Riyanto, Dahlia
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ORAL CANDIDIASIS IN HIV PATIENT SUFFERING PNEUMOCYSTIC CARINII PNEUMONIA Riyanto, Dahlia; Tanjungsari, Rindang; Asmarawati, Tri Pudy; Radithia, Desiana
Dentino Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

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Abstract

Background: HIV/AIDS infection provoked opportunistic infection systhemically and intraorally. Pneumocystic carinii pneumonia (PCP) and Oral candidiasis (OC) is the most prevalent opportunistic infection among HIV/AIDS patient and may serve as indicator of low CD4 count in HIV infection. Objective: This paper reports management of oral candidiasis in pneumocystic carinii pneumonia that affects a patient with HIV. Case: A 39 year-old man was hospitalized for pneumocystic carinii pneumonia with weakness of gait and emaciated posture. He was also diagnosed of HIV/AIDS infection through CD4 count and HIV rapid test. Intraoral white patches was reported occured within 2 days being hospitalized. Several tests were ordered resulting, metabolic acidosis, CD4 count were 10 cells/?L, HIV rapid test (ICT) was reactive for 3 methods, and microbiologic examination was positif to C.albicans from the smear of white plaque. The patient also diagnosed with OC pseudomembranous type. Case Management: Patient was treated using intravenous fluconazole 100 mg/day for five days and antiseptic mouthwash. Recovery was achieved within 3 weeks follow-up along with given anti retroviral (ARV) treatment by the internist. Conclusion: Management of OC in HIV/AIDS patient with PCP infection in this case were used systemic antifungal and antiseptic mouthwash. The multidiciplinary approach in managing this case obtained successful therapy.
MANAGEMENT OF APHTHOUS-LIKE ULCER INDUCE BY TRAUMA IN PATIENT WITH THALASSEMIA BETA INTERMEDIA: A CASE REPORT Riyanto, Dahlia; Soebadi, Bagoes; Hadi, Priyo; Radithia, Desiana
Journal of Case Reports in Dental Medicine Vol 2, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jcrdm.v2i1.110

Abstract

Objective: Thalasemia is an inherited blood diseases cause which abnormalities systemically and intraorally. This case report to discuss management of Aphthous-Like Ulcer in 24 year old man with Thalasemia ? Intermedia and need blood transfusion every month. Ulcer occured 2 days before transfusion.Methods: Based on history, clinical examination, hematologi and ferritin tests.Results: The diagnosis was Aphthous Like ulcer induce by trauma. Patient was treated using anti-inflammatory mouthwash and recovery was achieved within 3 weeks follow-up. Conclusion: Management of oral manifestation in Thalasemia patient need multidiciplinary approach to obtain successful therapy.
MANAGEMENT OF HSV-1 AND HSV-2 PRIMARY INFECTION IN ADULT PATIENT: A CASE REPORT Kaban, Bima Ewando; Riyanto, Dahlia; Parmadiati, Adiastuti; Radithia, Desiana; Soebadi, Bagus
Dentino : Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 6, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : FKG Unlam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/dentino.v6i1.10647

Abstract

ABSTRACT Infection of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) type 1 and 2 causes medical problems throughout the world. HSV-1 infection often affects the oral regions and HSV-2 infection is the most prevalent cause of genital ulcerations.  It is possible for HSV-2 to cause oro-labial herpes and HSV-1 to cause genital herpes. Primary HSV infection usually affects children or adolescent, whereas adults usually experience infection more frequently due to viral reactivation. Objective:  To discuss the management of Primary HSV-1 and HSV-2 Infection which appears simultaneously in adults. Case report: a 33yearold female patient came to hospital with multiple painful ulcers in her tongue, buccal and labial mucosa, preceded by prodrome, followed with eruption and outbreak of vesicles on her skin. The first laboratory examination confirmed a high titer of reactive Immunoglobulin M (IgM) of anti-HSV-1 and Immunoglobulin M (IgM) anti-HSV-2. She was diagnosed to have Primary HSV-1 and HSV-2 Infection and treated with oral Acyclovir and Chlorine dioxide mouthwash with good healing. The clinical presentation, differential diagnosis and management of primary herpetic stomatitis are discussed. Conclusion: Correct diagnosis and treatment can restore well-being, avoid secondary problems for patients, and prevent the use of inappropriate drugs.Keywords : Herpes Simplex Virus, HSV-1, HSV-2, Management, Primary Herpes Infection