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Articles 348 Documents
Hubungan Filogenetik Phrynella pulchra Boulenger, 1887 Berdasarkan Gen 16S rRNA Akhsani, Farid; Hamidy, Amir; Farajallah, Achmad; Smith, Eric N.
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 26, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Phrynella merupakan marga monotipik yang sejauh ini hanya terdiri dari satu jenis, yakni Phrynella pulchra. Jenis ini terdistribusi di Semenanjung Malaysia, Sumatra dan Pulau Mentawai. Kami mengevaluasi status taksonomi populasi yang berasal dari Sumatra menggunakan data sekuen dari gen 16S rRNA mitokondria. Hubungan filogenetik dianalisis menggunakan Neighbour Joining (NJ), Maximum Likelihood (ML), Bayesian Inference Analisys (BI) dan Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Means (UPGMA). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa P. pulchra adalah kelompok monofiletik terhadap anggota luar (Metaphrynella, Kaloula dan Micryletta). Kelompok monofiletik P. pulchra terbagi menjadi dua kelompok besar: Sumatra dan Semenanjung Malaysia. Kelompok Sumatra terdiri dari dua subkelompok: Aceh dan Sumatra Utara- Bengkulu. Jarak genetik (uncorrected p-distance) antara populasi Semenanjung Malaysia dan Sumatra berkisar antara 1,1 sampai 2,0%, sedangkan di dalam populasi Sumatra berkisar antara 0,0 sampai 1,1%. Rendahnya jarak genetik populasi Semenanjung Malaysia dengan Sumatra secara taksonomi menunjukkan populasi tersebut masih berada pada tingkat Jenis yang sama.
Identifikasi Spesies Kepiting Bakau Famili Ocypodidae di Kabonga Kecil, Donggala, Sulawesi Tengah Aprilyanto, Donny; Fahri, Fahri; Annawaty, Annawaty
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 26, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Salah satu wilayah di Sulawesi Tengah yang memiliki ekosistem hutan bakau adalah kawasan oantai Kelurahan Kabonga Kecil, Kecamatan Banawa, Kabupaten Donggala. Hutan bakau yang masih banyak ditumbuhi pepohonan masih sangat memungkinkan menjadi habitat dari berbagai fauna akuatik termasuk kepiting bakau. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifkasi dan mendeskripsi jenis kepiting mangrove famili Ocypodidae di Kabonga Kecil, Banawa, Sulawesi Tengah. Koleksi sampel dilaksanakan pada bulan JUnu 2016 dan Januari 2017 menggunakan metode purposive sampling pada empat stasiun peneltiian di area pasang surut hutan mangrove. Identifikasi dilakukan di laboratorium biodeiversitas jurusan Biologi FMIPA UNTAD dan laboratorium Crustacea, MZB, LIPI. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat enal spesies kepiting famili Ocypodidae di Kabonga Kecil. Keenam spesies tersebut termasuk ke dalam 3 genus yaitu (Austruca (A. annulipes, A. triangularis, dan A. perplexa). Tubuca (T. dussumieri dan T. demani), dan Gelasimua (G. vocans)
KOMUNITAS BURUNG BAWAH TAJUK DI HUTAN PERBATASAN, KABUPATEN NUNUKAN, KALIMANTAN UTARA Irham, Muhammad
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 24, No 1 (2015): Juli 2015
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Penelitian komunitas burung bawah tajuk telah dilakukan di hutan perbatasan Indonesia-Malaysia, yaitu Tau Lumbis (Kabungolor dan Kabalob) dan Simenggaris. Satu lokasi lainnya tidak berada di perbatasan, yaitu Hutan Wisata KM.8 Malinau. Tujuannya adalah untuk mengetahui komunitas burung dari segi kekayaan jenis dan kelompok relung mencari makan (feeeding guild). Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan jaring kabut. Penelitian ini mendapatkan 44 spesies dari 13 famili dengan jumlah individu sebanyak 186 ekor. Keanekaragaman tertinggi dijumpai di Kabungolor (28 jenis, indeks Shannon-Wiener: 3,10) dan daerah yang paling sedikit jenis ada di Hutan Wisata KM.8 Malinau (11 jenis, indeks Shannon-Wiener: 2,16). Sedangkan untuk komunitas feeding guilds, Kabalob didominasi oleh insectivore frugivore dan flycatching insectivore; Kabungolor memiliki lebih banyak spesies untuk kelompok insectivore frugivore dan shrub-foliage gleaning insectivore; komposisi guilds untuk Simenggaris hampir sama namun cenderung pada flycatching insectivore, insectivore frugivore dan shrub-foliage gleaning insectivore. Komunitas burung di KM.8 Malinau cenderung melimpah untuk insectivore frugivore dan nectarivore. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa keanekaragaman burung bawah tajuk cenderung menurun sejalan dengan tingkat kerusakan habitat. Selain itu perubahan kondisi mikrohabitat memberikan pengaruh kepada komposisi burung dimana feeding guilds cenderung berubah dari kelompok insectivore ke kelompok frugivore dan nectarivore.
STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS BURUNG LAPISAN BAWAH PADA DAERAH PINGGIRAN HUTAN SEKUNDER DATARAN RENDAH SUMATERA BARAT Novarino, Wilson; Salsabila, Anas; Jarulis, Jarulis
ZOO INDONESIA No 29 (2002): Zoo Indonesia No. 29 Desember 2002
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Penelitian mengenai
CECAK RUMAH DAN MAKANANNYA DI DESA RARAHAN, TAMAN NASlONAL ClBODAS, GUNUNG GEDE, JAWA BARAT Mumpuni, Mumpuni
ZOO INDONESIA No 15 (1992): Zoo Indonesia No. 15
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Abstrak
PERILAKU HARIAN LUTUNG (Trachypithecus cristatus, Raffles 1812) DI PENANGKARAN PUSAT PENYELAMATAN SATWA GADOG, CIAWI-BOGOR -, Wirdateti -; Pratiwi, Ai Nuri; Diapari, Didit -; Tjakradidjaja, Anita S. -
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 18, No 1 (2009): Juli 2009
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Wirdateti, A.N. Pratiwi, D. Diapari & A. S. Tjakradidjaja. 2009. Daily behavior offemale Leaf Grey Monkey (Trachypithecus cristatus, Raffles 1812) in WildlifeRescue Center Gadog captivity, Ciawi-Bogor. Zoo Indonesia 18(1): 33-40. Theresearch was conducted to study daily behaviour and feed preference of female leafgrey monkey (Trachypithecus cristatus, Raffles 1812) in captivity.Three female leafgrey monkeys were used in the study. Type of diets being oberserved were creepingwater-plant (Ipomea aquatica) forks, pohpohan (Pilea trinervia), spinach (Amaranthusspp. L), green brassica leaf (Brassica juncea, L), fruit-tree leaf (Gnetum gnemonLinn), and boiled sweet potato (Ipomea batatas Poir). The observation was conductedfrom 06.00 a.m to 06.00 p.m with 15 minutes interval time. Variables being measuredwere feeding activity, drinking activity, defecation, urination, locomotion, groomingand resting activity. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis with one zerosampling method. The result showed that the percentage value of feeding activity,drinking activity, defecation, urination, locomotion, grooming and resting activity were:10.49%, 3.87%, 10.33%, 4.35%, 19.71%, 23.05% and 28.19% of total activities,respectively. Leaf grey monkey preferred to eat from the first until the last feeds, wereboiled sweet potato, green brassica, creeping water-plant, spinach and fruit-tree.
COMPOSITION AND IMPORTANT VALUE INDEX OF BIRDS IN RELATION TO STUDY OF BALI STARLING (Leucopsar rothschildi) IN THE BALI BARAT NATIONAL PARK Widodo, Wahyu
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 23, No 1 (2014): Juli 2014
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The aims of study were to find out the composition and important value index (IVI) of birds in Bali Barat National Park on July 2010 and June 2011. The research was in relation to study of food natural resources and artificial nest boxes of Bali Starling to reintroduce in to the wild natural habitat from captivity. The “Point Transect” methods were used to study bird species in the survey. There were 46 species found in the deciduous forests and 64 species in the evergreen forest habitats. According to “Z” statistical analysis there is no significant different (α=0.05) on the dominance index value average and important bird value index in the two forest habitats. The highest IVI were Pycnonotus goiavier reached 26.6% in the deciduous forest and 25.3% in the evergreen forest. The competitors of Bali Starling in its natural habitats for food were Pycnonotus goiavier, Orthotomus sepium and Aegithina tiphia. The competitors of Bali Starling for nesting in the available artificial nest boxes were Halcyon chloris, Megalaima lineata, Megalaima haemacephala, Chrysocolaptes lucidus, Dendrocopus macei and Parus major. The results conclude that when the Bali Starling would be released to its natural habitats from breeding population, the dominance and important value indexes of the other bird species as competitors, especially for feeding and nesting in the artificial nest boxes should be considered. 
Zoo Indonesia Juli 2012 Indonesia, Zoo
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 21, No 1 (2012): Juli 2012
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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STUDI AWAL KEANEKARAGAMAN HERPETOFAUNA DI PETUNGKRIYONO, KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH Eprilurahman, Rury
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 19, No 1 (2010): Juli 2010
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Penelitian
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN HORMON METHYLTESTOSTERONE PADA LARVA IKAN GUPPY (Poecilia reticulata) TERHADAP PERUBAHAN JENIS KELAMIN Huwoyon, Gleni Hasan; -, Rustidja -; Gustiano, Rudhy -
ZOO INDONESIA Vol 17, No 2 (2008): November 2008
Publisher : Masyarakat Zoologi Indonesia

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Huwoyon, G.H., Rustidja & R. Gustiano. 2008. Effect of methyltestosterone hormoneon sex reversal of Guppy (Poecillia reticulate) larvae fish. Zoo Indonesia 17(2): 49-54. Male ornamental fish is more exotic than female one. The objective of study wasto increase the percentage of male guppy fish (Poecillia reticulate) usingmethyltestosterone hormone at the larvae stage. Control (A = 0 ppm) and four differentdosages of methyltestosterone hormone (B = 5 ppm, C = 10 ppm, D = 15 ppm & E =20 ppm) were used as treatments with three replications. The results showed the besttreatment to produce the highest percentage (58.41%) of male guppy fish was at 10ppm dosage (p<0.01). However, the dosages hormone treatments given in this studywere not significantly different on intersexes production, survival rate and specificgrowth rate (p>0.05).

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