Saragih, Adelin Australiati
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Buku Panduan Aman untuk Mengajarkan Keterampilan Bina Diri Berpakaian pada Anak Tunagrahita Saragih, Adelin Australiati; Andayani, Budi
Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP) Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (504.677 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.49957

Abstract

One of the daily living skills that is less acquired by the intellectually disabled children is dressing skill. Mother of the intellectually disabled children very often assist them to put on their dresses. Their mothers are often reluctant to train them to put on their attires appropriately by themselves due to the lack of information on the ways to train appropriate dressing. The objective of this study was to validate guide book AMAN (Anak MAndiri berpakaiaN), which was aimed to be used by mothers to train the self dressing skill to their intellectually disabled children. The validating process of the book was done by applying content validity test by involving 7 expert panelists who scored the contents of the guide book. The implementation of this guide book was studied using quasi experiment method with one group pretest-posttest design involving 15 subjects. The findings indicated that the guide book AMAN has a significant content validity with V values ranging from 0.71 to 0.91 on each aspect of its content. The guide book AMAN potentially increased the parents? knowledge in training dressing skills to intellectually disabled children with z value of -3.205 (p < 0.05).
Buku Panduan Aman untuk Mengajarkan Keterampilan Bina Diri Berpakaian pada Anak Tunagrahita Saragih, Adelin Australiati; Andayani, Budi
Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP) Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (504.677 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.49957

Abstract

One of the daily living skills that is less acquired by the intellectually disabled children is dressing skill. Mother of the intellectually disabled children very often assist them to put on their dresses. Their mothers are often reluctant to train them to put on their attires appropriately by themselves due to the lack of information on the ways to train appropriate dressing. The objective of this study was to validate guide book AMAN (Anak MAndiri berpakaiaN), which was aimed to be used by mothers to train the self dressing skill to their intellectually disabled children. The validating process of the book was done by applying content validity test by involving 7 expert panelists who scored the contents of the guide book. The implementation of this guide book was studied using quasi experiment method with one group pretest-posttest design involving 15 subjects. The findings indicated that the guide book AMAN has a significant content validity with V values ranging from 0.71 to 0.91 on each aspect of its content. The guide book AMAN potentially increased the parents? knowledge in training dressing skills to intellectually disabled children with z value of -3.205 (p < 0.05).
Metode Backward Chaining untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Bina Diri Berpakaian Anak Tunagrahita Sedang Saragih, Adelin Australiati
JURNAL PENELITIAN PENDIDIKAN, PSIKOLOGI DAN KESEHATAN (J-P3K) Vol 1, No 2 (2020): J-P3K AGUSTUS
Publisher : Mata Pena Madani

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (817.739 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh seorang anak tunagrahita kategori sedang yang belum mampu memakai pakaian khususnya pakaian berkancing secara mandiri . Orang di sekitar anak yaitu orang tua dan guru terbiasa untuk memberikan bantuan saat melihat anak tidak bisa melakukannya. Hal ini menyebabkan anak kurang mampu mengembangkan keterampilan bina diri secara optimal. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan menggunakan single subject design dengan desain A-B. Adapun metode yang digunakan untuk mengajarkan berpakaian pada anak tunagrahita yaitu dengan intervensi modifikasi perilaku backward chaining yang melibatkan empat langkah sederhana memakai pakaian berkancing. Keberhasilan dari pemberian metode ini dilihat dari perubahan perilaku yang ditunjukkan anak sebelum diberikan intervensi(fase baseline) dengan saat dijalankannya/ setelah intervensi (fase treatment dan follow up). Hasil yang didapatkan menunjukkan bahwa metode backward chaining dapat meningkatkan keterampilan berpakaian anak tunagrahita kategori sedang. Orang tua dan guru dari anak tunagrahita juga memberikan kesempatan pada anak untuk memakai pakaian secara mandiri dengan dibantu oleh pemberian petunjuk (prompt) dan penguatan positif.