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PROSES PERENCANAAN, IMPLEMENTASI DAN HASIL PROGRAM PERUBAHAN PERILAKU KOMUNITAS IBU DALAM PEMBERIAN MAKANAN SEHAT DAN BERVARIASI BAGI ANAK (STUDI PENELITIAN TINDAKAN TERHADAP 10 IBU YANG BERASAL DARI KELUARGA MISKIN DI KELURAHAN SEMPER BARAT, JAKARTA UTARA) Hati, Getar; Adi, Isbandi Rukminto
Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 17, No 1 (2016): JURNAL ILMU KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial FISIP UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1038.755 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jurnalkessos.v17i1.58

Abstract

This article discusses about the process of community development included in planning, program implementation, and evaluation of behavior change program in women community in child feeding. The application of these processes were based on the result of community problems, needs, and capitals through participatory planning. It mapped on quality of life assessment scheme which related on malnourished children of 6-24 months old in urban poor families. This research conducted by action research method which based on analysis result of look 1 phase. This article discusses about think, act, and look 2 phases. Think phase describes planning process included formulating the aim, strategy, and intervention program. Act phase describes the implementation of social marketing program. Look 2 phase describes the results of community behavior change in 3 (three) behavior variations, i.e. continued adoption, process of adoption, and continued rejection related to the supporting and inhibiting factors within them.
RELOKASI BERDAMPAK TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN DARI SISI KONDISI EKONOMI WARGA KAMPUNG PULO Syafruddin, Pebrianto; Adi, Isbandi Rukminto
Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 18, No 2 (2017): JURNAL ILMU KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial FISIP UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.079 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jurnalkessos.v18i2.103

Abstract

This study discusses how the Relocation impacts the economic condition in terms of financial expenditure in Kampung Pulo, East Jakarta. The economy is a fundamental factor in how villagers do not want to move into vertical housing, the spending of only about Rp.50,000 ? Rp.100,000 per month is spent on electricity, and they have many rented house . This research is descriptive research using qualitative approach. The results of this study found that the expenditure of their kampung pulo into a large around Rp.600.000 - Rp.700.000 per month which is not balanced with income causing expenditure to be a burden, this is because villagers do not have the ability to cap-ture business, trade, and owned capital None, this study also reveals the larger arrears that are not paid by citizens and the potential for mutual influence between citizens not to pay. Therefore, the residents of the towers need to be given economic coaching so that they can be self-sufficient, by themselves they will suffice their needs as well as the awareness that their living expenses should be their responsibility and develop thinking of improving decent and prosperous living conditions.
ANALISIS PENGARUH FAKTOR ORGANISASI DAN FAKTOR INDIVIDU TERHADAP KUALITAS PELAYANAN PUSKESMAS STUDI PADA PUSKESMAS KECAMATAN KEDAWUNG KABUPATEN SRAGEN - PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH ., Karno; Adi, Isbandi Rukminto; Laksmono, Bambang Shergi
Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 18, No 1 (2017): JURNAL ILMU KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial FISIP UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (441.799 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jurnalkessos.v18i1.101

Abstract

The research object is the quality of health service organized by Public Health Centre (PHC) in Kedawung District, Sragen Regency, Central of Java Province. Based on the discussion of the results obtained by the conclusion, that there is a positive and significant influence between Organization Factors and Individual Factor toward Quality of Health Services organized by Kedawung PHC. Thus the hypothesis being tested eight acceptable. Thus it can be stated that the Organization Factors and Individual Factor are factors that determine the quality of health services organized by kedawung Community Health Center in Sragen regency.The research finding is a new model of health service with the title ? Health Service Assurance Model?. The model was developed from a new concept and construction with 13 factors, namely (1) Resources Services, (2) Accountability Services Fund, (3) Organization Skills Service, (4) Demotivator Services, (5) Extroversion Services, (6) Orientation Task Leadership services, (7) Orientation Relationship Leadership services, (8) Orientation Changes Leadership Services, (9) Human Resources Information Services, (10) Information Technology Services, (11) Relations Information Service, (12) Procedures Service, and (13) Technical Services.Research conclusion, the overall hypothesis is accepted and its relations positive and significant. Finally found is Model of Health Services Assurance . Performance of health services PHC Kedawung very good. Suggestions for Central Government, Local Government, and Management Health Center Kedawung that 13 factors can be used as norms, standards, procedures and criteria in the community health services.
PEMBANGUNAN SOSIAL PEDESAAN MELALUI PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DAN KOMUNIKASI (TIK) Azzasyofia, Mira; Adi, Isbandi Rukminto
Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 18, No 2 (2017): JURNAL ILMU KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial FISIP UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (726.973 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jurnalkessos.v18i2.106

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The rapid development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) should be able to become an opportunity in social development. Appropiate utilization of ICTs can be a key in economic growth, social development, and empowerment of disadvantaged people. However, acquiring ICTs is not always gives a positive impact, infrastructure development on ICT is still not able to touch the whole layer of society, and also the utilization of ICT can also increase inequality in accessing social network and social capital that will impact on the greater inequality of disadvantaged people so that social development is distorted. A village in Central Java, precisely in Desa Kaliabu, Salaman, Magelang become a village that utilizes ICT. Using qualitative study, this research looked at the utilization of ICT in Desa Kaliabu and its implementation with social development in rural area. Utilization of ICT through the logo desainer work can improve the social status of rural communities, strengthen religious communities, area and families, and also able to reduce the number of criminals. Appropriate utilization of ICT can promote social development.
PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT OLEH PT NESTLE INDONESIA MELALUI KELOMPOK SAPI PERAH Budi Luhur MUFIDAH, ATIEK DIFA; Adi, Isbandi Rukminto
Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 19, No 2 (2018): JURNAL ILMU KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial FISIP UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (524.862 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jurnalkessos.v19i2.169

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Kemiskinan sebagai salah satu masalah kesejahteraan sosial yang sejak dulu hingga kini masih menjadi agenda utama pembangunan dunia. Bentuk kemiskinan yang mendasar adalah perampasan kesejahteraan. Kemiskinan sering dialami oleh negara berkembang (developing countries) dan hingga kini masih berpusat di wilayah pedesaan seperti yang dialami Indonesia. Oleh karena itu PT Nestle selaku bagian dari sektor privat yang memiliki kewajiban untuk mendukung dan membantu memecahkan permasalahan terkait kemiskinan yang dialami oleh negara. Wujud dari upaya tersebut adalah dengan mendukung dan melakukan pemberdayaanmasyarakat melalui Kelompok Sapi Perah Budi Luhur yang dianggap satu-satunya strategi untuk mengurangi kemiskinan. Mengapa harus sapi perah? karena semakin meningkatnya kebutuhan susu yang dibutuhkan manusia dalam rangka human investment. Kelompok Budi Luhur adalah salah satu kelompok peternak sapiperah yang berhasil di wilayah Jawa Timur. Keberhasilan yang dicapai tentu tidak lain juga berkat bantuan dan peran dari PT Nestle yang berpartisipasiaktif mendukung kegiatan pemberdayaan yang mereka lakukan. Oleh karena itu menarik dilihat lebih dalam mengenai bagaimana pelaksanaan pemberdayaan masyarakat yang dilakukan PT Nestle melalui Kelompok Sapi Perah Budi Luhur.Metode yang digunakan adalah metode kualitatif agar hasil yang didapat lebih dalam dan tajam. Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan menghasilkan kesimpulan bahwa pemberdayaan yang dilakukan PT Nestle selama ini menghasilkan dampak yang positif khususnya bagi para peternak sapi perah dan dalam rangka mengurangi kemiskinan dan pengangguran diwilayah pedesaan. Namun, bentuk program pemberdayaan yang diberikannya selama ini masih sebatas pemberian bantuan berupa subsidi peralatan untuk mendukung kegiatan bisnis persusuan
Measurement of BUM Desa Development: A Literature Study Rahmawati, Emma; Adi, Isbandi Rukminto
Forum Ilmu Sosial Vol 47, No 2 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/fis.v47i2.26968

Abstract

The growth in the number of BUM Desa (Village-Owned Enterprises) is increasing in line with the issuance of the Village Law. The number of BUM Desa, which currently reaches 47,717 units, should be appreciated. However, in light of its development, it is necessary to observe it from various sides, not only in terms of quantity but also in terms of quality. Therefore, it is essential to study how a conceptual review of the measurement of BUM Desa development. The purpose of this research is to carry out a literature study to determine the conceptual description of the development of BUM Desa. This study uses a non-systematic literature review method by exploring the literature and the results of previous studies related to the development of BUM Desa. The results of the study show that BUM Desa is a business entity that has the characteristics of a social enterprise, commercial institution, and local enterprise that form an integral part of the management of BUM Desa. Measuring the development of BUM Desa needs to consider these three characteristics in compiling its parameters and indicators. Therefore, BUM Desa can be said to be developing if it has succeeded in running social enterprises, commercial enterprises, and local enterprises. There is no standard in measuring the development of BUM Desa that can be used as a reference in general, so there are many different thoughts on the matter. Alternative parameters that need to be considered in measuring the development of BUM Desa include social value, civil society, innovation, financial perspective, customer perspective, business process perspective, growth and learning perspective, local potential and local wisdom.
KAJIAN PERMASALAHAN DAN POTENSI PERILAKU IBU DALAM PEMBERIAN MAKANAN BAGI ANAK DALAM KAITANNYA PADA KUALITAS HIDUP ANAK-ANAK YANG TIDAK BERKECUKUPAN GIZI DI KELUARGA MISKIN PERKOTAAN Hati, Getar; Adi, Isbandi Rukminto
Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 14, No 1 (2014): JURNAL ILMU KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial FISIP UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (335.569 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jurnalkessos.v14i1.226

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Artikel ini membahas mengenai permasalahan kesejahteraan anak di suatu komunitas terkait dengan permasalahan perilaku ibu dalam pemberian makanan bagi anak dalam kaitannya terhadap penciptaan kualitas hidup anak-anak mereka yang berusia 6-24 bulan yang tidak berkecukupan gizi. Artikel ini juga menggambarkan faktor-faktor yang memunculkan permasalahan serta potensi dalam komunitas sasaran yang dijadikan sebagai acuan untuk merumuskan upaya intervensi untuk mengatasi permasalahan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa terdapat faktor-faktor yang mengakibatkan munculnya permasalahan kualitas hidup anak yang tidak menyenangkan yaitu adanya faktor predisposisi dan perilaku yang dimunculkan oleh ibu sebagai pihak utama serta adanya faktor penguat, sosial, dan faktor program dan regulasi yang berasal dari luar ibu. Selain itu, penelitian ini juga mengidentifikasi potensi-potensi yang ada untuk memungkinkan terjadinya perubahan kualitas hidup yang lebih baik dalam upaya mencapai kesejahteraan anak. This article discusses about child welfare issues in a community related to mothers? behavior child welfare issues of a community related to children of age 6-24 months with insufficient nutrition condition. It also describes about the factors which influenced to this condition that would be base of intervention design to solve the problems. This is an descriptive research. This research stated that parents, especially mother has the most important roles in determining their children?s life quality.
BADAN USAHA MILIK DESA (BUMDES) IJEN LESTARI SEBAGAI INOVASI PELAYANAN PUBLIK UNTUK MENDUKUNG PENGEMBANGAN EKONOMI LOKAL MELALUI COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM Novandi, Harod Rahmad; Adi, Isbandi Rukminto
Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 20, No 1 (2019): JURNAL ILMU KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial FISIP UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.986 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jurnalkessos.v20i1.213

Abstract

The proportion of rural poverty is always higher than urban poverty in Indonesia. Poverty reduction programs, especially in rural areas, should put the community as the priority subject in each program. Banyuwangi Regency in East Java Province isone of the best example in poverty reduction program. Banyuwangi succeed to reduce its poverty rate significantly from tourism sector. This tourism increases income per capita of Banyuwangi from year to year. The poverty reduction in Banyuwangi is influenced by smart kampung and local economic development through a community-based tourism. (CBT) and Initiating local industry.Based on observation and in depth interview, Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes) Ijen Lestari is an innovation for public services contributes to the community by giving loan fund to finance local economic activities and employment. BUMDes also provides services and a media for positive change and interaction. Thesis research, it is concluded that BUMDes gives positive impacts to provision of employment and tourism business income. However, as an innovation of public services, BUMDes also needs to enhance its networking with other stakeholders in order to develop its strategic destinations and improve the skills of their local human resources for using Information Technology to attract the tourists attention. Proporsi kemiskinan perdesaan selalu lebih tinggi dibandingkan kemiskinan perkotaan di Indonesia, program pengentasan kemiskinan, khususnya di perdesaan sudah seharusnya menempatkan masyarakat sebagai subjek dalam setiap program pengentasan kemiksinan. Kabupaten Banyuwangi, Provinsi Jawa Timur mengalami penurunan kemiskinan yang signifikan termasuk di wilayah perdesaaan karena didukung sektor pariwisata yang mendorong peningkatan pendapatan per kapita Banyuwangi dari tahun ke tahun. Penurunan angka kemiskinan dan peningkatan pendapatan per kapita Banyuwangi tidak bisa dilepaskan dari program smart kampung dan pengembangan ekonomi lokal melalui pariwisata berbasis masyarakat yang dilakukan melalui industri lokal. Berdasarkan observasi dan wawancara mendalam, BUMDes Ijen Lestari merupakan inovasi pelayanan publik yang berkontribusi pada komunitas dalam bentuk pemberian bantuan langsung (direct), yang terdiri pembiayaan kegiatan ekonomi lokal dan lapangan pekerjaan. Kemudian kontribusi tidak langsung (in-direct), yang terdiri dari pemberian pelayanan dan media untuk perubahan dan interaksi. Penelitian menghasilkan kesimpulan bahwa BUMDes Ijen lestari memberikan dampak yang positif dalam penyerapan tenaga kerja dan pendapatan dari usaha atau bisnis pariwisata. Namun demikian, BUMDes perlu juga bermitra dengan stakeholder lainnya dalam upaya pengembangan destinasi strategis serta meningkatkan sumber daya manusia lokal untuk pemanfaatan Informasi dan Teknologi (IT) melalui website dan media sosial dengan konten yang menarik perhatian wisatawan.
AKSI SOSIAL KOMUNITAS NELAYAN CANTRANG TERHADAP KEBIJAKAN LARANGAN PENGGUNAAN ALAT PENANGKAPAN IKAN Ambarwati, Aulia Siti; Adi, Isbandi Rukminto
Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 20, No 1 (2019): JURNAL ILMU KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial FISIP UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (653.682 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jurnalkessos.v20i1.199

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This research describes the existence of interventions at the community level through social action / community action carried out by the cantrang fishing community in Tasikagung Village, Rembang Regency. This action is an effort by the cantrang fishing community to fight for their welfare after the issuance of a policy on the prohibition on the use of cantrang type fishing gear through the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia. This research is a study that uses a qualitative approach, with the type of research descriptive. The results of this study show that the change in living conditions in the cantrang fishing community, as well as the differences in perceptions between the fishermen and the government, are factors that encourage cantrang fishing communities to hold confrontational protests through demonstrations, roadblocks, and negotiations. The groups or stakeholders involved in this action include the communities that have work related to cantrang vessels.Penelitian yang dilakukan ini mendeskripsikan adanya intervensi di level komunitas melalui aksi sosial/aksi komunitas yang dilakukan oleh komunitas nelayan cantrang di Desa Tasikagung, Kabupaten Rembang. Tindakan tersebut merupakan upaya komunitas nelayan cantrang untuk memperjuangkan kesejahteraan hidupnya setelah dikeluarkannya kebijakan tentang larangan penggunaan alat penangkapan ikan jenis cantrang melalui Peraturan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian yang menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, dengan jenis penelitian secara deskriptif. Hasil dari penelitian ini menujukkan bahwa adanya perubahan kondisi kehidupan pada komunitas nelayan cantrang, serta adanya perbedaan persepsi antara pihak nelayan dan pihak pemerintah menjadi faktor yang mendorong komunitas nelayan cantrang untuk melakukan aksi protes secara konfrontatif melalui aksi demonstrasi, blokade jalan, serta adanya proses negosiasi yang dilakukan. Kelompok atau stakeholder yang terlibat dalam tindakan ini meliputi masyarakat-masyarakat yang memiliki keterkaitan pekerjaan dengan kapal cantrang.  
THE ROLE OF CHANGE AGENTS IN COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT USING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT): CASE STUDY AT DESA KALIABU, CENTRAL JAVA Azzasyofia, Mira; Adi, Isbandi Rukminto; Aritonang, Admiral Nelson
ijsw Vol 3, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Bandung Polytechnic of Social Welfare

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31595/ijsw.v3i2.266

Abstract

In achieved the development in rural area, there needs to be empowerment of the rural community. The success of rural community empowerment is determined by the existence of a capable change agents to help communities improve their own strength. Desa Kaliabu, Central Java became one of the villages that succeeded in community empowerment by the utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) due to the existence of change agents. Methodically using qualitative research method, this study describes the role of change agents at Desa Kaliabu in community empowerment by the utilization of ICT. This study reveals that change agents in Desa Kaliabu have educational, technical, representational, and facilitative roles and skills. Educational roles are owned consisting of Consciousness-raising, informing, and training. The technical roles consist of the ability to use computers and financial control. Meanwhile the representational roles consist of advocacy, networking, and sharing knowledge and experience. While facilitative roles seen from the existence of personal communication, utilization of skill and resources, social animation, and mediation.