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E-Journal Of Cultural Studies
Published by Universitas Udayana
ISSN : 23382449     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Humanities, Art,
Cultural studies constitutes an interdisciplinary area critically discussing socio-political contexts of various cultural practices in society. Its focus is on the relation among such cultural practices and the power controlling them. Cultural studies was pioneered by the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS) of the University of Birmingham, England, in 1960s. Unlike what has been a tradition in the modern epistemology, cultural studies is concerned with what human emancipation aims at. Therefore, cultural studies does not only refer to a theoretical-conceptual matter but also to the location and critical action in which it manifests itself.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 177 Documents
MONSEHE RITUAL PERFORMED BY CULAMBU ETHNIC PEOPLE IN NORTH KONAWE REGENCY, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI Mustaman, Mustaman Mustaman; Kumbara, A.A. Ngurah Anom; Wirawan, A.A. Bagus Wirawan; Arsana, I Gusti Ketut Gde
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol 8 No 1 (2015): Volume 8, Number 1, Februari 2015
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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Abstract

The existence of the local culture in the globalization era is a highly interesting phenomenon to explore. The close relationship between human beings and the culture proves that human beings cannot live without culture; how primitive they are, as exemplified by the life of the Culambacu ethnic people. Based on such an assumption, the monsehe ritual becomes an interesting thing to explore. The problems of the present study can be formulated as follows: how the monsehe ritual performed by the Culambacu ethnic people is like; what ideologies contribute to the monsehe ritual; and what meaning it contains. The data in the present study were collected through observation, interview, library research, and documentation. The theory of functional structure, the theory of semiotics, and the theory of hegemony were used to analyze the problems of the study. The result of the study shows that, first, the monsehe ritual is performed to ward off misfortune (mosehe inia) and to settle conflict and adultery, and to treat sick people. In addition, it is also performed as part of the death ceremony. Second, the monsehe ritual contains cosmological ideology and religious ideology. Third, the totality of the mosehe ritual which is performed by the Culambacu ethnic people is accumulated in the form of symbols which are rich in meanings such as religious meaning, harmonious meaning, educational meaning, identity meaning, social control meaning, and solidarity meaning.
PERANAN WANITA DALAM SENI PERTUNJUKAN BALI DI KOTA DENPASAR Wiratini, Ni Made; Ardika, M.A., Prof. Dr. I Wayan; Soedarsono, Prof. Dr. R.M.; Mariyah, M.S., Prof. Dr. Emiliana
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol. 1, No. 1 Desember 2007
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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PROGRAM KAJIAN BUDAYAPROGRAM PASCASARJANAUDAYANA UNIVERSITYDENPASAR2007
PHILOSOPHICAL MEANING BEHIND THE CHINESE CUISINE IN MANADO CITY Martini, Sri; Suarka, I Nyoman; Cika, I Wayan; Setiawan, I Ketut
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 12, Number 2, May 2019
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/cs.2019.v12.i02.p.04

Abstract

The type of food served at lunar celebrations in Manado city has a distinctive flavor, color color, is seen to contain the meaning of Filososfis for the life of Chinese people. That is, which later became a fascination in this study. The purpose of this research is to uncover the Filofis meaning of the food sundries served in lunar celebrations. Data collection methods are performed with observations of participation and interviews in depth. Data analysis techniques are done qualitatively.  The research conclusion that the type of food presented in the lunar celebration contains philosophical meaning for the human life of matching and related to the hope for goodness, the coming of fortune, prosperity, and health that is to be achieved by In the celebration, both individually and in the family.   Keywords: Lunar celebrations, food offerings, philosophical meanings, good wishes
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE WOMEN’S STRUGGLE FOR THE POSITION AS LEGISLATORS IN BALI PROVINCE Sukiada, I Nyoman
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 9, Number 4, November 2016
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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Since the reformation era competition for the position as legislators has been getting open to women. Different Acts have been issued to increase the women?s representation in the legislature. Although the women?s representation in the legislature in Bali Province has not achieved the 30% target, the attempts made by women to be legislators should be appreciated. The reason is that such attempts can accelerate the gender equality in politics. This present study is intended to understand and describe the factors contributing to the women?s struggle for the position as legislators. The study used the critical theory and the descriptive qualitative theory. The data were obtained through observation and in-depth interview. The result of the study shows that women had competed for the position as legislators; however, the legislature was still dominated by men. This cannot be separated from the women?s collective habitus which has been formed through their interaction with the Balinese society?s objective structure as can be seen from the social, political, cultural,socio-economic and globalization realities.
LOCAL GENIUS AS SOCIO-CULTURAL CAPITAL FOR EMPOWERING THE BAJO ETHNIC PEOPLE RESIDING AT THE COASTAL AREA OF BUNGIN PERMAI VILLAGE, SOUTH EAST SULAWESI Ali Basri, La Ode; Parimartha, I Gde; Ardika, I Wayan; Meko Mbete, Aron
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol. 5, No. 1 Januari 2011
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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In this dissertation the local genius as socio-cultural capital for empowering theBajo ethnic people residing at the costal area of Bungin Permai Village, TinanggeaDistrict, South Konawe Regency, South Sulawesi Province is discussed. The Bajo ethnicpeople have a set of local genius within their socio-cultural system which is reflected intheir belief, tradition and custom and is used as the reference for conceiving andexplaining the objective and essence of life and the world. However, such local geniushas not functioned optimally yet as they are still marginalized.This research is focused on (1) what forms of local genius serve as the sociocultural capital for empowering the Bajo ethnic group residing at the coastal area?; (2)how the local genius is developed to empower the Bajo ethnic people residing at thecoastal area?; and (3) what factors which may support and obstruct the local genius usedas the socio cultural capital for empowering the Bajo ethnic people residing at the coastalarea? Qualitative method is employed in this study with the approach of cultural studies.The theories used are the post colonial theory, structural theory, generative theory,hegemony theory and semiotic theory. The techniques used for collecting the data neededare participative observation, in-depth interview, library research, and focus groupdiscussion. The data obtained are analytically and descriptively processed and arepresented in the forms of narration, tables and visual illustration.The results of the study show that the Bajo ethnic people residing at BunginPermai Village have a set of local genius which may be potentially used as the sociocultural capital for empowering their community such as (1) indigenous skills andknowledge; (2) working culture; and (3) local organizations. The development of theindigenous skills and knowledge (pengetahuan dan ketrampilan asli; hereon abbreviatedto PKA) and the revitalization of their local organizations may be used as the sociocultural capital for empowering their community. The factors supporting the local geniusused as the socio cultural capital to support the empowerment of the Bajo ethnic peopleresiding at the coastal area are (1) availability of marine resources around the area where they live; (2) the existence of their local organizations; (3) being supporting by thecommunity and the government. The factors obstructing the local genius used as thesocio cultural capital to support the empowerment of the Bajo ethnic people residing atthe coastal area are (1) capitalistic economic transformation taking place within theircommunity; (2) collision against the mainland community with regard to cultural values;(3) low quality human resources; (4) negative image of the Bajo community. Themeanings of the local genius as the socio cultural capital for empowering the communityare (1) cultural preservation; (2) community empowerment and independence.
DISCOURSE ON KAFOAMPE IN THE TRADITIONAL MARRIAGE OF MUNA ETHNIC IN MUNA REGENCY, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI Hasanah, Nurul; Suastika, I Made; Arsana, I Gusti Ketut Gde
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 11, Number 3, August 2018
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/cs.2018.v11.i03.p03

Abstract

This study aims to reveal and understand about the discourse on kafoampe in the traditional marriage of Muna community in Muna Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province. This is a qualitative research, which is categorized into cultural studies. The result of study shows, kafoampe symbolized by the amount of money given by the family of the bride to the family of the groom to be used to finance the marriage. Kafoampe is a form of appreciation of the groom's family to the family of the bride, which can be given either in the form of money as a whole or by including livestock, and other food items in accordance with the agreement of the two great families. In addition to being regarded as a form of awards, kafoampe also has a meaning to tighten the bond and strengthen the familial relationship between the two big families in a marriage as well as strengthening the familial relationship with the surrounding community.
DYNAMISM OF BUGIS COMMUNITY IN BADUNG REGENCY AND DENPASAR CITY Suwitha, I Putu Gede
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 7, Number 2, May 2014
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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The Bugis community in Badung Regency and Denpasar City had played political and economic roles for a long time. Historically, its existence had never been disputed as it had a political entity as its patron. In addition, cultural exchange in many social, political and economic activities also contributed to this, causing the relationship among ethnic groups became collaborative rather than competitive. This present study was conducted using qualitative and descriptive method. The data were collected through in- depth interview. What the informants knew about the Bugis community was collected using this technique. The information which needed to be deepened was continued using interpretative and practical approaches.   The result of the present study showed that the Bugis community had played political and economic roles for a long time. It also showed that it was contributive to the Balinese community. They made adjustment and adaptation economically and culturally. It formed an identity which was not given but was adjusted to what was needed. They established public spaces where they could establish multicultural life and blew up the local values of the Balinese culture. Now the Bugis people became marginalized (subaltern). As subaltern, they were not able to express themselves. The factors which caused them not to be able to express themselves were their inability to follow the economic change as they were too weak to compete and their inability to compete in tourism in Bali. 
POWER OF MEDIA IN INDUSTRIALIZATION OF BALINESE POP MUSIC Ardini, Ni Wayan; Wirawan, A.A Bagus; Suarka, I Nyoman; Sugiartha, I Gede Arya
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol 8 No 4 (2015): Volume 8, Number 4, November 2015
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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The development of technology, the economic system, and the culture of new music, has caused the Balinese pop music to be industrialized since 1990s. The existence of many recording studios and musicians (composers, singers, and music players) and many other related products all over Bali has also contributed to this. Through the recording products, various types of direct performances and so forth have caused the Balinese pop music to be the commodity of the capitalistic pop culture which is preferred by society. Such industrialization is formed by the power of media (musicians), capitalistic power (the capital owner such as the producer/recording studio owner), and the power of media. This present study was conducted in order to identify the phenomenon of one of three powers in such industrialization, namely, the power of media, especially television. The result of the study shows that the power of television media in the industrialization of the Balinese pop music is the resource which contributes to the distribution of products which are produced for the market or the prospective market in Bali. The television studio which plays the greatest role is the Bali TV. It was established in 2002, namely, the year when the political decentralization in Indonesia started, following the reformation era which started in 1998. Through the regional autonomy, the ethnical local cultures in Indonesia, including the Balinese pop music, were empowered. The Bali TV with ?Ajeg Bali? as its ideology has what is called ?Klip Bali?, ?Tembang Bali? (100% local)?, and ?Samatra Artis Bali? programs. The viewers from all over Bali like such programs very much. The more often they are presented (viewed and listened to), the more the Balinese pop music products obtain the promotional and marketing value. A great number of products, including the Balinese pop music, are continuously introduced to the society. The power of media has developed into capitalism and the Balinese community has become the object of its consumption.
ENCULTURATION AND GENDER IN WOVEN FABRICT INDUSTRY AT SUBDISTRICT OF SANGKARAGUNG, DISTRICT OF NEGARA, JEMBRANA Sukardja, Putu; Parimartha, I Gde; Ardika, I Wayan; Suastika, I Made
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol. 3, No. 1 Januari 2009
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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This research reveals the process of enculturation and gender in the woven fabricindustry at Sangkaragung, district of Negara, Jembrana. The weaving tradition andenculturation process give the women at Sangkaragung a hope to change their ideology ingender and socio cultural construction. This study aims at discussing the factors makingthe women at Sangkaragung do weaving activities, the process of weaving enculturationand the development of gender taking place there, and the impacts and meaning of theweaving enculturation on their socio-cultural life.In analyzing the problems above, the theory of post-structuralism, the theory ofpractice, and the theory of social change were used. To find out the relevant data, aqualitative method was applied in which the data were collected by deep interviews,observation, and documentation.The result shows that the factors making the women do such activities are: mythson women and weaving activities; globalization and socio-cultural changes, and fulfillmentof daily needs. The process of weaving enculturation done through cultural transmissionand socialization in weaving results in acculturation and enculturation which then give adeeper understanding to the society of the pattern and system related to the weavingactivities. The weaving enculturation also causes some forms of changes at Sangkaragungsuch as work division between men and women. The weaving enculturation and thedevelopment of gender have affected the ways in which decisions are made in someaspects of life such as in the context of traditional and religious rituals, the expenditures forprimary family needs, health care, and children?s education. Although the women areacknowledged and appreciated that they have economically contributed to their families,full emancipation has not been given to them due to patriarchal, social and cultural systemswhich are still attached to the society.
THE BACKGROUND OF MARKET IDEOLOGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF BELADIRI AIKIDO IN BALI Nurita, Wayan; Suarka, I Nyoman; Wirawan, AA Bagus; Dhana, I Nyoman
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 10, Number 2, May 2017
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/cs.2017.v10.i02.p03

Abstract

Quite a lot of Balinese people nowadays are pursuing different martial arts coming from other nations, among others is Aikido. Aikido as one of the martial arts of Japan can be accepted and is growing well in Bali which has the background of market ideology as one of the impacts of globalization. The development process of Aikidoin Bali both in addition to the number of training venues (Dojo) and improving the quality of the participants? techniques (Aikidoka) under the supervisionof Bali Aikido Master Organization (Bari Aikikai) which has been established since 1997. By questioning what kind of ideology is working in the development of Aikido Martial Arts in Bali, this research is a qualitative research which applies the Hypereality theory of Jean Baudrillard. Result of the research shows that the development of aikido martial arts in Bali both in the development of the dojo and the aikidokaare in the process to reach certain levels. In order to reach both, the allocation of time and funds are required. Bari aikikai is a Japan subordinate of aikidomartial arts organization (Nihon Aikikai). Everything related to the development of aikido martial art in Bali is done through Bari Aikikai.  The Japanese as the cultural owner and discourse producer play an important role in relation to the market ideology in it. This condition and realitycan be seen in the development process of aikido martial art in Bali. Both the dojo and aikidoka managers spend a lot of money in terms of training in the form of compulsory dues and other dues payment. This research also found a new paradigm that behind the acceptance and development of aikidomartial artsas the globalization of culture, there is market ideology behind the discourse.

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