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DECONSTRUCTING CULTURAL IDENTITY IN RISHI REDDI’S KARMA AND OTHER STORIES Adji, Alberta Natasia; Karnanta, Kukuh Yudha; Putra, Gesang Manggala Nugraha
ATAVISME Vol 21, No 1 (2018): ATAVISME
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (494.894 KB) | DOI: 10.24257/atavisme.v21i1.443.1-16

Abstract

This article strives to deconstruct the main characters? cultural identity in Rishi Reddi?s short stories collection, entitled Karma and Other Stories, as the characters deal with their lives as Indian diaspora in the United States. The applied method is the close-reading technique. This article employs Jacques Derrida?s deconstruction by tracing the binary opposition found within the seven short stories; later they are to be disseminated so that the true meanign can be revealed. The article finds that (1) the emerging conflicts in the stories are caused by the strong ties of the protagonists toward Hinduism and Indian family tradition, with (2) their cultural identity has managed to align with modernity in the US, but (3) their ties to the core Hinduism and Indian principles will remain strong.
NEGOSIASI ANTARA HOMOEROTIKA DAN BUDAYA MACHISMO DALAM NOVEL ARISTOTLE AND DANTE DISCOVER THE SECRETS OF THE UNIVERSE Adji, Alberta Natasia
ATAVISME Vol 19, No 2 (2016): Atavisme, Edisi Desember 2016
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (727.916 KB) | DOI: 10.24257/atavisme.v19i2.226.148-161

Abstract

Artikel ini bertujuan mengungkap negosiasi antara homoerotika dan prinsip machismo yang dijunjung tinggi dalam budaya Meksiko serta pengaruh faktor kelas sosial dan pendidikan keluarga terhadap hubungan tersebut dalam sastra Amerika Latin kontemporer berjudul Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe karya Benjamin Alire Sáenz. Masalah yang menjadi fokus penelitian adalah bagaimana negosiasi antara homoerotika dan prinsip machismo serta bagaimanakah faktor kelas sosial dan pendidikan keluarga memberikan pengaruh terhadapnya dalam novel tersebut. Dengan perspektif teori queer yang dicetuskan Annamarie Jagose dan metode pembacaan cermat, penelitian ini menghasilkan temuan bahwa machismo yang masih kuat dalam masyarakat Meksiko melahirkan perasaan homofobia, bahkan dalam diri kaum homoseksual sendiri. Kare-nanya, para gay cenderung menjadi rendah diri dengan orientasi seksualnya. Latar belakang pendidikan keluarga dan perbedaan kelas sosial memengaruhi persepsi tentangmachismo pada kaum lelaki. Keduanya merupakan faktor penting yang mendasari perilaku seseorang dalam me-nentukan orientasi seksualnya di lingkungan sekitar. The article strives to reveal the negotiation between homoeroticism and machismo norms highly valued in Mexican culture, as well as the impact of social class and academic background, toward such relationship in a contemporary Latin American literary work, Benjamin Alire Sáenz?s Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe. The focus of the study is how the negotiation between homoeroticism and machismo values, as well as social class and academic background, affect that relationship. Using Annamarie Jagose?s queer theory and close reading technique, the study results in the fact that machismo, still strongly held in Mexican communities, begets a homophobic feeling even for the homosexuals themselves. Therefore, the gays tend to feel inferior with their sexual orientation. The family?s academic background and social class difference influence the perception about machismo in men. Both prove to be crucial factors in determining one?s sexual orientation toward his social surroundings.
SERI FANTASTEEN GHOST DORMITORY: PRODUKSI KOMERSIAL SASTRA DI INDONESIA Adji, Alberta Natasia
Jurnal Pena Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/jpi.v2n2.p102-118

Abstract

The trend of horror genre has spread towards Indonesian literature, marked by the emergence of light noves for teenagers aged 13-18 under the label of Fantasteen, an imprint of DAR! Mizan starting in 2011, a division of PT Mizan Pustaka, one of the biggest publishing companies in Indonesia. Among various printed Fantasteen light novels, the Ghost Dormitory series became the most prominent work as each story is set in one foreign city such as Tanzania, Den Haag, etc. The study reveals the interconnecting phenomenon between literary works and commercial ways through the perspective of Pierre Bourdieu?s the field of cultural production and Tzvetan Todorov?s Fantastic theory. Using a qualitative method, this article proves that DAR! Mizan has successfully achieved popular legitimation owing to the rising horror-themed light novels which are presented through Fantasteen brand, written by teenagers and also targeted for young readers. With the rise of the special series Ghost Dormitory among other Fantasteen works, the result of the study shows that as one of the major publishers, DAR! Mizan has successfully conducted a strategy to influnce the face of the Indonesian teenage literary world which is presenting a horror genre as its main theme. 
FALLING FOR THE TROLL: A CHILDREN’S LITERATURE STUDY ON HOLLY BLACK’S VALIANT: A MODERN TALE OF FAERIE (2005) Adji, Alberta Natasia; Belia, Athaya Prita
Celt: A Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching & Literature Vol 18, No 1: July 2018, Nationally Accredited
Publisher : Soegijapranata Catholic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (920.782 KB) | DOI: 10.24167/celt.v18i2.534

Abstract

Monsters have always been a part of children fictional tales, representing the evil side of nature. They are the reason why heroes and heroines struggle to fight against, but at the same time they balance the whole realm, existing side by side with the heroes. There have been numerous children stories which depict the monsters as the villains, but they have rarely done so in portraying monsters as the wronged ones. In Holly Black?s Valiant (2005), the troll character named Ravus is presented as an outcast, a banished figure from his folk because of a misjudged rumor in his former kingdom. Unlike others who constantly challenge and trap humans, Ravus becomes a scholar who loves to explore his alchemy. He helps other outlaws to secure their well-being and health, even teaching Valerie the protagonist with her sword practicing, rescuing her whenever possible and eventually falling for her. The study highlights a new perspective on monstrous identity in a young adult book, making a counterpoint in presenting a fact that monsters can also be portrayed as very human and gentle instead of rude and dangerous.
MULTICULTURALISM IN ALMINO SITUMORANG'S NOVEL SPRING Adji, Alberta Natasia
ATAVISME Vol 20, No 1 (2017): ATAVISME
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24257/atavisme.v20i1.290.53-67

Abstract

[Judul: Multikulturalisme dalam Novel Spring Karya Almino Situmorang]. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengeksplorasi relasi multikultural dalam novel Spring (2010) karya Almino Situmorang, yang dibagi menjadi dua bagian cerita yang menjadi inti fokus diskusi. Masalah yang dibahas ialah representasi relasi dan negosiasi antara empat tokoh utama yang berbeda suku, ras, agama, dan bangsa. Teori yang digunakan adalah teori multikulturalisme yang digagas oleh Will Kymlicka. Metode yang digunakan ialah teknik pembacaan cermat. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1) relasi multikultural yang direpresentasikan dalam novel tersebut mencakup keberagaman yang sangat luas dan kompleks dengan berbagai macam perbedaan, (2) perihal perbedaan latar belakang kultural dan agama dapat dinegosiasikan dalam praktik kesehariannya, terutama dalam relasi pertemanan, dan (3) untuk soal pernikahan, mereka masih terikat pada standar-standar tradisi dan adat-istiadat yang kuat. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah multikulturalisme di Indonesia masih cenderung terbatas pada praktik-praktik dalam ruang lingkup pertemanan dan belum sepenuhnya membaur karena tradisi kultural yang masih bersifat kaku dan monolitis. The research explores multicultural relation in Almino Situmorang?s Spring (2010), which is divided into two parts of story that become the main focus of the dicussion. The main issues to discuss are representations of relation and negotiation among the four main characters who come from different ethnic, racial, religious, and national backgrounds. The  theory used is Will Kymlicka?s multiculturalism perspective. The method is the close-reading technique. The result of the study shows that (1) multicultural relation represented in the novel encompasses a broad and complex diversity with various differences, (2) issues concerning cultural and religious backgrounds are still negotiated in daily practices, specifically in friendship, and (3) for marrital aspects, they are hardly free from standard norms and customs that are still strongly upheld. The conclusion of the research is that multiculturalism in Indonesia tends to be limited to social practices in the surface sphere. Therefore, it has not completely blended because of  rigid and monolithic cultural traditions. 
Psychological Condition of Richard Strickland in The Shape of Water Adji, Alberta Natasia; Bilbargoya, Azis
MADAH Vol 9, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Madah
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31503/madah.v9i2.69

Abstract

This study strives to elucidate the psychological condition of Richard Strickland, the main antagonist in Guillermo Del Toro’s and Daniel Kraus’ novel The Shape of Water. This study uses the close-reading method and Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis in examining the psychological factors which trigger the three distinctive features of Richard Strickland, namely hate, disgust, and fear, that lead him to pick up destructive murderous habits. The results of data analysis indicate that (1) Strickland’s fear of intimacy has made him distant from his family and colleagues, preventing him from understanding them and instead triggering him to be too attached to General Hoyt’s influence, (2) Strickland’s low self-esteem has made him powerless to defy Hoyt’s authorities but made him feel justified to perform displacement, by torturing and harrassing “lesser” people and animals, and (3) Strickland’s unstable sense of self, rooted on his guilt of conducting violence, making him repress his psychological wounds and destroying his own life.
Being a Sensible Woman: Hypertextuality in Grimm’s Fairy Tale and Juliet Marillier’s Wildwood Dancing Adji, Alberta Natasia
POETIKA Vol 5, No 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v5i2.26433

Abstract

The re-writing of a fairy tale caters for characters, settings and values that have undergone changes, be it explicit or implicit. In Juliet Marillier’s Wildwood Dancing, the main female character Jena is transformed from the passive and obedient Twelfth/Youngest Princess of Grimm’s The Worn-Out Dancing Shoes into a brave and sensible figure. She challenges the oppression of patriarchal rules by taking control of her household in her father’s absence, securing her four sisters’ welfare, and keeping secret of their nocturnal dancing trips in the Other Kingdom despite being threatened by her domineering male cousin. In this way, Gerard Genette’s Hypertextuality strives to investigate the underlying patterns manifested in both literary works by applying the Re-vision element. Through it, Jena’s and the Twelfth/Youngest Princess’ sensibility trait and the socio-cultural settings surrounding them are highlighted in order to determine the importance of the overall hypertextuality process that takes place between the two. Later, Jena emerges as the more influential heroine than her predecessor character because she does not stop struggling to be regarded as an independent young woman who can always give advice and make decisions for her family affairs sensibly. Also, it is eventually proven that sensibility is indeed a strong weapon to be possessed by women in order to empower themselves against the conventions of a patriarchal world.      
SERI FANTASTEEN GHOST DORMITORY: PRODUKSI KOMERSIAL SASTRA DI INDONESIA Adji, Alberta Natasia
Jurnal Pena Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/jpi.v2n2.p102-118

Abstract

The trend of horror genre has spread towards Indonesian literature, marked by the emergence of light noves for teenagers aged 13-18 under the label of Fantasteen, an imprint of DAR! Mizan starting in 2011, a division of PT Mizan Pustaka, one of the biggest publishing companies in Indonesia. Among various printed Fantasteen light novels, the Ghost Dormitory series became the most prominent work as each story is set in one foreign city such as Tanzania, Den Haag, etc. The study reveals the interconnecting phenomenon between literary works and commercial ways through the perspective of Pierre Bourdieu’s the field of cultural production and Tzvetan Todorov’s Fantastic theory. Using a qualitative method, this article proves that DAR! Mizan has successfully achieved popular legitimation owing to the rising horror-themed light novels which are presented through Fantasteen brand, written by teenagers and also targeted for young readers. With the rise of the special series Ghost Dormitory among other Fantasteen works, the result of the study shows that as one of the major publishers, DAR! Mizan has successfully conducted a strategy to influnce the face of the Indonesian teenage literary world which is presenting a horror genre as its main theme.