Triutomo, Devyanto Hadi
Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

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Estrogenic Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Papaya Peels (Carica Papaya L.) on Uterine Weight and Mammae Gland Proliferation on Ovariectomy Rats Novitasari, Dhania; Triutomo, Devyanto Hadi; Arifah, Fitriana Hayyu; Ivanawati, Anselma; Ulum, Zahrotul; Murwanti, Retno
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 9, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev9iss2pp86-91

Abstract

Papaya bark is one of Indonesia's natural wealth that contains flavonoid compounds such as myricetin and kaempferol that included in the phytoestrogen compounds. The aim of this study is to examine the estrogenic effects of ethanolic extract of papaya peels (EEPP) on the development of mammae gland and the increasing of uterine weight. The in vivo test was performed in ovariectomized Sprague Dawley female rats. After 30 days of treatment, animals were sacrificed to take the uterus and mammae glands. Measurement of uterine weight and mammae gland was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining method to know the lobulus development and AgNOR staining to determine the proliferation level of mammae gland epithelial cells. The results showed that EEPP at the concentrations of 500 and 1000 mg/kgBW were able to increase uterine weight and proliferation of mammae gland. In conclusion, papaya bark has the potential as phytoestrogen compound to maintain female reproductive health and woman beauty.Keywords : Ethanolic extract of papaya peels (EEPP), phytoestrogen, ovariectomized rats, uterine weight, mammae proliferation
Estrogenic Effect Ethanol Extract Corn Silk (Stigma maydis) on Bone Density and Histology Femur Profiles in Ovariectomized Rats Female Sprague Dawley Strain Triutomo, Devyanto Hadi; Miranda, Amalia; Tamba, Lora Johana; Lukitaningsih, Endang
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 7, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev7iss3pp104-109

Abstract

Osteoporosis in menopause woman is caused by estrogen deficiency which plays an important role in bone formation. Corn silk (Stigma Maydis) contains stigmasterol, a phytosterol compound predicted to act as phytoestrogen. The aim of this research is to observe the activity of Corn Silk as the source of phytoestrogen by in vivo study in ovariectomized rats. Bone density analysis was examined by using x-ray. Meanwhile, histological profile of bone matrix was determined by HE-staining microscopic observation. Affinity of stigmasterol to ER (α,β) were evaluated by molecular docking. The results showed that treatment of EECS after ovariectomy has not been able to increase bone density compared to the control group OVX. Moreover, histological observation of bone matrix showed that EECS performed improvement effect compared to was observed in the administration of estradiol. Docking between stigmasterol and ER (α,β) gave the docking score which are almost the same as that seen in docking with estradiol. In summary, EECS produced positive effects on bone density in estrogens-deficient OVX rats by reducing bone resorption. Therefore, EECS may also prove to be helpful in preventing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women whose estrogen is insufficient.Keywords: osteoporosis, phytoestrogen, corn silk, stigmasterol