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Articles 266 Documents
PREDIKAT KEDUA DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA Kardana, I Nyoman
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 17 (2010): September 2010
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Abstract

This study is related with secondary predicate in Indonesian language. Data was colleted from speakers of Indonesian and from daily newspaper Bali Post as well. Data was collected by applying observation method with its various techniques. Himmelmann and Schultze (2005) say that there are four types of secondary predicate, namely (1) depictive, (2) resultative, (3) circumstantial, and (4) predicative complement. Based on the analysis it was found that the four types of secondary predicate are also found in Indonesian language. Depictive can be classified into depictive secondary predicates modifying subject and those that modify object. Seen from word category, the secondary predicate in Indonesian language can be filled in by adjective for depictive, resultative, and circumstantial, and noun for predicative complement. The existence of the adjectives in secondary predicate of depictive, resultative, and circumstantial are optional, but the noun in secondary predicate of predicative complement is obligatory.
SISTEM FONOLOGI BAHASA KODI DI PULAU SUMBA Ekayani, Ni Putu; Mbete, Aron Meko; Putra, A.A. Putu
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 21 (2014): September 2014
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This study focus on a language in Sumba Island, the language of Kodi (BK). Two issues that underlie this study, namely (1) how the inventory of phonemes in BK of Sumba Island, and (2) how the distinctivefeaturesof languagephonemeinventory of BK? Analyzeis done in the form of 350 BK lexicons, which captured through unstructured interviews to five informants who are native speakers of BK. By the generative phonology theory, this qualitative study are summarized in two findings. First, that BK has five vowel phonemes /i, e, a,o, u/, with allophones in the two, namely the phoneme/e/with allophones [e] and [?] as well asthe phoneme/o/with allophones [o] and [?]. BK has 20 consonant phonemes: /p, t, c, k, ?, ?, ?, ?, m, n, ?, mb, nd, nj, ng, l, h, r,w, y /. Sylabel pattern of BK is consist of minimum V (vocal) dan maximum CV (consonant+vocal), because this is a open vocalic language. Second, it can be concluded that based on the basis of distinctive features, phonemeson BK was divided into five groups (feature ofthe main categories, place of articulation, manner of articulation, traits stem tongue, and extra features) and totaled 18 distinguishing features.
MENUJU PENGGUNAAN BAHASA INDONESIA YANG BAIK DAN BENAR PADA LULUSAN SMA ( SEBUAH ANALISIS KESALAHAN PENERAPAN KATA BAKU DALAM KARYA ESAI SISWA SMAN 8 DENPASAR) Tribana, I Gusti Ketut
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 19 (2012): September 2012
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Abstract

Kata baku menjadi salah satu materi esensial dalam pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia untuk menuju penggunaan bahasa Indonesia yang baik dan benar. Salah satu wujud penggunaan bahasa Indonesia yang baik dan benar adalah penerapan kata baku pada ragam bahasa resmi. Kenyatannya, penerapan bentuk kata baku masih masih menjadi kesulitan para siswa. Untuk itulah perlu diadakan penelitian agar memeroleh data yang akurat.  Permasalahannya adalah: (1) Bagaimana gambaran kesalahan penerapan  kata baku dalam karya tulis esai para siswa pada ujian praktik tahun 2011 di SMAN 8 Denpasar? (2) Jenis kesalahan apa yang banyak dialami para siswa? (3) Faktor apa yang memangaruhi terjadinya kesalahan penerapan kata baku dalam karya tulis esai siswa? Oleh karena itu, tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk: (1) memeroleh data gambaran kesalahan penerapan kata baku; (2) mengetahui jenis kesalahan apa yang dialami para siswa; (3) mengetahui faktor apa yang memengaruhi terjadinya kesalahan penerapan kata baku pada karya tulis esai para siswa. Untuk memeroleh data digunakan metode pendekatan kualitatif pencatatan dokumen dengan sampel sebanyak 25% (107) naskah karya tulis siswa dari populasi sebanyak 427. Untuk memeroleh data digunakan istrumen pedoman pencatatan teknik catat. Setelah data terkumpul data dianalisis dengan metode agih, yakni berdasarkan ciri-ciri kata baku dalam bahasa Indonesia. Hasil analisis disajikan dengan perumusan kata-kata biasa. Dari penelitian diperoleh hasil sebagai berikut. (1) Gambaran kesalahan yang dialami siswa meliputi kesalahan  ejaan (EYD) dalam penulisan kata dasar sebanyak 72 orang (67,29 %);  kesalahan dalam pilihan kata sebanyak 38 orang (35,51%); kesalahan dalam penulisan  imbuhan sebanyak 93 orang (86,91%); kesalahan dalam penulisan kata ulang sebanyak  32 orang siswa (29.91%); dan kesalahan penggunaan/penulisan kata majemuk sebanyak 11 orang siswa (10,24%). (2) Jenis kesalahan yang paling bayak terdapat pada penerapan kata berimbuhan. (3) Faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi kesalahan siswa adalah kebiasaan, ketidaktahuan, dan kurang aktivitas membaca dan menulis di kalangan siswa sebagai ajang penerapan kaidah kata buku.
PARTIKEL AKHIR KALIMATBAHASA JEPANG DAN BAHASA INDONESIA Wahyuningtias, Hani
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 24 No 1 (2017): Maret
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Abstract

In Japanese, the ending particles of  sentences commonly used in conversations are 'ne', 'yo', 'yone', and 'yona'. The matching of these words in Indonesian are 'ya', 'lho' and 'kan'. Using the methodology of language comparison, the theory of Information Territory, and using the example of sentences collected in Japanese comic that has been translated into Indonesian as a source of data, this study examines more deeply the use and function of ending particles on Japanese sentences 'ne', 'yo', 'yone', and 'yona' with the translation of the words in Indonesian. The results shows that the use of ending particle on a sentence like 'ne', 'yo', 'yone', and 'yona' in conversation is a must, while the use of "ya" "lho" "kan" in Indonesian is arbitrary.
MENGEMBANGKAN KEMAMPUAN LITERASI DAN BERFIKIR KRITIS SISWA MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN SASTRA BERBASIS KONTEKS Balfas, Anwar
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 15 (2008): September 2008
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Abstract The teaching of literature in so far is still difficult and fear of the students and teacher. But the teaching of literature should actually be pleasant, challenging and exciting. The literature teaching condition which doesn?t close the students to the literary works make them blind on novels, short stories and poetries and drama. The students? difficulty in understanding academic concepts taught by teachers results in the problems in encouraging and motivating students to learn. Those facts stimulate the shifting from the existing condition of literature teaching model into contextual literature teaching model. The five of the contextual literature teaching models are relating, experiencing, applying, cooperating and transferring. The purpose of these teaching models is to apply learning experiences for practical uses and needs. For practical uses, many ways that the teacher can create to make students apply and experience their creativity. They, for instance, may be encouraged to create literary work by their own, such as creating and performing drama, writing short stories and poems. The result of students? creativities in literature may be followed by other activities such as exhibitions, fleet or publishing on school magazines, even they could be joined in literature writing competition.
FITUR-FITUR SUPRASEGMENTAL DALAM BAIT PEMAWAK KIDUNG TANTRI NANDAKAHARANA Purnama, D.T., I Gusti A. Intan
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 20 (2013): September 2013
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This studi analyse couplet of Pemawak Kidung Tantri Nandakaharana. Focus of this stucy is basic subsegmental features and the variations. This study based on theory of subsegmental features (rhythm, accent, and intonation). This aim of study arranges the basic form of Pemawak couplet in Kidung Tantri Nandakaharana. This couplet has eigth lines. Each lines have diferent rhythm, accent, ant intonation. First line and third line were dominated by flat intonations, whereas the domination of flat intonation increase in second line, fouth line until eighth line. It was happened caused by there are heavy voice and changes of rhythm in each silabels. Beside finded the basic form, there are variations that based on the basic form. The variations caused by affected of interpretation and perception of singer.
JENIS-JENIS DAN BENTUK T-V YOBIKAKE OLEH REMAJA JEPANG Putu Istri Aryasuari, I Gusti Ayu; Darma Laksana, I Ketut; Seri Malini, Ni Luh Nyoman
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 25 No 2 (2018): September
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/ling.2018.v25.i02.p03

Abstract

This study aims to determine the types of greetings and forms of T-V greetings used by Japanese teenagers. Sources of data used are data in the form of questionnaires, list of questions, and supported by data sourced from Japanese movies and Japanese cartoons (anime). The theory used is the theory of types of yobikake according Hiromi and Theory T-V Brown-Gillman (1960). Methods and techniques of data provision are made with questionnaires and interview methods to Japanese adolescents. Methods and techniques of data analysis are performed by referential reference method. Methods and techniques of presentation of data analysis results use informal and formal methods. Result of research shows that there are three kinds of greeting found. The three types of greeting, personal pronouns 'ninshoo daimeshi', greeting of  the suffixed name of self / form Mr / Mrs 'keishou', and greeting in the term kinship 'shinzoku yougomei'. The greetings that are found contain the T-V form. Greetings of personal pronoun of the form of T found are atashi, ore, boku, jibun, wa-shi, a-shi, wa-shitachi, atashitachi, oretachi, uchira, anta, omae, kimi, temee, omaetachi, and minna. Greetings personal pronouns of V form found are watakushi, watashi, watashitachi, anata, anatatachi, minasama and minasan. The greetings of suffixed self name containing T shapes are greetings with the suffixes ~ kun and ~ chan. The greetings of suffixed self name containing V-shapes, are greetings with suffixes ~ sama, ~ dono, and ~ san. Greetings in the term kinship that contain the form T are ojiichan, jiiji, obaachan, baaba, papa, oyaji, otou, mama, okaa, kaasan, onii, oniichan, oneechan, neechan, and imoutochan. Greetings in the term kinship containing the form V, are ojiisan, obaasan, otousan, okaasan, oniisan, ani, ane, otouto, and imouto.
STRUKTUR WACANA IKLAN MEDIA CETAK KAJIAN STUKTUR VAN DJIK Mulyawan, I Wayan
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 17 (2010): March 2010
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Discourse of advertisements, especially in printed ads, has shown the development of an extraordinary language phenomenon. A copywriter is able to exploit the language to be used as the media of communicative ads, which is very interesting and persuading. This exploitation of language, especially the mixture of verbal and non-verbal signs, makes discourse of ads an interesting subject to explore and analyze. To study the exploitation of the language in the discourse of ads, there are three main points to learn as proposed by Van Dijk; They are : superstructure, micro structure, and macro structure of the ads. The study shows that, superstructure of an ads should has body copy which shows persuasiveness; in micro structure, the exploitation of verbal aspect intensely applied the grammatical roles of ellipsis, substitution and references; meanwhile in macro structure, an ads could shows remarkable persuasiveness through verbal and visual aspect
MORFOLOGI BAHASA BALI AGA DIALEK SEMBIRAN, DI KECAMATAN TEJAKULA, KABUPATEN BULELENG Citrawati, Putu Wahyu; Teguh, I Wayan; Widarsini, Putu N; Wahyu, Gede Eka
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 26 No 2 (2019): September
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/ling.2019.v26.i02.p10

Abstract

Bahasa Bali memiliki dua dialek utama, yaitu dialek Bali Dataran (DBD) dan dialek Bali Aga (DBA). DBD digunakan di daerah dataran Pulau Bali termasuk daerah perkotaan seperti Kota Denpasar, dan Kabupaten Badung. Sebaliknya DBA biasanya digunakan oleh masyarakat yang ada di daerah pegunungan, terutama daerah pegunungan Kintamani, Buleleng, Pulau Nusa Penida,  dan Karangasem. Desa Sembiran merupakan salah satu desa Bali Aga yang ada di Bali. Desa Sembiran terletak di Desa Sembiran, Kecamatan Tejakula, Kabupaten Buleleng.  Seperti kebanyakan bahasa Bali Aga, bahasa Bali Aga dialek Sembiran sangat berbeda dengan dialek bahasa Bali dataran atau yang lazim disebut dengan bahasa Bali Kapara. Dialek bahasa Bali Aga memiliki struktur dan fungsi bahasa tersendiri yang berbeda jauh dengan bahasa Bali Daratan. Perbedaan antara DBD dan DBA terlihat dari (1) variasi kosakata, (2) fonologi (termasuk pendistribusian bunyi vokal), (3) anggah ungguhing basa (bahasa halus dan bahasa kasar), serta (4) kosakata (Bawa, 1983). Yang paling jelas perbedaannya adalah pada dialek yang dipergunakan oleh masyarakat penggunanya. Sekadar diketahui bahwa, dalam DBA tidak dikenal  adanya bahasa halus, tetapi yang ada hanya bahasa kasar.   Kata Kunci: Dialek, morfologi bahasa Bali, bahasa Bali Aga.
STRUKTUR SEMANTIS VERBA SEBAGAI CERMINAN POLA PIKIR KOMUNITAS DAYAK NGAJU: SEBUAH KAJIAN LINGUISTIK KEBUDAYAAN Luardini, Maria Arina
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 18 (2011): September 2011
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Teks merupakan aset budaya yang di dalamnya mengandung makna dan nilai. Legenda yang merupakan bagian dari teks lisan mempunyai makna dan nilai dapat ditinjau dari pembicara dan dari bahasa yang digunakan. Legenda dalam bahasa DN mempunyai beberapa struktur semantis yang dapat ditelusuri melalui kajian linguistik kebudayaan dalam ranah etnosemantik dan lexcor (lexical and corpus) yang merupakan bagian dari SFL. Pembentukan struktur semantis verba ditunjukkan melalui bentuk ? bentuk: verba aktif, yang didominasi oleh bentuk nasal {maN ?}; verba pasif yang sebagian besar berbentuk prefix {iN ?}; dan bentuk serialis atau paralelisme semantis, yaitu bentukan dari dua verba yang mempunyai makna yang sama. Berdasarkan kajian Linguistik Kebudayaan bentuk-bentuk verba/ tipe proses menggambarkan pola pikir komunitas DN sebagai kosmosentris yang ditunjukkan melalui kesamaan kekuasaan dan peran dari semua partisipan di bumi, yaitu manusia, hewan dan tumbuhan.      

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