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STATING AND DEFENDING NEW KNOWLEDGE CLAIM: A RHETORICAL ANALYSIS ON THE DISCUSSION SECTION OF ENGLISH MASTER THESIS BY INDONESIAN EFL LEARNERS Warsito, Warsito; arsyad, safnil; Harahap, Alamsyah
IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education) IJEE (INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF ENGLISH EDUCATION)| VOL. 4 | NO.2 | 2017
Publisher : Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/ijee.v4i2.6746

Abstract

ABSTRACT The discussion section is considered the most important section of a thesis but also the most difficult to write especially by university students. This study investigated the move-step and rhetorical pattern of discussion section in 20 English Master Theses written by Indonesian EFL postgraduate students. Following the model suggested by Loan and Pramoolsook (2015), this study found that students constructed the discussion section according to their perceived communicative purposes of discussion section. The most noticeable feature of the section is the occurrence of Move 2 (reporting results) and Move 4 (Commenting on results) occurring in all texts making them obligatory moves. In terms of step, interpreting results and referring to other studies in Move 4 are also considered as obligatory steps. The findings of this study are useful particularly for EFL students; that is to facilitate them to better understand the rhetorical structure of thesis discussion section when written in English.   ABSTRAK Bagian pembahasan dianggap sebagai bagian yang paling penting dalam tesis tetapi juga yang paling sulit ditulis terutama oleh mahasiswa atau penulis baru. Penelitian ini penting untuk menyelidiki pola retorika bagian pembahasan tesis mahasiswa magister bahasa Inggris yang ditulis oleh mahasiswa Indonesia. Mengikuti model yang disarankan oleh Loan and Pramoolsook (2015), penelitian ini menemukan bahwa mahasiswa mengorganisir bagian pembahasan sesuai dengan tujuan komunikatif yang mereka anggap penting. Tujuan komunikatif yang paling menonjol dari bagian ini adalah ‘Move’ 2 (tahapan melaporkan hasil peneitian) dan ‘Move’ 4 (tahapan mengomentari hasil penelitian) yang ditemukan di semua teks sehingga dianggap wajib. Dalam hal langkah (Steps), langkah menafsirkan hasil penelitian dan langkah mengacu pada penelitian terdahuluan dalam ‘Move’ 4 dianggap sebagai langkah wajib. Temuan penelitian ini berguna terutama untuk mahasiswa magister bahasa Inggris, yaitu untuk memudahkan mereka memahami struktur retorika dari bagian pembahasan tesis yang ditulis dalam bahasa Inggris.   How to Cite: Wasito., Syah, S. A., Harahap,  A. (2017). Stating and Defending New Knowledge Claim: a Rhetorical Analysis on the Discussion Section of English Master Thesis by Indonesian EFL Learners. IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 4(2), 188-207. doi:10.15408/ijee.v4i2.6746
STUDENTS’ LEARNING STYLE: A CASE STUDY OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS IN BENGKULU Arsyad, Safnil
EduLite: Journal of English Education, Literature and Culture Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/e.3.1.25-39

Abstract

It is widely accepted that the use of learning materials which accommodates students’ schemata is much more effective than the ones outside student’s present knowledge background. The objectives of this study are to describe the students’ learning style distribution and their perception on local oriented and learning style-based English learning materials in Bengkulu Province. The respondents were senior high school students in Bengkulu Province. The results show that : 1) the English learning materials can present a well-designed English learning materials for senior high schools students; 2) the English learning materials with picture stories and visual and audio learning media help students learn English; 3) the learning materials have been designed very well according to the students; 4) as reported by the students the strengths of the English learning materials is that it provides new information on tourism places in Bengkulu Province for the students, 5) the learning materials (the text books and VCD/CD) could improve their motivation to learn English. It can be concluded that local oriented and learning style-based learning materials can be not only more effective but also preferred by the students.
THE EFFECT OF GENRE-BASED MENTORING ON LINGUISTIC FEATURE QUALITY OF RESEARCH ARTICLE ABSRACTS BY INDONESIAN LECTURERS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES Jasrial, Dedi; Arsyad, Safnil; Arono, Arono
JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 4, No 2: August 2019
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (298.913 KB) | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v4i2.7780

Abstract

Meta-discourse is one of the linguistic features that have gotten considerable attention in writing a research article abstract recently. It is because the meta-discourse serves as a textual and interpersonal marker that can help readers to organize, classify, interpret, evaluate, and react to the contents of a propositions or meanings of sentences in the research article abstracts. However, Indonesian authors still have a problem in the use of meta-discourse based on its function in writing a research article abstract that meets to reputable international journals. The purpose of this study is to help improve the linguistic feature quality of research article abstracts written by Indonesian lecturers in social sciences and humanities in terms of the appropriate use of meta-discourse devices. This study used three stages of genre-based method following Hyland (2003): modeling, joint construction, and independent construction to mentor 20 lecturers in improving their research article abstract quality in terms of the appropriate use of meta-discourse devices in the sentences. The meta-discourse devices in the lecturers? research article abstracts was evaluated following the frameworks of meta-discourse based on its function as suggested by Hyland (2005). The result revealed that there is an important improvement on the linguistic feature quality of Indonesian lecturers? research article abstracts in terms of the appropriate use of meta-discourse devices. It implies that genre-based mentoring method has been quite effective in helping Indonesian lecturers in social sciences and humanities in writing their RA abstracts in using meta-discourse devices for a reputable international journal.
THE EFFECT OF GENRE BASED APPROACH ON STUDENTS’ WRITING ABILITY OF RECOUNT TEXT Mastura, Dina Maryana; Arsyad, Safnil; Koto, Irwan
JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 5, No 1: February 2020
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (148.766 KB) | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v5i1.9403

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The objective of this research was to investigate the effect of genre based approach on students? writing ability of recount text. This study was conducted through quasi experimental design. The population were the total of 52 second year students of SMAN 05 Bengkulu Tengah (IPS1 as experimental class dan IPS2 as control class). Theexperimental class was taught by using genre based approach and the control class was taught by using the conventional approach.The instrument was a written test of a recount text. Before analyzing the data by using t-test, a normality and homogenity test were conducted, then scored by using assessment rubric of Heaton (1988). The result showed that there was significant effect of genre based approach on students? writing ability of recount text. The effects were on the content, organization, vocabulary, language use, and mechanics.
The argument style in research article discussions to support research findings in language studies Arsyad, Safnil; Purwo, Bambang Kaswanti; Adnan, Zifirdaus
Studies in English Language and Education Vol 7, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/siele.v7i2.16626

Abstract

The argument quality in a research article discussion (henceforth RAD) determines the quality of the article as a whole, and therefore this section must be written as convincingly as possible. However, authors in different disciplines such as Language Studies (LS) may address this section in a different argument style. This study is aimed at investigating how Indonesian writers in LS support their findings in their RADs. There were 40 RADs taken from four different Indonesian journals in LS; the articles were chosen from the latest volumes of the nationally accredited journals. This study used a genre analysis method in which the major source of data is a collection of texts as a product of language activity. The results show that the majority of Indonesian writers use Style 1 (interpreting the research findings or suggesting what the research findings mean), Style 2 (explaining or elaborating the research findings), Style-3 (stating the possible cause/s of the research findings), and Style 4 (illustrating or exemplifying the research findings) to support their research findings. However, unlike international authors, Indonesian writers do not relate their research findings with those of previous related studies; if they do so, it is to confirm the interpretation or explanation of their research results. The results of this study may help Indonesian authors in LS improve the quality of their RADs especially when writing articles in English to be submitted to an international journal.
Indonesian authors’ stances in citing English research article introductions literature in sciences Miasari, Suci; Arsyad, Safnil; Arono, Arono
EduLite: Journal of English Education, Literature and Culture Vol 3, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/e.3.2.173-187

Abstract

Authorial stance is an important aspect in academic texts in academic texts such as research articles (RAs); that is to show the attitude of authors toward the information cited in a reference in order to establish an argument. The objective of this research was to investigate the authorial stances in English RA introductions written by Indonesia authors in the field of sciences (i.e. Biology, Physic and Chemistry). This research employed a descriptive qualitative method. Thirty English research article introductions were included in the corpus in this study. The results show that two authorial stances: neutral and positive stances are found in the texts but no critical stance is used in the corpus of this research. Also, four types of authorial stance (i.e., hedges, booster, attitudinal markers, and self- mention) are used in the RA introductions and the devices in each type of authorial stance are nouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives and modals. Self-mentions found in this research are subjective pronoun, common noun and possessive adjectives. It can be concluded that Indonesian authors in the field of sciences already use similar types of authorial stances in their English RA introductions to those of international authors writing in English.
PENGGUNAAN MEDIA INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) UNTUK MENGINTENSIFKAN PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INGRIS DI LUAR KELAS Arsyad, Safnil
Wacana: Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajaran Vol 14, No 2 (2016): Wacana, Vol. 14, No. 2, Juli 2016
Publisher : Wacana: Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33369/jwacana.v14i2.6647

Abstract

The facts show that the results of teaching and learning of English in Inggris at all levels are not yet satisfying because the students get very little chances to practice the language in the classroom while the learning acitivies outside the classroom are not yet extensive and to some extent are impossible. Although teachers have been retrained again and again, the curriculum has been renewed several times and the textbooks have been revised, the English learning results do not seem to show a significant improvement. This paper is trying to offer a possible solution for the problem; that is to use ICT based English lerning materials to intensify the student’s English learning activities outside the classroom particularly for university students. Thus, through more interactive and interesting learning activities outside the classroom using ICT media already available with the students such as smartphone, laptop or portable computer, the students will get more comprehensible language input.
Citing Others’ Works in Academic Texts: How Non-native Writers of English Across-disciplines Use Reporting Verbs and Reporting Signals in Their Research Article Introductions Arsyad, Safnil; Syahrial, Syahrial; Hakim, Husnul
JURNAL ARBITRER Vol 8, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ar.8.1.59-71.2021

Abstract

This study is aimed at investigating how Indonesian writers in multidiscipline use reporting verbs (henceforth RVs) and reporting signals (henceforth RSs) in their research article introductions in English. Fifty research articles (henceforth RAs) were chosen on purpose from the recent edition of five different English language journals in Multi-disciplines published in Indonesia (i.e., 10 from Applied Linguistics, 10 from Medicine, 10 from Animal Husbandry, 10 from Engineering and Technology, and 10 from Geography). The results reveal that the most frequent groups of RV found in the RA introductions are SHOW and ARGUE groups; while the most frequent RS is Reporting Noun. It is also found that Indonesian writers in the data of this research tend to use RVs in Present and Past Tense. These findings are similar to those of previous studies where there is no important difference between English native and non-native speakers in using RVs in their RAs. This implies that Indonesian writers of the articles used in this study have used RVs in a similar way to English native speakers. This is because the RAs used in this research were taken from reputable international journals indexed by Scopus and/or Web of Science. 
Need Analysis for Developing Writing Skill Materials Using Facebook for English Undergraduate Students Sakkir, Geminastiti; Dollah, Syarifuddin; Arsyad, Safnil; Ahmad, Jamaluddin
International Journal of Language Education Vol. 5, No. 1, 2021
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26858/ijole.v5i1.14856

Abstract

This research is aiming at giving a contribution to the lecturers’ knowledge on the design materials in using social media Facebook in teaching writing process to English Department students. Before conducted the developing module for Facebook-based writing instructional course, we surveyed and explored the student’s need. The stages of this research consisted of need analysis and document analysis. We conducted needs analysis to 141 English students and 2 lecturers of writing. Data were collected using need analysis questionnaire and interview. The analyzed documents in this research were lesson plan, syllabus and the existing textbooks. The data from questionnaire and interview were analyzed in quantitative and qualitative methods. The results concluded that: first, needs analysis is the basic of developing module for Facebook-based writing instructional course, in order that the material can be related to the students’ needs, levels and lecturers’ perception. The result of students need found urgent to develop module for facebook-based writing instructional course through the following criteria of interactive, self-contained, user friendly, online supporting, online social media, authentic, environmentally friendly, formal and informal environments, online evaluation, presented in visual  aids, support  and facilitate the students’  academic and non-academic writing activities, topics of the materials should be interesting which provides a cultural background of students, the materials should be implemented by applying vocabulary, reading texts, grammar and basic skills in writing process, implemented in beginner level (Writing 1), used in class and out- class and the materials globally/ international context. Second, the lecturers’ desires in teaching writing are to improve the students’ skill to comprehend the materials. Third, the existing materials are unsuitable for the students, they prefer learning facilitated by electronic social media, Facebook, so they will more motivate in write.
RHETORICAL MOVES AND LINGUISTIC REALIZATIONS OF RESEARCH ARTICLE ABSTRACTS BY INDONESIAN AUTHORS IN APPLIED LINGUISTICS PUBLISHED IN INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS Hakim, Husnul; Arsyad, Safnil; Syahrial, Syahrial
JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature) Vol 6, No 1: February 2021
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v6i1.11800

Abstract

The existence of abstract is compulsory within a research article (RA). Abstract is a summary or brief overview that describes entire content of RA. At a glimpse, abstract tells readers what the RA is all about and at the same time, it acknowledges readers and allows them indirectly to give pre-assessment about quality of the RA. This study aims to find rhetorical moves and linguistic features; tenses and voice forms of RA abstracts by Indonesian authors in Applied Linguistics published in international journals. Using content analysis method, sixty RA abstracts were extracted from two international journals; Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics (IJAL) and TEFLIN journal, and examined based on their rhetorical move following five-move model by Hyland (2005) and Arsyad (2014) for fact-finding. The results reveal; 1) Move 2 (Aim/ Purpose), Move 3 (Method) and Move 4 (Finding/ Result) exist in total sixty RA abstracts, unlike Move 1 (Introduction) and Move 5 (Conclusion and Suggestion), 2) The Simple Present Tense is major tense to apply in all rhetorical moves except in Move 3 (Method) in which Past Tense is mostly used. 3) Active voice dominates rhetorical moves except in Move 3 (Method) in which Passive voice is precisely more applied. This study concludes that the use of rhetorical move models and linguistic features in RA abstracts implies the quality of RA abstracts. Indonesian authors are suggested to follow international standards and trends to achieve outstanding RA abstract.