cover
Contact Name
Dwi Kesuma Sari
Contact Email
dwiksari@vet.unhas.ac.id
Phone
+6285299279988
Journal Mail Official
jrvi@unhas.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM.10 Tamalanrea, Makassar 90245
Location
Kota makassar,
Sulawesi selatan
INDONESIA
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research)
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 26140187     EISSN : 26152835     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Agriculture,
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of the Indonesian Veterinary Research) is an open access, double blind peer-reviewed, print and online journal that publishes in the form of original research, review, case study, short communication in any areas of sciences of veterinary, animal sciences, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, biology, animal laboratory and biodiversity of animals. Manuscript should be produced from latest research or study.
Articles 25 Documents
DETERMINING IMAGE OPACITY IN BROILER RESPIRATORY RADIOGRAPHIC USING IMAGEJ AND ANSEL ADAM’S ZONE SYSTEM Wirahadikesuma, Ikhwan; Santoso, Koekoeh; Maheshwari, Hera; Maddu, Akhiruddin
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 4 No. 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v4i1.8431

Abstract

The diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory, lung, and air sacs generally uses radiographic images by radiologists. Therefore, the results are very subjective, causing differences in the interpretation and diagnosis among different radiologists. A radiographic image reading needs to be made in the form of a simple, fast, and accurate algorithm. The study aimed to reduce subjectivity and be easily carried out by radiology medical personnel, especially veterinarians. This study carried out density measurements by image processing using ImageJ software on 14 radiographic images of broiler chickens. Furthermore, the density value is associated with the Ansel Adam's - grayscale system to determine the opacity of respiratory tract tissues/organs, which were previously inhaled by one of them with chitosan-iopamidol nanoparticles using a nebulizer. The results of density measurements for the category of opacity in radiographic images are that seven spot areas lead brighter (radiopaque) only in chickens that are inhaled mist maker of chitosan-iopamidol nanoparticles. Then the determination of the value range is obtained average value on two ventrodorsal radiographic images, which are inhaled by mist maker of chitosan-iopamidol nanoparticles and chitosan nanoparticle compressor. The conclusion of this study was only in chickens that were infested with mist maker chitosan-iopamidol, whose radiographic image had a radiopaque spot and middle-value area. 
FOLLICULAR DEVELOPMENT OF AGED RATS OVARIAN INJECTED HUMAN UMBILICAL CORD MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS Dianti, Resti Rahma; Fitrianto, Alif Iman; Utami, Adkhilni; Astini, Wining; Dwijayanti, Adisti; Suyatna, Frans Dhyanagiri; Yaprianto, Kelvin; Bachtiar, Indra; Satyaningtijas, Aryani Sismin; Winarto, Adi; Boediono, Arief
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 4 No. 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v4i1.6889

Abstract

Female reproductive system showing the fastest signs of aging. The ovarian aging characterized by a decrease in follicular development. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells and can form a variety of different cells as the foundation of tissues and organs. Previous studies reported that Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells (BM-MSCs) transplantation can restore follicular development in damaged ovarian rats. This study aimed to analyze the number of follicular development in aged rats and to analyze the capability of human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hUC-MSCs) to improving follicular development in aged rats. This study used 3 mature rats (4 months old), and 9 nine aged rats (22-24 months old), Spraque Dawley (SD) strain. They were divided into four groups. The first and the second group was mature rats and aged rats without injection. The third and the fourth group was aged rats injected hUC-MSCs dose 106 cells/kgBW and hUC-MSCs dose 107 cells/kgBW. The injection carried out 4 times at 3-month intervals. The parameters observed were follicular development and homing image of hUC-MSCs in ovarian tissue. The results showed that the number of follicular developments in aged rats 22-24 months decreased significantly compared to mature rats 4 months old. Injection of hUC-MSCs at dose 106 cells/kgBW and 107 cells/kgBW did not increase follicular development in aged rats. hUC-MSCs did not found in ovarian tissue. It could be concluded that aged rats 22-24 months old no longer productive indicated from the number of follicular developments and corpus luteum decreased. The injection of hUC-MSCs intravenously did not indicate an improvement of follicular development in aged rats 22-24 months old.
UNILATERAL SPECTACULOTOMY ON A BURMESE PYTHON (PYTHON BIVITTATUS) WITH SUBSPECTACULAR ABSCESS: A CASE REPORT Govendan, Puveanthan Nagappan; Kurniawan, Lynn Kaat Laura
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 4 No. 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v4i1.8445

Abstract

A three year old female adult albino Python bivittatus weighing 12 kilograms was presented with a chief complaint of right spectacle growth and whitening. The snake also had a respiratory infection which started about 2 weeks prior to being presented. Physical examination showed bubbly nostrils, inflammation on the right eye, inflammation on the right palatum of the oral cavity, and crackling sound during auscultation when exhaling and hissing. The snake was diagnosed with subspectacular abscess and respiratory infection. Spectaculotomy was performed under general and local anesthesia. All abscesses were removed using a sterile sexing probe while continuously flushing the eye. Topical antiseptic was diluted and flushed into the eye before topical antibiotic eye ointment was applied. Post-operative treatment included daily flushing using an intravenous catheter, eye ointment application, and administration of systemic antibiotic and NSAID to treat the co-related respiratory infection. Three weeks after the surgery the snake went through ecdysis, after which the snake regained its appetite and recovery was thereafter significantly improved.
PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF FASCIOLOSIS IN BALI CATTLE IN UJUNG LOE SUBDISTRICT, BULUKUMBA REGENCY Sari, Eka Anny; Wirawan, Hadi Purnama; Purba, Fika Yuliza
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 4 No. 1, JANUARY 2020
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v4i1.8167

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of fasciolosis in Bali cattle in Ujung Loe District, Bulukumba Regency. A total of 157 Balinese cattle fecal samples were collected and selected proportionally from 13 villages in Ujung Loe Subdistrict, Bulukumba Regency. The fecal examination was carried out by the sedimentation method to detect the presence of Fasciola sp. eggs based on the morphology. Risk factors of fasciolosis such as animal age, management, cage condition, intermediate host control, and farmer knowledge were analyzed using Chi-square and Odds Ratio. The results of this study indicated that the prevalence of fasciolosis in Ujung Loe District, Bulukumba Regency was 4.4%. The results of the Chi-square analysis showed that age and management system had a relationship with the incidence of fasciolosis, while other factors were not related to fasciolosis.
Identification of Anthrax in Endemic Areas in South Sulawesi Province Juwita, Sartika; Purwanta, Purwanta; Muflihanah, Muflihanah; Djatmikowati, Titis Furi
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4423

Abstract

Anthrax is a strategic and important disease because it is a zoonotic disease which caused death and difficult to eradicate because it produces spores. The aim of the study was to identify anthrax in endemic areas in South Sulawesi Province. Soil samples obtained from Gowa and Pinrang regency were examined by bacterial culture test and then positive results from bacterial culture followed by multiplex PCR. Based on the results of the isolation of 52 soil samples show 35 samples from Pinrang regency show all negative anthrax, while from 17 soil samples from Gowa regency show 2 positive samples of anthrax. Positive samples of anthrax were from Timbuseng village, Patallasang district, Gowa regency. The results continued with PCR technique using Bacillus anthracis colonies derived from positive soil samples. It showed the virulent strain of Bacillus anthracis. A virulent strain is indicated by a DNA fragment of a pXO1 plasmid encoding a toxin lethal factor (Lef) of 385 bp and a DNA fragment of a pXO2 plasmid encoding a capsule of anthrax (Cap) of 264 bp and also common bacterial markers of the Bacillus genome chromosome (Ba183) of 152 bp.
The Diversity and Activity of Flies (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) as Forensic Indicators at Outdoor and Indoor Rat Carccasses in Dramaga, Bogor Ismail, Irwan; Ridwan, Yusuf; Soviana, Susi
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4416

Abstract

This study aims to identify the diversity of flies that were caught and interacted with carcasses at the day and night. Each of the three rat carcasses (Rattus norvegicus) was placed outdoor and indoor within the campus of IPB Dramaga. The carcasses were put into a screen cage. Observation of flies was begun at 06:00 am and so on every four hours until the skeletal stage of the carcasses reached. The flies that come to the carcasses and into the screen cage were collected and identified. The decomposition of the indoor carcasses is slower than at outdoor, with the longer fresh stage. Meanwhile, post-decay stage and skeletal stage were achieved at the same time at each location. Nine spesies captured flies which are forensic indicator were Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius), Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart), Chrysomya saffranea, Chrysomya spp, Lucilia spp, Sarcophaga spp, Calliphora spp and Musca domestica. C. bezziana Villeneuve and C. megacephala (Fabricius) were the dominant flies at outdoor carcasses. Meanwhile, the indoor carcasses was dominated by Lucilia spp.
Correlation Analysis of Enverontmental Cd Exposure in Liver and Meat of Broiler Chicken Anshar, Amelia Ramadhani; Darusman, Huda Salahudin; Maheshwari, Hera
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4354

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) belongs to heavy metal with high anthropogenic pollutant and non-essential to physiological funtion. Regular intake of consuming Cd leads to physiological disorders in poultry animal as well as humans as one who consume it. The aim of this study was to analyze the profile of Cd content in environmental samples (poultry feed and water) and it correlated with the degree of contamination in broiler tissues. In this study, 30 samples of feeds and water samples along with 60 samples of liver and muscle have been examined. The results showed that the feed was indicated to Cd between 0.009-0.202 mg / kg and in the water between 0.0068-0.0096 mg / l. Cd in the livers and muscles was then positively contaminated by Cd between 0.438-0.565 mg / kg and the levels was significantly different (p <0.05) among organs. A strong positive correlation was found between Cd and water levels in liver (r = 0.896). In contrast, a weaker positive correlation (r = 0.596) was found in the water and muscle. In conclusion, Cd contamination in feed and water correlated positively with the increasing amount of the cadmium level in organs.
Glucose levels and Stress Index of Common Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) Coffee Eaters and not Coffee Eaters Ulfa, Nur Isnaini; Novelina, Savitri; Satyaningtijas, Aryani Sismin
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4395

Abstract

Common palm civet is a mamalia which often used to produce luwak coffee. Therefore? health status of common palm civet is very important to be considered because force feeding of coffee can turn to stress condition. Glucose level, leukocyte profile and ratio N/L were often used as stress indicator. This study was aimed to determine glucose levels from blood of common palm civet, determine leukocyte profile and its deffirentiation also to calculate neutrophyl/limpocyte ratio from six common palm civet there were three group of observation, there were common palm civet coffe eaters and not coffe eaters. Blood samples were taken intracardially for further analyzed using manual blood method. Glucose levels of coffee eaters common palm civet was higher than common palm civet that was not coffee eaters. Stress index of coffee eaters common palm civet (0,516) was higher than not coffee eaters (0,463), but it was still in the normal range. Common palm civet that eat coffee continuosly can lead to oxidative stress condition.?
Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol) Level in the Dorsal Skin of Sunda Porcupine (Hystrix javanica) Prawira, Andhika Yudha; Farida, Wartika Rosa; Darusman, Huda Salahudin; Novelina, Savitri; Agungpriyono, Srihadi
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4836

Abstract

Alpha tocopherol, as the most active component of Vitamine E, is identified as antioxidant present in some parts of the skin and the concentration is vary in several regions of the body due to the skin characteristic of the region. Sunda porcupine (Hystrix javanica) is one of the rodents in Indonesia with quill as its spesific skin characteristic. The porcupine quill are distributed in various shapes and sizes in body parts, while dorsal regions and the tail is the body part that has the most developed quill form. This study aimed to measure alpha tocopherol content in the dorsal region skin of male and female Sunda porcupine. The study used skin samples of thoracodorsal and lumbosacral regions of 6 adult Sunda porcupine (3 males and 3 females) and 2 frozen specimens (1 male and 1 female). Samples were prepared and processed for analysis through high performance liquid chromatography. The results showed that the level of tocopherol in the dorsal thoracic region of males and females was much higher than that of the lumbosacral region. The results of this study indicate the characteristics of the skin region affect the levels of alpha tocopherol in the region.
Potency of Cockroaches (Periplaneta americana and Blattella germanica) as Vector of Salmonellosis on Ships in Baubau Port Supryatno, Adi; Murtini, Sri; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4515

Abstract

ABSTRACT?Cockroaches are insects that act as mechanical vectors of pathogenic agents to humans such as Salmonella sp. The aim of this study was to identify the presence of Salmonella sp. in cockroach bodies on cargo and passenger ships. This research was conducted at Baubau Port from October to December 2017. A total of 24 ships were examined consisting of 12 passenger ships and 12 cargo ships. Cockroaches were collected from rooms inside each ship namely galley, bridge, deck and bathroom. A total of 3 196 cockroaches caught consisting of Periplaneta americana (69.50%), Blattella germanica (29.60%), Periplaneta brunnea (0.66%), Pseudophorapsis sp. (0.03%), Pycnoscelus surinamensis (0.03%), Periplaneta australasiae (0.03%), and Neuphoeta cinerea (0.03%). The presence of Salmonella sp. were examined for cockroach species with a large number of population, namely Periplaneta americana and Blattella germanica. A total of 95.3% of the 42 cockroaches examined in the laboratory contained Salmonella sp.. Based on this research it can be concluded that the cockroaches collected from the ships leaning at Baubau Port can serve as a vector of salmonellosis for both ship crew and passengers.?Keywords: Cockroaches, Ships, Salmonella sp, Salmonellosis

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