, bahkan satu sama lain saling melengkapi dan membutuhkan. Islam sebagai rahmatan lil Alamin memposisikan perempuan pada tempat yang mulia. Tidak ada dikotomi dan diskriminasi peran antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Al-Qur’an mengajarkan kedudukan orang beriman baik laki-laki maupun perempuan itu sama di hadapan Allah, oleh karena itu mereka harus memperoleh status yang setara dimata Tuhan, dan keduanya telah dideklarasikan secara sama dengan mendapatkan rahmat Allah. kepergian perempuan untuk studi walau tanpa mahram dapat dibenarkan selama terjamin kehormatan dan keselamatannya serta tidak mengundang kemaksiatan. Perempuan mempunyai hak untuk bekerja selama ia membutuhkannya atau pekerjaan itu membutuhkannya dan selama norma-norma agama dan susila tetap terpelihara. Oleh karena itu tidak ada halangan bagi perempuan untuk bekerja di selama pekerjaan tersebut dilakukan dalam suasana terhormat, sopan, serta mereka dapat memelihara agamanya dan dapat pula menghindarkan dampak-dampak negatif terhadap diri dan lingkungannya. Mengabaikan perempuan dan tidak melibatkannya dalam kegiatan yang bermanfaat bagi masyarakat berarti menyia-siakan paling tidak setengah dari potensi masyarakat.
POLIGAMI DALAM HUKUM ISLAM DAN HUKUM POSITIF (Tinjauan Hukum Keluarga Turki, Tunisia dan Indonesia) Darmawijaya, Edi
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILD AND GENDER STUDIES Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak UIN Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22646/jcgs.v1i1.621

Abstract

Pemberlakuan ancaman pidana bagi pelaku poligami belum menjadi potret umum dari hukum/undang-undang yang berlaku di negara-negara Muslim, namun keberadaannya semakin dipertimbangkan dan tetap menjadi salah satu topik hangat masyarakat Muslim Dunia saat ini. Adalah menarik jika pemberlakuan ancaman pidana bagi pelaku poligami di Turki dan di Tunisia ditelaah lebih dekat, karena kedua negara ini termasuk yang paling tegas mencantumkan klausul ancaman pidana dalam hukum positif mereka. Diskusi ini melibatkan pendapat para ulama baik klasik dan kontemporer tentang poligami, kemudian dikaji dalam perspektif teori maslahat mursalah.
HOW THE COMMITMENT TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS IMPACTS POOR WOMEN IN ACEH PROVINCE, INDONESIA Fitri, Cut Dian; Vonda, Pocut Ismyati
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILD AND GENDER STUDIES Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Gender Equality, September 2016
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak UIN Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22646/jcgs.v2i2.1465

Abstract

This paper aims to examine how the commitment to achieve Sustainable Development Goals impacts poor women in Aceh Province, Indonesia. It starts with a brief introduction on the poverty condition in Aceh Province and Indonesia as well as Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Then, go on tolook at the nature of SDGs as a new global agenda to see what challenge it has in the implementation and what is offered by SDGs in relation to poor women issue. This followed by an assessment on what have been done by the national government (Republic of Indonesia) and local government (Aceh Province) in response to this agenda. Finally, a conclusion and some recommendations will be drawn as a closing part of this paper
REKONSTRUKSI TAFSIR PEREMPUAN: MEMBANGUN TAFSIR BERKEADILAN GENDER (Studi Kritis Atas Pemikiran Asghar Ali Engineer, Fatima Mernissi dan Amina Wadud Muhshin tentang Perempuan dalam Islam) Ismail, Nurjannah
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILD AND GENDER STUDIES Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak UIN Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22646/jcgs.v1i1.778

Abstract

Artikel ini berasal dari hasil penelitian yang memfokuskan pada kajian pemikiran Asghar Ali Engineer, Fatima Mernisi, Rifaat Hasan, Aminan Wadud Muhsin tentang perempuan dalam Islam. Pemikiran para tokoh itu dihadapkan dengan realitas teks-teks fiqh klasih yang cenderung diskriminatif terhadap perempuan. Salah satu tema utama sekaligus prinsip pokok dalam ajaran Islam adalah persamaan antara manusia, baik antar laki-laki dan wanita maupun antar bangsa, suku dan keturunan. Perbedaan yang digarisbawahi dan yang kemudian meninggikan atau merendahkan seseorang hanyalah pengabdian dan ketaqwaannya kepada Allah SWT. Banyak ayat al-Qur‟an telah menunjukkan bahwa laki-laki dan wanita adalah semartabat sebagai manusia, terutama secara spiritual (Al-Qur‟an, 9:112, 66:5). Sebagai sebuah penelitian pustaka (library research), penelitian ini bersifat diskriptif-analitis-eksplanatoris. Yakni berusaha memaparkan bangunan pemikiran fiqih klasik yang diskriminatif terhadap perempuan sebelum akhirnya dideskripsikan kerangka pemikiran tokoh yang diteliti. Data-data akan dianalisis secara kwalitatif dengan menggunakan instrumen analisis deduktif dan komparatif. Dan pendekatan yang dipakai adalah historis sosiologis, hermeneutika sosial, dan normatif. Akhirnya penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa fiqh yang disusun dalam masyarakat yang dominan laki-laki (male dominated society), seperti di kawasan Timur Tengah ketika imam madzab masih hidup dan kitab-kitab fiqh dirumuskan, melahirkan fiqh bercorak patriarkhi. Fiqh yang bercorak demikian bersifat diskriminatif dan penuh ketidakadilan. Pemikiran Asghar Ali Engineer, Fatima Mernissi dan Amina Wadud Muhshin merekonstruksi fiqh diskriminatif dan menawarkan pemikiran baru yang lebih adil.
PENGUJIAN EKSTRAK DAUN SIRIH (PIPER SP.) YANG DIGUNAKAN OLEH PARA WANITA DI GAMPONG DAYAH BUBUE, PIDIE DALAM MENGATASI KANDIDIASIS AKIBAT CENDAWAN CANDIDA ALBICAN Zuraidah, Zuraidah
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILD AND GENDER STUDIES Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak UIN Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22646/jcgs.v1i2.794

Abstract

Daun sirih (Piperaceae) memiliki kemampuan antiseptik dan antifungi yang sudah lama dikenal oleh masyarakat. Ekstrak daun sirih sudah banyak dilaporkan sebagai agen anti fungi seperti jamur Candida albican. Jamur Candida albicans merupakan flora normal tubuh manusia yang menyebabkan penyakit kandidiasis. Penelitian ini menggunakan ekstrak tiga jenis daun sirih yaitu daun sirih hijau (Piper betle L.), daun sirih merah (Piper crocatum Ruiz & Pav), dan daun sirih hutan (Piper aduncum L.) untuk menghambat pertumbuhan dari jamur Candida albicans. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian ekstrak daun sirih tersebut terhadap pertumbuhan jamur Candida albicans, untuk mengetahui pemanfaatan ekstrak daun sirih yang dilakukan oleh para wanita di Gampong Dayah Bubue, Pidie, untuk mengetahui presentase para wanita yang terkena penyakit kandidiasis. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode difusi cakram, dan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan lima perlakuan dan empat kali pengulangan. Pengumpulan data dengan cara mengukur zona bening yang terbentuk pada setiap perlakuan. Rataan hasil pengukuran sirih merah=28,7, sirih hutan=13,00, sirih merah=15,46, K+=34,92, dan K-=0. Hasil analisis Ansira adalah Fhitung= 49,72 > Ftabel=3,01 pada taraf signifikan a = 0,05 (5%) dengan DKV1= 4 dan V2= 16. Hasil Uji Beda Jarak Duncan menunjukkan bahwa setiap perlakuan memberi pengaruh yang sangat nyata dalam menghambat pertumbuhan jamur Candida albicans. Dengan demikian terbukti bahwa ekstrak daun sirih (Piper sp.) mempengaruhi pertumbuhan jamur Candida albicans. Persentase tertinggi sebanyak 30% terkena kandidiasis pada ibu muda berusia 16-25 tahun, sedangkan persentase terendah pada ibu-ibu berusia 46-55 tahun.
GAMBARAN PENDIDIKAN ORANG TUA DAN KEKERASAN PADA ANAK DALAM KELUARGA DI GAMPONG GEULANGGANG TEUNGOH KECAMATAN KOTA JUANG KABUPATEN BIREUEN Maryam, Siti
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILD AND GENDER STUDIES Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Gender Equality, Maret 2017
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak UIN Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22646/jcgs.v3i1.1949

Abstract

The violence on children in the household is often happened compared to other violence, involving the father, mother, brother, and others. In addition, the violence also arise due to economic pressures. As parents, education is the core thing in order to maintain the most important role in the family, so that the process of care for child can be avoided from violence. This study aimed to reveal the parents education and child abuse occurring within the family in the Gampong Geulanggang Teungoh, Kecamatan Kota Juang, Kabupaten Bireuen. The results of the study indicated that the head of the family education mostly (20 people) only junior high school and 15 heads of families completed senior high school, however, there are 1 people who have never attended school at all. Parenting program including foundation class and bazaar day are the most widely followed by the head of the family. Types of violence which mostly performed were emotional abuse, economic abuse, and physical violence
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN PENDIDIKAN IBU TERHADAP KONSUMSI MAKANAN ANAK YANG MENGANDUNG BORAKS DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN BAHAN DASAR KUNYIT Nisah, Khairun
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILD AND GENDER STUDIES Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak UIN Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22646/jcgs.v1i2.789

Abstract

The study is conducted to analyse foods which are marketed in Aceh since March 2015. Within 3 months of observation, the study took in total 98 samples, 18 of which are positive for borax content. Food types commonly containing this dangerous substance are yellow noodle, fried tofu ball with peanut sauce, and fried meatball, with borax determination using indicator turmeric. The assumption is a significant correlation between mother’s educations to high level consumption of borax containing foods for children in Aceh, since the average mother’s educations in Aceh are low. Therefore, several factors in mother’s educations need to be revealed. The study area is focused on the area of Aceh Besar Regency, where cases for the borax containing foods were highly found. The data used in this study are data findings for the use of borax in Aceh Besar Regency, the observation of mother’s education through social media, deep interview to several housewife mothers, several public figures and several communities with knowledge in local customs, in addition of observation on object related to the use of boraxs. The interview result is inserted to a matrix table in order to obtain information related to mother’s education. The analysis is done in descriptive-qualitative method. One of the study results shows a correlation between mother’s educations to children food’s consumption. The better mother’s education will lead to healthier children food’s consumption. Environmental factors also play a role.
Pengaruh Bahasa Ibu Pada Perilaku Anak (Kajian dari sudut pandang cara kerja pikiran) Salami, Salami
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILD AND GENDER STUDIES Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Gender Equality, September 2016
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak UIN Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22646/jcgs.v2i2.1459

Abstract

The mother is madrasah ūlā for her children’s growth and development. The interaction between the mother and the son or the daughter starts since the child is still in her uterus. So, whatever the mother feels, thinks, and says, positively or negatively, will impact directly to the child’s behaviour. The research is developing on the influence of the languageused by the mother to the growth and development of the child, especially psychological development. This condition will inpact to his or her behaviour in the future. So, the mother has to learn continously some knowledges that relate to educating children until she can give positive influence and avoid negative one to their development. Because the mother is able to influence her children’s behaviour in different interactions verbal or gestural, she has to pay a lot of attention to the language patterns that she used in communicating with her children.
Responitas dalam Kalangan Civitas Akademika UIN Ar-Raniry Terhadap Isu Perlindungan Anak Nisah, Khairun
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILD AND GENDER STUDIES Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Gender Equality, Maret 2017
Publisher : Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak UIN Ar-Raniry, Darussalam, Banda Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22646/jcgs.v3i1.1944

Abstract

This paper highlights the opinions among the academic community UIN Ar-Raniry aboutthe protection of children which recommends need for facilities for children in the working environment. This article is inspired from the increasing number of violence against children nowadaye.Provision 1 paragraph 2 of Law No. 23 of 2002 on Child Protection that referred to child protection is all activities to ensure and protect children and their rights in order to live, grow, develop, and participate optimally in accordance with the dignity of the human, as well as protection from violence and discrimination. This research is a quantitative research using a survey method. This method is applied to gather data to answer the problem.The questionnaire are given to the academic community of UIN Ar-Raniry on child protection issues obtained thatcommunity, have a high response to the protection of children who desperately wanted facilities for children in the work environment.

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