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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 25409395     EISSN : 25409409     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Social,
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry (IJFAC) is an international research journal and invites contributions of original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of chemistry. The journal aims to publish refereed, high-quality research papers with significant novelty and short communications in all branches of chemistry. Papers which describe novel theory and its application to practice are welcome, as are those which illustrate the transfer of techniques from other disciplines. IJFAC calls for papers that cover the following fields: Biochemistry Inorganic chemistry Physical chemistry Organic chemistry Analytical chemistry Applied Chemistry All papers are peer reviewed by at least two referees. Papers presented at conferences are peer reviewed and selected with the same standards as individually submitted papers. They therefore have the same archival value. Article should be submitted by the Online Submission Module at www.ijfac.unsri.ac.id or email to ijfac@unsri.ac.id
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Articles 75 Documents
VALIDATION METHOD RAPID TEST COD IN WATER AND WASTE WATER COMPARE WITH STANDARD METHOD AS QUALITY ASURANCE IN INTEGRATED TESTING LABORATORY-FMIPA OF SRIWIJAYA UNIVERSITY Yuniar, Yuniar; Wijayanti, Maria Siswi
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

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Abstract

Portable COD test kit used for testing the COD because its low cost, less waste, contaminant free, efficient, simple and traceable to the international unit system. However the method has not yet accepted as a standard method, so it must be validated before applied in the laboratory according to the requirements of ISO / IEC 17025: 2017. In this study, the Rapid Test COD method vario Lovibond (M1) compared with the standard method APHA 5220D.4 (M2). The Rapid Test method modified used APHA reagents (M3) and vice versa (M4) were also studied. Evaluation based on precision values,  HorRat  whereas accuracy based on recovery value (R). Comparison of test results also conducted against Certified Reference Material values, and Z-score test. The precision test results for each method for both law range and high range gave HorRat values between 0.3-1.3 that meet the precision requirements. Accuracy testing also gave %R meeting the acceptance limit, even though M3 with the lowest %R is 94.17%. For comparison of results with CRM, the M3 method does not meet the acceptance limit, which is U? < ?m. But the results of the Z-score Test all methods provide satisfactory accuracy
STUDY OF ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES FROM ANTIHYPERTENSION DRUG PLANT OF THE INDRALAYA AREA Metasari, Seni; Muharni, Muharni; Elfita, Elfita; Yohandini, Heni
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

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Abstract

Ogan ethnic population in Indralaya, Ogan Ilir District, South Sumatra was known to have used several types of plants, there are Swietenia mahagoni, Averrhoa carambola, Syzygium samarangense, Musa acuminata, Nymphaea rubra, Syzygium polyanthum, and Andrographis paniculata for the treatment of hypertension. But, scientific information has not yet been found secondary metabolites that are responsible for providing these activities. The study began with the extraction of methanol from the seven types of plants using methanol as a solvent. Each thick extract was tested for its activity using the 1,1-diphenyl-1-picryllhydrazyl (DPPH) method. The extract which showed the highest activity (methanol extract) was subsequently carried out in vitro antihypertension test using the Angiotencyn Converting Enzyme (ACE) method. Antioxidant test results showed that the methanol extract from S. samarangense stem bark had the highest antioxidant activity with IC50 was 83.06 ?g/mL. Antihypertension test of methanol extract from S. samarangense stem bark obtained IC50 ACE was 61.56 ?g/mL. Based on the IC50 value, it shows that S. samarangense stem bark has potential as a source of antioxidant compounds as well as a source of antihypertension compounds. Keywords: Syzygium samarangense, stem bark, antioxidant, antihypertension
EFFECT OF CARBONIZATION TIME OF MESOPOROUS CARBON IN THE DYES ADSORPTION: RHODAMINE B, METHYLENE BLUE AND CARMINE Misriyani, Misriyani; Setianingsih, Tutik; Darjito, Darjito
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

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Abstract

Study of dyes adsorption (rhodamine B, methylene blue and carmine) by using mesoporous carbon synthesized at various carbonization time has been done. Purpose of this research was to understand influence of carbonization time to performance of the mesoporous carbon in dyes adsorption. In addition, adsorption performance of the mesoporous carbon and commercial carbon were compared. The adsorption test were conducted at conditions: 0.1 g of adsorbent, 25 mL of dyes solutions 100 ppm and shaking rate 125 rpm for 4 hour. Filtrate was used to determine remain concentration of the dyes with UV-visible spectrophotometry. Result of the research showed that the carbonization time from 1 to 3 hours  improved the adsorption, whereas from 3 to 5 hours decreased it. The best character of the mesoporous carbon was obtained at carbonization time of 3 hours with adsorption values of 96.43 ± 0.37 % for rhodamine-B, 38.80 ± 1.44 % for methylene blue and 48.51 ± 1.55 % for carmine. The adsorption values of the mesoporous carbon were 0.97 times for rhodamine B, 0.48 times for carmine, and 0.39 times for methylene blue compared with the commercial activated carbon.
APPLICATION OF NANOSILICA FROM RICE HUSK ASH AS IRON METAL (FE) ADSORBENT IN TEXTILE WASTEWATER Rusdianasari, Rusdianasari; Taufik, Muhammad; Bow, Yohandri; Fitria, Maryam Seyaski
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

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Abstract

Heavy metals are considered hazardous to health if they accumulate excessively in the body. One way to remove iron metal ions by adsorption process uses adsorbents. In this study, removal of heavy metals such as ferrous metal (Fe) was adsorbed using an adsorbent in the form of nanosilica. Nanosilica is made from rice husk ash where rice husk ash contains 80-90% silica so that it can be utilized as a raw material in nanosilica synthesis. Synthesis of nanosilica was carried out using a solvent in the form of KOH with a variation of 1.5M concentration; 2.5M; 3.0M; 3.5M and 4.5M. The five types of nanosilica were applied to textile waste containing ferrous metal (Fe) with variations in a contact time of 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 minutes. Waste containing iron metal that has been adsorbed was analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) to see the remaining iron content. From the analysis of AAS produced the smallest iron concentration of 0.186 ppm in nanosilica with 1.5 M KOH solvent. Nanosilica with 1.5M KOH solvent was characterized using a Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) -Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) tool to obtain a surface morphological size of 0.44 µm with 28.95% SiO2 content. 
BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM WASTE COOKING OIL USING INDUCTION HEATING TECHNOLOGY Moulita, RA Nurul; Rusdianasari, Rusdianasari; Kalsum, Leila
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 5, No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

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Abstract

Kerupuk and kemplang industries produce at least 65 liters of waste cooking oil per production. One form of the application of science and technology in the field of new and renewable energy can be done in processing the waste oil from industrial production through the conversion process into one of the environmental friendly alternative fuels, biodiesel. Biodiesel production process can be carried out by various methods, such as utilizing induction heating technology. This technology has non-contact properties that do not interfere with the reactions that occur because of its application, which produces heat from the workpiece. This study uses waste cooking oil as raw material with variations in the molar ratios 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, 1:6, and 1:7. The analysis showed that the maximum biodiesel production was used of 1: 7 molar ratio with 86.95% yield, 0.86 gr/cm3 of density, 5.73 cSt of viscosity, 190oC of flash point, and 0.44 mg-KOH/gr of acid number. The using this ratio produces maximum yield and following SNI.
Optimization Of Palm Oil Mill Effluent Treatment By Applying RSM And ANN Said, Muhammad; Ba-Abbad, Muneer M; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 1 (2016): February 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i1.07

Abstract

AbstractThe optimization of the COD removal from palm oil mill effluent (POME) has done. The correlation of concentration and pH of POME, and Trans membrane pressure (TMP) of Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane was optimized by response surface method using a second order polynomial model with Box Behken design consist of 17 runs. To determine whether the model was adequate for representing the experimental data; it was indicated by the ANNOVA table (p-value, lack of fit and R2 values).  The main factor influenced the COD removal was concentration and pH of POME.  The optimum conditions were determined from 3D response surface and 2D contour graphs i.e. 28.30% of POME concentration at pH 10.75 and TMP 0.69 kPa to yield 24.1372 mg/L of COD value. The results demonstrate that the response surface method effective to minimize the number of experiment. Keywords: POME; RO membrane; RSM; ANN; COD
Preparation And Characterization Of Cr/Activated Carbon Catalyst From Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fanani, Zainal; Rohendi, Dedi; Dewi, Tri Kurnia; Dzulfikar A, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 2 (2016): June 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i2.35

Abstract

Preparation and characterization of Cr/activated carbon catalyst from palm empty fruit bunch had been done. The research were to determine the effect of carbonization temperature towards adsorption of ammonia, iodine number, metilen blue number, and porosity of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst. The determination of porosity include surface area, micropore volume and total pore volume. The results showed the best carbonization temperature activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst at 700°C. The adsorption ammonia of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 6.379 mmol/g and 8.1624 mmol/g. The iodine number of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 1520.16 mg/g and 1535.67 mg/g. The metilen blue number of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 281.71 mg/g and 319.18 mg/g. The surface area of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 1527.80 m2/g and 1652.58 m2/g. The micropore volume of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 0.7460 cm3/g and 0.8670 cm3/g. The total pore volume of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 0.8243 cm3/g and 0.8970 cm3/g.Keywords : activated carbon, palm empty fruit bunch, porosity, catalyst, chromium
Thermal Stability and Acidity of Silica Supported Keggin Type Polyoxometalate K4[-SiW12O40]•nH2O Me, Welinda; Mohadi, Risfidian; Lesbani, Aldes
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 1 (2016): February 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i1.24

Abstract

Silica supported polyoxometalate K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O was prepared systematically using tetraethyl ortho silicate by sol gel method to form K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si. Compound K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si was characterized by diffraction, spectroscopic, and acidity  analyses follow by thermal activity test at higher temperature up to 600 oC. Analysis of FTIR spectrum showed all unique vibration of polyoxometalate K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O was appeared at wavenumber 800-1000 cm-1 before and after supporting process. Crystallinity of K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O and K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si were also similar without changing Keggin structure. Compound K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si showed higher acidity than K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O probably due to Lewis acidity species. Keggin structure of K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si was still retained up to 600 oC showing thermal stability of K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si at high temperature.Keyword : Keggin polyoxometalate, tetraethyl ortho silicate, thermal stability, acidity
Modification of Cellulose with 4.4 Diaminodiphenylether-O-Hydroxibenzaldehide as Adsorbent and Its Application for Adsorbing Metalic Ion of Cd2+ In Aqueous Solution HIdayati, Nurlisa; Mohadi, Risfidian; Marsitho, Euis; Fatoni, Ahmad
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 2 (2016): June 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i2.47

Abstract

This research on the modification of cellulose using 4,4-diaminodiphenylether and o-hydroxybenzaldehyde and its application to adsorb Cd2+ in aqueous solution has been done. The adsorption studies of cellulose and modified cellulose were done by using batch technique. The cellulose and modified cellulose were characterized by FTIR. The FTIR spectra revealed characteristic bands of 1573 cm-1, 1280 cm-1, 3749 cm-1 and 1056 cm-1. It indicates function group of C=N, C=O, O-H and Si-OR bond, respectively. The FTIR spectra of cellulose and modified cellulose which interacted to Cd2+, it were indicated by the shift in wavenumber 3410 cm-1 to 3371 cm-1. This spectral shift indicating Cd2+ bound to OH-group. In this research, interaction between modified cellulose with Cd2+ confirmed by intensities spectral changes at 1620 cm-1. The adsorption capacity and energy from adsorption of Cd2+ ions toward cellulose were 71,43 mg/g and 4,142 kJ/mol, while toward modified cellulose were 55,56 mg/g and 0,13 kJ/mol, respectively. Keywords: cellulose, 4,4-diaminodiphenylether-o-hydroxybenzaldehyde, adsorption, Cd2+
The influence of time reaction to characteristic of methyl ester sulfonate from seed oil ketapang Hariani, Poedji Loekitowati; Riyanti, Fahma; Fadilah, Ahyati
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 1 (2016): February 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i1.14

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to The Preparation of Methyl Ester Sulfonate From Ketapang Seed Oil As Surfactant. The research is to determine the optimum condition synthesis of methyl ester sulfonate surfactant with reaction time variations (3.5; 4.0; 4.5; 5.0; 5.5 hours). The methyl ester from ketapang seed oil were analysis by GC-MS and identified methyl ester sulfonate by using FTIR spectroscopy. The methyl ester from ketapang seed oil showed containing of methyl palmitoleic, methyl linoleic, methyl palmitate, methyl stearate, methyl oleic, methyl palmitolenat and methyl eicosenoate. The optimum condition of methyl ester sulfonate at reaction time 4.5 hours with the mass of methyl ester sulfonate 34,85 g. For the FTIR spectra of sulfonate group is indicated  by shifting of wave number at 1118.71cm-1 until 1029.1 cm-1. The characteristics of methyl ester sulfonate at the optimum reaction time have emulsion stability 71.684%, density 0.8714 g/mL, surface tension 36.232 dyne/cm, and maximum absorbance 1.428 at the maximum wavelength 660 nm. Keywords: Surfactant, methyl ester sulfonate, time reaction, ketapang seed oil