cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kab. ogan ilir,
Sumatera selatan
INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 25409395     EISSN : 25409409     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Social,
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry (IJFAC) is an international research journal and invites contributions of original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of chemistry. The journal aims to publish refereed, high-quality research papers with significant novelty and short communications in all branches of chemistry. Papers which describe novel theory and its application to practice are welcome, as are those which illustrate the transfer of techniques from other disciplines. IJFAC calls for papers that cover the following fields: Biochemistry Inorganic chemistry Physical chemistry Organic chemistry Analytical chemistry Applied Chemistry All papers are peer reviewed by at least two referees. Papers presented at conferences are peer reviewed and selected with the same standards as individually submitted papers. They therefore have the same archival value. Article should be submitted by the Online Submission Module at www.ijfac.unsri.ac.id or email to ijfac@unsri.ac.id
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 80 Documents
Isolation of Flavonoid Compound and Antioxidant Activity of Salix tetrasperma Roxb. Leaves Januarti, Ria; Santoni, Adlis; Efdi, Mai
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.42

Abstract

Salix Tetrasperma Roxb. is a plant that found in Indonesia were used as traditional medicine such as diabetes and wound healing. In this study, a flavonoid compound of the ethyl acetate extract of Salix tetrasperma Roxb. leaves was isolated by chromatography technique and the antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH assay. The isolation led to obtain 5,7-dihydroxy-3'-methoxyflavone based on NMR spectra. The ethyl acetate extract exhibited the highest antioxidant activity with the IC50 is 65.89 µg/mL. This study shows that the Salix tetrasperma Roxb. has good potential as source of antioxidant agent.
Breakdown of Water-in-Oil Emulsion on Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Zen, Muhammad Rizky; Arita, Susila; Komariah, Leily Nurul
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.53

Abstract

The pyrolysis bio-oil which has been studied by many researchers has typically contained a high amount of water, around 20-30%. In this research, the effective bio-oil purification using chemical demulsification method has been studied to reduce the amount of water by breaking down the water-in-oil emulsion on pyrolysis bio-oil. A various dosage of chemical demulsifier (100 ppm, 150 ppm, 200 ppm, and 250 ppm) has been added into the pyrolysis bio-oil and the water separation over time also been observed. The temperature of bio-oil (30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 °C) was also studied as a factor that could have a significant effect on the demulsification process of pyrolysis bio-oil. After the injection of 250 ppm of demulsifier at 30 °C, the water separation reached a maximum of 72% in 60 minutes and could reduce the water content from 25% to 8.5%. At the temperature of 60oC and 250 ppm of demulsifier, the water separation reached a maximum of 96% in 35 minutes, and successfully reduced the water content from 25% to 1.3%. Finally, it has been concluded that this bio-crude purification using chemical demulsification method could be applied to effectively reduce the amount of water from pyrolysis bio-oil product.
Antibacterial Activity and Structure Elucidation of Salicin from Stem Bark of Salix tetrasperma ROXB. Ramadhani, Sari; Santoni, Adlis; Efdi, Mai
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.47

Abstract

Salix tetrasperma Roxb. (Family Salicacaeae) is a plant that used as traditional medicine for anti-inflammatory, analgesic, reduces fever, and itching medicine. In this study was carried out extraction, isolation, structure elucidation of salicin from Salix tetrasperma Roxb. stem bark and it’s antibacterial activity. The extraction method was used the maceration method by n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol solvents. Isolation of compound from ethyl acetate extract of Salix tetrasperma Roxb. stem bark using chromatography methods and obtained white solid (15 mg). The structure was elucidated using spectroscopic analysis, including Ultraviolet (UV), Infrared (IR), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and comparative literature, identified as salicin compound with molecule formula C13H18O7. Antibacterial activity was evaluated against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria using disk diffusion method. This compound has a great an antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus bacteria with clear zone diameter of 10.2 ± 0.3 mm. This shows that the Salix tetrasperma Roxb. stem bark has great potential as a source of antibacterial compound
Synthesis and Characterization of ZSM-5 Catalyst for Catalytic Pyrolysis of Empty Fruit Bunches Rahmiyati, Lutfia; Arita, Susila; Komariah, Leily Nurul; Nazarudin, Nazarudin; Alfernando, Oki
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.72

Abstract

ZSM-5 is known as a heterogeneous catalyst in the process of petroleum cracking. Zeolite has narrow pores so it needs synthesis to form mesopore so that reactant molecules can enter the active site in ZSM-5 mesopore. In this study, mesopore formation was carried out by adding Si/Al components with a ratio of 20 derived from tetraethyl orthosilicate, aluminum isopropoxide and TPAOH template with hydrothermal process. The resulting ZSM-5 was characterized using x-ray diffraction, scanning and electron microscopy (SEM). The XRD characterization results showed that the ZSM-5 synthesized to form mesopore was seen from a fairly high peak intensity in the range at 2-theta were 8.11, 9.01°; 23.27°; 23.49°; and 24.13°. The results of this study already have the same structure as the commercial ZSM-5. Characterization of SEM-EDS showed that Si-Al and Na elements in ZSM-5 were 96.43%, 3.56% and 0% wt, respectively. With a magnification of 20000x, this cluster is quite homogeneous even though the crystallization formed is not well aggregated. This ZSM-5 catalyst will be applied to the process of biomass into bio-oil.
Synthesis and Structural Analysis of Magnesium Oxide Nanomaterial Using Ethanol as Polymerization Solvent Sutapa, I Wayan; Wahab, Abdul Wahid; Taba, Paulina; La Nafie, Nursiah
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.82

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to synthesize MgO nanomaterials using sol-gel method with ethanol as solvent and to perform structural analysis of the products. Mg-oxalate was initially prepared prior magnesium acetate. Magnesium acetate dissolved in ethanol, and the oxalic acid added to adjust pH until gel phase formed. The gel was heated at 100 C for 24 hours to produce magnesium oxalate solids. Solids was sieved using ±150 mesh then annealed at 550 C for 6 hours to produce MgO nanomaterial. The magnesium oxalate was characterized using FT-IR, XRD, and SEM. FT-IR peak at 3408.22 cm-1; 1709.35 cm-1; 1375.39 cm-1; 830.32 cm-1; 420.48 cm-1, and the XRD peak 17.95o; 22.97o; 25.02o; 27,94o; 35.10o; 37,63o; 44.16o were characteristic of Mg-oxalate. Meanwhile, FT-IR band at 1030.24 cm-1; 2358.94 cm-1; 1627.92 cm-1; 1417.66 cm-1; 437.84 cm-1, and XRD peak at 38.92o; 43.3o; 56.02o; 62.64o; 74.88o and 79.04o shows characteristic of MgO nanomaterial. Structure analysis shown the MgO nanomaterials has an average crystal size 8.11 nm, and lattice length 21.21 nm. The values of strain, stress, energy density crystal and dislocation density of the MgO are 5.3 x 10-5 MPa, 32.97 MPa, 154.81 J/nm2, 1.52 x 10-3 nm-2 respectively. Morphologically the MgO nanomaterial produced is cubic.
The Effect of H-USY Catalyst in Catalytic Cracking of Waste Cooking Oil to Produce Biofuel Rosmawati, Rosmawati; Arita, Susila; Komariah, Leily Nurul; Nazarudin, Nazarudin; Alfernando, Oki
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.67

Abstract

The crisis in petroleum is caused by the diminishing supply of petroleum resources from nature. This phenomenon encourages researchers to continue to look for processes and methods to produce energy from other resources. One of these ways is to produce energy that can be utilized from waste, including converting waste cooking oil into biofuel. This method not only could provide a source of renewable energy, but also help resolve the issue of household waste. The process used to produce biofuel from waste cooking oil is by catalytic cracking, where waste cooking oil after pretreatment is converted into biofuel in the flow reactor with H-USY catalyst. In this research, the reaction temperatures used are 400 °C, 450 °C, 500 °C and 550 °C and reaction times are 30, 45 and 60 minutes with the mass ratio of the amount of waste cooking oil to the amount of catalyst used is 40:1 (w/w). The highest yield of liquid biofuel product was obtained at 60.98%. The use of H-USY catalyst shows that the distribution of components contained in biofuel are 28.02% of diesel products (C17 -C20), 23.96% of gasoline (C6 –C12) and 7.78% of Heavy oil (C20 >) in catalytic cracking of waste cooking oil with a reaction time of 45 minutes at a temperature of 450 °C.
Liquid Soap Production from Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) Fat Waste Aprianti, Nabila; Nurhayati, Siti; Moeksin, Rosdiana
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.77

Abstract

Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) fat is a waste that has not been used optimally, especially in the use of soap. This study aimed to determine the effect of operating conditions are temperature, reaction time, and the ratio of volume between catfish oil and KOH. Soap can be formed by saponification reaction with strong alkali by hydrolyzing catfish oil with variations in the volume ratio of reactants (1:2, 1:3 and 1:4), temperature (75 °C and 95 °C) and reaction time (45 minutes and 75 minutes) with a constant stirring speed of 300 rpm. In the variation of the volume ratio of reactants, temperature and reaction time carried out in this study, a good liquid soap obtained is the volume ratio of reactants 1:3, temperature 75 °C and reaction time 45 minutes with pH 9.3 and free fatty acid 2.27%. The soap products produced have met SNI No. 06-4085-1996.
The Utilization Of Palm Oil Mill Effluent For Renewable Energy Nuryanti, Rahma; Agustina, Tuty Emilia; Sari, Tuti Indah
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 3 (2019): October 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i3.116

Abstract

The demand of energy in the world today has increased exponentially, therefore, more efforts have been focused on looking for alternative renewable sources, such as biodiesel, which involves fuel produced from oil of plant, or animal fat. The objective of the research, therefore, was to utilize the palm oil mill effluent (POME) as a raw material in the production of biodiesel, by applying varying solvent, extraction time and the effluent to solvent ratio. Furthermore, the best output of oil rendement of (81.07%), in comparison with the total sample taken,was obtained using n-hexane, at an extraction time of 3 days, and ratio of 1:1. Furthermore, the output possessed a high acid number. Hence, it is considered in the process of esterification and transesterification, required in the production of biodiesel. The HCl catalyst ratio of 1.25% (%v) was used in the esterification process, and the lowest acid number of 2.08 mg-KOH/gr was obtained, followed by the transesterification process, using 1.5% (%w) of NaOH catalyst of the oil weight. Hence, the characteristics of biodiesel produced were in accordance with SNI 04-7182-2006.Keywords: POME, Biodiesel, Esterification and Transesterification, Extraction, n-Hexane
Performance Test of Membrane Electrode Assembly in DAFC using Mixed Methanol and Ethanol Fuel with Various Volume Comparison Yulianti, Dwi Hawa; Rohendi, Dedi; Syarif, Nirwan; Rachmat, Addy
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 3 (2019): October 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i3.139

Abstract

Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell (DAFC) performance is influenced by electrocatalysis reactions that occur in Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA). In this study, MEA was made with Pt-Ru/C (anode) and Pt/C (cathode) catalysts. The results of the electrode characterization with XRD showed a carbon peak at 26.63° and Ru at 40.58°. Based on the results of Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) measurements, the Electrochemical Surface Area (ECSA) electrode value is known to be 373.601 cm2/mg. Meanwhile, the impedance value is 4.315 ? and the electrical conductivity value is 6.61x10-4 S/cm. MEA testing using MeOH 3 M fuel produces Open Circuit Voltage (OCV) of 0.650 V. Meanwhile, MEA performance testing uses a mixture of methanol and ethanol 2 M in loading conditions obtained the best mixture of fuel composition is methanol: ethanol = 90:10 with a maximum power density of 4.34 mW/cm2 and is able to maintain the voltage at 0.649 V under conditions of 6.875 mA/cm2. The results also showed that the volume of ethanol which was too high resulted in a decrease in cell performance in the fuel mixture caused by the competition of adsorption between competing methanol and ethanol occupying the active site of the catalyst.Keywords: DAFC, fuel cell, Pt-Ru/C, ethanol, methanol, Open Circuit Voltage
Preparation and Characterization Nanoparticle Calcium Oxide from Snakehead Fish Bone using Ball Milling Method Muryati, Muryati; Hariani, Poedji Loekitowati; Said, Muhammad
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 3 (2019): October 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i3.111

Abstract

Snakehead Fish Bone (SFB) is a waste from food processing in Palembang. Fish bones have calcium content so they have a potential as a source of Calcium Oxide (CaO). Calcination of fish bones was carried out at a temperature of 900oC with variations of time 1, 2, 3, and 4 hours. The Nanoparticle Calcium Oxide (NCO) was prepared using the ball milling method. This study aims to make NCO as a raw material for hydroxyapatite synthesis. The NCO was characterized using Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Characterization using FTIR shows that NCO has functional groups O-H, CO32- and PO43- functional groups. XRD analysis shows that NCO has an average particle size of 38.9445 nm.Analysis using SEM shows particles in the form of granules of almost uniform size. The NCO produced eligible of the nanomaterial and has the potential as a raw material for synthesis of hydroxyapatite.Keywords: Nanomaterial, ball milling, calcium oxide, fish bone