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Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 19075316     EISSN : 26139979     DOI : -
Core Subject :
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat adalah sarana komunikasi dan penyebarluasan hasil penelitian, review artikel, dan editorial mengenai kebijakan, kewirausahaan, sosial dan ekonomi kehutanan. Artikel yang dipublikasikan dalam jurnal ini sebaiknya masuk dalam lingkup jurnal diantaranya mengangkat studi mengenai kebijakan, kewirausahaan, sosial dan ekonomi kehutanan berdasarkan hasil penelitian dan analisis kritis.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 45 Documents
STRATEGI DAN STRUKTUR NAFKAH RUMAH TANGGA PETANI AGROFORESTRI DI KABUPATEN GOWA PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN Salatalohy, Asiah; Dassir, Muh; Millang, Syamsuddin
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i2.8297

Abstract

Lahan kering berlereng curam dan adanya perubahan cuaca yang tidak menentu sangat berdampak pada penghidupan petani agroforestri di Kecamatan Parigi, terutama melalui pengaruhnya terhadap produktivitas lahan sehingga mereka harus menentukan pilihan strategi nafkah selain pertanian. Penelitian ini bertujuan:      (1) mengidentifikasi modal nafkah yang dimiliki dan dimanfaatkan rumahtangga petani agroforestry (2) Mengetahui struktur nafkah rumah tangga petani agroforestri berdasarkan pemanfaatan modal nafkah (3) Menganalisis strategi nafkah rumah tangga petani agroforestry. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di desa Majannang dan Manimbahoi dengan sampel sebanyak 33 orang, menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan didukung dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Pendekatan kuantitatif dilakukan melalui survei dan menggunakan kuesioner sebagai alat penggumpul data. Pengumpulan data kualitatif dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode wawancara mendalam terhadap informan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan modal nafkah yang dimiliki dan dimanfaatkan rumahtangga petani agroforestri terdiri dari (1) modal alam berupa lahan sawah, lahan kering, hewan, mata air dan kawasan hutan (2) modal manusia berupa pendidikan dan keterampilan (3) modal sosial berupa land tenure, tree tenure, jaringan pemasaran dan kelembagaan hubungan kerja (4) modal fisik berupa jalan raya, chekdam, pasar, PLTMH dan peralatan produksi serta (5) modal finansial berupa pendapatan on farm, off farm, non farm, pendapatan kayu, tabungan dan pinjaman. Sumber pendapatan berasal dari sektor on farm (72,20%), off farm (0,61%) dan non farm (27,8%). Strategi yang dilakukan rumahtangga petani agroforestri rumah bervariasi . Dalam satu rumah tangga dapat menerapkan dua atau lebih jenis strategi nafkah.Hasil perhitungan terhadap struktur nafkah menunjukkan bahwa basis nafkah petani agroforestri adalah sektor pertanian (72,20%) dengan menerapkan delapan bentuk stategi penghidupan . 
CAN ISO 38200:2018 WOOD AND WOOD BASED PRODUCT CHAIN OF CUSTODY INCREASE BUSINESSS COMPETITIVENESS OF WOOD INDUSTRIES IN WEST JAVA ? Purwanto, Agus; Asbari, Masduki; Santoso, Priyono Budi
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i2.8358

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the implementation of new  standard ISO 38200:2018 to business performance and competitiveness for wood industries in west java. This research was conducted in several companies that use woods as raw material in west  java of Indonesia  with  180 respondents of companies that have plan to implement the ISO 38200:2018. The research background is due to lack of research on the benefits of  ISO 38200:2018 in wood companies in West Java Province of Indonesia. The data collection was carried out by distributing electronic questionnaires on september until november 2019 and analyzing data processing use Structural Equation Model (SEM) and software Linear Structural Model (LISREL) version 8.70. The results of analysis  show that the implementation of ISO 38200:2018 has significantly influenced business performance and competitiveness such as increase customer satisfaction index, increase sales, increase productivity and safety and employee satisfaction.
POLA DAN MOTIVASI AGROFORESTRY SERTA KONTRIBUSINYA TERHADAP PENDAPATAN PETANI HUTAN RAKYAT DI KABUPATEN POLEWALI MANDAR Idris, Andi Irmayanti; Arafat, Andi; D, Fatmawati
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i2.8177

Abstract

Kabupaten Polewali Mandar merupakan salah satu kabupaten yang sebagian masyarakatnya melakukan usaha tani dalam memanfaatkan lahan hutan rakyat dengan menanam tanaman pertanian dan pohon-pohon yang dapat menghasilkan kayu maupun pakan ternak. Sistem ini sudah lama dikembangkan secara turun temurun oleh petani yang mengelolah lahannya dengan sistem agroforestry, namun pengelolaannya masih dinilai kurang serius sehingga masih ada anggapan masyarakat bahwa, komoditas selain hasil hutan kayu kurang memiliki nilai tambah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah ?Mengidentifikasi  pola-pola dan motivasi agroforestry serta kontribusinya terhadap pendapatan petani hutan rakyat ?. penelitian ini dilakukan tepatnya di Desa Mirring Kecamatan Binuang Kabupaten Polewali Mandar pada bulan April hingga Juli 2019. Akumulasi data menggunakan metode survei dan wawancara . Analisis data menggunakan deskriptif kualitatif dan deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, petani mengembangkan empat bentuk sistem pengelolaan hutan rakyat berbasis agroforestry yaitu pola agroforestry bentuk campuran acak, (Mixture Random), pola agroforestry  bentuk baris (Alternate Rows) , pola agroforestry bentuk Pagar (Atress Along Borders) dan pola agroforestry bentuk lorong (Alley Cropping). Sedangkan Motivasi masyarakat dalam berpola tanam agroforestry dipengaruhi oleh manfaat yang dirasakan yaitu Ekonomi dengan persentase tertinggi sebesar 51,65% , sedang pada motivasi Sosial(27,47%).dan terendah pada motivasi  Ekologi (20,88%), Kecendrungan motivasi ekonomi mempengaruhi Petani memilih pola tanam. Pola agroforestry yang memberikan kontribusi pendapatan terbesar adalah pola agroforestry A (Agrisilvikultur Atress Along Borders) dengan pendapatan rata-rata    Rp.14.873.222 dengan persentase 28,58%. Terdapat 3 jenis produk agroforestry yang merupakan sumber pendapatan terbesar yakni Kakao , Langsat dan Durian.
PENGARUH PAKAN BUATAN KEDELAI (GLYCINE MAX L) DAN KACANG MERAH (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS L.) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN LARVA DAN PRODUKSI KOKON ULAT SUTERA (BOMBYX MORI L) Zainuddin, Rosdiana
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i2.8298

Abstract

Sericulture or silk farming is one of forest product non wood which product cocoon and then spun become raw silk. National demand of cocoon is high equivalent 900 ton/year. National cocoon production only 5%, and 95% import from Cina. The quality of mulberry leaf is bad and limited in dry season. One way to replace mulberry?s leaf as natural food is provide artificial feed.The aim of this research is to know the influence in giving artificial feed to larvae and cocoon production as well as to know the best various artificial feed is made from soybean and kidney bean. This research was conducted in silk center of environment and forestry education and training center Makassar from April until July 2019. This research uses Complete Random Design and Data analyzed by using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)The best variation of artificial feed for growth larvae are kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and soybean (Glycine max L), the results showed that average of weight larvae and increase of weight larvae, growth index, the average of length larvae are more than larvae indicator, although the Tukey Test stated that it is not significantly different from the indicator. Then for cocoon production, kidney beans heaviest for fresh cocoon, heavy fiber, percentage of cocoon skin and length of fiber nearly same indicator. While soybean, is the best in strength of fiber, however it is shortest of its fiber, weight of larvae is lightest, growth index and percentage of skin cocoon are the lowest.
PENGEMBANGAN AGROFORESTRY KOPI DALAM MENDUKUNG PERAN HUTAN DI KAWASAN HIGHLAND KABUPATEN JENEPONTO Rijal, Syamsu; Bachtiar, Budirman; A, Chairil; Ardiansyah, Try
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i2.6030

Abstract

Deforestasi dan degradasi lahan menjadi lahan pertanian untuk pemenuhan kebutuhan pangan masyarakat terus terjadi. Deforestasi, dan degradasi lahan akan menimbulkan banyak masalah ekologi seperti penurunan kesuburan tanah, erosi, kepunahan flora dan fauna, banjir, kekeringan dan bahkan perubahan lingkungan global. Agroforestry merupakan perpaduan tanaman pertanian dan kehutanan yang bisa menjadi salah satu sistem pengelolaan lahan sebagai solusi mengatasi masalah ekologi dan sekaligus juga untuk mengatasi masalah pangan. Maka dilakukan kajian pengembangan agroforestry berbasis kopi di kawsan highland Kabupaten Jeneponto untuk mendukung peran hutan dianalisis secara terintegrasi dari kegiatan inventarisasi karateristik lahan dengan kesesuaian lahan dan sosial ekonomi masyarakat dalam membudidayakan kopi menggunakan metode Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG) dan analisis deskriptif. Hasilnya menunjukkan sebaran kopi arabika dtemukan dibagian utara wilayah Kecamatan Rumbia, sedangkan sebaran kopi Robusta ditemukan dibagian selatan Kecamatan dan satu Desa di Kecamatan Kelara. Kesesuaian lahan untuk pengembangan jenis kopi Robusta di seluruh wilayah Kecamatan Kelara, Kecamatan Rumbia bagian selatan dan pengembangan kopi jenis Arabika di wilayah bagian utara Kecamatan Rumbia. Pengembangan agroforestry kopi di Kawasan highland Kabupaten Jeneponto sebagai jawaban permasalah sosial ekonomi masyarakat sekitar, budidaya tanaman kopi, dan pengganti peran hutan sebagai konservasi tanah dan air dalam menekan aliran permukaan dan erosi serta menjaga unsur hara tanah.
PENGELOLAAN AGROFORESTRY BERBASIS KEMIRI (ALEURITES MOLUCCANA) DAN PENDAPATAN PETANI DI KECAMATAN MALLAWA Ismail, Ade Ilham; Millang, Syamsuddin; Makkarennu, Makkarennu
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i2.7996

Abstract

This study aims to determine the management system, composition and income of candlenut-based agroforestry systems in three villages in the Mallawa District. This research was conducted in May - July 2019 in Batu Putih Village, Tellumpanuae Village, Samaenre Village, Mallawa District. The method used is purposive sampling with respondents, namely farmers who have ?0.1 ha of land area. The number of plots made was 15 plots to determine the volume of wood and the number of respondents interviewed was 30 to determine the form of management. The data that has been collected is processed and analyzed descriptively and quantitatively. The results showed that the management of coffee-based agroforestry systems was initiated by clearing land from grass or shrubs, followed by spacing, then sources of seedlings obtained from government assistance and planting and maintenance which included weeding, pruning, fertilizing and pest control and diseases which then end with harvesting activities. The average for income in the Batu Putih Village of Rp. 24,372,359 -/ha/year, in the Village of Tellumpanue Rp. 27,875,042, -/ha/year, and the Samaenre Village in the amount of Rp. 22,985,365, -/ha/year.
Preferensi Masyarakat terhadap Pola Pemanfaatan Lahan Hutan Rakyat di Desa Lekopancing, Kecamatan Tanralili, Kabupaten Maros. Amin, Arman Syahrul
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 9 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v9i2.3098

Abstract

This study describes the community preferences on land use arrangement in Lekopancing Village, Tanralili Subdistrict, Maros District. The results showed that the preferences of society towards the selection patterns of land use private forest determined by social factors, economic factors, and external factors. Social factors such as success stories of two persons in this village whom earn a large income from the plantation of Gmelina arborea (white teak), which is accompanied by social capital in the form of local knowledge and cultural system based on reciprocity. Economic factors, that is people felt motivated caused by increased income through the white teak plantation. External factors, such as KBR incentive programs and the provision of forestry extension worker, become the driving factors too.
Analisis Tata Niaga Rotan di Kelurahan Batu Kecamatan Pitu Riase Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang Erviyani, Erviyani; Makkarennu, Makkarennu; Kaimuddin Sahide, Muhammad Alif; Mahbub, Asar Said
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 9 NOMOR 1, JULI 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v9i1.2040

Abstract

This study have purpose to determine the rattan trading channel and rattan trading functions, to know the interests of actors who play a role in every channel of rattan commerce and to know the power relations of each actor in the rattan trading channel. The research was conducted in February 2017 with the research location in Batu Village Pitu Riase Sub-District Sidenreng Rappang Regency. Sampling was done by purposive sampling with farmer sample as many as 5 samples. For the involved trading institutions are determined by a search method in which 3 collectors sample sample and 1 sample of wholesalers. The data used are primary data and secondary data. Method of data analysis used is descriptive analysis to analyze farmer selling price and buying price of intermediary trader and to know the interest and relation of actor who play role in rattan trading channel. The results conclude that there is one trade channel in the research area, namely: farmers - collectors traders - wholesalers. The results of operational efficiency analysis show that the trading system channel is not efficient yet. The reason is the farmers still play a role as the recipient of the price. The level of importance between the actors on the rattan trading channel in Batu Village is different. Of the three elements of power (trust, incentive and coercion) can be concluded that the actors are influential and have the highest power of traders (industry).
Identifikasi Daerah Resapan Air di Sub Daerah Aliran Sungai Malino Hulu Daerah Aliran Sungai Jeneberang Kabupaten Gowa Wahyuni, Wahyuni; Arsyad, Usman; Bachtiar, Budirman; Irfan, Muhammad
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 9 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v9i2.2891

Abstract

Population increase encourages people to change land use in Malino sub watershed. The forest area converted into non-forest areas such as agricultural or settlements. This study aims to determine the status and potential of water absorbtion region. This research was conducted in the Malino sub watershed maps using land units derived from overlapping maps of slope, soil type, rainfall and land use. Moreover, the determination of the water absorbtion region refer to the Technical Plan for Forest and Soil rehabilitation - basin. The results showed that up to 27,05% of the total Malino Sub Watershed is critical condition, normal condition as much as 49,70% and a good conditions as much as 23.25%.  The Malino sub watershed still good potential to absorb water. In natural conditions, the use of land as dry bush agriculture to intervene it is advisable to agroforestry or timber planted with long lasting in order to be a good absorbtion region, while for normal condition advised to planting of agroforestry with pattern alley cropping.
Pengenalan Jenis Kupu-kupu pada Murid SD 129 INPRES Kecamatan Bantimurung, Kabupaten Maros Sulawesi Selatan Ngatimin, Sri Nur Aminah; Abdullah, Tamrin; Nasruddin, Andi; Gassa, Ahdin
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 9 NOMOR 1, JULI 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v9i1.1975

Abstract

The aim of research is to identification butterflies species at Pattunuang Resort and increased knowledge of Elementary School students about the roles of insects as pollinators and main part of biodiversity in nature. The research as a survey was conducted in Pattunuang Resort and SDN 129 Inpres Bantimurung Regency, Maros District from March to May 2017. The steps of research was:  1) build transect lines for butterflies observation; 2) butterfly identification and counting of their population used Shannon-Wiener Index Biodiversity, then 3) introducing butterflies species to Elementary School students Class Five at SDN 129 Inpres Bantimurung. The result was showed, we find  20 individual butterflies from 6 species of Papilionids (Troides haliphron, T. helena, Papilio demoleus, P. demolion and Graphium agamemnon), also Danaus chrysippus from Nymphalids. Based value of Shannon-Wiener Index, we find very low criteria of butterflies (H < 1). The conclusion : 1) findings of 20 butterflies individual from 6 species (Papilionids and Nymphalids); 2) approximately  57.3% of Elementary School students recognized butterflies species and 3) 28.8% from them as a butterflies wild hunter. Recommendation for the future, we need more collaborative research and development from University and local government increasing introducing butterflies conservation species for Elementary School students around Pattunuang Resort.