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Sriwijaya Law Review
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Social,
The Sriwijaya Law Review known as the SLRev launched on the 31st January 2017 and inaugurated formally by the Rector of the university is a forum which aims to provide a high-quality research and writing related to law. Areas that relevant to the scope of the journal cover: business law, criminal law, constitutional law, administrative law, and international law
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 59 Documents
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CUSTOMARY FINES IN SETTLEMENT OF SECLUSION CASES IN BANDA ACEH Mansur, Teuku Muttaqin; Yunita, Yunita; Adli, M; Sulaiman, Sulaiman
Sriwijaya Law Review VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28946/slrev.Vol4.Iss2.404.pp52-61

Abstract

Seclusion (khalwat) is the activity conducted in a quiet place between two individuals of different sex who are not mahram (blood relative) without the legitimate marriage bond and the willingness from both parties, which leads to adultery. Fine is one of the customary penalties given to the perpetrators of khalwat. In practice, implemented of fines between one region and another is different. The study aims to identify the types of adat fines charged to khalwat perpetrators and the effectiveness of implementation on the settlement customary fines in Banda Aceh. It used a juridical-empirical research method. The data used, in addition to primary and secondary legal material, also used an in-depth interview with respondents. The data analyzed using a qualitative descriptive approach. This research conducted in Banda Aceh district. The research results show that the kind of customary fines given to khalwat perpetrators was different. There are even some cases begun to shift, and some considered that being married because of khalwat was considered one of the customary fines. Customary fines are effective in reducing offense of khalwat. However, there are concerns if the decision of the customary fines does not get optimal support from law enforcement officials. Expected, customary official affirmed kind of customary fine given to khalwat perpetrators. The difference subtle, need to consider the aspect of justice, the ability, and effective whereabouts of fines to reduction offense of khalwat.
PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF CHEMICAL CASTRATION FOR OFFENDERS OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN Yuningsih, Henny; Nurjaya, I Nyoman; Djatmika, Prija; Ruba?I, Masruchin
Sriwijaya Law Review VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28946/slrev.Vol4.Iss2.297.pp62-78

Abstract

The rate of sexual violence against children in Indonesia is very alarming. Perpetrators of sexual violence against children are usually adults close to the victim, including family members and neighbors. Sexual violence is a violation of human rights. Sexual violence deprives the victim of security and protection, the right to prosper physically and spiritually, the right to be free from torture or treatment that demean human dignity, and the right to live. Chemical castration stipulated in Law No. 17 of 2016 is a form of punishment that is not under criminal law policy in Indonesia, which is based on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. Chemical castration formulated in Article 81 Paragraph (7) is not following the values of Pancasila, especially the first principle, namely belief in One and Only God, and the second principle, just and civilized humanity. Substantially, the castration penalty causes an individual to lose the right to continue the lineage and fulfill basic needs as guaranteed in Article 28B paragraph (1) of the 1945 Constitution. The same thing is stated in Article 10, paragraph (1) of Law No. 39 of 1999 concerning Human Rights.
CULTURAL LOCALITY AND BUREAUCRACY ON THE SUKABUMI CITY POLICE COMMAND Dahniel, Rycko Amelza
Sriwijaya Law Review VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28946/slrev.Vol4.Iss2.452.pp23-40

Abstract

Rational bureaucratic models in various organizational contexts can no longer be implemented as originally designed because of the interaction of cultural locality, including in city-level police organizations. Services to the community in the District of Sukabumi cannot be implementedappropriately. It is because there are three problems, namely the absence of detailed and transparent rules, the lack of material and budget support, and the functional relationship between the police and the community, which is influenced by the dominant local culture. This research investigates the variety of features of cultural locality in the bureaucracy of Sukabumi ResortPolice through a qualitative approach.The source of research data is determined purposively and snowball based on an emic approach to get social phenomena that occur. Data mining is carried out in the form of complete participant observation, interviews, and document studies. The results of the research revealed that the bureaucracy in resort police is characterized by a unique hierarchical chain and unity of command through and carried out by superiors, specialization into functions, regulations and organizational policies, standard procedures for each job, career coaching structure, and impersonal relationships. In addition, the cultural context and locality of the Sukabumi community, which is thick with Sundanese culture, become a social convention which is manifested in activities, actions, and ways of thinking. These manifestations are based on friendship, mutual assistance and respect, respect for parents, deliberation in solving social problems that refer to the culture of diriungkeun by using religious figures, preachers, and ajengan as primordial charismatic figures.Cultural context and locality are believed to have influenced the bureaucratic style so that the rational bureaucracy cannot be fully implemented but must adopt local culture.
UNILATERAL CLAIM IN DISPUTE OF ISLAND OVER THE SOUTH CHINA SEA Nasir, Muhammad; Wan Dahalan, Wan Siti Adibah; Harun, Harun; Thariq, Phoenna Ath
Sriwijaya Law Review VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28946/slrev.Vol4.Iss2.221.pp1-8

Abstract

In the unilateral claim, every determination of a territory is the right of a sovereign state and does not require agreement with international organizations or other countries. Especially regarding the borders of a country, many international regulations require a joint determination (bilateral or multilateral). The norm will impact the absence of responses from another country, or such a country does not react because its interests were not disturbed. China's unilateral statement over the South China Sea has tried to dominate globally, and at the same time, there has been no stabilization of peace. It will likely continue, expand, and have long-term adverse impacts on the regional economic and security situation in the region. China's unilateral claims in the South China Sea have also resulted in other warring countries, strengthening their presence and claims. This research uses normative approach which examines the unilateral claims under international law in the South China Sea especially in the UNCLOS 1982 and other related international law instruments. As a result, for China, it is necessary to improve its current position, at least it needs to negotiate in the future. Countries which is involved in the South China Sea should clarify and submit territorial claims and maritime rights under international law, including the UNCLOS 1982.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNCLOS 1982 IN UTILIZATION OF HIGHLY MIGRATORY SPECIES BY INDONESIA Usmawadi, Usmawadi
Sriwijaya Law Review VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28946/slrev.Vol4.Iss2.119.pp124-135

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the producers of tuna and tuna species (tuna, skipjack, and mackerel tuna), which are increasing every year. Its geographical location and area of its many Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) bordering many neighboring countries, requires Indonesia to implement the CLS 1982 provisions on far-migratory fish. In this connection, Indonesia implements two forms. Firstly, in the form of legislation, which Indonesia has issued about 17 regulations, starting from the level of the Law to the Ministerial Regulation. Secondly, Indonesia has been active as a member of regional fisheries organizations whose territory borders on the Indonesian EEZ. Consequently, from the issuance of this Ministerial Regulation, Indonesia must carry out fisheries monitoring on board, to meet the higher quality data needs. So that Indonesia is faced with carrying out monitoring on fishing vessels operating in the convention area of the RFMOs, namely the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission, the Commission for Southern Blue Fin Tuna Conservation, and the Central and Western Pacific Fisheries Commission. In order to optimize this implementation, Indonesia needs to prepare officials, facilities, and infrastructure that can support the compliance and enforcement of legislation that has been issued. Indonesia should immediately formulate fisheries policies in the high seas outside the Indonesian EEZ, which involve and benefit Indonesian fishermen.
STRICT LIABILITY PRINCIPLE: CONSUMER PROTECTION FROM HIDDEN DEFECTIVE PRODUCTS IN INDONESIA Holijah, Holijah
Sriwijaya Law Review VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28946/slrev.Vol4.Iss2.295.pp109-123

Abstract

Weak supervision on the standardization of the quality of goods products, the negative impact of the use of technology, and fraudulent products cause an increase in hidden defective goods products in the current era of globalization. The phenomenon of the existence of hidden defective products increasingly demanding the importance of the role of government to regulate, supervise and control to create a legal construction of product responsibility for consumers, which normatively does not exist yet. The concept of consumer protection due to hidden defective goods is a new thing that has never been explained in Indonesian literature. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the hidden defective products phenomenon, and the legal basis on the principle of responsibility is applied. Strict liability of produces due to loss of hidden defective goods products as an effort to protect consumers in Indonesia. This research uses the normative analysis method by using secondary data as primary data through the statute approach, philosophical approach, and historical approach. The results of this study show the importance of legal products that can provide consumer rights without reducing the rights of produces. The need for a legal basis for the product liability principle with the principle of strict liability to claim the responsibility of a produces through developing the doctrine of tort as a basis for demanding compensation due to hidden defective goods from the outstanding produces on the market. For this reason, it is recommended as a consideration, namely normative amendment to the law of the Republic of Indonesia number 8 of 1999 concerning consumer protection as a short-term step, while the long-term step is to issue a special law that regulates the absolute responsibility of produces due to loss of defective products hidden in the future.
THE RIGHT TO USE LEGAL REMEDIES AGAINST COURT DECISIONS IN CONTESTED PROCEDURE Ajeti, Arbnor Ajet
Sriwijaya Law Review VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28946/slrev.Vol4.Iss2.428.pp9-22

Abstract

The purpose of this scientific paper is to handle in detail the main issues concerning the right to use legal remedies by the parties against court decisions. The right to use legal remedies against court decisions is recognized as one of the fundamental rights of litigants in the civil contested procedure. Due to the importance of using legal remedies in this procedure and other court proceedings, the right to use legal remedies is also foreseen by legal acts. We emphasize this because the right to use legal remedies is guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, by the European Convention on Human Rights of 1950. Also, the right to use legal remedies is guaranteed through the Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo of 2008 as one of the fundamental human rights. In contrast, the procedure, according to appealing means, has been regulated by the Law on Contested Procedure of Kosovo 2008. The main idea of this scientific paper is to clarify the right of parties to use legal remedies and what are legal remedies to this procedure. The results of handling consist of understanding the importance of legal remedies, in which cases legal remedies may be submitted, and their impact in exercising the right of litigants in order to provide protection to the legal interests of the parties. In this scientific paper have been conducted handlings concerning the right to use legal remedies, types of appealing means, ordinary legal remedies, and extraordinary legal remedies. This scientific paper is based on applicable legislation, judicial practice, and legal doctrine. In this paper are also given conclusions regarding the right to use legal remedies against court decisions in the contested procedure.
THE COMPETENCY OF ADMINISTRATIVE COURT IN ADJUDICATING STATE FINANCIAL LOSSES REPORT DISPUTE IN INDONESIA Helmi, Helmi; Syam, Fauzi; Nugraha, Harry Setya; Kusniati, Retno
Sriwijaya Law Review VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28946/slrev.Vol4.Iss2.298.pp41-51

Abstract

The debate on the absolute competency of the State Administrative Court in Indonesia to set the dispute over the State Financial Losses Report (LHPKKN) is proved to have caused dissenting opinion. The judgments between one administrative court to other court in Indonesia cause main problem of achieving justice and legal certainty. This research examines the issue of absolute competence of the Administrative Court in adjudicating disputes on the State Financial Losses Report published by the Financial and Development Monitoring Agency (BPKP). This article uses normative legal research and implement the statute approach, conceptual approach, and case approach. These approaches are used to discern and analyze several related legal materials or documents scientifically. The aims and objectives of this research are to find a legal solution on how this classic issue has to be approached and solved. As a result, it is found through this article that the Administrative Court has absolute competence in deciding disputes on the Report on the Calculation of State Financial Losses issued by the Financial and Development Monitoring Agency, which is supported by several fundamental reasons.
TENDER CONSPIRACY UNDER KPPU DECISION AND PROHIBITION OF MONOPOLISTIC PRACTICES ACT Silalahi, Udin; Chrysentia, Priskilla
Sriwijaya Law Review VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28946/slrev.Vol4.Iss2.347.pp91-108

Abstract

Tender conspiracy is one of the anti-competition acts prohibited under Article 22 Law No. 5 of 1999 on Prohibition of Monopolistic Practices and Unfair Business Competition. As one of the violations which are almost always injurious, tender conspiracy is only regulated by a rule of reasonable approach giving an interpretation room of the consequences of the violation. The tender conspiracy is also proven conducted by reported parties in the case that it had been decided by KPPU, such as in the KPPU Decision Number 06/KPPU-L/2015. The questions arising in connection with the rampant practices of tender conspiracy are how they regulate in the applicable law and how KPPU decides on the practice of tender conspiracy in the case concerned with the law. The aim is to examine the causes of the rampant practice of tender conspiracy in relation to the regulations governing it, as well as to review the KPPU's decision on real tender conspiracy case. For this reason, this research is normative legal research with qualitative analysis techniques on secondary data and uses the statute approach, and case approaches. The results of the study indicate that Article 22  is not sufficient yet to regulate the prohibition of tender conspiracy and often leads to multi-interpretation. the KPPU decided that there is a horizontal conspiracy among defendantsindetermining of the tender winner
PUBLIC POLICY DEFENSE AND THE ARBITRABILITY OF COMPETITION DISPUTES UNDER THE PHILIPPINE ARBITRATION REGIME Villasis, James Gregory Alcaraz
Sriwijaya Law Review VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28946/slrev.Vol4.Iss2.294.pp79-90

Abstract

The arbitrability of anti-competition disputes in the Philippines remains to be tested. It is since the Philippine Competition Act is relatively at its infancy, and cases are yet to be brought before the courts. This area entails much complexity considering that competition disputes are by nature imbued with public policy concerns, a mandatory exception for arbitration. This paper aims to examine the arbitrability of competition disputes under the Philippine domestic arbitration regime. After conducting an examination of cases and literature both in the Philippines and abroad, the paper argues that the Philippines may consider the US and French positions as to the arbitrability of competition disputes despite the presence of various public policy concerns. The public policy issues should only be taken into consideration when an arbitral award is brought before judicial bodies for recognition and enforcement and should not bar domestic arbitral bodies from taking cognizance of these disputes. It is to accommodate the state policy regarding alternative means of settling disputes such as arbitration in rendering speedy administration of justice. Whenever an award is granted, the same will be subject to court's intervention for recognition with due respect to the public policy concerns. In so doing, arbitration is being promoted without sacrificing the competition law policy of the Philippines.