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beta (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian)
Published by Universitas Udayana
ISSN : 25023012     EISSN : 25023012     DOI : -
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) memuat hasil penelitian di bidang teknik biosistem (biosystem engineering). Cakupan dari jurnal ini merentang dari aplikasi ilmu keteknikan untuk pertanian. Diantara bidang ilmu tersebut, yang menjadi fokus adalah Bidang Manajemen Keteknikan Pertanian, Teknologi Pascapanen khususnya produk Hortikultura, Rekayasa dan Ergonomika, Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam, serta khusus tentang aplikasi Instrumentasi dan Sistem kontrol dalam bidang pertanian.
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Articles 156 Documents
MEMPERTAHANKAN MUTU BUAH TOMAT SEGAR DENGAN PELAPISAN MINYAK NABATI Tarigan, Nirma Yopita Sari; Utama, I Made Supartha; Kencana, P.K. Diah
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 4 No 1 (2016): Maret
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to study the effect of emulsion of vegetable oil as coating materials, on the quality and shelf life of different stages of fresh tomatoes during storage at room temperature. The maturity levels of tomato fruits were varied, namely breaker stage, turning stage, pink stage and red stage. The mixed emulsion in water of 0,5%, sesame oil and 0,5%, lemongrass oil was used in this experiment. Additional materials used to make the emulsion were 0,5% oftween 80, 0,5% of oleic acid, and 3% of ethanol. Control fruits without treatments are also prepared for comparison. The experiment was performed using a factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with two factors. The first factor was the use of coating treatment consisted of two levels: coating and without coating. The second factor was the stage of maturity of tomatoes consisted of stage 2, stage 3, stage 4, and stage 5. The results showed that coating the tomato fruits with treatment of the mixed emulsion of sesame oil and lemongrass oil significantly affected the quality and storage life. The coating of tomatoes of the turning stage 3 gave the best results which was able to reduce the pH, color, TPT and total acid.
PENGARUH KETEBALAN PLASTIK POLIETILEN DENSITAS RENDAH SEBAGAI BAHAN PENGEMAS TERHADAP MUTU DAUN SELEDRI (APIUM GRAVELENS L.) SELAMA PENYIMPANAN DINGIN Harta Hadi, I Kadek Puja; Pratiwi Pudja, Ida Ayu Rina; Arda, Gede
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 8 No 2 (2020): inpress
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

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Abstract

Salah satu cara yang dilakukan untuk mempertahankan kualitas daun seledri dan memperpanjang umur simpan adalah menggunakan pengemasan dengan ukuran ketebalan plastik polietilen densitas rendah (LDPE) yang tepat dan penyimpanan pada suhu rendah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh ketebalan plastik polietilen densitas rendah sebagai bahan pengemas terhadap mutu daun seledri selama penyimpanan dingin dan untuk mengetahui tingkat ketebalan plastik polietilen densitas rendah berapakah yang dapat mempertahankan mutu daun seledri yang terbaik. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian eksperimental. Rancangan  percobaan  yang  digunakan  adalah  Rancangan  Acak  Lengkap  (RAL) dengan perlakuan ketebalan plastik polietilen densitas rendah dengan ukuran ketebalan 0,02 mm; 0,03 mm; 0,04 mm; 0,05 mm, 0,06 mm. Pengamatan dilakukan setiap 3 hari sekali dan setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak 3 kali pada suhu penyimpanan 100 ± 20C selama 18 hari penelitian. Parameter dalam penelitian ini adalah susut bobot, kadar air, warna, tekstur, tingkat kesegaran, dan aroma. Hasil analisis ragam menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan ketebalan plastik LDPE sebagai bahan pengemas daun seledri berpengaruh sangat nyata (P?0,01) terhadap parameter penelitian. Perlakuan terbaik diperoleh dari ketebalan plastik polietilen densitas rendah ukuran 0,04 mm dengan susut bobot 4,64 %, warna 18,97, tekstur 0,0455 N, kadar air 90,22 %, tingkat kesegaran 4,87 dan aroma 5,00. Kesimpulan bahwa tingkat ketebalan plastik LDPE 0,04 dapat mempertahankan mutu daun seledri paling lama diantara ukuran ketebalan yang lainnya yaitu selama 18 hari.     One way to maintain the quality of celery and extend shelf life is to use packaging with the right size level of low density polyethylene (LDPE) and storage at low temperatures. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of low density polyethylene plastic as a packaging material on the quality of celery during cold storage and to determine what size level of low density polyethylene plastic can maintain the best quality celery. This research method uses experimental research. The study applied a completely Randomized Design (RAL) with one treatment factor: size level of LDPE plastic (0.02 mm, 0.03 mm, 0.04 mm, 0.05 mm, 0.06 mm). Observations were carried out once every 3 days and each treatment was repeated 3 times at a storage temperature of 100 ± 20C for 18 days of the study. The parameters in this study are weight loss, water content, color, texture, level of freshness, and aroma. The results of the analysis of variance showed that the treatment of size level of LDPE plastic as a celery packaging material had a very significant effect (P?0.01) on the research parameters. The best treatment was obtained from the size level of a low density polyethylene plastic size of 0.04 mm with a weight loss is 4.64%, a color is 18.97, a texture is 0.0455 N, a moisture content is 90.22%, a level of freshness is 4.87 and a scent is 5.00. The conclusion that size level of LDPE plastic is 0.04 mm can maintain the longest quality of celery among other size level for 18 days.
PENGARUH PERBANDINGAN JERAMI DAN KOTORAN SAPI TERHADAP PROFIL SUHU DAN KARAKTERISTIK PUPUK KOMPOS YANG DIHASILKAN Massa, Sebastiao; Setiyo, Yohanes; Widia, I Wayan
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 4 No 2 (2016): September
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

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Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh perbandingan jerami dan kotoran sapi terhadap profil suhu dan karakteristik pupuk kompos yang dihasilkan. Percobaan dilakukan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan tiga level perlakuan perbandingan antara porsi bahan jerami dan kotoran sapi. Sedangkan perlakuan yang digunakan sebagai kontrol hanya menggunakan bahan jerami. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap dua hal yaitu profil suhu selama proses pengomposan dan karakteristik kompos yang dihasilkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perubahan kotoran sapi meningkatkan suhu proses pengomposan yaitu suhu fase mesofilik (30-35?C). kompos yang dihasilkan memiliki karakteristik antara lain pH rata-rata 7.3, kadar air rata-rata 5.5%, dan C-organik rata-rata 26,9%.   The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of straw and cow manure comparison to the temperature profile and the characteristics of the producing compost. The experiments ware performed using a randomized block design (RBD) with three levels of treatment comparisons between the composition of straw and cow dung. Whereas the treatment was used as control only using straw materials. Observations conducted on two things the temperature profile during the composting process and the characteristics of the resulting Compost. The results showed the addition of manure increases the temperature of the composting process is temperature mesophilic phase (30-35?C). Compost produced has characteristics include an average pH 7.3, average content 5.5% and C-organic 26.9%.
PENGARUH KESELAMATAN DAN KESEHATAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA PEKERJA PADA PERUSAHAAN PENYOSOHAN BERAS DI DESA JAGAPATI, ANGANTAKA, SEDANG KEC. ABIANSEMAL KAB. BADUNG Dwipayana, Krisna; Sucipta, I Nyoman; Budisanjaya, I Putu Gede
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 8 No 1 (2020): April
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/JBETA.2020.v08.i01.p05

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of occupational safety and health (K3) on worker performance and to find out the factors that most influence the performance of workers in the rice fueling company. The questionnaire was used as a data collection tool that was disseminated to 20 employees in the suppression of rice in the area of ??Sedang, Angataka, jagapati, Kec.Abiansemal, Kab. Kadung. Analysis of this study were emalyzed using validity test, normality test, reliability test and linear regression test. The results of the validity test analysis are 9 invalid questions. The results of the normality test, the data are normally distributed with a significance value of 0.819. The reliability test obtained the results of the data that was reliable with the value of Cronbach's Alpha 0.933. As well as the analysis of the linear regression test the results are closely related. From the research conducted it can be concluded that (1) the relationship of Occupational Safety and Health (K3) to the workforce can be seen from the magnitude of the coefficient of determination (R2) the relationship between the factors that influence K3 and the performance of workers. The performance of workers with supervisory factors has a coefficient of determination of 61.27% and with occupational safety of 88.51%, with health of workers of 86.09%, (2) Factors that most influence the performance of workers in the company of raising rice are factors of work safety, where the closeness of the relationship between the two is 61.27%.
ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN AIR DAN FINANSIAL TANAMAN KRISAN (CHRYSANTHEMUM SP.) DENGAN METODE GULUDAN DAN POT Widayana, I Gede Ngurah Salpatira; Tika, I Wayan; Wijaya, I Made Anom S.
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/JBETA.2019.v07.i01.p10

Abstract

Bunga krisan (Chrysanthemum sp.) merupakan salah satu tanaman hias yang diproduksi sebagai bunga potong. Budidaya bunga krisan biasanya menggunakan metode  di guludan, namun saat ini sudah berkembang budidaya krisan menggunakan metode pot. Berkembangnya dua metode budidaya mengakibatkan adanya perbedaan kebutuhan air tanaman dan finansial pada masing-masing metode. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan penelitian untuk menganalisis kebutuhan air tanaman dan kelayakan finansial dari masing-masing metode. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk: (1) menentukan perbedaan tingkat kebutuhan air pada budidaya bunga krisan menggunakan metode guludan  dan metode pot, dan (2) menganalisis kelayakan finansial budidaya tanaman krisan dengan kedua metode tersebut. Perlakuan penelitian ini adalah : Budidaya bunga krisan dengan metode guludan dan budidaya bunga krisan dengan metode pot. Pada masing-masing metode dianalisis kebutuhan air tanaman (ETc) dan kelayakan finansialnya. Analisis kelayakan finansial yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah NPV, IRR dan BCR. Total kebutuhan air tanaman krisan dengan metode guludan dan pot masing-masing adalah 1056,72 ml/tanaman dan 866,64 ml/ tanaman, sedangkan rata-rata kebutuhan air harian masing-masing 19,57 ml/hari, dan 16,05 ml/hari. Hasil kelayakan finansial dari penelitian ini adalah NPV pada metode guludan sebanyak Rp. 5.687.537,35 lebih kecil dari metode pot yang bernilai Rp. 12.627.709,99. IRR dari metode guludan dengan persentase 15% lebih kecil dari metode pot yang persentasenya 18%. Analisis BCR dari metode guludan memperoleh hasil sebesar 1,51 yang mana lebih kecil dari metode pot yang memperoleh hasil sebesar 1,63. Walaupun kedua metode budidaya bunga krisan dikatakan layak, namun metode pot lebih menguntungakan  dari pada metode guludan dari segi finansial. Chrysanthemum flower (Chrysanthemum sp.)  are one of the ornamental plants produced as cut flowers. Chrysanthemum cultivation usually uses the bund method, but nowadays chrysanthemum cultivation has develoved using the pot method. The development of two methods of cultivation resulted in differences in the plant water requirements and financial in each methods. Therefore it is necessary to conduct research to analyze the plant water requirement and the financial feasibility of each method. The purpose of this research are to : (1) determine the difference of water requirement level on the cultivation of chrysanthemum flower using the method of bund and pot, and (2) analyze the finance feasibility on cultivation of chrysanthemum flower with both methods. The treatment of this research are : cultivation of chrysanthemum flower with bund method and cultivation of chrysanthemum flower with pot method. In each method analyzed plant water requirements (ETc) and financial feasibility. The analysis of financial feasibility used in this research is NPV, IRR and BCR.  Total requirement of chrysanthemum flower water with bund and pot method are 1056,72 ml/plant and 866,64 ml/plant, while the average daily water requirement is 19,57 ml/day, and 16,05 ml/day. The financial feasibility result of this are NPV on bund method as much as Rp. 5.687.537,35 is smaller than the pot method which is worth Rp. 12.627.709,99. IRR from the bund method with percentage 15% smaller than pot method with the percentage of 18%. The BCR analysis of the bund method yields 1.51 which is smaller than the pot method which yields 1.63. although both methods of chrysanthemum flower cultivation are said to be feasible, but the pot method is more advantageous than the method of bunds in financial terms.
PENGARUH KESELAMATAN DAN KESEHATAN KERJA (K3) TERHADAP KINERJA KARYAWAN (STUDI KASUS : PT. BALI MAYA PERMAI FOOD CANNING INDUSTRY) Aruan, Tessa Apriani; Aviantara, I Gusti Ngurah Apriadi; Sucipta, I Nyoman
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 8 No 2 (2020): inpress
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

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Abstract

Program Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja (K3) adalah suatu sistem program yang dibuat bagi pekerja maupun pengusaha sebagai upaya pencegahan timbulnya kecelakaan kerja dan penyakit akibat hubungan kerja dalam lingkungan kerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh variabel Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja (K3) terhadap Kinerja Karyawan dan mengetahui seberapa besar pengaruh variabel Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja (K3) terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan kuesioner sebagai alat pengumpul data yang disebarkan kepada 80 karyawan di PT. Bali Maya Food Canning Industry. Hasil Uji Regresi Linear menunjukkan pengaruh variabel X1 (keselamatan kerja) sebesar 68,28% dan pengaruh variabel X2 (kesehatan kerja) sebesar 75,39% terhadap variabel Y (kinerja karyawan). Hal tersebut  menunjukkan bahwa keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja berpengaruh positif terhadap kinerja karyawan.     Occupational Safety and Health Program is a system of programs created for both workers and entrepreneurs as an effort to prevent occupational accidents and illnesses caused by working relationships within the working environment. The research aims to determine the influence of occupational safety and health to employee performance and to know how much the impact of occupational safety and health is the employee performance. This method of research uses questionnaires as a data collection tool distributed to 80 employees at PT. Bali Maya Food Canning Industry. Linear regression test results show the effect of the X1 variable of 68,28% and the effect of the X2 variable of 75,39% against the Y variable. It shows that occupational safety and health have a positive effect on the employee?s performance.
PENENTUAN UMUR SIMPAN MINUMAN LOLOH CEMCEM MENGGUNAKAN METODE ACCELERATED SHELF LIFE TESTING (ASLT) DENGAN PENDEKATAN MODEL ARRHENIUS Tirta Diani, Ni Nyoman Ayu; Gunadnya, I. B. Bagus; Yulianti, Ni Luh
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 5 No 1 (2017): maret
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

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Abstract

Abstrak Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan umur simpan loloh cemcem dengan parutan kelapa dantanpa parutan kelapa menggunakan Accelerated Shelf Life Testing (ASLT) dengan pendekatan model Arrhenius. Loloh cemcem dengan parutan kelapa dan tanpa parutan kelapa disimpan pada 4 suhu penyimpanan yang diantaranya suhu 15oC, 35oC, 45oC, dan 55oC.Parameter yang diamati adalah pH dan mutu sensoris yang meliputi rasa, warna dan aroma. Pengamatan dilakukan sampai 50% panelis menyatakan bahwa loloh cemcem ditolak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa parameter kritis dari loloh cemcem dengan parutan kelapa adalah parameter rasa dengan mengikuti orde ke-0 dan loloh cemcem tanpa parutan kelapa juga pada parameter rasa dengan mengikuti orde ke-1. Prediksi umur simpan terhadap loloh cemcem dengan parutan kelapa dan tanpa parutan kelapa pada suhu 280C masing-masing adalah 16,4 jam dan 18,9 jam. Perbandingan umur simpan prediksi dengan umur simpan yang ditentukan oleh produsen berbeda. The objetive of this research were to determine the self-life of loloh cemcem with and without grated young coconut pulp  using Accelerated Shelf Life Testing (ASLT) with Arrhenius method. Loloh cemcem was stored in four storage temperaturs, namely 15oC, 35oC, 45oC, dan 55oC. The observed parameters were pH, and three sensory parameters using preference test, namely flavor, color, and aroma of the cemcem. The observations conducted until 50% of panelist refused loloh cemcem.The results showed the critical quality parameter of loloh cemcem with grated coconut was taste that followed zero order and without the same parameter was found for loloh cemcem without grated young coconut pulp but it followed first reaction order. The self-life of loloh cemcem with grated coconut and without grated coconut  was 16.4 hours and 18.9 hours at room temperature or 280C.Comparison of shelf life prediction and determined by the manufacturer was different.
PERANAN KUAT MEDAN ELEKTROMAGNETIK DALAM MEMACU PERTUMBUHAN VEGETATIF TANAMAN KRISAN (CRHYSANTEMUM) Permana, I Gusti Putu Eka; S. Wijaya, I Made Anom; Gunadnya, I.B. Putu
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 4 No 1 (2016): Maret
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

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Abstract

The purposes of this research were to observe the role of electromagnetic field exposure on vegetative phase to spur the growth of Chrysanthemum plants and to determine the appropriate electromagnetic field strength and frequency of exposure that resulted the best growth of chrysantemum plants. The method of this research was descriptive analysis with two treatment. The first treatments was electromagnetic strength consist of 2 mT (B1), 3 mT (B2), and 4 mT (B3). The second treatment was frequency of electromagnetic field exposure, consist of 1 (F1), 2 (F2), and 3 (F3) times per day. In this research, the control was without exposure by electromagnetic field used as a comparision and. Variables measured were phase were root length, rod diameter, plant height, amount of leave, and plant canopy. The result showed that plant which exposured by 2 mT until 3 mT electromagnetic field 2 times per day had a good impact for vegetative growth, however for more than 3 mT, gave unstatisfactory impact. Plant with the best vegetative growth results were exposured by 3 mT electromagnetic field 2 times per day or B2F2
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN PELEPAH REBUNG BAMBU (GIGANTOCHLOA NIGROCILIATA BUSE-KURZ) DAN KONSENTRASI AKTIVATOR TERHADAP KUALITAS KOMPOS YANG DIHASILKAN Prawiratama, Daniel Rama; Widia, I Wayan; Sucipta, I Nyoman
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 8 No 1 (2020): April
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/JBETA.2020.v08.i01.p04

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to obtain the composition of the ingredients and coordinate the optimal activator on compost quality in accordance with the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) 19-7030-2004. The raw materials used in composting are bamboo shoots and cow dung waste. The activator used was from a 2-week fermentation process from a banana hump that was added to rice washing water and brown sugar. The composting process in this study used a bamboo basket with a height of 100cm and a diameter of 60cm. The method used is factorial Completely Randomized Design with two factors. The first factor is the composition of cow dung and tabah bamboo shoot waste which consists of 5 levels, namely: 100%: 0%, 75%: 25%, 50%: 50%, 25%: 75%, and 0%: 100%. The second factor is the concentration of activator consisting of 3 levels, namely 250 ml, 500 ml and 750 ml. Each time repeated 2 times. In the process of composting temperature and pH every day for 31 days. Water content, C-Organic (%), Nitrogen (%) seen at the beginning and end of the composting process. The best combination of A3.B3 treatment with the composition of cow dung and bamboo shoot midrib (50%: 50%) activator concentration of 750 ml, resulted in a peak temperature of 47.250C with an average temperature during the composting process of 40.320C, average pH during composting process 7, 10, final pH 6.93, moisture content 35.95%, organic C content 23.9%, total N-content 1.46%, C / N ratio 16.42%. The resulting compost is blackish brown in color, has a crumb texture compared to other processing. Keywords : tabah bamboo shoots, cow dung, composting, compost quality.
KAJIAN POLA TITIK LAYU TANAMAN PAPRIKA (CAPSICUM ANNUUM L.) DAN KAPASITAS LAPANG PADA BEBERAPA MEDIA TANAM Widnyana, I Made Gede; Sumiyati, S; Tika, I Wayan
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 5 No 1 (2017): maret
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola titik layu tanaman paprika (Capsicum annuum L.) dan kapasitas lapang pada beberapa media tanam yang digunakan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode kuantitatif yang terdiri dari tiga perlakuan menggunakan media tanam diantaranya, P1 : media arang sekam, P2 : media tanah campur kompos dengan perbandingan 2 : 1 dan dan P3 : media tanah. Kadar air kapasitas lapang, titik layu sementara dan air tersedia untuk seluruh perlakuan yang diamati mulai minggu ke-2 sampai minggu ke-14, kapasitas lapang pada media arang sekam, tanah campur kompos dan tanah yaitu berturut-turut dari 79,11% sampai 82,06%, 44,10% sampai 46,31%, dan 36,20% sampai 37,41%. Kadar air titik layu sementara pada arang sekam, tanah campur kompos dan media tanah yaitu berturut-turut mengalami penurunan dari 42,99% sampai 25,84%, 13,95% sampai 8,95% dan 14,39% sampai 10,23%. Air tersedia bagi taaman paprika pada media arang sekam, tanah campur kompos dan tanah yaitu berturut-turut mengalami peningkatan 5,20cm sampai 9,65cm, 5,72cm sampai 6,33cm dan 3,43cm sampai 4,86cm. The objective of this study were to determine of wilting point pattern and field capacity in cultivation of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in diffferents planting medium. The methodology that used in this study was quantitative method. Three different planting medium were set namely : P1 : rice husk charcoal media , P2: soil and compost mixed media with 2 : 1 ratio and  P3: soil media. The water content of field capacity, temporary wilting point and available water for all treatments were observed start in week 2 to week 14 field capacity on rice husk charcoal, soil and compost mixed and soil media that row from 79.11% to 82,06%, 44.10% to 46.31%, and 36.20% to 37.41%. While the soil mousture of temporary wilting point of rice husk charcoal, soil and compost mixed and soil media is descreased from 42,99% to 25,84%, 13,95% to 8,95% and 14,39% to 10,23%. Available water of sweet paper plants on rice husk charcoal, soil and compost mixed and soil that is row increased from 5,20 cm to 9,65 cm, 5,72 cm to 6,33 cm and 3,43 cm to 4,86 cm.

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