Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 2 Documents
Search

An Exploration of Factor Affecting Household’s Travel Cost Budget Considering Household Life Stages Applying to Urban Bus Ridership Sugiarto, Sugiarto; Lulusi, Lulusi; Mutiawati, Cut; Saleh, Sofyan M.; A'yuni, Qurrata; Iskandar, Irham
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 9, No 1 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Graduate Program of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.9.1.16405

Abstract

Urban bus reform so-called Trans Koetaradja (TK) is regarded as a potential urban transport policy aiming at alleviating autos traffic congestion and mitigating highly private mode dependency in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The new bus system proposed by the Government has been operated since early 2018, and it remains free of fare services due to subsidy provide by the Government as the bus corridors have been expanded the budget getting escalating year by year. To reduce the burden of subsidies, the Government intends to drop monetary aid by applying full fare for the bus. However, declining the subsidy could affect bus ridership, especially low-income households whose captive riders may not afford the ticket. It hypothesizes that the travel cost budget (TCB) has significantly influenced the ability to pay for a particular household to afford the bus fare. The TCB for this study defines the maximum amount of money allocated by a specific family for their transportation within a month. Therefore, this study is aiming at exploring factors that effecting the households' transportation expenditures, taking into account household life stages (HLS) among TK' bus users. The use of revealed preference data obtained in 2019, the regression analysis of the ordinary least square (OLS) method, was used to calibrate and teste the exogenous variables across HLS. To simplify, the HLS in this study is segmented as early, middle, and established HLS. The distribution of TCB across HLS revealed that the share of transport expenditure on average to their monthly income had shared about 10-11 %. The finding from the OLS indicates that the variables of the female gender, monthly income, and the number of owned motorcycles have significant contributions to the TCB. The most significant finding is the impact of monthly income on the TCB across HLS. It exhibited early, and middle HLS has shown more spending share on income compared to the established HLS
OPTIMIZATION OF TOTAL CAROTENOIDS, PHENOLIC CONTENT, AND SENSORY ACCEPTABILITY OF JAVA TEA-BASED FUNCTIONAL DRINK ENRICHED WITH RED FRUITS’ OIL EMULSION Wijaya, Hanny; Natania, Natania; Sonatha, Mei Diana; A'yuni, Qurrata; Caroline, Cindy
Indonesian Journal of Natural Pigments Vol 2 No 1 (2020): February 2020
Publisher : Ma Chung Research Center for Photosynthetic Pigments

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33479/ijnp.2020.02.1.1

Abstract

Red fruits’ oil contains 12,000 ppm carotenoid compounds and among them β-karoten was found as the major carotenoid compound. However, the application of red fruits’ oil as the food ingredient is rarely investigated due to its low solubility in aqua-phase, phenolic aroma and bitter aftertaste. Therefore , emulsification of red fruits’ oil in water (oil in water, o/w emulsion) using CMC (carboxymethyl cellulose) as the emulsifier and stabilizer agent considered as alternative to overcome those limitations. In the present work, the optimum concentration of red fruits’ oil emulsion added into Java tea-based functional drink increased the total carotenoid content, gave red color and might enhanced its antioxidant activity. The optimum formula was performed by Response Surface Methodology approach utilizing Design Expert 10.0.7® (DX10) Trial software whereas the emulsion concentration of red fruits’ oil as the variable factor. Red fruits’ oil emulsion which has been prepared from 20% red fruits’ oil and 1.50% CMC as emulsifier and stabilizer was having total carotenoid content of 72.93±1.33 ppm. The optimum concentration of red fruits’ oil emulsion added to Java-tea based functional drink was 5.86%. The addition of red fruits’ oil emulsion increased the total carotenoid content from 0.37±0.13 ppm to5.28±0.05 ppm. The results showed that red fruits’ oil emulsion could be used as red colorant agent in the functional drink while increasing the total carotenoid content, however, reduced the flavor sensory acceptance in high amount