Saputri, Rini Archda
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HULU-HILIR PENANGGULANGAN STUNTING DI INDONESIA Saputri, Rini Archda; Tumangger, Jeki
Journal of Political Issues Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Journal of Political Issues
Publisher : Department of Political Science Universitas Bangka Belitung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/jpi.v1i1.2

Abstract

Stunting is an urgent issue to be resolved because it impacts on the quality of Indonesia's human resources in the future. Human resources are the main factor determining the success of a country. This study aims to look at the upstream-downstream efforts to overcome stunting in Indonesia. The research method used is a qualitative approach with descriptive analysis. Source of data in the form of policy document analysis. The results of the study show that, in the upstream (policy level) there have been a lot of government policies that were born as an effort to acceleratecontrol stunting, but in reality thereduction rate is stunting still far from the target. In the downstream area, there are still many communities and the implementation of programs at the grassroots level that do not have sufficient mastery of knowledge related to stunting itself, both the impact, the causes, and how to overcome them.prevention policies Stunting seem to still be at the ivory tower level, while at the grassroots level itself is the spearhead of efforts to accelerateprevention stunting, the issue of stunting seems to still sound strange. Therefore, there is still a need for massive socialization related to stunting, the impact, the urgency of overcoming it, and efforts to overcome stunting at the grassroots level, as a form of individual preventive efforts without relying on government programs, because stunting is an urgent problem that must be addressed by all parties immediately without waiting for anything.
UPAYA PEMERINTAH DAERAH DALAM PENANGGULANGAN STUNTING DI PROVINSI KEPULAUAN BANGKA BELITUNG Saputri, Rini Archda
T JDP (JURNAL DINAMIKA PEMERINTAHAN) Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Agustus
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Abdurrab

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.301 KB) | DOI: 10.36341/jdp.v2i2.947

Abstract

Indonesia sedang menghadapi tantangan besar terkait kualitas sumber daya manusia dengan prevalensi balita stunting sebesar 30,8% pada tahun 2018. Pemerintah melalui Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K) telah menetapkan 100 kabupaten/kota prioritas untuk intervensi anak kerdil (stunting). 2 daerah diantaranya adalah Kabupaten Bangka dan Kabupaten Bangka Barat di Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis upaya pemerintah daerah dalam penanggulangan stunting pada dua daerah tersebut. Metode penelitian dilakukan secara kualitatif melalui wawancara mendalam dan diskusi kelompok terfokus yang melibatkan para pemangku kepentingan hingga implementer program di tingkat masyarakat (puskesmas) dan desa/kelurahan. Hasil penelitian menujukkan bahwa, selain program-program yang berasal dari pemerintah pusat, Kabupaten Bangka dan Bangka Barat telah memiliki program-program inovasi sendiri dalam upaya percepatan penurunan/penanggulangan stunting di daerahnya. Namun demikian, masih dibutuhkan waktu/proses untuk program-program tersebut dapat terlihat secara nyata pelaksanaannya dan terlihat signifikansi hasilnya. Untuk saat ini, program-program penanggulangan stunting yang telah dilakukan diantaranya adalah; Pemberian Makanan Tambahan (PMT) pada Balita dan Ibu Hamil, Pemberian Tablet Tambah Darah (TTD) pada remaja putri dan ibu hamiL, peningkatan cakupan imunisasi dasar lengkap pada bayi dan balita, pemberian vitamin A pada balita, dan pemberian zinc pada kasus diare terutama pada ibu hamil dan balita. Kata Kunci: intervensi, penanggulangan, stunting