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Peran Forum Koordinasi Pencegahan Terorisme dalam Menjalankan Program Deradikalisasi Rapik, Mohamad; Permatasari, Bunga; Anisya, Adinda Farah
Journal of Political Issues Vol 1 No 2 (2020): Journal of Political Issues
Publisher : Department of Political Science Universitas Bangka Belitung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/jpi.v1i2.11

Abstract

This article aims to elaborate an empirical study on the role of the FKPT (Coordintaing Forum on The Eradication of Terrorism). This article is based on an assummtion that the FKPT is a vital agent hoped to play a significant role of dradicalisation. The study was conducted to proof as to wether this assumtion is right or wrong by observing the performaance of this agent. In addition to study of its performance, the article also focuses on the issue of deradicalisation on the assumtion that it is program that the FKPT should play its role. Any affort to eradicate terrorism should only be efficient through a work of deradicalisation. The essence of this program is to shift paradigm or mindset which is believed to have been dangerous and misleading. Applying an empitical legal approach, this study aims to explore deeply the application of the deradicalisation and its influence in enhanching community awareness against the danger of terrorism. It is found through this study that the FKPT, as long as its role is concerned, has been working so efficently by advocating brokers to dessimanate its mission of deradicalisation. However, the study also revealed waknessess during its program showing that the community awareness over the danger of the terrorism ideology has not increasingly shifted as the program might have expected. Istead, as the study revealed, religious extremism seems to have been increased lately. It is suggested through this study that the FKPT work more expansively reaching the root, especially to the lay people and students as they have mostly been the main target of radicalisation and of potentially terrorism.
Tindakan Pencegahan Pembakaran Hutan dalam Perspektif ASEAN Community Kusniati, Retno; Permatasari, Bunga; Rapik, Mohamad
Journal of Political Issues Vol 2 No 2 (2021): Journal of Political Issues
Publisher : Department of Political Science Universitas Bangka Belitung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/jpi.v2i2.37

Abstract

This article aims to elaborate on the values of the ASEAN Community in preventing forest and land fires through the ASEAN Agreement Transboundary Haze Pollution (AATHP), and the Implementation of AATHP in Indonesia. This is because the issue of forest and land fires is one of the main issues in the ASEAN region, and its impact causes cross-border air pollution which results in disruption of diplomatic relations among the ASEAN Member States. Even though ASEAN Member countries have agreed to create an ASEAN Community. Therefore, by applying the normative juridical legal research method, this paper intends to explore several things, namely first; how the values of the ASEAN Community in preventing forest and land fires through the ASEAN Agreement Transboundary Haze Pollution (AATHP), Second, how is the implementation of AATHP in Indonesia. This article finds that the values of the ASEAN Community have been contained in every article regulated in the AATHP for the prevention of forest and land fires that occur in the ASEAN region. Second, Indonesia has ratified the AATHP and made legal products that can reach actors of forest and land burning. This is marked by the passing of the Law on Environmental Protection and Management, the Forestry Law, the Plantation Law, and the Law on Prevention and Eradication of Forest Destruction. Besides, in Jambi Province, Jambi Province has also established Local Regulation Number 2 of 2016 concerning Prevention and Control of Forest and Land Fires.
The Implementation of the Strict-Liability Principle to the Perpetrators of Forest and Land Burning Hafrida, Hafrida; Helmi, Helmi; Permatasari, Bunga
PADJADJARAN Jurnal Ilmu Hukum (Journal of Law) Vol 7, No 3 (2020): PADJADJARAN JURNAL ILMU HUKUM (JOURNAL OF LAW)
Publisher : Padjadjaran Journal of Law

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The massive forest and land fires in Indonesia have been raging and caused haze disaster. The haze disaster is not suffered only in Indonesian territory, but it has become a transnational disaster resulting in extensive economic and health quality losses. In addition, the disaster has led damage to agricultural land and disruption of diplomatic relations among affected states. The number of perpetrators of forest and land fires that increase annually shows that the enforcement of criminal law is relatively ineffective. This article covers the problem whether the principle of strict liability can be applied to the perpetrators of forest burning. In 2019, forest fires in the Jambi Province had took placed in estimated 165.86.58 hectares. The forest fire is the main source of transnational haze disaster. Law enforcement on forest fires in Jambi has not provided a deterrent effect yet. There are forty-six companies acquiring fires in their concession land areas. Unfortunately, only four of them reached court proceedings and only two companies were declared guilty by the court. Therefore, as a deterrent effort, the principle of strict liability can be applied as the main principle to handle perpetrators of forest burning. Penerapan Asas Strict Liability (Tanggung Jawab Mutlak) terhadap Pidana Pelaku Tindak Pidana Membakar Hutan dan LahanAbstrakTingginya tingkat kebakaran hutan dan lahan yang berdampak pada bencana kabut asap, tidak hanya berdampak di wilayah Indonesia tetapi juga menjadi bencana lintas negara serta mengakibatkan kerugian yang luas, termasuk kerugian ekonomi dan kerugian akan mutu kesehatan, rusaknya lahan pertanian serta berakibat pada terganggunya hubungan diplomatik antar negara yang turut serta terdampak. Melihat pada banyaknya pelaku pembakaran hutan dan lahan yang berulang setiap tahunnya menunjukan bahwa penegakan hukum pidana melalui pemidanaan pelaku tidak efektif. Maka permasalahan dalam artikel ini adalah apakah asas strict liability ini dapat diterapkan dalam pertanggungjawaban pidana pelaku tindak pidana pembakaran hutan dan lahan sebagai upaya penjeraan pada pelaku? Kondisi empirik kebakaran hutan di Jambi pada tahun 2019 memperlihatkan luas  wilayah yang terbakar mencapai 165.86.58 hektare yang merupakan sumber penyebab utama bencana asap lintas negara. Penegakan hukum atas bencana kebakaran hutan dan lahan di Provinsi Jambi belum memberikan efek jera, dari 46 (empat puluh enam) Perusahaan yang mengalami kebakaran di wilayah konsesinya, hanya 4 (empat)  perusahaan yang perkaranya sampai pada proses peradilan dan dari 4 (empat) perusahaan tersebut hanya 2 (dua) perusahaan yang dinyatakan bersalah oleh pengadilan. Untuk itu ke depan sebagai upaya penjeraan sudah seharusnya diterapkan asas strict liability sebagai asas utama dalam pertanggungjawaban pidana pelaku pembakaran hutan dan lahan.Kata kunci: kebakaran hutan dan lahan, penegakan hukum pidana, tanggung jawab mutlak.DOI: https://doi.org/10.22304/pjih.v7n3.a2
Penanganan Anak ISIS dalam Perspektif Hukum Indonesia Rapik, Mohamad; Permatasari, Bunga
Undang: Jurnal Hukum Vol 3 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/ujh.3.2.289-314

Abstract

The involvement of children in the ISIS network has left a complex problem in the legal discourse in Indonesia, including how to deal with children involved in this terrorism network. This article aims to expose the problem of children in conflict with the law in the crime of terrorism. Due to this problem, the Indonesian government is often faced a dilemma between the neccessity to apply serious efforts to eradicate terrorism and the obligation to guarantee a protection to the children. Through a juridical-normative approach, focusing on ISIS children, this article demonstrates that one of the problems in dealing with children involved in terrorism networks lies in the vagueness of the rules addressing the children involved in this terrorism network as well as its implementation by the government. Therefore, this article argues that in order to be able to deal with children involved in terrorism networks, some of the legal instruments concerning the issue, especially the law on terrorism and the laws of children in conflict with the law as long as terrorism is concerned needs to be revised just to accommodate this issue in a more obvious normsto actually maintain a balance between the responsibility to protect the children and the need to preserve stability of the nation and state. Under the new revised laws, the government is hoped to work with and apply the provisions regarding children in conflict with the law in the case of terrorism crimes in the frame of justice and protection for children. Abstrak Keterlibatan anak dalam jaringan ISIS menyisakan permasalahan yang kompleks dalam wacana hukum di Indonesia berikut penanganan anak yang terlibat dalam jaringan terorisme ini. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk memaparkan masalah penangangan anak yang berkonflik dengan hukum dalam tindak pidana terorisme. Terkait hal ini, pemerintah Indonesia seringkali dihadapkan pada dilema antara upaya serius untuk memberantas tindak pidana terorisme dan kewajiban untuk memberikan perlindungan kepada anak. Melalui pendekatan yuridis-normatif, dengan mengambil kasus anak-anak ISIS, artikel ini memperlihatkan bahwa salah satu masalah yang ditemui dalam penanganan anak yang terlibat dalam jaringan terorisme terletak pada ketidakjelasan aturan sejauh menyangkut masalah penangangan anak tersebut berikut pelaksanaannya di lapangan oleh negara. Oleh karena itu, artikel ini berargumen bahwa untuk bisa menangani anak-anak yang terlibat dalam jaringan terorisme, beberapa instrumen hukum yang mengatur masalah ini, utamanya undang-undang terorisme dan undang-undang yang berhubungan dengan anak yang berkonflik dengan hukum harus direvisi guna mengakomodasi permasalahan ini secara lebih jelas yang benar-benar menjaga keseimbangan antara kepentingan anak dan kepentingan bangsa dan negara. Selanjutnya, pemerintah sejatinya mampu mengacu dan menerapkan segala ketentuan hukum yang berlaku mengenai anak yang berkonflik dengan hukum dalam kasus tindak pidana terorisme sebagaimana yang diakomodasi dalam undang-undang tersebut.